"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on
2014-03-31. It gives Osh [City] the code
KG-GO. Its codes for all the other regions match the ISO codes. Subsequently, on
2014-10-31, ISO assigned that same code to Osh [City].
Update 14 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-12-31. It defines a code for Osh city, alongside the one for Osh province. On investigation, I find that the Wikipedia article Provinces of Kyrgyzstan was edited on 2005-03-25 to state that Osh city, like Bishkek, had "shaar" status. News travels very slowly from the Tian Shan.
Serhii Tymofiiev wrote me (in 2004-11) that Tokmok had become the new capital of Chüy region. The news item announcing that the change had taken place was dated 2003-08-05. The inaugural ceremony was held on 2003-08-23.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. It lists new codes resulting from the splitting of Batken region from Osh. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, shows the creation of Batken and also of Bishkek city.
Erratum: In "Administrative Divisions of Countries", page 211, some of the ISO codes for the regions of Kyrgyzstan were incorrect or misplaced. The correct codes appear in this table.
Under the Russian Empire, Kyrgyzstan was in the eastern part of the governor-generalship of Turkestan. During the Russian Revolution, the status of the Central Asian lands was unresolved for a time. The Turkestan A.S.S.R. was formed in 1921. In 1924, the Central Asian part of the Soviet Union was reorganized to correspond to the distribution of nationalities. The Kara-Kirghizskaya Autonomous Oblast was created then, on 1924-10-14. In subsequent changes, it became the Kirghizskaya Associated Soviet Socialist Republic on 1926-02-01; the Kirghizskaya Soviet Socialist Republic, one of the fifteen constituent republics of the U.S.S.R., on 1936-12-05; and finally, Kyrgyzstan, an independent country, on 1991-08-31, with the collapse of the Soviet Union.
land of the Kirghiz, ethnic name from Turkish kir: steppe, gis: nomad
Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven oblasty (regions) and two shaar (cities).
Note: other sections of the 1999 census reports give a total population of 4,850,700 or 4,850,800 for Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan appears still to be using Soviet-era postal codes, six-digit numbers always beginning with '7'.
See the Districts of Kyrgyzstan page.
The regions are divided into rayony (districts). There were a total of 43 districts in 1994-08.
Kyrgyzstan possesses an enclave in Uzbekistan, situated between Fergana and Margilan, and containing the village of Barak.
Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, western sources normally used transliterations from Russian names rather than Kirghiz names. There are various methods for transliterating from the Cyrillic to the Roman alphabet. The most common variant uses h instead of kh, c for ts, j for consonantal y, č for ch, š for sh, and ž for zh.
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