Divisions of the United Kingdom

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Updates: 

"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on 2014-03-31. It gives Isles of Scilly the code GB-IOS. Its codes for all the other unitary authorities match the ISO codes. However, the ISO standard apparently subsumes Isles of Scilly under Cornwall.

A Commission on Public Service Governance and Delivery submitted a report  in 2014-01, recommending that the 22 local councils in Wales be merged to produce between 10 and 12 councils. The report recommends that the process be completed by 2017-2018. Clive Carpenter and Joshua Holman both brought this to my attention.

Update 12 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-06-30. It changes the name of Dungannon to Dungannon and South Tyrone, which I list as a variant name.

Sorin Cosoveanu reports that Northern Ireland plans to consolidate its districts, reducing the number from 26 to 11 (source [16]). The new districs will be called Antrim and Newtownabbey; Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon; Belfast; Causeway Coast and Glens; Derry and Strabane; Fermanagh and Omagh; Lisburn and Castlereagh; Mid and East Antrim; Mid Ulster; Newry, Mourne and Down; and North Down and Ards. The reorganization should take effect in 2015-04.

It has been widely reported that Scotland will hold a referendum on 2014-09-18 to decide on a bid for independence from the U.K.

The NUTS codes (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) for the United Kingdom have been revised several times. In 2000, there was a complete revamping of the system. In 2003, there was a light revision. In 2010, there were more substantial changes, including some to reflect the changes to unitary authorities in 2009. The table below shows the 2010 version. (I have relied on names, not maps, to make the correspondence between NUTS areas and administrative divisions, so there may be some areas that don't precisely match up.)

There are currently 140 NUTS-3 areas in the United Kingdom. The correspondence between NUTS-3 areas and the primary divisions listed in the table below is irregular. Most NUTS-3 areas correspond to one primary division or a small number of contiguous primary divisions. A few primary divisions, however, contain parts of several NUTS-3 areas. In those cases, I've given the most detailed NUTS level possible to fit the division.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. For the United Kingdom, it changes the status of Wales from principality to country, and changes a couple of names.

Update 3 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2011-02-28. It changes the status of Cornwall, Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire, and Wiltshire from counties to unitary authorities.

Update 1 to the U.S. standard "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" is dated 2010-08-20. It assigns FIPS codes to the new unitary authorities. It also changes the status of Herefordshire from unitary authority to county, and of Wokingham from district to borough.

Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, is dated 2010-06-30. It assigns ISO codes to the new unitary authorities of 2009. It also removes the code for Isles of Scilly (formerly IOS).

On 2009-04-01, Bedfordshire was split into two unitary authorities: Central Bedfordshire (consisting of Mid Bedfordshire and South Bedfordshire districts) and Bedford (former Bedford district). Cheshire was split into two unitary authorities: Cheshire West and Chester (former Chester, Ellesmere Port and Neston, and Vale Royal districts) and Cheshire East (former Congleton, Crewe and Nantwich, and Macclesfield districts). Cornwall, Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire, and Wiltshire all became unitary authorities. All seven entities were administrative counties. As unitary authorities, they now have no internal districts; that is, if the original entity consisted of more than one district, those districts were merged.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-9 was published on 2007-11-28. The only change in the United Kingdom section is to indicate the status of each of the subdivisions.

ISO 3166-1 Newsletter No. V-11 was issued on 2006-03-29. It assigns new country codes to Guernsey, the Isle of Man, and Jersey. These are all crown tributaries of the United Kingdom. They are politically independent but recognize the monarch of the United Kingdom as their chief of state. Hitherto, they had been considered part of the U.K. by ISO. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17, brings the ISO subdivision codes into line with the ISO country codes. There are no changes to codes within the U.K., only deletions of the crown tributaries.

The 1991 census figures were originally reported following the boundary lines that prevailed before the reorganization of 1995-1998. After the reorganization, some divisions had the same name, but different territory. Source [9] has corrected data according to the new geography, which I used for the Pop-1991 column in the table below.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It amends the original standard by removing the text "(City of)" wherever it appears.

Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. It cancels all the FIPS codes for the divisions of the United Kingdom as they stood in 1995, and assigns new codes to the divisions as of 1998. The new codes are shown in the table below.

The United Kingdom underwent a local government reform in 1995-1998. Of the four countries, only Northern Ireland's local government structure remained unchanged (26 districts). Wales was reorganized into 22 unitary authorities. Scotland emerged with 29 unitary districts and three island areas. England's new primary subdivisions are 34 counties, 47 unitary authorities, 36 metropolitan districts, and 33 London boroughs. The 34 counties are subdivided into 238 districts; the other divisions are all unitary, meaning that they have no smaller units of local government under them. The counties are sometimes called administrative counties, to distinguish them from the ceremonial counties. Sources [10] and [11] have more details.

On 2000-07-03, a new Greater London Authority took power. It became a primary division, with the 33 London boroughs (map ) as subdivisions. Although the standards still don't list it, I now show Greater London instead of its 33 boroughs.

A great many English people identify themselves with the historic county of their residence. The old counties had endured for seven centuries or more in most cases, and represented an enormous weight of tradition. Those counties, which now exist only as lines on a map, are called ceremonial, historical, or geographical counties. Sources [13] and [14] explore ways of retaining their significance.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on 1998-12-15. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For the United Kingdom, the draft standard showed a total of 96 divisions, which represented the status up to April 1, 1995. Each one was assigned a three-letter code. The final standard shows 233 divisions, also with three-letter codes. The codes are unchanged for those divisions which were unaffected by the reorganization; otherwise, all the codes are distinct. As supplementary material, both versions give three-letter codes for the six countries, as well as for three compound entities ("for completeness"): England and Wales, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom.

Erratum: In "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries," the first two rows were missing from the table of English counties prior to 1974.

Country overview: 

Short nameUNITED KINGDOM
ISO codeGB
FIPS codeUK
LanguageEnglish (en)
Time zone+0~
CapitalLondon

 

The United Kingdom has been independent for the entire 20th century. The name Great Britain properly refers only to the island shared by England, Scotland, and Wales; however, it is often casually used to refer to the whole United Kingdom. The official name was the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1927, when it was changed to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, recognizing the separation of the Irish Free State in 1922. The United Kingdom has had many dependencies and possessions during the 20th century that are listed on this site as separate countries.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Storbritannien, Forenede Kongerige, Forenede Kongerige Storbritannien og Nordirland (formal)
  2. Dutch: Verenigd Koninkrijk, Verenigd Koninkrijk van Groot-BrittanniŰ en Noord-Ierland (formal)
  3. English: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (formal)
  4. Finnish: Iso-Britannia, Yhdistynyt kuningaskunta Iso-Britannia ja Pohjois-Irlanti (formal)
  5. French: Royaume-Uni, Royaume-Uni m de Grande-Bretagne f et d'Irlande f du Nord (formal)
  6. German: Grossbritannien (Swiss), Vereinigtes K÷nigreich, Vereinigtes K÷nigreich n Gro▀britannien n und Nordirland n
  7. Icelandic: Bretland, Sameina­a konungsdŠmi Stˇra-Bretland og Nor­ur-═rland (formal)
  8. Italian: Regno Unito, Regno m Unito di Gran Bretagna f e Irlanda f del Nord
  9. Norwegian: Det forente kongerike Storbritannia og Nord-Irland (formal) (Bokmňl), Det sameinte kongeriket Storbritannia og Nord-Irland (formal) (Nynorsk), Storbritannia
  10. Portuguese: Reino Unido, Reino m Unido da GrŃ-Bretanha f e Irlanda f do Norte (formal)
  11. Russian: Великобритания (informal), Соединенное Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии (formal)
  12. Spanish: Reino Unido, Reino m Unido de Gran Breta˝a f e Irlanda f del Norte (formal)
  13. Swedish: Storbritannien, F÷renade kungariket
  14. Turkish: BŘyŘk Britanya ve Kuzey İrlanda Birleşik Krallığı (formal)

Origin of name: 

descriptive: formed originally by union of Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland

Primary subdivisions: 

The United Kingdom is divided into 200 divisions with a variety of statuses (see the second table below).

NameHASCISOFIPSNUTSTypePopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)CapitalOld County
AberdeenGB.ARABEUKT5UKM50udc222,79318672AberdeenGrampian
AberdeenshireGB.ASABDUKT6UKM50ud252,9736,3182,439AberdeenGrampian
AngleseyGB.AYAGYUKX1UKL11uaw69,751719278LlangefniAnglesey
AngusGB.AGANSUKT7UKM21ud115,9782,181842ForfarTayside
AntrimGB.ANANTUKQ6UKN03ds53,428405156AntrimAntrim
ArdsGB.ADARDUKQ7UKN03ds78,078368142NewtownardsDown
Argyll and ButeGB.ABAGBUKT8UKM63ud88,1666,9302,676LochgilpheadStrathclyde
ArmaghGB.AMARMUKQ8UKN05ds59,340667258ArmaghArmagh
BallymenaGB.BLBLAUKQ9UKN03ds64,044634245BallymenaAntrim
BallymoneyGB.BYBLYUKR1UKN04ds31,224417161BallymoneyAntrim
BanbridgeGB.BBBNBUKR2UKN03ds48,339441170BanbridgeDown
BarnsleyGB.BXBNSUKA3UKE31mb231,221328127BarnsleySouth Yorkshire
Bath and North East SomersetGB.BNBASUKA4UKK12ua176,016351136BristolSomerset
BedfordGB.FOBDFUKZ5UKH24ua157,479477184BedfordBedfordshire
BelfastGB.BFBFSUKR3UKN01ds280,96213050BelfastAntrim, Down
BirminghamGB.BIBIRUKA7UKG31cmb1,073,045265102BirminghamWest Midlands
Blackburn with DarwenGB.BWBBDUKA8UKD41ua147,48913753BlackburnLancashire
BlackpoolGB.BPBPLUKA9UKD42ua142,0653514BlackpoolLancashire
Blaenau GwentGB.BGBGWUKX2UKL16uaw69,81410942Ebbw ValeMonmouth
BoltonGB.BTBOLUKB1UKD32mb276,78614054BoltonGreater Manchester
BournemouthGB.BMBMHUKB2UKK21ua183,4914618BournemouthDorset
Bracknell ForestGB.BCBRCUKB3UKJ11ua113,20510942BracknellBerkshire
BradfordGB.BVBRDUKB4UKE41cmb522,452366141BradfordWest Yorkshire
BridgendGB.BJBGEUKX3UKL17uaw139,17824695BridgendGlamorgan
Brighton and HoveGB.BHBNHUKB6UKJ21ua273,3698232HoveEast Sussex
BristolGB.BSBSTUKB7UKK11cua428,23411042BristolGloucestershire
BuckinghamshireGB.BUBKMUKB9UKJ13ac505,2831,569606AylesburyBuckinghamshire
BuryGB.BRBURUKC1UKD32mb185,0609938BuryGreater Manchester
CaerphillyGB.CPCAYUKX4UKL16uaw178,806279108Tredomen, Ystrad FawrMonmouth, Glamorgan
CalderdaleGB.CXCLDUKC2UKE44mb203,826363140HalifaxWest Yorkshire
CambridgeshireGB.CMCAMUKC3UKH12ac621,2103,0671,184CambridgeCambridgeshire
CardiffGB.CACRFUKX5UKL22uaw346,09013954CardiffGlamorgan
CarmarthenshireGB.CICMNUKX7UKL14uaw183,7772,398926CarmarthenCarmarthen
CarrickfergusGB.CFCKFUKR4UKN02ds39,1148533CarrickfergusAntrim
CastlereaghGB.CSCSRUKR5UKN02ds67,2428433CastlereaghDown
Central BedfordshireGB.CBCBFUKZ6UKH25ua254,381716276ChicksandsBedfordshire
CeredigionGB.CGCGNUKX6UKL14uaw75,9221,797694Aberaeron, AberystwythCardigan
Cheshire EastGB.CQCHEUKZ7UKD62ua370,1271,166450SandbachCheshire
Cheshire West and ChesterGB.CZCHWUKZ8UKD63ua329,608915353ChesterCheshire
ClackmannanshireGB.CCCLKUKU1UKM22ud51,44215761AlloaCentral
ColeraineGB.CLCLRUKR6UKN04ds59,067478184ColeraineLondonderry
ConwyGB.CWCWYUKX8UKL13uaw115,2281,130436ConwyCaernarvon, Denbigh
CookstownGB.CKCKTUKR7UKN05ds37,013512198CookstownTyrone
CornwallGB.COCONUKC6UKK30ua532,2733,5441,368TruroCornwall
CoventryGB.CTCOVUKC7UKG33cmb316,9609737CoventryWest Midlands
CraigavonGB.CRCGVUKR8UKN03ds93,023280108CraigavonArmagh
CumbriaGB.CUCMAUKC9UKD1ac499,8586,8242,635CarlisleCumbria
DarlingtonGB.DADALUKD1UKC13ua105,56419776DarlingtonDurham
DenbighshireGB.DIDENUKX9UKL13uaw93,734844326RuthinDenbigh, Flint
DerbyGB.DEDERUKD2UKF11cua248,7527830DerbyDerbyshire
DerbyshireGB.DBDBYUKD3UKF1ac769,6862,550985MatlockDerbyshire
DerryGB.LDDRYUKS6UKN04ds107,877373144LondonderryLondonderry
DevonGB.DODEVUKD4UKK43ac746,3996,5612,533ExeterDevon
DoncasterGB.DCDNCUKD5UKE31mb302,402581224DoncasterSouth Yorkshire
DorsetGB.DSDORUKD6UKK22ac412,9052,541981DorchesterDorset
DownGB.DWDOWUKR9UKN03ds69,731638246DownpatrickDown
DudleyGB.DYDUDUKD7UKG36mb312,9259838DudleyWest Midlands
Dumfries and GallowayGB.DGDGYUKU2UKM32ud151,3246,4392,486DumfriesDumfries and Galloway
DundeeGB.DUDNDUKU3UKM21udc147,2686525DundeeTayside
DungannonGB.DNDGNUKS1UKN05ds57,852763294DungannonTyrone
DurhamGB.DHDURUKD8UKC14ua513,2422,233862DurhamDurham
East AyrshireGB.EAEAYUKU4UKM33ud122,7671,252483KilmarnockStrathclyde
East DunbartonshireGB.EDEDUUKU5UKM31ud105,02617266KirkintillochStrathclyde
East LothianGB.ELELNUKU6UKM23ud99,717678262HaddingtonLothian
East RenfrewshireGB.ERERWUKU7UKM35ud90,57417367GiffnockStrathclyde
East Riding of YorkshireGB.EYERYUKE1UKE12ua334,1792,415932BeverleyEast Riding of Yorkshire
East SussexGB.ESESXUKE2UKJ22ac526,6711,713661LewesEast Sussex
EdinburghGB.EBEDHUKU8UKM25udc476,626262101EdinburghLothian
Eilean SiarGB.WIELSUKW8UKM64ia27,6843,1341,210StornowayWestern Isles
EssexGB.EXESSUKE4UKH33ac1,393,5873,4691,339ChelmsfordEssex
FalkirkGB.FKFALUKU9UKM26ud155,990299115FalkirkCentral
FermanaghGB.FEFERUKS2UKN05ds61,8051,700656EnniskillenFermanagh
FifeGB.FIFIFUKV1UKM22ud365,1981,323511GlenrothesFife
FlintshireGB.FLFLNUKY1UKL23uaw152,506437169MoldFlint
GatesheadGB.GHGATUKE5UKC22mb200,21414355GatesheadTyne and Wear
GlasgowGB.GGGLGUKV2UKM34udc593,24517568GlasgowStrathclyde
GloucestershireGB.GCGLSUKE6UKK13ac596,9842,6541,025GloucesterGloucestershire
Greater LondonGB.GL UKIreg8,173,9411,583609LondonGreater London
GwyneddGB.GDGWNUKY2UKL12uaw121,8742,548984CaernarfonCaernarvon, Denbigh, Merioneth
HaltonGB.HLHALUKE9UKD71ua125,7467429WidnesCheshire
HampshireGB.HAHAMUKF2UKJ33ac1,317,7883,6881,424WinchesterHampshire
HartlepoolGB.HPHPLUKF5UKC11ua92,0289436HartlepoolDurham
HerefordshireGB.HEHEFUKF7UKG11uac183,4771,858717HerefordHerefordshire
HertfordshireGB.HTHRTUKF8UKH23ac1,116,0621,638632HertfordHertfordshire
HighlandGB.HIHLDUKV3UKM6ud232,13225,7849,955InvernessHighland
InverclydeGB.ICIVCUKV4UKM35ud81,48516263GreenockStrathclyde
Isle of WightGB.IWIOWUKG2UKJ34ua138,265380147NewportIsle of Wight
Isles of ScillyGB.ISUKZ9UKK30ua2,203156Hugh TownCornwall
KentGB.KEKENUKG5UKJ42ac1,463,7403,5431,368MaidstoneKent
Kingston upon HullGB.KHKHLUKG6UKE11cua256,4067127Kingston-upon-HullEast Riding of Yorkshire
KirkleesGB.KKKIRUKG8UKE44mb422,458410158HuddersfieldWest Yorkshire
KnowsleyGB.KNKWLUKG9UKD71mb145,8939737HuytonMerseyside
LancashireGB.LALANUKH2UKD43ac1,171,3392,8971,119PrestonLancashire
LarneGB.LRLRNUKS3UKN03ds32,180337130LarneAntrim
LeedsGB.LSLDSUKH3UKE42cmb751,485562217LeedsWest Yorkshire
LeicesterGB.LCLCEUKH4UKF21cua329,8397328LeicesterLeicestershire
LeicestershireGB.LELECUKH5UKF22ac650,4892,083804LeicesterLeicestershire
LimavadyGB.LMLMVUKS4UKN04ds33,536585226LimavadyLondonderry
LincolnshireGB.LILINUKH7UKF30ac713,6535,9212,286LincolnLincolnshire
LisburnGB.LBLSBUKS5UKN02ds120,165436168LisburnAntrim, Down
LiverpoolGB.LVLIVUKH8UKD72cmb466,41511344LiverpoolMerseyside
LutonGB.LULUTUKI1UKH21ua203,2014317LutonBedfordshire
MagherafeltGB.MFMFTUKS7UKN05ds45,038562217MagherafeltLondonderry
ManchesterGB.MNMANUKI2UKD31cmb503,12711645ManchesterGreater Manchester
MedwayGB.MWMDWUKI3UKJ41ua263,92519274StroodKent
Merthyr TydfilGB.MTMTYUKY3UKL15uaw58,80211143Merthyr TydfilBrecknock, Glamorgan
MiddlesbroughGB.MBMDBUKI5UKC12ua138,4125421MiddlesbroughNorth Yorkshire
MidlothianGB.MLMLNUKV5UKM23ud83,187356137DalkeithLothian
Milton KeynesGB.MKMIKUKI6UKJ12ua248,821309119Milton KeynesBuckinghamshire
MonmouthshireGB.MMMONUKY4UKL21uaw91,323851329CwmbranMonmouth
MorayGB.MOMRYUKV6UKM62ud93,2952,238864ElginGrampian
MoyleGB.MYMYLUKS8UKN04ds17,050494191BallycastleAntrim
Neath Port TalbotGB.NPNTLUKY5UKL17uaw139,812441170Port TalbotGlamorgan
Newcastle upon TyneGB.NUNETUKI7UKC22cmb280,17711243Newcastle-upon-TyneTyne and Wear
NewportGB.NONWPUKY6UKL21uaw145,73619174NewportMonmouth
Newry and MourneGB.NMNYMUKS9UKN05ds99,480886342NewryArmagh, Down
NewtownabbeyGB.NWNTAUKT1UKN02ds85,13915158NewtownabbeyAntrim
NorfolkGB.NFNFKUKI9UKH13ac857,8885,3722,074NorwichNorfolk
NorthamptonshireGB.NANTHUKJ1UKF2ac691,9522,367914NorthamptonNorthamptonshire
North AyrshireGB.NRNAYUKV7UKM33ud138,146884341IrvineStrathclyde
North DownGB.NDNDNUKT2UKN02ds78,9377228BangorDown
North East LincolnshireGB.NENELUKJ2UKE13ua159,61619274GrimsbyLincolnshire
North LanarkshireGB.NNNLKUKV8UKM36ud337,727474183MotherwellStrathclyde
North LincolnshireGB.NLNLNUKJ3UKE13ua167,446833322ScunthorpeLincolnshire
North SomersetGB.NSNSMUKJ4UKK12ua202,566375145Weston-super-MareSomerset
North TynesideGB.NINTYUKJ5UKC22mb200,8018432WallsendTyne and Wear
NorthumberlandGB.NBNBLUKJ6UKC21ua316,0285,0261,941MorpethNorthumberland
North YorkshireGB.NYNYKUKJ7UKE22ac598,3768,0383,103NorthallertonNorth Yorkshire
NottinghamGB.NGNGMUKJ8UKF14cua305,6807529NottinghamNottinghamshire
NottinghamshireGB.NTNTTUKJ9UKF1ac785,8022,085805NottinghamNottinghamshire
OldhamGB.OLOLDUKK1UKD32mb224,89714154OldhamGreater Manchester
OmaghGB.OMOMHUKT3UKN05ds51,3561,124434OmaghTyrone
Orkney IslandsGB.ORORKUKV9UKM65ia21,349992383KirkwallOrkney
OxfordshireGB.OXOXFUKK2UKJ14ac653,7982,6031,005OxfordOxfordshire
PembrokeshireGB.PEPEMUKY7UKL14uaw122,4391,590614HaverfordwestPembroke
Perthshire and KinrossGB.PKPKNUKW1UKM27ud146,6525,3112,051PerthTayside
PeterboroughGB.PBPTEUKK3UKH11ua183,631333129PeterboroughCambridgeshire
PlymouthGB.PMPLYUKK4UKK41cua256,3848031PlymouthDevon
PooleGB.PLPOLUKK5UKK21ua147,6456525PooleDorset
PortsmouthGB.PSPORUKK6UKJ31cua205,0564015PortsmouthHampshire
PowysGB.POPOWUKY8UKL24uaw132,9765,2042,009Llandrindod WellsBrecknock, Denbigh, Montgomery, Radnor
ReadingGB.RGRDGUKK7UKJ11ua155,6984015ReadingBerkshire
Redcar and ClevelandGB.RCRCCUKK9UKC12ua135,17724595South BankNorth Yorkshire
RenfrewshireGB.RFRFWUKW2UKM35ud174,908261101PaisleyStrathclyde
Rhondda, Cynon, TaffGB.RTRCTUKY9UKL15uaw234,410424164TonypandyBrecknock, Glamorgan
RochdaleGB.RDRCHUKL2UKD32mb211,69916062RochdaleGreater Manchester
RotherhamGB.RHROTUKL3UKE31mb257,280283109RotherhamSouth Yorkshire
RutlandGB.RLRUTUKL4UKF22ua37,369394152OakhamRutland
Saint HelensGB.SZSHNUKN1UKD71mb175,30813351Saint HelensMerseyside
SalfordGB.ZFSLFUKL5UKD31cmb233,9339737ManchesterGreater Manchester
SandwellGB.ZWSAWUKL7UKG37mb308,0638633OldburyWest Midlands
Scottish BordersGB.BOSCBUKT9UKM24ud113,8704,7341,828Newtown Saint BoswellsBorders
SeftonGB.SESFTUKL8UKD73mb273,79015359Bootle, SouthportMerseyside
SheffieldGB.SVSHFUKL9UKE32cmb552,698367142SheffieldSouth Yorkshire
Shetland IslandsGB.SHZETUKW3UKM66ia23,1671,438555LerwickShetland
ShropshireGB.SPSHRUKL6UKG22ua306,1293,1971,234ShrewsburyShropshire
SloughGB.ZLSLGUKM1UKJ11ua140,2052710SloughBerkshire
SolihullGB.SISOLUKM2UKG32mb206,67417969SolihullWest Midlands
SomersetGB.SMSOMUKM3UKK23ac529,9723,4511,332TauntonSomerset
SouthamptonGB.ZHSTHUKM4UKJ32cua236,8825019SouthamptonHampshire
South AyrshireGB.SASAYUKW4UKM37ud112,7991,202464AyrStrathclyde
Southend-on-SeaGB.SSSOSUKM5UKH31ua173,6584216Southend-on-SeaEssex
South GloucestershireGB.SJSGCUKM6UKK12ua262,767497192ThornburyGloucestershire
South LanarkshireGB.SLSLKUKW5UKM38ud313,8301,771684HamiltonStrathclyde
South TynesideGB.SXSTYUKM7UKC22mb148,1276425South ShieldsTyne and Wear
StaffordshireGB.STSTSUKM9UKG24ac848,4892,6231,013StaffordStaffordshire
StirlingGB.ZGSTGUKW6UKM27ud90,2472,196848StirlingCentral
StockportGB.SKSKPUKN2UKD31mb283,27512649StockportGreater Manchester
Stockton-on-TeesGB.ZTSTTUKN3UKC11ua191,61020479Stockton-on-TeesDurham
Stoke-on-TrentGB.SOSTEUKN4UKG23cua249,0089336Stoke-on-TrentStaffordshire
StrabaneGB.SBSTBUKT4UKN04ds39,843861332StrabaneTyrone
SuffolkGB.SFSFKUKN5UKH14ac728,1633,8011,468IpswichSuffolk
SunderlandGB.SDSNDUKN6UKC23cmb275,50613853SunderlandTyne and Wear
SurreyGB.SRSRYUKN7UKJ23ac1,132,3901,670645Kingston upon ThamesSurrey
SwanseaGB.SWSWAUKZ1UKL18uaw239,023378146SwanseaGlamorgan
SwindonGB.SNSWDUKN9UKK14ua209,15623089SwindonWiltshire
TamesideGB.TMTAMUKO1UKD31mb219,32410340Ashton-under-LyneGreater Manchester
Telford and WrekinGB.TKTFWUKO2UKG21ua166,641290112TelfordShropshire
ThurrockGB.TRTHRUKO3UKH32ua157,70516463GraysEssex
TorbayGB.TBTOBUKO4UKK42ua130,9596324TorquayDevon
TorfaenGB.TFTOFUKZ2UKL16uaw91,07512649PontypoolMonmouth
TraffordGB.TDTRFUKO6UKD31mb226,57810641StretfordGreater Manchester
Vale of GlamorganGB.VGVGLUKZ3UKL22uaw126,336337130BarryGlamorgan
WakefieldGB.WKWKFUKO7UKE45cmb325,837333129WakefieldWest Yorkshire
WalsallGB.WZWLLUKO8UKG38mb269,32310641WalsallWest Midlands
WarringtonGB.WTWRTUKP2UKD61ua202,22817668WarringtonCheshire
WarwickshireGB.WRWARUKP3UKG13ac545,4741,978764WarwickWarwickshire
West BerkshireGB.WBWBKUKP4UKJ11ua153,822704272NewburyBerkshire
West DunbartonshireGB.WDWDUUKW7UKM31ud90,72016263DumbartonStrathclyde
West LothianGB.WHWLNUKW9UKM28ud175,118425164LivingstonLothian
West SussexGB.WSWSXUKP6UKJ24ac806,8921,988768ChichesterWest Sussex
WiganGB.WNWGNUKP7UKD32mb317,84919977WiganGreater Manchester
WiltshireGB.WLWILUKP8UKK15ua470,9813,2461,253TrowbridgeWiltshire
Windsor and MaidenheadGB.WAWNMUKP9UKJ11ua144,56019876MaidenheadBerkshire
WirralGB.WQWRLUKQ1UKD74mb319,78315961WallaseyMerseyside
WokinghamGB.WOWOKUKQ2UKJ11ua154,38017969WokinghamBerkshire
WolverhamptonGB.WVWLVUKQ3UKG39mb249,4706927WolverhamptonWest Midlands
WorcestershireGB.WCWORUKQ4UKG12ac566,1692,065797WorcesterWorcestershire
WrexhamGB.WXWRXUKZ4UKL23uaw134,844499193WrexhamDenbigh, Flint
YorkGB.YKYORUKQ5UKE21cua198,051271105YorkNorth Yorkshire
200 divisions63,182,178243,60294,051
  • Name: Short name of division.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: District codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "GB-" to the code (ex: GB-WRL
    represents Wirral). The source for the three-letter codes is a British Standard named "BS 6879: Codes for the
    representation of names of counties and similar areas". This standard includes two- and three-letter and four-digit
    codes for each current county name, and a three-letter code for each historic county name. The codes in this
    document stand for names, not areas. For example, Warwickshire has one code of each type (WK, WAR, 3700),
    even though its area was substantially different before the 1974 local government reform. On the other hand, there
    are different codes for Western Isles (WIS) and Eilean Siar (ELS), which is just a change of name. The three-letter
    codes are based on the older Chapman County Codes, devised by genealogist Colin R. Chapman.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard. FIPS probably intends Isles of Scilly to be
    considered part of Cornwall.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics level-three codes, with some exceptions, as described above.
    First three characters indicate the NUTS-1 region, as shown below (1).
  • Type: Type of division. For codes, see next table.
  • Population: Population according to the 2011-03-27 census (source [17]).
  • Area: Data contributed by Karem Abdalla.
  • Capital: Site of the administrative headquarters of the subdivision. When blank, usually the subdivision only contains
    one town. The concept of capital is rather hazy in the United Kingdom. Ceredigion county council has offices in both
    Aberaeron and Aberystwyth. Argyll and Bute has offices in Kilmory Castle in Lochgilphead, and its capital is
    sometimes cited as Kilmory, sometimes Lochgilphead.
  • Old County: For administrative counties and unitary authorities in England, this is the ceremonial county (pre-1974,
    except Cumbria). For Greater London and metropolitan boroughs, it is the metropolitan county (1974-1995). For
    Wales, it is the shire county (pre-1974); for Scotland, the region (1975-1996); for Northern Ireland, the county (pre-1973).

