"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on 2014-03-31.
It implicitly replaces the codes for Al Batinah and Ash Sharqiyah with codes for the governorates into which they were split.
OM-SS. The new codes are based
on the Arabic names, transcribed into the Roman alphabet; for example, JB for Janub al Batinah (Al Batinah South). Its codes for all the other
governorates match the ISO codes. ISO issued an update on 2015-11-27 with ISO codes for the governorates, including the new ones, as shown below.
Update 9 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes is dated 2012-09-01. It assigns new codes to the northern halves of the governorates that were split in 2011.
Update 3 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2011-02-28. It changes the status of Muscat from region to governorate.
Al Buraymi governorate was created in 2006. This change is shown in FIPS PUB 10-4 Change Notice 13, issued on 2008-02-04, and in Newsletter II-2,
an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, dated 2010-06-30. The ISO update also changes the code for Dhofar from
apparently only because it has changed the preferred version of the name from Al Janubiyah to Zufar.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Oman, the draft standard showed eight provinces. The final standard showed the same eight divisions, now identified as regions. The codes for Adh Dhahirah, Ash Sharqiyah, and Dhofar were changed, the other five remaining the same as before. The new codes are shown in this table.
In 1900, Oman was an independent country. It was officially called the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman. The name Oman was used to refer to what is now Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, as well as Muscat and Oman. However, the territory was in reality a collection of sheikhdoms and emirates. The inland boundaries with Arabia were indefinite. By 1916, Britain had concluded treaties with Qatar and the seven emirates that in effect made them protectorates. Oil discoveries made it increasingly important to settle questions of sovereignty. By 1950, maps were showing boundaries between Qatar, Trucial Oman (now the United Arab Emirates), and the sultanate. In 1970, Sultan Qaboos ibn Said overthrew his father and changed the country's name to Oman. Oman's boundaries with Saudi Arabia and Yemen were finally delimited in the early 1990s.
Oman is divided into eleven muhafazat (sing. muhafazah: governorates).
|Al Batinah North||483,582||12,500||4,800||Sohar|
|Al Batinah South||289,008||Rustaq|
|Al Buraymi||72,917||Al Buraymi|
|Ash Sharqiyah North||162,482||36,800||14,200||Ibra|
|Ash Sharqiyah South||188,032||Sur|
Oman uses three-digit postal codes. The first digit represented a region or governorate, before the changes of 2006 and 2011.
See the Districts of Oman page.
Below the governorates, Oman is divided into wilayat (districts).
The UN LOCODE page for Oman lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
The administrative divisions of Oman had little significance or definition until very recently. Between ~1960 and ~1990, the number of primary divisions has varied from eight to ten, and their status was liwa (province). Most of the divisions have kept approximately the same territory.
|Al Batinah||r||772,590||653,505||564,677||12,500||4,800||Sohar, Rustaq||3|
|Al Buraymi||g||72,917||76,838||Al Buraymi||5|
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