The new Constitution of Nepal reorganizes the country from five development regions into seven provinces. I have updated the HASC codes to show the current relationship between districts and provinces. However, two districts, Nawalparasi and Rukum, are now split between two provinces.
The Nepal Population Report 2002, on the website of the Ministry of Population and Environment, contained a table of districts with populations from the 1981, 1991, and 2001 censuses, and areas, and some other relevant tables. My table of districts on this page had 1981 and 2001 populations and areas. I ran all the data comparisons I could think of, and found numerous internal inconsistencies within the Ministry report. I found no internal inconsistencies in the data on my pages. Some of the data on the Ministry report were in agreement with mine; the ones that weren't in agreement were suspect anyway. The simplest explanation I could find was that my own data were correct; also, the 1991 census data by district on the Ministry page are probably correct, with one exception: the population of one of the districts in the MidWestern region is 2,000 too low. Victor Bulgar writes that it is Rukum district, so I have made that change.
I have come to the conclusion that the zones of Nepal have fallen into disuse, and that the development regions are now the primary subdivisions of the country. Accordingly, I've changed the middle two letters in the HASC codes for the districts so that they now represent the region, not the zone. The last two letters of the HASC codes didn't need to be changed, because each pair is unique within Nepal. For historical purposes, I've added a column showing, for each district, which zone it used to be in.
Nepal also divides itself into ecological regions called Mountain, Hill, and Tarai. These are eastwest strips. Mountain, in the north, includes the highest elevations. The southernmost strip is Tarai, with the lowest elevations. Each development region contains part of each section, and vice versa.
District  HASC  Reg  Pop2011  Pop2001  Pop1991  Pop1981  Area(km.²)  Capital  Sec  Zone 

Achham  NP.SE.AC  NP.SP  257,477  231,285  198,188  185,212  1,680  Mangalsen  H  Seti 
Arghakhanchi  NP.FI.AR  NP.PM  197,632  208,391  180,884  157,304  1,193  Sandhikharka  H  Lumbini 
Baglung  NP.FO.BG  NP.PM  268,613  268,937  232,486  215,228  1,784  Baglung  H  Dhawalagiri 
Baitadi  NP.SE.BT  NP.SP  250,898  234,418  200,716  179,136  1,519  Baitadi  H  Mahakali 
Bajhang  NP.SE.BH  NP.SP  195,159  167,026  139,092  124,010  3,422  Chainpur  M  Seti 
Bajura  NP.SE.BU  NP.SP  134,912  * 108,781  92,010  74,649  2,188  Martadi  M  Seti 
Banke  NP.FI.BN  NP.MP  491,313  385,840  285,604  205,323  2,337  Nepalganj  T  Bheri 
Bara  NP.TW.BA  NP.MM  687,708  559,135  415,718  318,957  1,190  Kalaiya  T  Narayani 
Bardiya  NP.FI.BR  NP.MP  426,576  382,649  290,313  199,044  2,025  Gularia  T  Bheri 
Bhaktapur  NP.TH.BK  NP.MM  304,651  225,461  172,952  159,767  119  Bhaktapur  H  Bagmati 
Bhojpur  NP.ON.BJ  NP.PW  182,459  203,018  198,784  192,689  1,507  Bhojpur  H  Kosi 