 

CodeTypeCountryQuantity
acAdministrative countyEngland27
regRegionEngland1
mbMetropolitan boroughEngland25
cmbMetropolitan borough (city)England11
uaUnitary authorityEngland45
cuaUnitary authority (city)England10
uacUnitary authority (county)England1
uawUnitary authority (Wales)Wales22
udUnitary districtScotland25
udcUnitary district (city)Scotland4
iaIsland areaScotland3
dsDistrictNorthern Ireland26

Postal codes: 

The United Kingdom uses a very complex system of postal codes. They don't correlate well with the administrative divisions. Each postal code is five to seven characters, with a space before the last three characters. The possible configurations are "an naa", "ann naa", "aan naa", "aann naa", "ana naa", and "aana naa", where each 'a' represents a letter and each 'n' a digit. See this Universal Postal Union  page for more details.

Further subdivisions:

See the Districts of the United Kingdom page.

The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. I will call these four major parts of the United Kingdom "countries", which is consistent with common British usage. They have various and complex status. Each of these four divisions has a different history of subdivision, which is examined under Change history below.

The United Kingdom defined Standard Statistical Regions (SSRs) in 1965, and modified them slightly when county boundaries were redrawn in 1974. Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Community, used these divisions when setting up its own statistical regions for Europe. Three of them match the historical countries that form the United Kingdom; eight others are subdivisions of England. Note: In 1994-04, Government Offices for the Regions (GORs) were established, based on a division of England into ten regions (now nine) which don't always match the SSRs. Here is a PDF Map  of current GORs.

These are the NUTS level-one statistical regions of the United Kingdom. In England, they coincide with Government Office Regions. GOR codes (or, in Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, "pseudo-GOR" codes) have been assigned to each of them.

DescriptionNUTSGOR
North EastUKCA
North WestUKDB
Yorkshire and the HumberUKED
East MidlandsUKFE
West MidlandsUKGF
East of EnglandUKHG
LondonUKIH
South EastUKJJ
South WestUKKK
WalesUKLW
ScotlandUKMX
Northern IrelandUKNY

 

On the secondary level, some counties are subdivided into districts. Other areas have unitary government, meaning that the primary subdivision carries out the functions of a secondary subdivision as well.

Territorial extent: 

Except for the "islands areas", all divisions of England, Scotland, and Wales lie mostly on the island of Great Britain; all divisions of Northern Ireland lie mostly on the island of Ireland.

  1. Ards includes Copeland Island.
  2. Central includes some of the islands in Loch Lomond: Inchcailloan, Inchcruin, Inchfad, etc.
  3. Cornwall includes the Isles of Scilly (Sorlings).
  4. Cumbria includes the Isle of Walney.
  5. Dyfed includes Skomer, Ramsey, Skokholm, and Caldy Islands.
  6. Essex includes Foulness Island, Mersea Island, and other coastal islands.
  7. Fife includes Inchkeith and the Isle of May.
  8. Gwynedd includes Anglesey, Holy, and Bardsey Islands.
  9. Highland includes the islands of Skye, Rhum, Raasay, Scalpay, Eigg, Soay, Rona, Muck, Canna, Sanday, Ewe, and Handa. It also includes Stroma, just off John o' Groats House.
  10. Isle of Wight consists of an island off the south coast of Britain.
  11. Kent includes the Isle of Sheppey and islands in the mouth of the River Medway.
  12. Mid Glamorgan includes Tusker Rock in the Bristol Channel.
  13. Moyle includes Rathlin Island.
  14. Northumberland includes Holy Island (Lindisfarne) and the Farne Islands.
  15. Orkney includes the islands of Orkney Mainland (Pomona), Hoy, Westray, Rousay, Sanday, South Ronaldsay, Stronsay, Eday, Shapinsay, North Ronaldsay, Papa Westray, Flotta, and numerous others.
  16. Shetland includes the islands of Shetland Mainland, Yell, Unst, Fetlar, Foula, Bressay, Fair Isle, Whalsay, Muckle Roe, Papa Stour, the Out Skerries, and many other small islands. Muckle Flugga is said to be the northernmost of the British Isles.
  17. Strathclyde includes the islands of Mull, Islay, Jura, Arran, Bute, Coll, Tiree, Colonsay, Lismore, Ulva, Scarba, Kerrera, Luing, Iona, Oronsay, Gigha, Great and Little Cumbrae, and Sanda. It also includes some of the islands in Loch Lomond: Inchlonaig, Inchmurrin, Inchconnachan, etc.
  18. Western Isles consists of the island group known as the Outer Hebrides. (The Inner Hebrides are in Highland and Strathclyde.) It includes the island of Lewis and Harris, a single island with two names. Formerly Lewis and Harris was divided between the counties of Inverness and Ross & Cromarty. The part in Inverness was Harris, and the rest was Lewis. Western Isles also includes the islands of South Uist, North Uist, Barra, Benbecula, Great Bernera, Pabbay, Eriskay, Vatersay, Mingulay, Berneray, Taransay, Scarp, Scalpay, and the Shiant Islands. Farther from the mainland are Saint Kilda, Boreray, Flannan, Rockall, and North Rona.
  19. Prior to 1974, several counties had exclaves. The most noticeable were an exclave of Flintshire lying amid Cheshire, Denbighshire, and Shropshire, and part of Dunbarton between Lanark and Stirling.

Guernsey, the Isle of Man, and Jersey are crown dependencies of the United Kingdom. Anguilla, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Saint Helena, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, and Turks and Caicos Islands are all British territories. They are treated as separate countries on this site, because each of them has its own ISO country code.

Origins of names: 

Includes some names of former divisions.

