Haiti observed daylight saving time off and on, starting in 1983. As of 2012, it's on again.
Nippes department was created in 2003. It was given its codes in FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 11, dated
2006-07-11, and the second edition of ISO 3166-2, dated 2007-12-15.
Haiti has been an independent country for the whole of the 20th century, in theory. In actuality, it was
under the control of U.S. marines from 1915 to 1934.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Haiti
- Dutch: Haïti, Republiek Haïti (formal)
- English: Republic of Haiti (formal), Hayti (obsolete)
- Finnish: Haiti
- French: Haïti, République f d'Haïti m (formal)
- German: Haïti, Haiti n
- Icelandic: Haítí
- Italian: Haiti f
- Norwegian: Haiti, Republikken Haiti (formal)
- Portuguese: Haiti, República f do Haiti m (formal)
- Russian: Республика Гаити (formal)
- Spanish: Haití, República f de Haití (formal)
- Swedish: Haiti
- Turkish: Haiti, Haiti Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
Carib, either haiti: mountainous land, or jhaiti: nest
Haiti is divided into ten départements (departments).
|565,043||361,470||3,487||1,346||Hinche||L'Artibonite, Ouest, Nord|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Department codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
- Pc: First digit of postal code.
- Pop-2003: 2003-08-07 census (provisional)
- Pop-1982: 1982-08-30 census
- Formerly: Pre-1962 department(s) corresponding to each present-day department
Haiti uses four-digit postal codes, always prefixed with "HT". The first digit represents the
department; the first two, the arrondissement; the first three, the commune.
See the Arrondissements of Haiti page.
The departments are subdivided into arrondissements, which are further subdivided into communes, which
in turn are divided into sections communales (communal sections).
- Grand' Anse includes Île Grande Cayemite.
- Nord-Ouest includes Île de la Tortue (Tortuga Island).
- Ouest includes Île de la Gonâve.
- Sud includes Île à Vache.
Origins of names:
- L'Artibonite: for the Artibonite River
- Grand' Anse: = big cove
1962: Haiti reorganized from five departments to nine. Apparently this reorganization was passed into
law in 1962, but not implemented until around 1980. Here are data for the old departments:
- Pop-1950: 1950-08-07 census
- Pop-1971: 1971-08-31 census
2003-09-04: Nippes department split from Grand' Anse (former FIPS code
HA08, HASC code
HT.GA). It consists of the arrondissements of Miragoâne and l'Anse-à-Veau, and the new
arrondissement of Baradères.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Centre: Département du Plateau Central (formal)
- Grand' Anse: Grande Anse (variant)
- L'Artibonite: Artibonite (variant)
-  Demographic
Yearbook , 7th Ed. Statistical Office of the United Nations, New York,
1955 (retrieved 2011-08-20).
-  Profils des Modes de Vie en
Haïti (in French), dated 2005-09, retrieved 2006-06-13. Has maps showing
Nippes department, and population data by commune from the 2003 census.
-  Map of communes at
(dead link, retrieved 2005-02-21). Includes a table of populations by department, but doesn't include Nippes
in the list. When reconciling sources  and , one finds a discrepancy: the profile shows one person
moved from Ouest department to Nippes.
-  The electoral
decree of 2005-02-03 (retrieved 2005-04-15). says that the department of
Nippes was created by a law of 2003-09-04.
-  A report on the 1995-06-25 elections says, "According to Haiti's electoral system, the country is
divided into ten departments: the nine ordinary departments and the department of Nippes, the eastern part
of the department of Grand' Anse" (my translation), suggesting that Nippes previously existed in some
intermediate status. (http://www.upd.oas.org/lab/Documents/permanent_council/cp_doc_2703_96_add_1_fre.pdf,
-  Masson, Jean-Louis. Provinces, Départements, Régions. Paris: Éditions Fernand Lanore, 1984.
-  1979
Demographic Yearbook , 31st Ed. Statistical Office, United Nations, New
York, 1980 (retrieved 2011-12-28).