Chitwan  NP.TH.CH  NP.MM  579,984  472,048  354,488  259,571  2,218  Bharatpur  T  Narayani 
Dadeldhura  NP.SE.DD  NP.SP  142,094  126,162  104,647  86,853  1,538  Dadeldhura  H  Mahakali 
Dailekh  NP.SI.DL  NP.MP  261,770  225,201  187,400  166,527  1,502  Dailekh  H  Bheri 
Dang Deokhuri  NP.FI.DA  NP.MP  552,583  462,380  354,413  266,393  2,955  Ghorahi  T  Rapti 
Darchula  NP.SE.DR  NP.SP  133,274  121,996  101,683  90,218  2,322  Darchula  M  Mahakali 
Dhading  NP.TH.DH  NP.MM  336,067  338,658  278,068  243,401  1,926  Dhadingbesi  H  Bagmati 
Dhankuta  NP.ON.DK  NP.PW  163,412  166,479  146,386  129,781  891  Dhankuta  H  Kosi 
Dhanusa  NP.TW.DN  NP.MM  754,777  671,364  543,672  432,569  1,180  Janakpur  T  Janakpur 
Dolakha  NP.TH.DO  NP.MM  186,557  * 204,229  173,236  150,576  2,191  Charikot  M  Janakpur 
Dolpa  NP.SI.DP  NP.MP  36,700  * 29,545  25,013  22,043  7,889  Dunai  M  Karnali 
Doti  NP.SE.DT  NP.SP  211,746  207,066  167,168  153,135  2,025  Dipayal  H  Seti 
Gorkha  NP.FO.GO  NP.PM  271,061  288,134  252,524  231,294  3,610  Gorkha  H  Gandaki 
Gulmi  NP.FI.GU  NP.PM  280,160  296,654  266,331  238,113  1,149  Tamghas  H  Lumbini 
Humla  NP.SI.HU  NP.MP  50,858  40,595  34,383  20,303  5,655  Simikot  M  Karnali 
Ilam  NP.ON.IL  NP.PW  290,254  282,806  229,214  178,356  1,703  Ilam  H  Mechi 
Jajarkot  NP.SI.JA  NP.MP  171,304  134,868  113,958  99,312  2,230  Jajarkot  H  Bheri 
Jhapa  NP.ON.JH  NP.PW  812,650  * 688,109  593,737  479,743  1,606  Chandragadhi  T  Mechi 
Jumla  NP.SI.JU  NP.MP  108,921  * 89,427  75,964  68,797  2,531  Jumla  M  Karnali 
Kailali  NP.SE.KL  NP.SP  775,709  616,697  417,891  257,905  3,235  Dhangadhi  T  Seti 
Kalikot  NP.SI.KK  NP.MP  136,948  * 105,580  88,805  87,638  1,741  Manma  M  Karnali 
Kanchanpur  NP.SE.KN  NP.SP  451,248  377,899  257,906  168,971  1,610  Mahendranagar  T  Mahakali 
Kapilvastu  NP.FI.KP  NP.PM  571,936  481,976  371,778  270,045  1,738  Taulihawa  T  Lumbini 
Kaski  NP.FO.KS  NP.PM  492,098  380,527  292,945  221,272  2,017  Pokhara  H  Gandaki 
Kathmandu  NP.TH.KT  NP.MM  1,744,240  1,081,845  675,341  422,237  395  Kathmandu  H  Bagmati 
Kavrepalanchok  NP.TH.KV  NP.MM  381,937  385,672  324,329  307,150  1,396  Dhulikhet  H  Bagmati 
Khotang  NP.ON.KH  NP.PW  206,312  231,385  215,965  212,571  1,591  Diktel  H  Sagarmatha 
Lalitpur  NP.TH.LL  NP.MM  468,132  337,785  257,086  184,341  385  Patan  H  Bagmati 
Lamjung  NP.FO.LM  NP.PM  167,724  177,149  153,697  152,720  1,692  Besisahar  H  Gandaki 
Mahottari  NP.TW.MH  NP.MM  627,580  553,481  440,146  361,054  1,002  Jaleswor  T  Janakpur 
Makwanpur  NP.TH.MK  NP.MM  420,477  392,604  314,599  243,411  2,426  Hetauda  H  Narayani 
Manang  NP.FO.MN  NP.PM  6,538  9,587  5,363  7,021  2,246  Chame  M  Gandaki 
Morang  NP.ON.MO  NP.PW  965,370  843,220  674,823  534,692  1,855  Biratnagar  T  Kosi 
Mugu  NP.SI.MG  NP.MP  55,286  * 43,937  36,364  43,705  3,535  Gamgadhi  M  Karnali 
Mustang  NP.FO.MS  NP.PM  13,452  14,981  14,292  12,930  3,573  Jomosom  M  Dhawalagiri 