  1. The suffix -shire comes from Old English sciran: to cut.
  2. Channel Islands: descriptive: islands in the English Channel
  3. England: Land of the Angles (people from Angeln in Germany)
  4. Northern Ireland: northern part of the island of Ireland (see the country entry for Ireland)
  5. Wales: Germanic walho: stranger
  6. Anglesey: Isle of the Angles (ethnic name).
  7. Armagh: Old Irish ard magh: high plain
  8. Avon: from river name, from Celtic word for river
  9. Ayr: from river name, which probably came from Indo-European root ar-: water
  10. Barking and Dagenham: Berica (personal name) + -ing (ethnic suffix) + Dæcca (personal name) + ham: farm.
  11. Barnet: Old English bærnet: land cleared by burning.
  12. Barnsley: Beorn (personal name) + Old English leah: clearing.
  13. Bath: Roman baths were located there.
  14. Bedford: Beda's ford, possibly a man's name
  15. Belfast: Irish Beal: opening, Feirste: sandbank, i.e. ford on a sandbank
  16. Berkshire: from Celtic bearroc: hilly, applied to a birch forest
  17. Bexley: from Old English byxe: box tree + leah: clearing.
  18. Borders: on the border between England and Scotland
  19. Buckingham: Old English: from Bucca (personal name) + -ing (ethnic suffix) + ham (farm)
  20. Cambridge: Norman French Cantebruge: bridge over the Cante (Cam) River; Cam is from Celtic for winding
  21. Carrickfergus: Gaelic carraig Fhearghasa: rock of Fergus
  22. Cheshire: shire of Chester, from Latin castra: camp
  23. Cleveland: the cliff land
  24. Cornwall: from ethnic name Cornovii + Anglo-Saxon walh: foreigner; Cornovii comes from Latin cornu: horn
  25. Cumberland: from Welsh cymry, meaning Welshmen, + land.
  26. Cumbria: from Welsh cymry: Welsh
  27. Derby: from Old Norwegian diur: stag, by: village
  28. Devon: Medieval Latin Dumnonia, from ethnic name Dumnonii
  29. Dorset: Abbreviation of Medieval Latin Durnovaria: Dorchester + sŠton: colonist
  30. Down: Irish dun: fort
  31. Dumfries: possibly Gaelic dum fres: fort of the Frisians
  32. Durham: Old English dun: hill, holmr: island
  33. Ely, Isle of: from Old English æl: eel, a region where eels were found. Called an isle because the city Ely is on dry ground surrounded by swamp land.
  34. Essex: Old English for Eastern Saxons
  35. Glamorgan: Welsh glanna Morgan: Morgan's shore
  36. Gloucester: Latin glevum, from Brittonic glouiu: bright place + castra: fort
  37. Gwent: from Welsh gwen: smile
  38. Gwynedd: after Cunedda, sixth-century king of northern Wales
  39. Hampshire: Old English hamm: water meadow + tun: farm + scir: county
  40. Hereford: Old English here: army, ford: ford (i.e. the army's ford)
  41. Hertfordshire: Old English heorot: hart, ford: ford, scir: county
  42. Humberside: land beside the River Humber.
  43. Huntingdonshire: shire of Huntingdon, from Old English hunta: hunter + dun: hill.
  44. Kent: Latin Cantium, possibly from Celtic canto: edge; caint: open country; or kant: rock (referring to the cliffs along the shore)
  45. Lancashire: shire of Lancaster, from Celtic lune: pure (river) + Latin castra: camp.
  46. Leicester: Leire + Latin castra: fort (fort on the River Leire)
  47. Lincoln: from Latin Lindum Colonia: colony on Lindum lake; Lindum is from Celtic ilyn: lake + dun: fort
  48. London: possibly from man's name Londinos, from Celtic londo-: bold
  49. Maidenhead: from Old English mægden: maiden + hyth: landing-place.
  50. Manchester: Celtic mam: breast, Latin castra: camp (original settlement near a breast-shaped hill?)
  51. Merseyside: land beside the River Mersey, from Old English mærse: boundary river.
  52. Norfolk: land of the northern people (north folk)
  53. Northampton: from Old English North + ham: farm + tun: town
  54. Northumberland: land north of the Humber estuary
  55. Nottingham: from Snot (personal name) + -ing (ethnic suffix) + ham: farm
  56. Oxford: ford of the oxen
  57. Peterborough, Soke of: burgh of St. Peter's (monastery). Soke is from Old English socn: jurisdiction.
  58. Salop: a shortened form of Shropshire used by the Norman French.
  59. Shropshire: shortened from Shrewsburyshire; Shrewsbury comes from Latin civitas scrobbensis: city of the scrub folk (civitas later translated as burgh)
  60. Somerset: from Sumortun (modern Somerton) + sŠton: colonist
  61. Stafford: from Old English steath: landing place + ford
  62. Suffolk: land of the southern people (south folk)
  63. Surrey: Old English suthrige: south region (south of the Thames)
  64. Sussex: land of the South Saxons
  65. Tyne and Wear: land on the Rivers Tyne and Wear. Tyne is a Celtic or pre-Celtic word for river. So is wear.
  66. Warwick: Anglo-Saxon war: subsidiary farm + wic: weir
  67. West Midlands: western part of the English Midlands, midway between the English Channel and Scotland
  68. Western Isles: descriptive
  69. Wigan: from a person's name.
  70. Wight, Isle of: from Celtic vectis, possibly meaning "dividing place" (Southampton Water divides there to form The Solent and Spithead).
  71. Wiltshire: from WilsŠtan, West Saxon settlers along the Wylye river; sŠtan: settlers
  72. Windsor: from Old English windels: windlass, winch + ora: riverbank.
  73. Wirral: from Old English wir: corner of land + halh: myrtle.
  74. Wokingham: Wocca (man's name) + -ing (ethnic suffix) + ham: farm.
  75. Wolverhampton: Wulfrun (woman's name) + Old English heah: high + tun: farmstead.
  76. Worcester: ethnic name Weogora, possibly from a Celtic river name + Latin castra: camp.
  77. York: from Latin Eboracum: estate of Eburos, modified by Angles to Eoforwic (wic: dwelling) and by Danes to Jorvik

Change history: 

The histories of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland are discussed individually, in that order.

England:

Prior to 1888, England was divided into 38 counties. (I exclude Monmouthshire, which was sometimes counted with England, and sometimes Wales. The territory of Monmouthshire is contained in the modern Standard Statistical Region of Wales.) They had existed for hundreds of years with little change. Their significance was geographical, historical, and social, but not administrative. The Local Government Act of 1888 created county councils with executive powers. By the same stroke, seven of the counties were split into two or three parts each, corresponding to traditional subdivisions. A new county, London, was formed from parts of Kent, Middlesex, and Surrey. In addition, 57 county boroughs were created. These were administratively on a par with the counties, but consisted of the urban areas of the larger cities. Informal lists of divisions often showed only the counties, implicitly combining each county borough with the geographical county it had come from. The counties were divided into districts of several types: non-county boroughs (cities too small to become county boroughs), urban districts, and rural districts. The rural districts were subdivided into parishes. London county was an exception: it consisted of 28 metropolitan boroughs and one city, the City of London (the historical center of London, about one square mile around Saint Paul's).

As time went by, more cities were split from their counties to become county boroughs, until there were 79 in 1931. Also, the county boroughs annexed adjacent land as the cities grew. The eventual result was that the counties had to provide a constant level of service with a diminishing tax base. This was one of the problems addressed by the 1974 reform.

These were the administrative counties of England between 1900 and 1974.

CountyFIPS1901191119211931195119611971Area(km.▓)Capital
BedfordshireUK01171,707194,588206,462220,525311,937395,990463,4931,226Bedford
BerkshireUK02252,571271,009294,821311,453403,141527,320633,4571,877Reading
BuckinghamshireUK03197,046219,551236,171271,586386,291505,130586,2111,940Aylesbury
CambridgeshireUK04120,264128,322129,602140,004166,887193,390302,5071,275Cambridge
CheshireUK05835,941954,7791,020,2571,087,6551,258,5071,392,2201,542,6242,628Chester
CornwallUK06322,334328,098320,705317,968345,442340,880379,8923,513Truro
CumberlandUK07266,933265,746273,173263,151285,338294,130292,0093,938Carlisle
DerbyshireUK08599,694683,423714,634757,374826,437890,180884,3392,604Matlock
DevonshireUK09662,196699,703709,614732,968797,738825,340896,2456,764Exeter
DorsetshireUK10202,063223,266224,731239,352291,323319,800361,2132,521Dorchester
DurhamUK111,187,4741,369,8601,479,0331,486,1751,463,8681,530,1701,408,1032,628Durham
East RidingUK12144,748154,768460,880482,936510,904530,170542,5653,036Beverley
East SuffolkUK13255,800277,155291,073294,977321,909353,290380,5242,256Ipswich
East SussexUK14450,979489,070532,187546,864618,516673,190750,3122,147Lewes
EssexUK151,083,9981,350,8811,470,2571,755,4592,044,9842,324,1201,353,5643,957Chelmsford
GloucestershireUK16708,439736,097756,574786,000939,4331,013,7401,069,4543,257Gloucester
HampshireUK17717,164862,393913,6811,014,3161,197,1701,384,0301,561,6053,892Winchester
HerefordshireUK18114,125114,269113,189111,767127,159132,670138,4252,181Hereford
HertfordshireUK19258,423311,284333,195401,206609,775857,200922,1881,637Hertford
HollandUK2077,61082,84985,87092,330101,555104,030105,6431,084Boston
HuntingdonshireUK2154,12555,57754,74156,20669,30285,520202,337947Huntingdon
Isle of ElyUK0464,49569,75273,81777,69889,04989,420971March
Isle of WightUK2282,41888,18694,66688,45496,62593,090109,284381Newport
KentUK23961,1391,045,5911,141,6661,219,2731,564,3241,726,2801,396,0303,950Maidstone
KestevenUK24103,962111,324107,634110,060130,717140,260232,2151,876Sleaford
LancashireUK254,378,2934,767,8324,932,9515,039,4555,117,8535,160,6605,106,1234,864Preston
LeicestershireUK26437,490476,553494,469541,861631,077691,530771,2132,154Leicester
LindseyUK27318,450369,787408,698422,199473,550512,210470,5263,938Lincoln
LondonUK284,536,2674,521,6854,484,5234,397,0033,347,9823,185,7707,379,014303London
Middlesex792,4761,126,4651,253,0021,638,7282,269,3152,239,770602London
NorfolkUK29476,553499,116504,293504,940548,062568,420616,4275,319Norwich
NorthamptonshireUK30294,506303,798302,404309,474359,690405,870467,8432,368Northampton
North RidingUK31377,338419,546456,436469,375525,481565,080724,4635,510Northallerton
NorthumberlandUK32603,119696,893746,096756,782798,424825,650794,9755,228Newcastle upon Tyne
NottinghamshireUK33514,459604,098641,149712,731841,211916,520974,6402,185Nottingham
OxfordshireUK34186,460199,269189,615209,621275,808317,880380,8141,939Oxford
PeterboroughUK2141,12244,71846,95951,83963,79177,400216Peterborough
RutlandshireUK3519,70920,34618,37617,40120,53726,39027,463394Oakham
ShropshireUK36239,783246,307243,062244,156289,802306,150336,9343,488Shrewsbury
SomersetshireUK37434,950458,025465,691475,142551,453609,410681,9744,178Taunton
StaffordshireUK381,231,1131,328,6441,353,5111,431,3591,621,0341,765,5501,856,8902,989Stafford
SurreyUK39893,9201,123,569930,0861,180,8781,602,4831,744,690999,5881,869Kingston upon Thames
WarwickshireUK40940,8791,040,4091,394,7411,535,0071,861,6702,058,9502,079,7992,545Warwick
WestmorlandUK4164,40963,57565,74665,40867,38332,55072,7242,043Kendal
West RidingUK422,839,2353,127,6593,265,2413,437,3683,691,6453,677,2203,780,5397,227Wakefield
West SuffolkUK43117,553116,905108,985106,137120,652135,080164,2011,582Bury Saint Edmunds
West SussexUK44151,276176,308195,810222,995318,823418,470491,0201,627Chichester
WiltshireUK45271,394286,822291,838303,373386,692439,260486,0483,483Trowbridge
WorcestershireUK46458,565545,699397,910420,056522,846581,270692,6051,812Worcester
49 counties30,514,96733,651,56935,230,22537,359,04541,265,59543,983,31045,870,062130,347

 

There were 38 geographical counties. They were the same as above, except for the seven which were divided into two or more administrative counties: Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, Huntingdon and the Soke of Peterborough, Lincolnshire (consisting of the Parts of Holland, Kesteven, and Lindsey), Suffolk (East and West), Sussex (East and West), and Yorkshire (consisting of the East, North, and West Ridings). (Note: the word riding is a corruption of thirding, i.e. a third of the county.)

The following list shows county boroughs according to their geographical counties. Names in parentheses are alternate names or obsolete names. Some of these county boroughs were created or eliminated at some time during the period covered (1900-1974).

