According to various sources, Côte d'Ivoire is now divided into fourteen districts: Abidjan, Bas-Sassandra,
Comoé, Denguélé, Gôh-Djiboua, Lacs, Lagunes, Montagnes, Sassandra-Marahoué, Savanes, Vallée du Bandama,
Woroba, Yamoussoukro, and Zanzan. Two of the districts, Abidjan and Yamoussoukro, are metropolitan. The
other twelve are subdivided into thirty regions. The regions are Agnéby-Tiassa, Bafing, Bagoué, Bélier,
Béré, Bounkani, Cavally, Folon, Gbêkê, Gbôclé, Gontougo, Gôh, Grands Ponts, Guémon, Hambol, Haut-Sassandra,
Iffou, Indénié-Djuablin, Kabadougou, La Mé (Massan), Lôh-Djiboua, Marahoué, N'Zi, Nawa, Poro, San Pedro,
Sud-Comoé, Tchologo, Tonkpi, and Worodougou. The next level is departments, of which one source says there
are 107 and another, 92. I will provide HASC codes later this month.
Sources - say that a change has been made to the subdivisions of Côte d'Ivoire. Apparently, there will
be 12 economic districts plus the two autonomous districts of Abidjan and Yamoussoukro on one level. On the
next level, there will be 30 regions. Below the regions, there will be 95 departments, and then 497
sub-prefectures. The date of the decision is given as 2011-09-28.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17, has ISO codes for the new regions of Côte d'Ivoire.
They are shown in the table below.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns new
FIPS codes to the current Ivorian regions, superseding the department codes formerly in effect.
Speaking of "Ivorian regions", there is disagreement over the correct gentilic for inhabitants of Côte
d'Ivoire. The CIA World Factbook specifies "Ivoirian" under the Nationality heading, but goes ahead and
uses "Ivorian" everywhere else. Google returns almost seven times as many hits for Ivorian as Ivoirian.
In French, Ivoirien is correct. Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary evades the issue by saying "Ivory
According to the Presidency of Côte d'Ivoire (source ), after 2000-04-26 there were 18 regions and 57
departments. (This is probably an error. There should be 58 departments. Their list omits Soubré, which is
given in many other sources.) Their list includes Fromager and Moyen-Cavally regions. The decree forming
these regions, dated 2000-04-20, is cited in source . Source  confirms those new regions, and shows
that Bafing region was split from Worodougou. The decree which created Bafing is cited in source .
Note: In the book "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries", I identified the departments
as the primary divisions of Côte d'Ivoire. It appears that the regions, as listed below, have become the
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft
international standard). For Côte d'Ivoire, the draft standard showed ten regions, further subdivided into
50 departments. The final standard showed sixteen regions (with no obvious relation to the former ten), and
|Short name||COTE D'IVOIRE|
Ivory Coast, as it was called by English speakers until recently, was a French colony in 1900. In 1904,
it became a territory, as part of French West Africa. On 1932-09-06, Upper Volta (Haute Volta) was
partitioned among Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger, but this change was nullified on 1947-09-04. Ivory
Coast became independent on 1960-08-07.
Other names of country:
Côte d'Ivoire requested in 1986 that all languages use the French form of its name.
- Danish: Elfenbenskysten, republikken Elfenbenskysten (formal)
- Dutch: Ivoorkust, Republiek Ivoorkust (formal)
- English: Republic of the Ivory Coast (formal), Ivory Coast (obsolete)
- Finnish: Norsunluurannikko
- French: Côte f d'Ivoire m, République f de la Côte d'Ivoire (formal)
- German: Elfenbeinküste f, Côte d'Ivoire
- Icelandic: Fílabeinsströndin
- Italian: Costa f d'Avorio m, Côte d'Ivoire
- Norwegian: Elfenbenskysten, Republikken Elfenbenskysten (formal) (Bokmål), Elfenbeinskysten, Republikken Elfenbeinskysten (formal) (Nynorsk)
- Portuguese: Costa do Marfim, República f da Costa f do Marfim m (formal)
- Russian: БСК (abbr), Берег Слоновой Кости, Республика Кот-д’Ивуар (formal)
- Spanish: Costa f de Marfil m, República f de la Côte f d'Ivoire (formal)
- Swedish: Elfenbenskusten
- Turkish: Fildişi Kıyısı (variant), Fildişi Sahili Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
French for Ivory Coast. Trade in ivory was conducted there.
Côte d'Ivoire is divided into nineteen régions.
|Vallée du Bandama|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Codes from ISO standard 3166-2, issued December 15, 1998. For full
identification in a
global context, prefix "
CI-" to the code (ex:
CI-08 represents Zanzan).
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- Population: 1998-11-21 census (source )
See the Departments of Côte d'Ivoire page.
The departments are subdivided into sous-préfectures (sub-prefectures). The number of sub-prefectures
was 108 in 1967, 127 in 1972, 162 in 1977, 183 in 1993, 258 in 2004, and 393 in 2008. When departments are
split, the division almost always preserves sub-prefectures intact.
Origins of names:
Several of the regions are named after rivers of Côte d'Ivoire: the Bafing, Bandama, Cavally, Comoé,
Marahoué, and Sassandra. Translations below are from French.
- Abidjan: Supposedly, when the first colonists asked native women the name of the place, the women
misunderstood and replied "T'chan m'bi djan": "I've just been cutting leaves".
- Bas: = Lower
- Bouaké: Named for Gbouéké, native king, founder of the city.
- Centre: = Center
- Dix-Huit Montagnes: = Eighteen Mountains
- Est: = East
- Fromager: = Kapok Tree (The basic meaning of "fromager" is "cheesemaker". One Web site explains that
cheese boxes were made from the kapok tree; another, that its ripe seedpod smelled like cheese.)
