Update 16 to the U.S. standard GEC is dated 2014-06-30. It removes the codes for the counties of Lithuania, and assigns codes to the municipalities.
I added the results of the 2011 and 1989 censuses. Lithuanians have been emigrating, resulting in a noteworthy decline in population.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. In 1990, Lithuania was reorganized into ten apskritis (counties). In 1994, the country was reorganized again into 56 towns and regions. These 56 divisions ostensibly supersede the counties, but the Statistics Department still reports data at both levels. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, FIPS initially listed Lithuania with only one division. Later, it reported 55 of the 56 towns and regions. As a result of Change Notice 7, FIPS listed the ten counties of 1990. ISO 3166-2 has reported only those ten counties from the very start (1996).
The book gives two-letter abbreviations for the towns and regions. I have assigned HASC codes to the counties so that they won't conflict with the town and region codes.
Erratum: In "Administrative Divisions of Countries", page 222, two letters were transposed in one of the region names. Ladzijai should be Lazdijai.
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The territory constituting modern Lithuania was almost entirely contained in the Russian Empire in 1900. On 1918-02-16, Lithuania declared its independence. It was forced to cede the Memelland along the coast to Germany on 1939-03-22. It was occupied by the army of the Soviet Union in 1940, and became a constituent republic of the U.S.S.R., the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, on 1940-08-03. This annexation was never recognized by the United States. The Soviet Union acknowledged Lithuania's independence on 1991-09-06.
Lithuanian Lietuva: land abundant with water
Lithuania is divided into ten apskritys (sing. apskritis: counties).
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Lithuania used four-digit postal codes. A new system of five-digit postal codes was initiated on 2004-01-01, but either type of code can be used during the transition period. Postal codes for Lithuanian addresses can be identified by prefixing them with "LT-".
See the Municipalities of Lithuania page.
Lithuania is further subdivided into sixty entities of three types: miestas (city), rajonas (district), and savivaldybe (municipality). These are subdivided into seniunijos (subdistricts).
Neringa occupies the Lithuanian part of Kurshskaya Kosa, a long peninsula which is connected to the mainland in the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia.
The UN LOCODE page for Lithuania lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Klaipėda: Lithuanian klai: open, pėda: plain
In transcribing place names, č is often replaced by ch or tsch; š by sh or sch; ž by zh; and ė by ie or ye. Lithuanian is an inflected language, and names of divisions may have different endings depending on context. Most of the variants listed here are rather outdated.
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