Bedfordshire: Luton. Berkshire: Reading. Cheshire: Birkenhead, Chester, Stockport, Wallasey. Cumberland: Carlisle. Derbyshire: Derby. Devonshire: Devonport, Exeter, Plymouth, Torbay. Durham: Darlington, Gateshead, Hartlepool (West Hartlepool), South Shields, Sunderland. East Suffolk: Ipswich. East Sussex: Brighton, Eastbourne, Hastings. Essex: East Ham, Southend (Southend-on-Sea), West Ham. Glamorganshire: Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil, Swansea. Gloucestershire: Bristol, Gloucester. Hampshire: Bournemouth, Portsmouth, Southampton. Kent: Canterbury. Lancashire: Barrow-in-Furness, Blackburn, Blackpool, Bolton, Bootle, Burnley, Bury, Liverpool, Manchester, Oldham, Preston, Rochdale, Saint Helens, Salford, Southport, Warrington, Wigan. Leicestershire: Leicester. Lindsey: Grimsby, Lincoln. Monmouthshire: Newport. Norfolk: Great Yarmouth (Yarmouth), Norwich. Northamptonshire: Northampton. Northumberland: Newcastle upon Tyne (Newcastle), Tynemouth. Nottinghamshire: Nottingham. Oxfordshire: Oxford. Somerset: Bath. Staffordshire: Burton upon Trent, Stoke-on-Trent, Walsall, West Bromwich, Wolverhampton. Surrey: Croydon. Warwickshire: Birmingham, Coventry, Solihull. Worcestershire: Dudley, Smethwick, Warley, Worcester. Yorkshire, East Riding: Kingston upon Hull (Hull). Yorkshire, North Riding: Middlesbrough (Teesside). Yorkshire, West Riding: Barnsley, Bradford, Dewsbury, Doncaster, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds, Rotherham, Sheffield, Wakefield, York.

  1. ~1958: Capital of Derbyshire moved from Derby to Matlock.
  2. 1964: The London Government Act of 1963, effective in 1964, created Greater London. It consisted of the former counties of London and Middlesex, and parts of Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent, and Surrey, including the county boroughs of Croydon, East Ham, and West Ham. It was subdivided into 32 boroughs and the City of London. Its governing body was the Greater London Council.
  3. 1964-04-01: Luton county borough split from Bedfordshire.
  4. 1974-04-01: The Local Government Act of 1972 took effect. County boroughs were eliminated. England was reorganized into 39 counties, six metropolitan counties, and Greater London (which is sometimes numbered with the metropolitan counties). The non-metropolitan counties were subdivided into 332 districts, which were further subdivided into parishes.
  5. The following counties were unchanged in territory: Bedford, Berkshire, Buckingham, Cornwall, Derby, Devon, Dorset, East Sussex, Essex, Greater London, Hampshire, Hertford, Kent, Norfolk, Northampton, Nottingham, Oxford, Shropshire, Suffolk, Surrey, West Sussex, and Wiltshire. The administrative counties which were contained in counties on this list (Isle of Ely, Isle of Wight, East and West Suffolk) disappeared. Name of Shropshire changed to Salop.
  6. The following counties lost part of their territory, and occasionally gained a little, in the formation of new counties: Cambridge, Cheshire, Durham, Gloucester, Lancashire, Lincoln, Northumberland, Somerset, Stafford, and Warwick. In particular, Huntingdon was annexed to Cambridge, and Rutland to Leicester.
  7. In addition, Avon was formed from parts of Gloucester and Somerset; Cleveland, from parts of Durham and North Riding; Cumbria, from Cumberland, Westmorland, and parts of Lancashire and West Riding; Greater Manchester, from parts of Cheshire, Lancashire, and West Riding; Hereford and Worcester, from Hereford and most of Worcester; Humberside, from part of Lindsey and most of East Riding; Merseyside, from parts of Cheshire and Lancashire; North Yorkshire, from most of North Riding and parts of East and West Ridings; South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire, from parts of West Riding; Tyne and Wear, from parts of Durham and Northumberland; and West Midlands, from parts of Stafford, Warwick, and Worcester.
  8. 1974-10: Isle of Wight county split from Hampshire.
  9. 1980: Name of Salop county changed back to Shropshire.
  10. 1986-03-31: Local Government Act 1985 took effect, abolishing the seven metropolitan county governments (including the Greater London Council).
  11. ~1989: Capital of Humberside moved from Kingston upon Hull to Beverley; capital of Northumberland moved from Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyne and Wear) to Morpeth. These were the divisions of England at that time:
CountyHASCISOFIPSNUTSRegTypConvPopulationArea(km.²)Capital
AvonGB.AVAVNUK01UK61SWcn962,0001,338Bristol
BedfordshireGB.BDBDFUK02UK51SEcnBeds534,3001,235Bedford
BerkshireGB.BKBRKUK03UK52SEcnBerks752,5001,256Reading
BuckinghamshireGB.BUBKMUK04UK52SEcnBucks640,2001,883Aylesbury
CambridgeshireGB.CMCAMUK05UK4EAcnCambs669,9003,409Cambridge
CheshireGB.CHCHSUK06UK81NWcnChes966,5002,328Chester
ClevelandGB.CVCLVUK07UK11NOcnCleve557,000583Middlesbrough
CornwallGB.COCONUK08UK62SWcnCorn475,2003,546Truro
CumbriaGB.CUCMAUK09UK12NOcnCumb489,7006,810Carlisle
DerbyshireGB.DBDBYUK10UK31EMcn939,8002,631Matlock
DevonGB.DVDVVUK11UK62SWcnDev1,040,0006,711Exeter
DorsetGB.DSDORUK12UK63SWcn662,9002,654Dorchester
DurhamGB.DHDURUK13UK11NOcnDur604,3002,436Durham
East SussexGB.ESESXUK14UK53SEcn716,5001,795Lewes
EssexGB.EXESSUK15UK54SEcn1,548,0003,675Chelmsford
GloucestershireGB.GCGLSUK16UK61SWcnGlos538,8002,643Gloucester
Greater LondonGB.GLGTLUK17UK55SEmc6,803,1001,580London
Greater ManchesterGB.GMGTMUK18UK82NWmc2,561,6001,287Manchester
HampshireGB.HAHAMUK19UK56SEcnHants1,578,7003,777Winchester
Hereford and WorcesterGB.HWHWRUK20UK71WMcnH & W686,0003,926Worcester
HertfordshireGB.HTHRTUK21UK51SEcnHerts989,5001,634Hertford
HumbersideGB.HSHUMUK22UK21YHcn874,4003,512Beverley
Isle of WightGB.IWIOWUK23UK56SEcnI o W126,600381Newport
KentGB.KEKENUK24UK57SEcn1,538,8003,732Maidstone
LancashireGB.LALANUK25UK83NWcnLancs1,408,0003,063Preston
LeicestershireGB.LELECUK26UK32EMcnLeics890,8002,553Leicester
LincolnshireGB.LILINUK27UK33EMcnLincs592,6005,915Lincoln
MerseysideGB.MSMSYUK28UK84NWmc1,441,100652Liverpool
NorfolkGB.NFNFKUK29UK4EAcnNorf759,4005,368Norwich
NorthamptonshireGB.NANTHUK31UK32EMcnNorthants587,1002,367Northampton
NorthumberlandGB.NBNBLUK32UK13NOcnNorthumb307,1005,032Morpeth
North YorkshireGB.NYNYKUK30UK22YHcnN Yorks720,9008,316Northallerton
NottinghamshireGB.NTNTTUK33UK31EMcnNotts1,015,5002,164Nottingham
OxfordshireGB.OXOXFUK34UK52SEcnOxon579,7002,608Oxford
ShropshireGB.SPSHRUK35UK72WMcnSalop412,5003,490Shrewsbury
SomersetGB.SMSOMUK36UK63SWcnSom469,4003,458Taunton
South YorkshireGB.SYSYKUK37UK23YHmcS Yorks1,292,7001,560Barnsley
StaffordshireGB.STSTSUK38UK72WMcnStaffs1,047,4002,716Stafford
SuffolkGB.SFSFKUK39UK4EAcnSuff661,9003,798Ipswich
SurreyGB.SRSRYUK40UK53SEcn1,035,5001,677Kingston upon Thames
Tyne and WearGB.TWTWRUK41UK13NOmcT & W1,125,600540Newcastle upon Tyne
WarwickshireGB.WRWARUK42UK71WMcnWarks489,9001,981Warwick
West MidlandsGB.WMWMDUK43UK73WMmc2,619,000899Birmingham
West SussexGB.WSWSXUK44UK53SEcn713,6001,989Chichester
West YorkshireGB.WYWYKUK45UK24YHmcW Yorks2,066,2002,039Wakefield
WiltshireGB.WLWILUK46UK61SWcnWilts575,1003,481Trowbridge
46 divisions48,067,300130,428
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. The first three characters of the NUTS code identify a statistical
    region of the United Kingdom.
  • Reg: Statistical region, keyed to the regions table under Primary subdivisions.
  • Typ: These divisions are counties (cn) and metropolitan counties (mc).
  • Conv: Conventional abbreviation.
  • Population: 1991-04-21 census

 

Note 2: The conventional abbreviations are usually punctuated with a period after each element except the ampersand (&). Some of them, like Lancs, have been in regular use for hundreds of years and are almost automatic; others, like Warks, are not very firmly established, and admit of variants (e.g. War). In a 1969 guide, the British Post Office said that only 24 counties had postally acceptable abbreviations. Not even all of those are listed here; for example, Co. Durham is the Post Office abbreviation for Durham.

Note 3: the capital of Surrey is in Greater London. The capitals are usually referred to as county towns.

  1. ~1992: Another reorganization was proposed. A new concept in this plan was the unitary authority, so called because it would provide all of the services formerly divided between two levels of government, the county and the borough or district. The plan was enacted, and implemented in four annual phases, from 1995 to 1998. The resulting structure is shown in the first table.
  2. 1993-11-01: Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union replaced the European Communities, of which the U.K. was a member.
  3. 1994-04: Ten Government Office Regions (GORs) established in England.
  4. 1995-04-01: Isle of Wight changed from county to unitary authority (ua).
  5. 1995-07-11: Name of North West Somerset changed to North Somerset.
  6. 1996-04-01: Avon county split into Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, North Somerset, and South Gloucestershire ua's; Cleveland county split into Hartlepool, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, and Stockton-on-Tees ua's; Humberside county split into East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, North East Lincolnshire, and North Lincolnshire ua's; York ua split from North Yorkshire county.
  7. 1997-04-01: Luton ua split from Bedfordshire county; Milton Keynes ua split from Buckinghamshire county; Derby ua split from Derbyshire county; Bournemouth and Poole ua's split from Dorset county; Darlington ua split from Durham county; Brighton and Hove ua split from East Sussex county; Portsmouth and Southampton ua's split from Hampshire county; Leicester and Rutland ua's split from Leicestershire county; Stoke-on-Trent ua split from Staffordshire county; Swindon ua (formerly Thamesdown) split from Wiltshire county.
  8. 1997-05-02: Name of Blackburn changed to Blackburn with Darwen.
  9. 1998-04-01: Berkshire county split into Bracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire (formerly Newbury), Windsor and Maidenhead, and Wokingham ua's; Peterborough ua split from Cambridgeshire county; Halton and Warrington ua's split from Cheshire county; Plymouth and Torbay ua's split from Devon county; Southend and Thurrock ua's split from Essex county; Hereford & Worcester county split into Herefordshire ua and Worcestershire county; Medway ua (formerly Medway Towns) split from Kent county; Blackburn with Darwen and Blackpool ua's split from Lancashire county; Nottingham ua split from Nottinghamshire county; Telford and Wrekin ua (formerly The Wrekin) split from Shropshire county.
  10. 1998-08: Merseyside GOR merged with North West GOR.
  11. 1999-02-01: Name of Eastern GOR changed to East of England GOR.
  12. 2000-07-03: Greater London Authority Act 1999 took effect, creating a local government structure for Greater London. Previously, this area had been divided into the following 33 boroughs:
NameHASCISOFIPSNUTSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
Barking and DagenhamGB.BABDGUKA1UKI21163,9443413
BarnetGB.BQBNEUKA2UKI23314,5649035
BexleyGB.XBBEXUKA6UKI21218,3076123
BrentGB.BEBENUKB5UKI23263,4644417
BromleyGB.BZBRYUKB8UKI22295,53215259
CamdenGB.CNCMDUKC4UKI11198,020228
CroydonGB.CYCRYUKC8UKI22330,5878733
EalingGB.EGEALUKD9UKI23300,9485621
EnfieldGB.EFENFUKE3UKI21273,5598131
GreenwichGB.GRGREUKE7UKI21214,4034718
HackneyGB.HKHCKUKE8UKI12202,824208
Hammersmith and FulhamGB.HFHMFUKF1UKI11165,242166
HaringeyGB.HYHRYUKF3UKI12216,5073012
HarrowGB.HRHRWUKF4UKI23206,8145120
HaveringGB.HVHAVUKF6UKI21224,24811845
HillingdonGB.HDHILUKF9UKI23243,00611043
HounslowGB.HUHNSUKG1UKI23212,3415923
IslingtonGB.ITISLUKG3UKI12175,797156
Kensington and ChelseaGB.KCKECUKG4UKI11158,919125
Kingston upon ThamesGB.KTKTTUKG7UKI22147,2733814
LambethGB.LTLBHUKH1UKI12266,1692711
LewishamGB.LWLEWUKH6UKI12248,9223513
LondonGB.LNLNDUKH9UKI117,18531
MertonGB.MEMRTUKI4UKI22187,9083815
NewhamGB.NHNWMUKI8UKI12243,8913614
RedbridgeGB.RBRDBUKK8UKI21238,6355722
Richmond upon ThamesGB.RURICUKL1UKI23172,3355521
SouthwarkGB.SQSWKUKM8UKI12244,8662911
SuttonGB.SUSTNUKN8UKI22179,7684317
Tower HamletsGB.THTWHUKO5UKI12196,106208
Waltham ForestGB.WFWFTUKO9UKI21218,3414015
WandsworthGB.WWWNDUKP1UKI11260,3803513
WestminsterGB.WEWSMUKP5UKI11181,286228
  • Name: Short name of division. These are all London boroughs. London and Westminster
    have the more specific status of city London boroughs; Kensington and Chelsea and
    Kingston upon Thames are royal London boroughs.
  • HASC: Old hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: District codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics level-three codes, with some exceptions,
    as described above. First three characters indicate the NUTS-1 region, as shown below (1).
  • Population: Population according to the 2001-04-29 census.
  1. 2009-04-01: Bedfordshire administrative county (former HASC code GB.BD, FIPS UKA5) split into Bedford and Central Bedfordshire ua's. Cheshire administrative county (GB.CH, UKC5) split into Cheshire West and Chester ua and Cheshire East ua. Status of Cornwall, Durham, Northumberland, Shropshire, and Wiltshire ac's changed to ua.