Myagdi  NP.FO.MY  NP.PM  113,641  114,447  100,552  96,904  2,297  Beni  H  Dhawalagiri 
Nawalparasi  NP.FO.NA  NP.PM  643,508  562,870  436,217  308,828  2,162  Parasi  T  Lumbini 
Nuwakot  NP.TH.NU  NP.MM  277,471  288,478  245,260  202,976  1,121  Bidur  H  Bagmati 
Okhaldhunga  NP.ON.OK  NP.PW  147,984  156,702  139,457  137,640  1,074  Okhaldhunga  H  Sagarmatha 
Palpa  NP.FI.PL  NP.PM  261,180  268,558  236,313  214,442  1,373  Tansen  H  Lumbini 
Panchthar  NP.ON.PN  NP.PW  191,817  202,056  175,206  153,746  1,241  Panchthar  H  Mechi 
Parbat  NP.FO.PB  NP.PM  146,590  157,826  143,547  128,400  494  Kusma  H  Dhawalagiri 
Parsa  NP.TW.PR  NP.MM  601,017  497,219  372,524  284,338  1,353  Birganj  T  Narayani 
Pyuthan  NP.FI.PY  NP.MP  228,102  212,484  175,469  157,669  1,309  Pyuthan  H  Rapti 
Ramechhap  NP.TH.RM  NP.MM  202,646  212,408  188,064  161,445  1,546  Ramechhap  H  Janakpur 
Rasuwa  NP.TH.RS  NP.MM  43,300  44,731  36,744  30,241  1,544  Dhunche  M  Bagmati 
Rautahat  NP.TW.RT  NP.MM  686,722  545,132  414,005  332,526  1,126  Gaur  T  Narayani 
Rolpa  NP.FI.RO  NP.MP  224,506  210,004  179,621  168,166  1,879  Livang  H  Rapti 
Rukum  NP.FI.RK  NP.MP  208,567  188,438  155,554  132,432  2,877  Jumlikhalanga  H  Rapti 
Rupandehi  NP.FI.RP  NP.PM  880,196  708,419  522,150  379,096  1,360  Siddharthanagar  T  Lumbini 
Salyan  NP.SI.SL  NP.MP  242,444  * 213,500  181,785  152,063  1,462  Salyan  H  Rapti 
Sankhuwasabha  NP.ON.SS  NP.PW  158,742  159,203  141,903  129,414  3,480  Khadbari  M  Kosi 
Saptari  NP.TW.ST  NP.PW  639,284  570,282  465,668  379,055  1,363  Rajbiraj  T  Sagarmatha 
Sarlahi  NP.TW.SA  NP.MM  769,729  635,701  492,798  398,766  1,259  Malangwa  T  Janakpur 
Sindhuli  NP.TH.SI  NP.MM  296,192  * 279,821  223,900  183,705  2,491  Sindhulimadhi  H  Janakpur 
Sindhupalchok  NP.TH.SP  NP.MM  287,798  * 305,857  261,025  232,326  2,542  Chautara  M  Bagmati 
Siraha  NP.TW.SR  NP.PW  637,328  * 572,399  460,746  375,358  1,188  Siraha  T  Sagarmatha 
Solukhumbu  NP.ON.SO  NP.PW  105,886  107,686  97,200  88,245  3,312  Salleri  M  Sagarmatha 
Sunsari  NP.ON.SN  NP.PW  763,487  625,633  463,481  344,594  1,257  Phidim  T  Kosi 
Surkhet  NP.FI.SU  NP.MP  350,804  * 288,527  225,768  166,196  2,451  Birendranagar  H  Bheri 
Syangja  NP.FO.SY  NP.PM  289,148  317,320  293,526  271,824  1,164  Syangja  H  Gandaki 
Tanahu  NP.FO.TN  NP.PM  323,288  315,237  268,073  223,438  1,546  Damauli  H  Gandaki 
Taplejung  NP.ON.TP  NP.PW  127,461  134,698  120,053  120,780  3,646  Taplejung  M  Mechi 
Terhathum  NP.ON.TR  NP.PW  101,577  113,111  102,870  92,454  679  Terhathum  H  Kosi 
Udayapur  NP.ON.UD  NP.PW  317,532  287,689  221,256  159,805  2,063  Gaighat  H  Sagarmatha 
75 districts  26,494,504  23,151,423  18,491,097  15,022,839  147,181  

Note: Nawalparasi and Rukum districts are split between two provinces, as explained on the Provinces of Nepal page, so the middle two letters of their HASC codes only tell part of their story.
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