Bolivia adopted a new constitution in 2009. It provides for the potential autonomy of certain subdivisions. The province of Gran Chaco has voted to be made into an autonomous region. Currently (2013-11), a Plurinational Constitutional Court is deliberating on the constitutional admissibility of this request.
I've updated the population using 2012 census figures as given in source , provided by Sorin Cosoveanu.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, has only one change for Bolivia. It recognizes the new country name, Plurinational State of Bolivia.
Source  defines a set of codes for the subdivisions of the member countries of the Comunidad Andina (Andean Community): Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The codes and subdivision names constitute the Nomenclatura de las Unidades Territoriales Estadísticas de la Comunidad Andina (NUTE ANDINA) (Nomenclature of Statistical Territorial Units). This work appears to be part of a collaboration with Eurostat, the European consortium that developed the NUTS codes for subdivisions of countries.
|Capitals||La Paz, Sucre|
Bolivia has been independent for the whole 20th century. It has had numerous boundary disputes with its neighbors, usually losing. Its boundaries have remained quite stable since 1950.
Named in honor of Simón Bolívar (1783-1830), independence fighter.
Bolivia is divided into nine departamentos (departments).
|La Paz||2,706,359||133,985||51,732||La Paz|
|Santa Cruz||2,655,084||370,621||143,098||Santa Cruz (de la Sierra)|
See the Provinces of Bolivia page.
The departments are divided into 112 provincias (provinces). The provinces are subdivided into secciones de provincias (sections or subprovinces). The sections are further subdivided into cantones (cantons). A 1995 book says there were 301 sections and 1,408 cantons. There are also administrative divisions known as municipios (municipalities). According to older sources, the municipalities were only defined in urban areas; however, the 2012 census report shows that the sum of the populations of the municipalities equals the total population of Bolivia.
Source  says that there were 324 municipalities as of 2002-06-30. Among them there were ten newly-created municipalities (since 1999) which had not been completely demarcated yet. Source  lists 339 municipalities, among which are 25 marked as newly created since the 2001 census. This implies that there were 314 municipalities at the time of the 2001 census, and all ten municipalities referred to in source  were created between 2001-09-05 and 2002-06-30.
The first three digits of the NUTE codes represent an arbitrary set of statistical areas.
101 is Occidental (Western),
102 is Oriental (Eastern), and
103 is Central.
The border between Cochabamba and El Beni is still not defined.
The UN LOCODE page for Bolivia lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Data for 1900 come from source ; 1950, from sources  and ; 1976 to 2001, from source ; 2012, from source . In regard to the 1950 census, source  says, "Figures adjusted to account for an estimated 8.4 percent underenumeration; population actually enumerated was 2,704,165." Source  says, "Including adjustment of 314,866 for underenumeration and estimated tribal Indian population."
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