Wales:

Wales was never a united, independent kingdom. It was conquered gradually by England. The conquest was complete by 1282. The Act of Union of 1536 brought the two countries under one law. Wales was defined as a region by language and class, not by government. Before the Local Government Act of 1888, Wales consisted of thirteen geographical counties (counting Monmouthshire). As in England, the act created county councils for the counties, and split off four cities as county boroughs: Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil, and Swansea from Glamorganshire, and Newport from Monmouthshire.

CountyFIPS1901191119211931195119611971Area(km.²)Capital
AngleseyUK8650,59050,92851,74449,02950,66051,43059,705715Llangefni
BrecknockshireUK8759,90659,28761,22257,77556,50854,46053,2341,899Brecon
CaernarvonshireUK88126,385125,043128,183120,829124,140120,460122,8521,473Caernarvon
CardiganshireUK8960,23759,87960,88155,18453,27853,39054,8441,794Aberystwyth
CarmarthenshireUK90135,325160,406175,073179,100172,034167,110162,3132,381Carmarthen
DenbighshireUK91129,935144,783157,634157,648170,726174,180184,8241,732Ruthin
FlintshireUK9281,72792,705106,617112,889145,297150,430175,396663Mold
GlamorganshireUK93860,0221,120,9101,252,4811,225,7171,202,5811,236,9801,255,3742,117Cardiff
MerionethshireUK9449,13045,56545,08743,20141,46538,36035,2771,709Dolgellau
MonmouthshireUK95292,327395,719450,794434,958425,115449,370461,4591,403Newport
MontgomeryshireUK9654,89253,14651,26348,47345,99043,69042,7612,064Welshpool
PembrokeshireUK9788,74989,96091,97887,20690,90693,05097,2951,590Haverfordwest
RadnorshireUK9823,26322,59023,51721,32319,99318,43018,2621,219Llandrindod Wells
13 counties2,012,4882,420,9212,656,4742,593,3322,598,6932,651,3402,723,59620,759

 

1974: The Local Government Act of 1972, mentioned above, created eight counties, subdivided into 37 districts and further into parishes. These are the new counties.

CountyHASCISOFIPSNUTSConvPopulationArea(km.²)CapitalFormer
ClwydGB.CDCWDUK90UK91413,8002,426MoldFlint, Denbigh (most), Merioneth (part)
DyfedGB.DFDFDUK91UK91350,9005,766CarmarthenCardigan, Carmarthen, Pembroke
GwentGB.GWGNTUK92UK92446,9001,376CwmbranMonmouth
GwyneddGB.GDGWNUK93UK91Gwyn240,1003,869CaernarvonAnglesey, Caernarvon, Denbigh (part), Merioneth (most)
Mid GlamorganGB.MGMGMUK94UK92M Glam541,6001,018CardiffGlamorgan (part), Brecknock (part)
PowysGB.POPOWUK95UK91118,7005,076Llandrindod WellsMontgomery, Radnor, Brecknock (most)
South GlamorganGB.SGSGMUK96UK92S Glam405,900416CardiffGlamorgan (part)
West GlamorganGB.WGWGMUK97UK92W Glam368,700816SwanseaGlamorgan (part)
8 counties2,886,60020,763
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.
  • Conv: Conventional abbreviation.
  • Population: 1991-04-21 census
  • Former: Old counties corresponding to each new county.

 

Note: the capital of Mid Glamorgan is in South Glamorgan county.

  1. ~1989: Capital of Gwent moved from Newport to Cwmbran.
  2. 1996-04-01: Wales reorganized into 22 unitary authorities. District councils abolished. The new unitary authorities created from each of the counties are listed here. Seven pre-1974 county names reappeared on the map, but only four of them had the same extent as before: Anglesey, Cardigan, Carmarthen, and Pembroke.
Unitary authorityPopulationArea(km.²)CapitalFormer
Aberconwy and Colwyn110,7001,130Colwyn BayClwyd, Gwynedd
Anglesey68,500719LlangefniGwynedd
Blaenau Gwent73,300109Ebbw ValeGwent
Bridgend130,900246BridgendMid Glamorgan
Caerphilly171,000279HengoedGwent, Mid Glamorgan
Cardiff306,600139CardiffSouth Glamorgan
Cardiganshire69,7001,797AberaeronDyfed
Carmarthenshire169,0002,398CarmarthenDyfed
Denbighshire91,300844RuthinClwyd
Flintshire145,300437MoldClwyd
Gwynedd117,0002,548CaernarvonGwynedd
Merthyr Tydfil59,500111Merthyr TydfilMid Glamorgan
Monmouthshire84,200851CwmbranGwent
Neath Port Talbot140,100441Port TalbotWest Glamorgan
Newport137,400191NewportGwent
Pembrokeshire113,6001,590HaverfordwestDyfed
Powys121,8005,204Llandrindod WellsPowys, Clwyd
Rhondda Cynon Taff239,000424CardiffMid Glamorgan
Swansea230,900378SwanseaWest Glamorgan
Torfaen90,600126PontypoolGwent
Vale of Glamorgan119,200337BarryMid and South Glamorgan
Wrexham123,500499WrexhamClwyd
22 u.a.s2,913,10020,798
  • Population: 1993 estimate
  • Former: county or counties from which this unitary authority was formed.

 

Note: Two unitary authorities have capitals which are outside of their territory: Monmouthshire (Cwmbran is in Torfaen) and Rhondda Cynon Taff (Cardiff is in Cardiff).

  1. 1996-04-02: Name of Aberconwy and Colwyn changed to Conwy; name of Anglesey changed to Isle of Anglesey; name of Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire changed to Gwynedd; name of Cardiganshire changed to Ceredigion; name of Neath and Port Talbot changed to Neath Port Talbot.

Scotland:

Scotland was united with England by the Act of Union of 1707, constituting Great Britain. The Local Government Act of 1889 created county councils, as had been done in England and Wales in 1888. Underneath was a complex structure of burghs and parishes. The Local Government Act of 1929 brought Scotland more into line with England and Wales by abolishing parish councils and creating four burghs (also called counties of a city), analogous to county boroughs. The burghs were Aberdeen (in the geographical county of Aberdeen), Dundee (Angus county), Edinburgh (Midlothian), and Glasgow (Lanark).

CountyFIPS1901191119211931195119611971Area(km.²)CapitalSubsequent
AberdeenUK53303,889312,177301,016300,436308,008321,783324,5745,105AberdeenGrampian
AngusUK54283,729281,417271,052270,190274,876278,399281,1312,262ForfarTayside
ArgyllUK5573,16670,90276,86263,05063,36159,39059,9268,092LochgilpheadStrathclyde, Highland
AyrUK56254,133268,337299,273285,217321,237342,822369,6362,932AyrStrathclyde
BanffUK5761,43961,40257,29854,90750,14846,45443,7671,631BanffGrampian
BerwickUK5830,78529,64328,24626,61225,06822,43721,2241,184DunsBorders
ButeUK5918,65918,18633,77118,82319,28315,17012,743565RothesayStrathclyde
CaithnessUK6033,61932,01028,28525,65622,71027,37027,9011,776WickHighland
ClackmannanUK6131,99131,12132,54231,94837,53241,39446,611141AlloaCentral
DumfriesUK6272,56272,82575,37081,04785,66088,44088,5402,777DumfriesDumfries and Galloway
DunbartonUK63113,660139,831150,861147,744164,269184,559244,354637DumbartonStrathclyde
East LothianUK6438,65343,25447,48747,33852,25852,67756,966692HaddingtonLothian
FifeUK65218,350267,739292,925276,368306,778320,692337,6901,307CuparFife
InvernessUK6689,90187,27282,45582,10884,93083,48091,69810,907InvernessHighland, Western Isles
KincardineUK6740,89141,00841,77939,86547,40348,81027,188989StonehavenGrampian
KinrossUK686,9807,5277,9637,4547,4186,7027,090212KinrossTayside
KirkcudbrightUK6939,35938,36737,15530,34130,72528,87027,7612,330KirkcudbrightDumfries and Galloway
LanarkUK701,337,8481,447,0341,539,4421,586,0471,614,3631,626,4241,456,1512,278GlasgowStrathclyde
MidlothianUK71437,553507,666506,377526,296565,735580,329603,615948EdinburghLothian, Borders
MorayUK7244,75743,42741,55840,80648,21849,17054,8331,234ElginGrampian, Highland
NairnUK739,2919,3198,7908,2948,7198,4238,906422NairnHighland
OrkneyUK7427,72325,89724,11122,07721,25518,74717,462975KirkwallOrkney
PeeblesUK7515,06615,25815,33215,05115,23214,15613,584899PeeblesBorders
PerthUK76123,255124,342125,503120,793128,029127,056128,6926,458PerthTayside, Central
RenfrewUK77268,418314,552298,904288,586324,660338,872366,485621PaisleyStrathclyde
Ross & CromartyUK7876,14977,36470,81862,79960,50857,64261,4648,002DingwallHighland, Western Isles
RoxburghUK7948,79347,19244,98945,78845,55743,18342,2551,724Newtown St BoswellsBorders
SelkirkUK8023,33924,60122,60722,60821,72921,05220,743691SelkirkBorders
ShetlandUK8527,75527,91125,52016,11419,35217,81218,4451,426LerwickShetland
StirlingUK81141,894160,991161,719166,447187,527194,878211,9941,169StirlingCentral, Strathclyde
SutherlandUK8221,38920,17917,80216,10113,67013,50712,7285,252GolspieHighland
West LothianUK8364,78780,15583,96281,43188,57792,768112,833311LinlithgowLothian, Central
WigtownUK8432,59131,99830,78329,33131,62029,12427,4101,263StranraerDumfries and Galloway
33 counties4,412,3744,760,9044,882,5574,837,6735,096,4155,202,5925,226,40077,212
  • Subsequent: regions or island areas formed from this county in 1975. Largest portion listed first.

