"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was
issued on 2014-03-31. It gives codes for the two new regions:
NA-KE for Kavango East and
Kavango West. Its codes for all the other regions match the ISO codes. However, ISO hasn't yet officially issued codes for these
According to source , Oshikoto has a new capital.
Update 14 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-12-31. It assigns codes to the two new regions,
Kavango East and Kavango West.
The Delimitation Commission has proposed, and President Pohamba has enacted, a reorganization and renaming of regions, cities,
and constituencies. The reorganization is described under the change history for 2013. The renamings are to remove some vestiges
of colonialism. Caprivi region will be named Zambezi; Luderitz constituency and its chief town will be named ǃNamiǂNüs
(the characters ǂ and ǃ represent clicks in the Khoisan languages); Schuckmannsburg will be named Luhonono; and
Steinhausen constituency will be named Okarukombe. Those are said to be their precolonial names.
|Language||English (en), Afrikaans (af)|
South-West Africa was a German protectorate at the beginning of the 20th century. After World War I, when Germany was
divested of all its colonies, South-West Africa was made a Class C mandated territory of South Africa (Treaty of Versailles,
effective 1920-12-17). After World War II, there was a prolonged dispute in which South Africa continued to exercise its
mandate, while the United Nations ineffectually revoked it. The United Nations renamed it from South-West Africa to Namibia on
1968-06-12. Namibia finally gained its independence from South Africa on 1990-03-21.
Other names of country:
- Afrikaans: Suidwes-Afrika (obsolete)
- Danish: Namibia
- Dutch: Namibië, Republiek Namibië (formal)
- English: Republic of Namibia (formal), South West Africa (obsolete)
- Finnish: Namibia
- French: Namibie f
- German: Namibia n
- Icelandic: Namibía
- Italian: Namibia f
- Norwegian: Namibia, Republikken Namibia (formal)
- Portuguese: Namíbia, República f da Namíbia f (formal)
- Russian: Республика Намибия (formal)
- Spanish: Namibia, República f de Namibia f (formal)
- Swedish: Namibia
- Turkish: Namibya Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
after the Namib Desert, from a Nama word variously translated as bare place, vast arid plain, area where there is nothing.
Namibia is divided into fourteen regions.
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes. If periods are replaced
hyphens, these will be the same as the region codes from ISO standard 3166-2, if
the GENC update is borne out.
- FIPS: codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
- Pop-2011: 2011-08-28 census provisional results (source )**.
- Pop-2001: 2001-08-27 census (source ).
- Pop-1991: 1991-10-21 census (source ).
- Area: Source .
* Capitals: Different sources disagree about the regional capitals. Sources - have varying
information about the capitals of six regions. (Note:  is inherently less trustworthy, because the address for a regional
governor is not necessarily the regional capital.) The following list shows sources that disagree with the capitals listed in
the table. These are all different places, and not just alternate names of the same place. (The book "Administrative
Subdivisions of Countries" shows the same capitals as source , which was my most trusted source for the data at the time it
was written.) Source  has now turned up. The capitals shown in the table above are from that source, which I take to be
official (as of 1992)—except for Oshikoto, which has a new capital as of 2013 according to source .
- Erongo:  says Omaruru;  says both Omaruru and Swakopmund.
- Kunene:  says Outjo;  says that Khorixas, Opuwo, and Outjo are all capitals.
- Ohangwena: , , and  say Eenhana;  says Ondangwa;  says there is no capital, only villages.
- Omusati: Oshakati ( and ), Ongandjera (), Omusati (), or Ombalantu ( and ).  uses the spelling Outapi.
Oshakati is not even located in Omusati, although that doesn't prove anything.
- Oshana:  says Etosha;  says Oshana.
- Otjozondjupa:  says Okahandja; , , and  say Grootfontein.
** Population: Source  had populations for the fourteen regions. I didn't use them for two reasons.
First, they're a little blurry, so that some of the digits are hard to read. Second, they may not come from the 2011 census. On
the other hand, the census data from source  are for only thirteen regions. I used the data from source , but for
Kavango region, I divided the total population from source , 222,500, between Kavango East and Kavango West in the same
proportion as the respective populations given for those regions in source —assuming that I read all the digits
See the Constituencies of Namibia page.
In the division into districts prevailing before 1990, Hereroland East was split into two disjoint parts, separated by
Gobabis. The Caprivi Strip (Afrikaans: Caprivi Zipfel), a panhandle in the northeast, consisted of Caprivi East and part of
Origins of names:
- Bethanien: German for Bethany, after the Biblical city
- Caprivi: for Count Leo von Caprivi (1831-1899), German chancellor
- Damaraland: Land of the Damaras (Hottentot tribe)
- Erongo: for Erongo Mountain
- Hardap: for Hardap Dam
- Karas: for Karas mountain range
- Khomas: for Khomas Hochland mountain range
- Kunene: for Kunene River
- Omaheke: Herero word for Sandveld, a dry grassland with sandy soil
- Oshana: = intermittent lake
- Warmbad: = warm bath (hot springs)
Dr. Klaus Dierks has an extensive website on Namibian history. I found a number of details for the change history there.
- 1903: According to source , the German protectorate had six regional offices: Gibeon, Keetmanshoop, Omaruru, Outjo,
Swakopmund, and Windhoek.
- 1909-02-07: Schuckmannsburg became first capital of Caprivi Strip.
- 1910: Warmbad district split from Keetmanshoop.
- 1915-05-01: Capital of the German protectorate of South-West Africa moved to Grootfontein.