- Haut: = Upper
- Lacs: = Lakes
- Lagunes: = Lagoons
- Moyen: = Middle
- Nord: = North
- Ouest: = West
- Savanes: = Savannas
- Sud: = South
- Vallée du Bandama: = Bandama Valley
- 1960: At independence, Côte d'Ivoire was divided into 19 cercles, and further into 49 subdivisions de cercle.
- 1961-01-03: Côte d'Ivoire reorganized into four départements: Centre, Nord, Sud-Est, and Sud-Ouest. These were subdivided
into 102 sous-préfectures.
- 1963-03: Est department created; name of Sud-Est department changed to Sud; name of Sud-Ouest department changed to
- 1963-10: Centre-Ouest department split from Ouest.
- 1969-06-16: A new subdivision into 24 departments was published. The government had insufficient resources to establish
the required administrative machinery immediately, so the departments were implemented one by one, finishing in 1974-09.
This list shows the regions, their capitals, population estimates, and the departments that were formed from each region.
The department capitals had the same names as their departments. There were also two communes de plein exercise (autonomous
municipalities), Abidjan and Bouaké. I consider them to be included in their departments, but some may disagree. Population
data come from source , which calls the regions "départements", and identifies the 109 sub-prefectures into which they were
|Centre||Bouaké||1,132,000||Bouaflé, Bouaké, Dimbokro, Katiola|
|Centre Ouest||Daloa||365,000||Daloa, Gagnoa, part of Sassandra|
|Nord||Korhogo||758,000||Boundiali, Ferkessédougou, Korhogo, Odienné, Séguéla, Touba|
|Ouest||Man||494,000||Biankouma, Danané, Guiglo, Man|
|Sud||Abidjan||1,075,000||Abidjan, Aboisso, Adzopé, Agboville, Divo, part of Sassandra|
- 1983-03-21: President Félix Houphouët-Boigny announced plans to move the national capital from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro.
On that date, Yamoussoukro became the political capital, while Abidjan was and is still the administrative capital.
- 1986-01-01: Côte d'Ivoire declared that the only correct form of its name in any language was the French one. This
wish has been honored, for the most part, by those who are aware of it.
- ~1987: I have found very few references to the ten regions listed below. I found population figures for these regions
attributed to the 1988-03-01 census, so we can guess that the regions were created before that date. Most reference works
during this period list the departments rather than the regions, suggesting that the regions were less significant. Draft
international standard ISO/DIS 3166-2, published in 1996, listed the regions and the departments as separate levels. For the
geographical extent of these regions, see the "Old" column in the main table on the Departments of Côte
- ISO: Codes from ISO/DIS 3166-2.
These codes should not be used,
as they conflict with the
codes issued in the 1998 update.
- Lic: License plate suffix. Source:
Vehicle Come From?
- Population: 1988-03-01 census.
- 1997-01-15: Côte d'Ivoire reorganized from ten regions into sixteen regions.
- 2000-04-20: Fromager region formed from parts of Haut-Sassandra region (Gagnoa department) and Marahoué region
(Oumé department); Moyen-Cavally formed by taking Duékoué, Guiglo, and Toulépleu departments from Dix-Huit Montagnes.
The former HASC codes for these regions were
CI.DM for Dix-Huit Montagnes,
CI.MA for Marahoué.
- 2000-07-12: Bafing region formed by taking Touba department from Worodougou (former HASC code
- 2012-09-26?: Côte d'Ivoire reorganized from nineteen regions into fourteen districts. Twelve of those districts are further
subdivided into thirty regions.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Abidjan: Abiyan (Spanish)
- Agnéby: Agnébi (variant)
- Bas-Sassandra: Cavally inférieur (variant)
- Haut-Sassandra: Sassandra supérieur (variant)
- Moyen-Comoé: Comoé central (variant)
-  http://www.pr.ci/cote_d_ivoire/ci/regions/, on the website of the Presidency of Côte d'Ivoire, now a
dead link (retrieved 2002-04-30).
-  http://www.isa-africa.com/ci/mairies.htm was a list of mayors of communes, grouped by department and
region. It was found on the Internet & Services - Africa website. This link is also dead (retrieved 2002-04-30).
-  http://www.pr.ci/gouvernement/conseil/cm2000/cm20000420.html, a communiqué of the Council of Ministers
dated 2000-04-20, also dead (retrieved about 2002-06).
-  http://www.pr.ci/gouvernement/conseil/cm2000/cm20000712.html, a communiqué of the Council of Ministers
dated 2000-07-12, also dead (retrieved about 2002-06).
-  "La Population de la Côte d'Ivoire en 1965", a report of Institut de recherche pour le développement,
Bondy, France: Table V, fourth column, contains estimates of the 1965 de facto population by region. Retrieved
from http://www.bondy.ird.fr/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_4/sci_hum/19802.pdf about 2002-04.
-  The legend of this map of the Administrative
Structure of Côte d'Ivoire has populations (1998 and 2006), areas, and
capitals of the regions. However, the ratio of the 2006 population to the 1998 population is 1.27924 in every
case. Obviously they just estimated the 2006 population and scaled all of the region populations by the right
factor to produce the desired result. The map credits INS (Institut National de la Statistique) and is dated
April 2007. The 1998 populations should be the most reliable, because that was the year of Côte d'Ivoire's
-  People's Daily
Online , French edition (Chinese news site, dated 2011-09-29, retrieved
-  Official Portal of the Côte d'Ivoire
Goverment (dated 2011-10-11, retrieved 2011-12-03).
-  Council of
Ministers report (dated 2011-09-28, retrieved 2011-12-03).
-  District of Yamoussoukro
website (retrieved 2011-12-03).
-  Liste des nominations des préfets de région et de
département (retrieved 2013-05-08).