 

Note: The following counties had alternate names: Angus (Forfar), Dunbarton (Dumbarton), East Lothian (Haddington), Midlothian (Edinburgh), Moray (Elgin), Shetland (Zetland), and West Lothian (Linlithgow). In most cases, the alternate names continued in occasional use long after they had been officially replaced.

1975-05-16: Local Government (Scotland) Act of 1973 became effective, replacing the counties and burghs with nine regions and three island areas. The regions were further subdivided into 53 districts. Each region, island area, and district had its own council. These are the new regions and island areas.

RegionHASCISOFIPSNUTSConvPopulationArea(km.²)Capital
BordersGB.BOBORUK78UKA1103,8814,672Newtown Saint Boswells
CentralGB.CECENUK79UKA1268,0002,631Stirling
Dumfries and GallowayGB.DGDGYUK80UKA2D & G147,1006,370Dumfries
FifeGB.FIFIFUK81UKA1339,3001,307Cupar
GrampianGB.GPGMPUK82UKA4493,2008,704Aberdeen
HighlandGB.HIHLDUK83UKA3209,40025,391Inverness
LothianGB.LOLTNUK84UKA1Loth723,7001,721Edinburgh
OrkneyGB.ORORKUK85UKA319,300976Kirkwall
ShetlandGB.SHZETUK86UKA3Shet22,4001,433Lerwick
StrathclydeGB.SCSTDUK87UKA22,218,20013,537Glasgow
TaysideGB.TATAYUK88UKA1385,3007,493Dundee
Western IslesGB.WIWISUK89UKA331,0002,898Stornoway
12 divisions4,960,78177,133
  • Region: except Orkney, Shetland, and Western Isles, which are island areas.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.
  • Conv: Conventional abbreviation.
  • Population: 1991-04-21 census
  1. ~1989: Capital of Fife moved from Cupar to Glenrothes.
  2. 1996-04-01: Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act of 1994 took effect. Scotland reorganized into the 29 unitary districts and three island areas (ia) shown here, each with a unitary council. The division was made mostly, but not entirely, along district boundaries. District councils were abolished. Angus, Clackmannan, East Lothian, Fife, Orkney, and Shetland were restored to essentially the same name and territory that they had before 1975.
Unitary authorityPopulationArea(km.²)Former
Aberdeenshire223,6306,318Grampian (part)
Angus111,0202,181Tayside (part)
Argyll and Bute90,5506,930Strathclyde (part)
City of Aberdeen218,220186Grampian (part)
City of Dundee153,71065Tayside (part)
City of Edinburgh441,620262Lothian (part)
City of Glasgow623,850175Strathclyde (part)
Clackmannan48,660157Central (part)
Dumbarton and Clydebank97,790162Strathclyde (part)
Dumfries and Galloway147,9006,439Dumfries and Galloway
East Ayrshire123,8201,252Strathclyde (part)
East Dunbartonshire110,220172Strathclyde (part)
East Lothian85,640678Lothian (part)
East Renfrewshire86,780173Strathclyde (part)
Falkirk142,610299Central (part)
Fife351,2001,323Fife
Highland206,90025,784Highland
Inverclyde89,990162Strathclyde (part)
Midlothian79,910356Lothian (part)
Moray86,2502,238Grampian (part)
North Ayrshire139,020884Strathclyde (part)
North Lanarkshire326,750474Strathclyde (part)
Orkney Islands (ia)19,760992Orkney
Perthshire and Kinross130,4705,311Tayside (part)
Renfrewshire176,970261Strathclyde (part)
Shetland Islands (ia)22,8301,438Shetland
South Ayrshire113,9601,202Strathclyde (part)
South Lanarkshire307,1001,771Strathclyde (part)
Stirling81,6302,196Central (part)
The Borders105,3004,734Borders
West Lothian146,730425Lothian (part)
Western Isles (ia)29,4103,134Western Isles
32 divisions5,120,20078,134
  • Population: 1993 estimate
  • Former: Regions or island areas from which the unitary
    authority was formed.
  1. 1995-05-03: Name of Clackmannan changed to Clackmannanshire.
  2. 1995-05-09: Name of City of Aberdeen changed to Aberdeen City.
  3. 1995-06-29: Name of City of Dundee changed to Dundee City.
  4. 1995-11-29: Name of Dumbarton and Clydebank changed to West Dunbartonshire.
  5. 1995-12-01: Name of Perthshire and Kinross changed to Perth and Kinross.
  6. 1996-04-04: Name of City of Glasgow changed to Glasgow City.
  7. 1996-04-25: Name of The Borders changed to The Scottish Borders.
  8. 1998-01-01: Name of Western Isles changed to Eilean Siar.

Northern Ireland:

The 1801 Act of Union merged Ireland with Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom. By 1900, Ireland was subdivided into 32 counties, which were grouped into four provinces with no administrative function. On 1921-12-06, after a long and painful independence struggle, Ireland became an independent country with dominion status under the Anglo-Irish Treaty. However, a referendum was held, and on 1922-12-12, six of the nine counties, and two county boroughs, in the northern province of Ulster voted to revert to the United Kingdom. The county boroughs were Belfast (in the geographical county of Antrim) and Londonderry (in Londonderry county).

CountyFIPS190119111937195119611971Area(km.²)Capital
AntrimUK47545,270580,811635,352674,820692,500717,7982,907Belfast
ArmaghUK48125,392120,291108,815114,254117,900133,9691,266Armagh
DownUK49205,889204,303210,687241,181270,200311,8762,465Downpatrick
FermanaghUK5065,43061,83654,56953,04452,40050,2551,701Enniskillen
LondonderryUK51144,404140,625142,736155,540167,900183,0942,083Londonderry
TyroneUK52150,567142,665127,586132,082134,500139,0733,155Omagh
1,236,9521,250,5311,279,7451,370,9211,435,4001,536,06513,577

 

1973-10: By the Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) of 1971, Northern Ireland was reorganized into 26 districts, each with its own district council, and further subdivided into 526 wards. These are the new districts thus formed.

DistrictHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)CapitalCounties
AntrimGB.ANANTUK5246,600563AntrimAntrim
ArdsGB.ADARDUK5363,600369NewtownardsDown
ArmaghGB.AMARMUK5450,700672ArmaghArmagh
BallymenaGB.BLBLAUK5556,100637BallymenaAntrim
BallymoneyGB.BYBLYUK5623,800419BallymoneyAntrim
BanbridgeGB.BBBNBUK5732,000445BanbridgeDown
BelfastGB.BFBFSUK58303,800115BelfastAntrim
CarrickfergusGB.CFCKFUK5929,30087CarrickfergusAntrim
CastlereaghGB.CSCSRUK6057,90085BelfastAntrim, Down
ColeraineGB.CLCLRUK6147,700485ColeraineAntrim
CookstownGB.CKCKTUK6227,700623CookstownTyrone
CraigavonGB.CRCGVUK6376,600382CraigavonAntrim, Armagh, Down
DownGB.DWDOWUK6456,400647DownpatrickDown
DungannonGB.DNDGNUK6543,900780DungannonArmagh, Tyrone
FermanaghGB.FEFERUK6650,3001,876EnniskillenFermanagh
LarneGB.LRLRNUK6728,700338LarneAntrim
LimavadyGB.LMLMVUK6829,600587LimavadyLondonderry
LisburnGB.LBLSBUK6992,900444LisburnAntrim, Down
LondonderryGB.LDDRYUK7097,500387LondonderryLondonderry
MagherafeltGB.MFMFTUK7133,300572MagherafeltLondonderry
MoyleGB.MYMYLUK7215,200495BallycastleAntrim
Newry and MourneGB.NMNYMUK7387,100895NewryArmagh, Down
NewtownabbeyGB.NWNTAUK7472,300150NewtownabbeyAntrim
North DownGB.NDNDNUK7570,70073BangorDown
OmaghGB.OMOMHUK7645,8001,129OmaghTyrone
StrabaneGB.SBSTBUK7735,700870StrabaneTyrone
26 districts1,575,20014,125

 

Notes: The capital of Castlereagh is in Belfast district. Northern Ireland had NUTS code UKB.

Other names of subdivisions: 

Names often appear with generics, such as "City of London", "County Durham", or "Isle of Anglesey".

When a division name consists of three words with "on" or "upon" in the middle, hyphens may be inserted or omitted between the words. For example, "Stoke-on-Trent" is the usual form, but "Stoke on Trent" is also seen.

Some variant names for major divisions are:

  1. England: Angleterre (French); Engeland (Dutch); Inghilterra (Italian); İngiltere (Turkish); Inglaterra (Portuguese, Spanish); Англия (Russian)
  2. Northern Ireland: Irlanda del Nord (Italian); Irlanda del Norte (Spanish); Irlanda do Norte (Portuguese); Irlande du Nord (French); Kuzey İrlanda (Turkish); Noord-Ierland (Dutch); Nord-Irland (Norwegian, Swedish); Nordirland (German); Norður-═rland (Icelandic)
  3. Scotland: ╔cosse (French); Escocia (Spanish); Escˇcia (Portuguese); İskocya (Turkish); Schotland (Dutch); Schottland (German); Scozia (Italian); Skotland (Icelandic); Skottland (Norwegian, Swedish); Шотландия (Russian)
  4. Wales: Gales (Portuguese, Spanish); Galler ▄lkesi (Turkish); Galles (Italian); Pays de Galles (French); Уальс (Russian)

Minor divisions:

  1. The suffix -shire can be dropped from county names, except for Berkshire, Cheshire, Hampshire, Lancashire, Shropshire, Wiltshire, and Yorkshire. However, when there is a city of the same name, the preferred usage is either "county of Lincoln" (e.g.) or "Lincolnshire".
  2. Blackburn with Darwen: Blackburn, Blackburn and Darwen (variant)
  3. Conwy: Aberconwy and Colwyn (variant)
  4. Cornwall: Cornouailles (French); Cornovaglia (Italian); Cornualha (Portuguese); Cornualles (Spanish); Cornwall and Isles of Scilly (formal)
  5. Derry: Londonderry (variant)
  6. Dungannon: Dungannon and South Tyrone (variant)
  7. Durham: County Durham (variant)
  8. East Riding of Yorkshire: East Riding, East Yorkshire (variant)
  9. Edinburgh: ╔dimbourg (French); Edimburgo (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish); Edinborg (Icelandic); Эдинбург (Russian)
  10. Glasgow: Glasgua (Portuguese); Глазго (Russian)
  11. Greater London: Grande Londres (Portuguese); Grand Londres (French); Gran Londra (Italian); Gran Londres (Spanish)
  12. Hampshire: Southampton (obsolete)
  13. London: Corporation of London, Corporation of the City of London (variant); Londen (Dutch); Lontoo (Finnish); Lund˙naborg (Icelandic)
  14. Londonderry: Derry (variant)
  15. Medway: Medway Towns (variant)
  16. Newry and Mourne: Mourne (variant)
  17. North Somerset: North-West Somerset (variant)
  18. Orkney: Orcadas (Spanish); Orcades (French); Orcadi (Italian); Orkney÷arna (Swedish); Orkn°yene (Norwegian)
  19. Shetland Islands: Zetland (obsolete)
  20. Shropshire: Salop (obsolete)
  21. Southend-on-Sea: Southend (variant)
  22. Stockton-on-Tees: Stockton (variant)
  23. Telford and Wrekin: The Wrekin, Wrekin (variant)
  24. West Berkshire: Newbury (variant)
  25. Western Isles: Гебридские острова (Russian)

For unitary authorities in Wales, the ISO standard shows the Welsh names in brackets when different from the English names. It also assigns these unitary authorities a set of alternate three-letter codes, based on the Welsh names. I don't recommend the use of these alternate codes. "Sir" is a Welsh cognate of "shire".

