Clive Carpenter informed me that Nepal is planning to reorganize into six provinces. Definite data are not available yet. Source  has a tentative map of the new provinces showing the names Gandaki, Karnali, Lumbini-Bhawar, Sagarmatha, Simraungadh-Janakpur, and Srijunga.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, has changes to the listing for Nepal, but nothing that affects data reported on this site. The only change is adding the prefix NP- explicitly to each development region code.
A bill passed by the interim legislature-parliament on 2007-12-28 declared Nepal a democratic federal republic, effective as of 2008-05-28. The monarchy has been abolished. This affects the official name of the country, which has been updated in ISO 3166-1 by Newsletter VI-3, published on 2008-09-09.
In "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries", I showed aanchal (zones) as the primary subdivisions. The zones could be grouped together to form five vikas kshetra (development regions). I added, "recent publications of the Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal list development region and district names, but not zone names. The zones are probably less significant than the districts." Source , a profile of Nepal on a government website, doesn't even mention the zones, and I believe they're no longer in use.
Nepal has been independent during the entire 20th century.
Nepal is divided into five vikas kshetra (development regions).
Nepal uses five-digit postal codes. The first digit represents a region; the first three digits represent a district. The codes are rarely used.
See the Districts of Nepal page.
The development regions are subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into villages.
The UN LOCODE page for Nepal lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Dhawalagiri: Nepalese dhaval: white, giri: mountain
In the 1950s, Nepal consisted of 34 districts.
|Banke and Bardia||150,000||800|
|Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat||514,556||1,388|
|Chitwan and Nawalpur||150,000||1,000|
|Dailekh and Surkhet||300,000||1,200|
|Dang and Deokhuri||150,000||1,100|
|East No. 1 Chautara||370,000||1,493|
|East No. 2 Ramechhap||250,447||1,291|
|East No. 3 Okhaldhunga||275,503||2,037|
|East No. 4 Bhojpur||238,533||926|
|Jumla and Humla||160,000||5,000|
|Kailali and Kanchanpur||100,000||1,400|
|Khajhani and Syuraj||150,000||500|
|Mahottari and Sarlahi||700,000||1,200|
|Sallyan and Jajarkot||450,000||3,000|
|Saptari and Siraha||431,599||912|
|West No. 1 Nuwakot||400,000||2,200|
|West No. 2 Gorkha||200,000||1,100|
|West No. 3 Pokhara||450,000||2,500|
|West No. 4 Pallo Nauwakot||400,000||1,500|
1962-02: Nepal reorganized into the following 14 zones.
|Narayani||1,871,334||8,313||Hetauda (Bhimphedi), Birgunj|
~1995: Zones fell into disuse, so the already existing development regions effectively became the primary subdivisions.
In some transcriptions from Nepali, long vowels are marked, but not always consistently.
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