ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. This update changes the spelling of some province
names. Following ISO, I have removed the accent from Wele-Nzás.
|Short name||EQUATORIAL GUINEA|
At the start of the 20th century, there were three Spanish colonies called Elobey, Annobón y
Corisco; Fernando Póo; and Guinea Continental Española. In 1909 they were united under one
administration, forming Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea. The more convenient name Guinea
Española was used increasingly, and finally became official. On 1935-04-16, the colony was
subdivided into two districts: Fernando Póo (capital Santa Isabel, included Annobón Island) and
Guinea Continental (capital Bata, included Corisco and Elobey). On 1960-04-01, the two districts
became Spanish overseas provinces under the names Fernando Póo and Río Muni. On 1963-12-20 the
provinces were combined once more into Guinea Ecuatorial, an autonomous region. On 1968-10-12 it
became an independent country.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Ækvatorialguinea, Republikken Ækvatorialguinea
- Dutch: Equatoriaal-Guinea, Equatoriaal Guinee, Republiek Equatoriaal-Guinea (formal)
- English: Republic of Equatorial Guinea (formal)
- Finnish: Päiväntasaajan Guinea
- French: Guinée f équatoriale
- German: Äquatorialguinea n
- Icelandic: Miðbaugs-Gínea
- Italian: Guinea f Equatoriale
- Norwegian: Ekvatorial-Guinea, Republikken Ekvatorial-Guinea (formal)
- Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial, República f da Guiné f Equatorial (formal)
- Russian: Республика Экваториальная Гвинея (formal)
- Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial, República f de Guinea f Ecuatorial (formal)
- Swedish: Ekvatorialguinea
- Turkish: Ekvatoral Gine Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
Descriptive: lies near the equator and on the Gulf of Guinea (see Guinea)
Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces.
|I||5,008||2,820||2,006||17||7||San Antonio de Palea|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision
codes. If periods are replaced by
hyphens, these are the same as the province codes from
ISO standard 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- Reg: Region (for key, see "Further subdivisions" below).
- Pop-2001: 2001 (Source )
- Pop-1994: 1994-09-09 census (Source )
- Pop-1983: 1983-07-04 census
See the Districts of Equatorial Guinea page.
Equatorial Guinea also uses a subdivision into two regions. ISO 3166-2 lists them, assigning
them the one-letter codes shown below, and FIPS assigns them the four-character codes shown.
These regions were the former provinces of the country.
|ISO||ISO name||FIPS||FIPS name|
Before 1963, Fernando Póo was subdivided into four regional districts, and Río Muni was
subdivided into 11 municipios.
Litoral province contains the islands of Corisco, Elobey Chico, and Elobey Grande in the Muni
Origins of names:
- Annobón: From Portuguese anno bom: happy new year, discovered on 1471-01-01.
- Bioko: After Adolfo Bioco, who in turn was born in a village named Bioko. Norte: North. Sur:
- Centro Sur: Spanish for Center-South.
- Fernando Póo: after the Portuguese navigator Fernando Póo, who discovered it and called it Ilha
Formosa (beautiful island).
- Litoral: Spanish for Coastal.
- Macías Nguema Biyogo: After Francisco Macías (later Masie) Nguema Biyogo Ñegue Ndong, dictator
from 1968 until his overthrow in 1979.
- Río Muni: From the estuary at the southwestern corner of the territory, misnamed as a river by
early explorers. Muni is a Pamue word for big.
- 1973: Name of Fernando Póo island and province changed to Macías Nguema Biyogo (sometimes
given as just Macías Nguema); name of Río Muni province changed to Mbini; name of national capital
changed from Santa Isabel to Malabo; name of Annobón island changed to Pagalu.
- 1979: Name of Macías Nguema Biyogo changed to Bioko; name of Mbini restored to Río Muni; name
of Pagalu restored to Annobón.
- ~1990: The provinces became regions, and were subdivided into the seven new provinces.
Other names of subdivisions:
Fernando Póo: Fernando Po (variant)
-  FAO: Documento de Perspectiva -
República de Guinea Ecuatorial (retrieved 2007-05-18). Cites
"Estado de población: Resultados del II Censo de Población y II de Viviendas de 1994".
-  Evolución y
Distribución de la población total por sexo y región . Dirección
General de Estadística y Cuentas Nacionales (retrieved 2007-06-05). Paolo Pagani has pointed out
that the implied growth rate from 1994 to 2001 is impossibly high. The earlier census may be
understated, or the later one exaggerated.