Roger Sperberg points out that Bishkek city has a FIPS code. I've added it to the table.
A press release (now a dead link), if I understood it correctly, said that Kyrgyzstan would not "fall back" from daylight saving time in October 2005, but would remain on UTC+6 all year round.
Serhii Tymofiiev wrote me (in 2004-11) that Tokmok had become the new capital of Chüy region. The news item announcing that the change had taken place was dated 2003-08-05. The inaugural ceremony was held on 2003-08-23.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, adds two divisions to the list for Kyrgyzstan. One is Batken region, which had already been reported on this page. The other is Bishkek city.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. It lists new codes resulting from the splitting of Osh region. The new codes are shown in the table below.
Erratum: In "Administrative Divisions of Countries", page 211, some of the ISO codes for the regions of Kyrgyzstan were incorrect or misplaced. The correct codes appear in this table.
In 1999, three districts of Osh region were split off to form Batken region. This was apparently done to allow the government to respond more effectively to traffic in narcotics and armed incursions in this remote, mountainous area, which contains seven exclaves of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Under the Russian Empire, Kyrgyzstan was in the eastern part of the governor-generalship of Turkestan. During the Russian Revolution, the status of the Central Asian lands was unresolved for a time. The Turkestan A.S.S.R. was formed in 1921. In 1924, the Central Asian part of the Soviet Union was reorganized to correspond to the distribution of nationalities. The Kara-Kirghizskaya Autonomous Oblast was created then, on 1924-10-14. In subsequent changes, it became the Kirghizskaya Associated Soviet Socialist Republic on 1926-02-01; the Kirghizskaya Soviet Socialist Republic, one of the fifteen constituent republics of the U.S.S.R., on 1936-12-05; and finally, Kyrgyzstan, an independent country, on 1991-08-31, with the collapse of the Soviet Union.
land of the Kirghiz, ethnic name from Turkish kir: steppe, gis: nomad
Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven oblasty (regions) and one shaar (city).
Note: other sections of the 1999 census reports give a total population of 4,850,700 or 4,850,800 for Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan appears still to be using Soviet-era postal codes, six-digit numbers always beginning with '7'.
See the Districts of Kyrgyzstan page.
The regions are divided into rayony (districts). There were a total of 43 districts in 1994-08.
Kyrgyzstan possesses an enclave in Uzbekistan, situated between Fergana and Margilan, and containing the village of Barak.
Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, western sources normally used transliterations from Russian names rather than Kirghiz names. There are various methods for transliterating from the Cyrillic to the Roman alphabet. The most common variant uses h instead of kh, c for ts, j for consonantal y, č for ch, š for sh, and ž for zh.
Source: Census report of the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. These figures were apparently proleptic to the present-day areas of the regions, rather than the regions as of the census dates.
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