Sorin Cosoveanu provided a file containing Ministry of Local Government codes for provinces, districts, and sectors.
In 2006, the twelve provinces of Rwanda were abolished and replaced with five provinces, subdivided into thirty districts. Among the
reasons given for the change were the reduction of ethnic divisions and the suppression of reminders of the 1994 genocide. The five new
provinces are shown in FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 11, dated 2006-07-11, and in ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17.
|Language||Kinyarwanda (rw), French (fr)|
Rwanda was part of German East Africa in 1900. In 1919, as Germany's colonies were being divided up, Ruanda-Urundi was mandated to
Belgium. It consisted of the counties of Ruanda and Urundi. It came under the administration of the Belgian Congo on 1926-03-01. The
two counties became résidences (residencies). In 1960, the Belgian Congo became independent; Ruanda-Urundi remained a colony until
1962-07-01. On that date, the two counties became the countries of Rwanda and Burundi.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Rwanda
- Dutch: Rwanda, Republiek Rwanda (formal)
- English: Republic of Rwanda (formal)
- Finnish: Ruanda
- French: Rwanda m
- German: Ruanda n
- Icelandic: Rúanda
- Italian: Ruanda m
- Kinyarwanda: Republika y'u Rwanda (formal)
- Norwegian: Rwanda, Republikken Rwanda (formal)
- Portuguese: Ruanda, Rwanda, República f do Ruanda m (formal)
- Russian: Республика Руанда (formal)
- Spanish: Ruanda, República Rwandesa (formal), República f de Rwanda (formal)
- Swedish: Rwanda
- Turkish: Ruanda Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
from name of language, Kinyarwanda
Rwanda is divided into five intara (provinces).
|Rwamagana||Umutara, Kibungo, Kigali-Rural (part)|
|Byumba||Byumba, Kigali-Rural (part), Ruhengeri|
|Nyanza||Butare, Gikongoro, Gitarama|
|Kibuye||Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye|
See the Districts of Rwanda page.
The provinces are divided into thirty uturere (districts), which are subdivided into 418 imirenge (administrative sectors, Fr. secteurs
administratifs), which are further subdivided into 9,165 utugari (cells, Fr. cellules). The cells are probably unchanged from the
pre-2006 partition. Before 2006, Rwanda was divided into 12 provinces, which were divided into akarere (districts) and umujyi (municipalities), which in turn were
divided into imirenge (sectors), which were divided into utugari (cells), which, finally, were divided into akagari (probably villages).
Before 2002, Rwanda was divided into prefectures, which were subdivided into communes. The constitution allowed the formation of
sub-prefectures on a level between the prefecture and the commune, but this was probably not done.
Source  says, "The Republic of Rwanda is divided into intara (provinces), uturere (districts), imirenge (sectors) and utugari (cells).
The akarere (district) is the basic political-administrative unit of the country." (Apparently uturere is the plural of akarere.)
Origins of names:
Kigali: Kinyarwanda for big mountain
- 1946: Under the colonial administration, Ruanda was divided into eight territoires (territories): Astrida, Biumba, Kibungu, Kigali,
Kîsenyi, Nyanza, Ruhengeri, and Shangugu.
- 1959: Gitarama prefecture formed.
- ~1996: Kigali prefecture (former HASC code
RW.KL) split into Kigali-Ville and Kigali-Rural. Kigali-Ville was completely
surrounded by Kigali-Rural.
- 1996-04-19: Divisions of Rwanda reorganized. Umutara formed from parts of Byumba and Kibungo. (In reports of the change, the
spellings Mutara and Umutara were both used, with Umutara in the majority.) Many prefecture boundaries were modified. The resulting set of
prefectures is shown in this table.
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- Cen: Codes from National Census Service.
- Pop-2002: 2002-08-16 census.
- Pop-1991: 1991-08-15 census.
- Pop-1978: 1978-08-15 census.
- Capitals have the same names as their prefectures.