DivisionWelsh NameISO
AngleseySir Ynys MônYNM
BridgendPen-y-bont ar OgwrPOG
CardiffCaerdyddCRD
CarmarthenshireSir GaerfyrddinGFY
CeredigionSir CeredigionCGN
DenbighshireSir DdinbychDDB
FlintshireSir y FflintFFL
Merthyr TydfilMerthyr TudfulMTU
MonmouthshireSir FynwyFYN
Neath Port TalbotCastell-nedd Port TalbotCTL
NewportCasnewyddCNW
PembrokeshireSir BenfroBNF
Rhondda, Cynon, TaffRhondda, Cynon, TafRCT
SwanseaAbertaweATA
TorfaenTor-faenTOF
Vale of GlamorganBro MorgannwgBMG
WrexhamWrecsamWRC

 

These were the level-3 NUTS areas in the United Kingdom before 2000.

RegStatistical regionNUTSPopulationArea(km.²)
EAEast AngliaUK42,091,20012,575
EMEast MidlandsUK34,025,80015,630
NWNorth WestUK86,377,2007,330
NONorthern RegionUK13,083,70015,401
SESouth EastUK517,557,00027,222
SWSouth WestUK64,723,40023,831
WMWest MidlandsUK75,254,80013,012
YHYorkshire and HumbersideUK24,954,20015,427
CChannel Islands 137,196194
IIsle of Man 64,282572
NNorthern IrelandUKB1,575,20014,125
SScotlandUKA4,960,78177,133
WWalesUK92,886,60020,763
57,691,359243,215
  • Reg: Arbitrary statistical region code.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for
    Statistics level-1 code.

Population history:

Name1991-04-212001-04-292011-03-27
Aberdeen204,885212,125222,793
Aberdeenshire215,387226,871252,973
Anglesey69,14966,82969,751
Angus107,853108,400115,978
Antrim44,51648,36653,428
Ards64,76473,24478,078
Argyll and Bute92,04691,30688,166
Armagh51,81754,26359,340
Ballymena56,64158,61064,044
Ballymoney24,19826,89431,224
Banbridge35,77941,39248,339
Barnsley221,621218,063231,221
Bath and North East Somerset158,692169,040176,016
Bedford147,911157,479
Belfast279,237277,391280,962
Birmingham970,442977,0871,073,045
Blackburn with Darwen136,612137,470147,489
Blackpool146,069142,283142,065
Blaenau Gwent72,25070,06469,814
Bolton258,584261,037276,786
Bournemouth151,302163,444183,491
Bracknell Forest95,949109,617113,205
Bradford456,929467,665522,452
Bridgend128,242128,645139,178
Brighton and Hove228,946247,817273,369
Bristol376,146380,615428,234
Buckinghamshire454,691479,026505,283
Bury177,288180,608185,060
Caerphilly169,577169,519178,806
Calderdale191,585192,405203,826
Cambridgeshire492,428552,658621,210
Cardiff285,291305,353346,090
Carmarthenshire168,364172,842183,777
Carrickfergus32,75037,65939,114
Castlereagh60,79966,48867,242
Central Bedfordshire352,434233,661254,381
Ceredigion63,09474,94175,922
Cheshire East351,817370,127
Cheshire West and Chester650,215321,971329,608
Clackmannanshire47,67948,07751,442
Coleraine50,43856,31559,067
Conwy106,321109,596115,228
Cookstown31,08232,58137,013
Cornwall468,425499,114532,273
Coventry293,917300,848316,960
Craigavon74,98680,67193,023
Cumbria483,163487,607499,858
Darlington98,90697,838105,564
Denbighshire90,54893,06593,734
Derby218,802221,708248,752
Derbyshire709,834734,585769,686
Derry95,371105,066107,877
Devon646,903704,493746,399
Doncaster288,854286,866302,402
Dorset361,215390,980412,905
Down58,00863,82869,731
Dudley305,070305,155312,925
Dumfries and Galloway147,805147,765151,324
Dundee149,911145,663147,268
Dungannon45,42847,73557,852
Durham493,459493,470513,242
East Ayrshire122,455120,235122,767
East Dunbartonshire109,405108,243105,026
East Lothian84,11490,08899,717
East Renfrewshire85,35389,31190,574
East Riding of Yorkshire291,974314,113334,179
East Sussex461,501492,324526,671
Edinburgh418,747448,624476,626
Eilean Siar29,60026,50227,684
Essex1,240,8181,310,8351,393,587
Falkirk141,146145,191155,990
Fermanagh54,03357,52761,805
Fife341,199349,429365,198
Flintshire141,344148,594152,506
Gateshead199,588191,151200,214
Glasgow606,655577,869593,245
Gloucestershire528,370564,559596,984
Greater London6,679,9457,172,0918,173,941
Gwynedd113,331116,843121,874
Halton123,716118,208125,746
Hampshire1,168,0041,240,1031,317,788
Hartlepool90,40988,61192,028
Herefordshire159,850174,871183,477
Hertfordshire977,5101,033,9771,116,062
Highland204,004208,914232,132
Inverclyde90,10384,20381,485
Isle of Wight124,577132,731138,265
Isles of Scilly 2,1522,203
Kent1,268,6451,329,7181,463,740
Kingston upon Hull254,117243,589256,406
Kirklees372,730388,567422,458
Knowsley151,941150,459145,893
Lancashire1,101,3171,134,9761,171,339
Larne29,41930,83232,180
Leeds681,319715,402751,485
Leicester270,493279,921329,839
Leicestershire565,539609,578650,489
Limavady29,56732,42233,536
Lincolnshire584,536646,645713,653
Lisburn99,458108,694120,165
Liverpool452,450439,473466,415
Luton171,671184,371203,201
Magherafelt36,29339,78045,038
Manchester400,491392,819503,127
Medway240,228249,488263,925
Merthyr Tydfil59,31755,98158,802
Middlesbrough140,849134,855138,412
Midlothian79,01280,94183,187
Milton Keynes176,330207,057248,821
Monmouthshire79,94084,88591,323
Moray83,61686,94093,295
Moyle14,78915,93317,050
Neath Port Talbot138,238134,468139,812
Newcastle upon Tyne259,541259,536280,177
Newport133,318137,011145,736
Newry and Mourne80,64687,05899,480
Newtownabbey74,03579,99585,139
Norfolk745,613796,728857,888
Northamptonshire578,807629,676691,952
North Ayrshire136,875135,817138,146
North Down71,83276,32378,937
North East Lincolnshire159,662157,979159,616
North Lanarkshire323,821321,067337,727
North Lincolnshire152,287152,849167,446
North Somerset177,472188,564202,566
North Tyneside192,286191,659200,801
Northumberland304,694307,188316,028
North Yorkshire535,857569,660598,376
Nottingham263,522266,988305,680
Nottinghamshire730,350748,510785,802
Oldham216,531217,273224,897
Omagh45,80947,95251,356
Orkney Islands19,61219,24521,349
Oxfordshire547,584605,488653,798
Pembrokeshire112,085114,131122,439
Perthshire and Kinross126,226134,949146,652
Peterborough152,697156,061183,631
Plymouth243,373240,720256,384
Poole133,050138,288147,645
Portsmouth174,697186,701205,056
Powys119,019126,354132,976
Reading128,877143,096155,698
Redcar and Cleveland145,123139,132135,177
Renfrewshire173,208172,867174,908
Rhondda, Cynon, Taff232,592231,946234,410
Rochdale202,164205,357211,699
Rotherham252,168248,175257,280
Rutland31,48934,56337,369
Saint Helens179,218176,843175,308
Salford222,529216,103233,933
Sandwell290,091282,904308,063
Scottish Borders103,881106,764113,870
Sefton289,542282,958273,790
Sheffield500,671513,234552,698
Shetland Islands22,52221,98823,167
Shropshire266,871283,173306,129
Slough104,231119,067140,205
Solihull200,329199,517206,674
Somerset460,368498,093529,972
Southampton196,864217,445236,882
South Ayrshire112,658112,097112,799
Southend-on-Sea158,517160,257173,658
South Gloucestershire220,364245,641262,767
South Lanarkshire300,143302,216313,830
South Tyneside154,697152,785148,127
Staffordshire784,647806,744848,489
Stirling78,83386,21290,247
Stockport286,531284,528283,275
Stockton-on-Tees173,912178,408191,610
Stoke-on-Trent244,637240,636249,008
Strabane36,14138,24839,843
Suffolk636,266668,553728,163
Sunderland290,105280,807275,506
Surrey1,014,3491,059,0151,132,390
Swansea223190223,301239,023
Swindon170,850180,051209,156
Tameside216,431213,043219,324
Telford and Wrekin139,516158,325166,641
Thurrock127,819143,128157,705
Torbay119,674129,706130,959
Torfaen90,52790,94991,075
Trafford214,437210,145226,578
Vale of Glamorgan118,039119,292126,336
Wakefield310,709315,172325,837
Walsall259,488253,499269,323
Warrington182,685191,080202,228
Warwickshire484,247505,859545,474
West Berkshire136,700144,483153,822
West Dunbartonshire95,98493,37890,720
West Lothian143,971158,714175,118
West Sussex703,553753,614806,892
Wigan304,001301,415317,849
Wiltshire395,390432,973470,981
Windsor and Maidenhead132,465133,626144,560
Wirral330,795312,293319,783
Wokingham139,189150,229154,380
Wolverhampton243,586236,582249,470
Worcestershire507,500542,107566,169
Wrexham121,296128,476134,844
York166,304181,094198,051
200 divisions56,682,28959,012,50263,182,178

 

1991 figures represent the census of 1991-04-21, proleptic to the reorganization of 1995-1998. Area and population for Isles of Scilly are included in Cornwall. Source [15] (footnote, p. 20) says, "The Isles of Scilly, which are separately administered by an Isles of Scilly Council, do not form part of the county of Cornwall but are usually associated with the county."

Sources: 

  1. [1] Stanyer, Jeffrey, County Government in England and Wales. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1967.
  2. [2] Keith-Lucas, B., English Local Government in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. The Historical Association, London, 1977.
  3. [3] Painter, Joe, "Local Government and Governance". Ch. 15 in The Changing Geography of the United Kingdom, 3rd ed., Vince Gardiner and Hugh Matthews, eds. Routledge, London and New York, 2000.
  4. [4] Pre-1973 FIPS codes come from "Geopolitical Data Elements and Related Features", Defense Intelligence Agency Manual 65-18, Washington, 1972-09-29. This document also assigns UK99 to the Channel Islands and UKA1 to the Isle of Man.
  5. [5] 1901 and 1911 populations come from The Statesman's Year-Book 1913.
  6. [6] 1921, 1931, and 1951 populations, as well as pre-1973 areas, come from The Statesman's Year Book 1959, Macmillan & Co., London. The 1931 populations are confirmed by the EncyclopŠdia Britannica World Atlas, 1951 edition.
  7. [7] 1961 populations come from Whitaker's Almanack, 1964 edition. They are described as "preliminary figures".
  8. [8] 1971 populations come from The Statesman's Year-Book 1977/1978, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1977.
  9. [9] Wilson, Tom, and Philip Rees, "Look-up Tables to Link 1991 Population Statistics to the 1998 Local Government Areas". University of Leeds, 1998-11. Retrieved from http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/wpapers/98-5.pdf (dead link) on 2003-10-09. The figures I used come from Appendix 2, in the column of figures headed "1991 Census usually resident 1998."
  10. [10] The U.K. Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions had a description of the 1995-1998 reorganization, dated 1998-05-12, retrieved from http://www.local.detr.gov.uk/struct/reorg.htm (dead link) on 2000-05-11.
  11. [11] "Local Government Structure" is a summary of the 1995-1998 reorganization published by the Local Government Association, retrieved from http://www.lga.gov.uk/lga/the_lga/Structure2.pdf (dead link) on 2000-05-11. Sources [9]-[11] can still be found at the Internet Archive .
  12. [12] The Local Government Association  has some details of the 2009 reorganization (retrieved 2010-06-05).
  13. [13] The problem of "county confusion"—and how to resolve it  is an article on the website of the Association of British Counties. It encourages people to continue using historical counties as a means of identifying locations.
  14. [14] Keith Edkins gives his answer to What is a County? .
  15. [15] "Census 2001: First results on population for England and Wales ". Office for National Statistics, 2002.
  16. [16] New Councils . Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland (retrieved 2013-03-29).
  17. [17] Populations for England and Wales retrieved from nomis official labour market statistics  site; for Scotland, from Standard Outputs  on the Scotland's Census 2011 website; for Northern Ireland, from Census 2011: Population and Household Estimates by Local Government District for Northern Ireland , Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, 2012-09 (retrieved 2014-04-25).
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