Sidama achieved statehood as of 2020-06-18, following a referendum in which the overwhelming majority of voters favored more autonomy.  Previously, it was a subdivision of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples state. ISO added a code for Sidama on 2021-11-25, but there is no GENC code (the replacement for FIPS code) assigned as of 2022-03-26.
I replaced the 2008 population projections (source ) with the actual 2007 census data (source ), which I think are more reliable.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, adds Dire Dawa administration to the list of subdivisions; changes the status of Addis Ababa from "capital city" to administration; and includes the Amharic names of the subdivisions. I have added the new code for Dire Dawa to the table below.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. Previously, the FIPS standard listed thirty regions. In this update, those regions are expunged, to be replaced with eleven divisions (nine states and two administrations).
Europeans have used the names Ethiopia and Abyssinia interchangeably for the country in this location. Italy had territorial ambitions over the region in the 19th century. However, as of 1900, Italy in fact controlled only Eritrea. Ethiopia's independence was recognized by the European powers in 1906. In 1935, Italy invaded, and in 1936-06 Ethiopia was made part of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana), along with Eritrea and Italian Somaliland. The British expelled the Italians in 1941 and liberated Ethiopia. The United Nations voted to create a federation of Eritrea and Ethiopia, which lasted from 1952 until 1962, when Ethiopia annexed Eritrea. Eritrea became an independent country again on 1993-05-27. The boundaries of Ethiopia have changed somewhat during the century, and the border with Somalia has never been finally established.
Greek Aithiopis, from aithe: burn, opsis: appearance (i.e. dark-skinned natives appeared burnt)
Ethiopia is divided into ten kilil (states) and two astedader (administrations).
|Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples||11,824,590||105,510||40,738|
The total population in the 2007 exceeds the sum of the state populations by 96,754. The census report assigns that extra amount to an "Especial Enumeration Area."
See the Zones of Ethiopia page.
As of 1953, there were twelve teklay ghizatoch (provinces), subdivided into 76 awraji ghizatoch (subprovinces), which were subdivided into wereda (districts), which were subdivided into mikitil wereda (subdistricts). By 1965, the number of provinces had increased to 14, and the number of subprovinces to 82. In 1974, the new military government changed the status of the fourteen provinces to kifle hager (regions), and reorganized their subdivisions. As a result, there were 102 awraja subdivided into 556 wereda. After the reorganization in 1991, there were about 600 wereda. The 2008 data show 63 zones and 529 wereda.
In the territorial division which prevailed up until 1987, Gojam contained the island of Daga, or Dek, in Lake Tana. Eritrea contained many Red Sea islands, as described in the country listing for Eritrea.
Dire Dawa lies on the border between Oromia and Somali regions.
The UN LOCODE page for Ethiopia lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
ET.BL) split from Harar.
|Addis Ababa||1,654,327||218||100||Addis Ababa|
|Gamo Gofa||1,395,331||39,500||15,300||4||Arba Minch|
|East Gojam||1,699,460||1,563,200||13,900||5,400||Misrak Gojam|
|East Hārergē||2,774,346||2,552,300||90,600||35,000||Misrak Hārergē|
|East Shewa||1,026,180||934,500||12,800||4,900||Misrak Shewa|
|Gamo Gofa||Gemu Gwefa|
|North Gonder||2,038,164||1,873,000||62,000||23,900||Semēn Gonder|
|North Omo||3,046,859||2,806,000||29,900||11,500||Semēn Omo|
|North Shewa||2,570,128||2,364,300||27,000||10,400||Semēn Shewa|
|North Welo||1,621,520||1,491,700||30,800||11,900||Semēn Welo|
|South Gonder||1,867,766||1,719,900||17,100||6,600||Debub Gonder|
|South Omo||269,197||248,000||22,000||8,500||Debub Omo|
|South Shewa||3,235,768||2,977,500||16,800||6,500||Debub Shewa|
|South Welo||2,675,995||2,461,700||20,700||8,000||Debub Welo|
|West Gojam||2,210,466||2,032,800||17,300||6,700||Mirab Gojam|
|West Hārergē||1,482,628||1,364,200||33,200||12,800||Mirab Hārergē|
|West Shewa||2,934,434||2,702,000||23,200||9,000||Mirab Shewa|
Amharic uses its own alphabet. Many of the variants shown here are just different transliterations from the Amharic alphabet.
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