- 2001-02-15: Laws governing the functions of provinces and of Kigali-Ville took effect (sources , ).
- 2002-01-01: Status of divisions changed from prefegitura (French: préfectures; prefectures) to intara (provinces). At the same time,
the communes were replaced by a new set of divisions called districts and municipalities (akarere and umujyi, respectively). (Source
- 2006-01-01: Rwanda reorganized from twelve provinces into five.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Eastern: Intara Y'iburasirazuba (Kinyarwanda)
- Kigali City: Umujyi wa Kigali (Kinyarwanda)
- Northern: Intara Y'amajyaruguru (Kinyarwanda)
- Southern: Intara Y'amajyepfo (Kinyarwanda)
- Western: Intara Y'iburengerazuba (Kinyarwanda)
- Butare: Astrida (obsolete)
- Cyangugu: Shangugu (obsolete)
- Gisenyi: Kisenyi (obsolete)
- Kigali-Rural: Kigali Ngali, Kigali Ngari (Kinyarwanda)
- Umutara: Mutara (variant)
-  Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names. Vol. II. New York: United Nations, 1991.
-  L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine, Paris, 1982.
-  "Länderinformationsblatt: Ruanda" (Rwanda Country Information Sheet, in German), Federal Office for Refugees, Bern, Switzerland.
Says that Umutara was created on 1996-04-19, and implies that Kigali-Ville was created earlier.
(http://www.asyl.admin.ch/Daten/PublikationenDokumentationen/Laenderinformationen/RUAN_LIB_199710_d.html#9.%20Verwaltung, dead link, dated
1997-10, retrieved 2001-06-01).
-  "FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission to Rwanda" has 1997-06 population estimates.
(http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/faoinfo/economic/giews/english/alertes/srrwa797.htm, dead link, dated 1997-07-01, retrieved 2001-06-01).
-  World Food Program profile. A map shows that Kigali-Ville is completely surrounded by Kigali-Rural, and Umutara contains areas
formerly in both Byumba and Kibungo prefectures. (http://www.wfp.org/eb_public/EB22001/English/CEB22001-2169E.pdf, page 20; dead link,
-  Rwanda's government Web site has a list of
the new set of divisions called districts and municipalities (akarere and umujyi, respectively). (retrieved 2002-11-08).
-  "General Census of Population and Housing, Rwanda: 16-30 August 2002: Report on the Preliminary Results," National Census Service.
(http://188.8.131.52/catfiles/2816.pdf, dead link, retrieved 2005-04-06).
-  "Rwanda Reduces Number of Provinces," Mouvement Démocratique Républicain website. Had maps, a little inaccurate, showing the new
divisions as compared with the old. (http://www.mdrw.org/rapports%20et%20doc/gouv%20rw/rwanda%20reduces%20number%20provinces.htm, dead
link, retrieved 2006-02-01).
-  Ministry of Local Government (Minaloc) has a map of the
districts, linked to a list of them. (retrieved 2006-02-01).
-  "Administrative Units," Ministry of Local Government, shows the organizational structure of local government units.
(http://www.minaloc.gov.rw/admin_territory/admin_entities.htm, dead link, retrieved 2006-02-01).
-  "Loi n° 07/2001 du 19.01.2001 portant organisation et fonctionnement de la ville de Kigali telle que modifiée et complétée à ce
jour" (http://www.minaloc.gov.rw/dl_documents/dec_law_mvk_fr.pdf, dead link, retrieved 2006-02-01).
-  "Law Nº 43/2002 of 29/12/2000 Establishing the Organisation and Functioning of Province As Modified and Completed up to Date"
(http://www.minaloc.gov.rw/dl_documents/dec_law_province_uk.pdf, dead link, retrieved 2006-02-01).
-  "La République Rwandaise," European Union mission of election observers. Some data in this report don't quite jibe with mine.
(http://www.ueobsrwa.org.rw/referendum/documents/La_Republique_Rwandaise.pdf, dead link, retrieved 2006-02-01).