"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on
2014-03-31. It gives Gusinje and Petnica the codes
ME-23, respectively. Subsequently, on 2014-11-03,
ISO issued codes for Gusinje and Petnica. Now there is a perfect match between the two standards.
Update 16 to the U.S. standard GEC is dated 2014-06-30. It adds codes for the two new communes.
Sorin Cosoveanu wrote that the new Petnjica commune, split from Berane, would begin operation on 2014-01-01. Later, he wrote that Gusinje commune was split from Plav, providing thorough documentation. The law creating Gusinje commune was passed on 2014-02-26 and published on 2014-03-03. The first municipal election for Gusinje was held on 2014-05-25. I have added both communes to the table.
When FIPS 10-4 was replaced by GEC in 2010-04, it assigned GEC codes to the communes of Montenegro.
ISO 3166-1 Newsletter V-12, dated 2006-09-26, announces the splitting of Serbia and Montenegro into two countries. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17, has ISO codes for the municipalities of Montenegro. They are shown in the table below.
FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 11, dated 2006-07-11, assigned new FIPS codes to Serbia and Montenegro as separate countries.
Montenegro was an independent kingdom at the start of the 20th century. It was annexed to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes when the latter was formed on 1918-12-01. The unified country's name became Yugoslavia in 1929. After the fall of Communism, Yugoslavia gradually split up into its former constituent republics. Montenegro was the last to split from Serbia in 2006.
Italian calque of Serbian crna: black, gora: mountain
Montenegro is divided into 23 opštini (communes, or municipalities).
Montenegro inherited a system of five-digit postal codes from Yugoslavia. In Montenegro, the codes all begin with '8'.
The communes are divided into "local units." Podgorica commune is divided into three "urban municipalities": Podgorica, Golubovci, and Tuzi (since 2006).
Montenegro has no islands of any significance. Its largest two, Ada Bojana in the Adriatic Sea and Vranjina in Lake Skadar, are each under 5 km.˛. It has a short land border with Croatia.
The UN LOCODE page for Montenegro lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
CSin 2003, and again to
ME.BE, 2011 population 33,970, area 717 km.˛).
ME.PV, 2011 population 13,108, area 486 km.˛).
Note: The figures first published for the 2003 census were later revised downward. According to source , the Montenegro Statistical Office recalculated the census figures in 2004, eliminating citizens living abroad. The recalculated figures are shown in the "2003 fixed" column. Those data were taken from Wikipedia. Sources for other columns: 1961 - ; 2003 - ; 1991 and 2011 - .
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