- 1922: Walvis Bay (then called Walfisch Bay) transferred from Cape Province of the Union of South Africa to Namibia (then
called South West Africa).
- 1936: Capital of Caprivi Strip moved to Katima Mulilo.
- 1936: Capital of Kavango moved from Nkurenkuru to Rundu (called Runtu until the late 1940s).
- 1948: South Africa reclaimed sovereignty over Walvis Bay.
- This table appeared in source .
- District: except the
last three, which
are native territories.
- Population: 1946 census
- ~1977: Divisions of Namibia reorganized. Kavango and Bushmanland split from Grootfontein. Part of Outjo and all of Walvis
Bay (a district adjacent to the enclave of Walvis Bay) annexed to Swakopmund. Damaraland formed from parts of Outjo, Omaruru, and
Swakopmund. Owambo formed from Ovamboland and a small part of Grootfontein. Hereroland West formed from parts of Grootfontein,
Gobabis, and Otjiwarongo. Part of Rehoboth transferred to Windhoek. Hereroland East split from Gobabis. Gibeon (capital Mariental)
split into Mariental (with the addition of part of Rehoboth) and Namaland (with the addition of parts of Bethanien and Keetmanshoop).
Other, lesser boundary adjustments occurred. Names of Kaokoveld and Warmbad changed to Kaokoland and Karasburg, respectively. The
resulting divisions were:
|20,757||44,697||17,258||m||Swakopmund||Erongo, Hardap, Kunene|
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- Population: 1991-10-21 census
- Typ: Created as magisterial districts (m) or reserves (r)
- Became: Present-day region(s) occupying the same territory
- 1992-08: Walvis Bay placed under joint Namibian and South African administration.
- 1992-08-31: Regional Councils Act (Act 22 of 1992) promulgated. Under this act, Namibia reorganized from 26 districts to
13 regions. According to source , in 1990, the Delimitation Commission and the Cabinet proposed the region names Liambezi,
Maroela, Mopane, and Waterberg. By the time the regions were actually created, those names had been changed to Caprivi,
Ohangwena, Omusati, and Otjozondjupa, respectively.
- 1994-03-01: Walvis Bay fully incorporated into Namibia as part of Erongo region.
- 2013-08-08: Caprivi region renamed to Zambezi; Karas region renamed to !Karas; Kavango region (former ISO code
WA34) split into Kavango East and Kavango West. Capital of Oshikoto moved from Tsumeb to
Other names of subdivisions:
- Karas: ǃKaras, ǁKaras (variant)
- Kavango: Okavango (variant)
- Ohangwena: Ohanguena (variant)
- Zambezi: Caprivi (obsolete); Liambezi (obsolete-variant)
- (former divisions:)
- Bushmanland: Boesmanland (Afrikaans)
- Caprivi East: Caprivi Oos (Afrikaans); Caprivi, East Caprivi (variant)
- Hereroland East: Hereroland Oos (Afrikaans)
- Hereroland West: Hereroland Wes (Afrikaans)
- Kaokoland: Kaokoveld (obsolete)
- Karasburg: Warmbad (obsolete)
- Outjo: Outjo/Kamanjab (variant)
- Owambo: Owamboland (variant)
- Walvis Bay: Walfisch Bay (obsolete); Walvisbaai (Afrikaans)
- Windhoek: Windhuk (German)
-  The Statesman's Yearbook 1997-98. St. Martin's Press, New York, 1997.
-  The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World. 2001 edition.
-  Payscope. Encyclopaedia Universalis, 1994.
-  Encyclopaedia Universalis online map (http://www.universalis-edu.com/doc/atlas/Pages_Continents/P_ECRAN/Pages_PAYS/AT000135.htm,
subscribers only, dead link, retrieved 2001-06-17).
-  Johan van der Heyden's Global Statistics website (http://www.xist.org/cd/wa.htm, dead link, retrieved 2001-06-17).
-  Werner Fröhlich's geonames.de website
-  Association of Regional Councils in the Republic of Namibia (http://www.arc.org.na/, dead link, retrieved 2004-07-08)
had areas for the thirteen regions. I have replaced them with figures from source .
-  Address Directory For The Governmental Leaders of The World (http://www.flimflam.com/international/n.html, dead link,
-  Xist.org website (http://www.stats.demon.nl/africa/namibia.htm, dead link, retrieved 1999-11-07) had 1991 population
figures attributed to St. George's School, Windhoek. I revised the figures later according to source .
-  Namibia Ministry of Health and Social Services (http://www.healthnet.org.na/grnmhss/htm/cen01preintro1.htm, dead link,
retrieved 2004-07-08) had preliminary 2001 census results.
-  Dr. Klaus Dierks's 1903 chronology
-  Dr. Dierks's 1990–2000 chronology
-  The New International Atlas. Rand McNally, Chicago, 1980.
-  L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine, Paris, 1982.
-  Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census
-  "Caprivi is no more ."
The Namibian (dated 2013-08-09, retrieved 2013-08-31).
-  President's
statement on the reorganization (dated 2013-08-08, retrieved 2013-08-31).
-  "Namibia now has 14
regions, 121 constituencies ", Radio Energy 100FM news site (dated 2013-08-08, retrieved
-  Namibia 2011 Census Provisional Results .
Government of Namibia (retrieved 2013-08-31).
-  The Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1957 edition.
-  Regional
Council Act No. 22 of 1992 (retrieved 2013-08-31).
-  Government Gazette of the
Republic of Namibia No. 5261 (dated 2013-08-09, retrieved 2014-02-09).