I have updated the populations of regions using the 2010 census results. I've also concluded that Centrale, rather than Centre, is the
standard short form of that region's name.
Since about 1970, Togo has been divided into regions, which are further subdivided into prefectures (formerly called circumscriptions).
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). The
draft standard listed the 21 circumscriptions. The final standard listed the five regions instead. FIPS PUB 10-4 continued to list the
prefectures until 2006-03-23, when FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10 was issued. It assigned new FIPS codes to the current Togolese
regions, superseding the prefecture codes formerly in effect.
Togoland was a German protectorate in 1900. After World War I, the Allies split up Germany's African possessions. The League of Nations
mandated Togoland to Great Britain and France. They split it longitudinally. On 1922-07-20, France received the broader eastern strip.
The French mandate of Togo was administered under Dahomey (see Benin), and thus formed part of French West Africa. After World War II, the
mandate was extended as a U.N. trusteeship. Togo became independent on 1960-04-27. (The British part of Togoland is now part of Ghana.)
Other names of country:
- Danish: Togo
- Dutch: Togo, Togolese Republiek (formal)
- English: Republic of Togo (formal), Togoland (obsolete)
- Finnish: Togo
- French: Togo m, République f Togolaise (formal)
- German: Togo n
- Icelandic: Tógó
- Italian: Togo m
- Norwegian: Togo, Republikken Togo (formal)
- Portuguese: Togo m, República f Togolesa (formal)
- Russian: Того, Тоголезская Республика (formal)
- Spanish: Togo m, República f Togolesa (formal), República de Togo (formal)
- Swedish: Togo
- Turkish: Togo Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
from Togoville, on Lake Togo, where the German protectorate was established
Togo is divided into five régions (regions).
|Region ||HASC ||ISO ||FIPS ||Pop-2010 ||Pop-1981 ||Pop-1970 ||Area(km.²)||Area(mi.²)||Capital||Formal|
|617,871 ||273,138 ||298,000 ||13,182||5,090||Sokodé||Région Centrale, Région du Centre|
|769,940 ||426,651 ||235,000 ||11,631||4,491||Kara||Région de la Kara|
|2,599,955||1,040,241||712,000 ||6,395||2,469||Lomé||Région Maritime|
|1,375,165||650,393 ||472,000 ||16,974||6,554||Atakpamé||Région des Plateaux|
|828,224 ||329,144 ||239,000 ||8,603||3,322||Dapaong||Région des Savanes|
|5 regions ||6,191,155||2,719,567||1,956,000||56,785||21,926|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Region codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "
TG-K represents Kara).
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- Pop-2010: 2010-11-06 census (source )
- Pop-1981: 1981-11-22 census (source )
- Pop-1970: 1970-03-01 census (source )
- Formal: Full name of region.
See the Prefectures of Togo page.
The regions are subdivided into préfectures.
The UN LOCODE page for Togo lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
- 1914-08: Under French administration, capital of Togo moved from Sebbe to Aného.
- 1920: Capital of Togo moved from Aného to Lomé.
- ~1920-1950: The divisions of Togo in this period are shown in the following table (sources -). They were called
circonscriptions administratives, or later, cercles.
- Population: 1936 census (source ).
- ~1955: According to sources  and , Togo consisted of ten divisions (source  calls them regions): Anécho,
Atakpamé, Bassari, Dapango, Lama-Kara, Lomé, Mango, Palimé, Sokodé, and Tsévié.
- ~1960: Source  shows Togo composed of four regions (Centrale, Maritime, Plateaux, and Savanes).
|Region ||Population ||Area(km.²)||Capital|
- Population: 1960 census (source ).
- ~1966: The four regions were supposedly abolished as administrative divisions. However, the same four regions show up in the
- ~1981: Kara region formed from parts of Centrale and Savanes.
Other names of subdivisions:
Centrale: Centre (variant)
-  L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine, Paris, 1982.
-  Étude de Faisabilité des
Forages Manuels au Togo , Togo Water Ministry, Lomé, 2009-10-01 (p. 24, retrieved 2010-10-28).
Figures are a synthesis of data from several sources: incomplete surveys conducted between 1996 and 2007, extrapolated to include
the growth rate.
-  Togo's Direction
Générale de la Statistique et de la Comptabilité Nationale has yearly population estimates by
prefecture and region (retrieved 2007-11-17 from a different URL).
-  Recensement
général de la population et de l'habitat : Résultats définitifs. Bureau Central du Recencement,
2011-12 (retrieved 2011-12-31). This document also has results of the 1981 census, and they differ from the figures I previously
reported, which came from the Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989.
-  Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1951 edition.
-  Territoire du Togo placé sous
le mandat de la France (map, retrieved 2004-01-19). This map references the 1914 borders, and probably dates from the interbellum
-  Carte du Togo . Service Géographique
des Colonies, 1926 (map, retrieved 2004-01-19).
-  Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1964 edition.
-  The Statesman's Year-Book 1959, Macmillan & Co., London, 1959.
-  Fisher, Morris. Provinces and Provincial Capitals of the World. New York: Scarecrow Press, 1967.
-  Encyclopædia Britannica, 15th Edition, Chicago, 1984: Togo article