Erratum: The capital of Lower Austria should be Sankt Pölten, not Vienna as shown
in the book.
|Time zone||+1 ~|
At the beginning of the 20th century, Austria was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, or Austria-Hungary.
This country included most or all of present-day Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, and
Croatia, about half of Romania, and parts of Southern Poland, Western Ukraine, Northern Yugoslavia, and
Northern Italy. It also had administrative control of Bosnia-Herzegovina. At the end of World War I, the
treaties of Saint-Germain and Trianon redrew the map of Europe, and Austria emerged looking almost exactly as
it does today. During World War II, Austria was annexed by Germany, but the Allies never recognized the
annexation, and at the end of the war, the status quo ante was restored.
Other names of country:
- Czech: Rakousko
- Danish: Østrig
- Dutch: Oostenrijk, Republiek Oostenrijk (formal)
- English: Republic of Austria (formal)
- Finnish: Itävalta
- French: Autriche, République f d'Autriche f (formal)
- German: Österreich, Republik f Österreich n (formal), Östreich n (obsolete)
- Icelandic: Austurríki
- Italian: Austria f
- Norwegian: Østerrike, Republikken Østerrike (formal) (Bokmål), Austerrike, Republikken Austerrike (formal) (Nynorsk)
- Portuguese: Áustria, República f da Áustria f (formal)
- Russian: Австрийская Республика (formal), Австрия
- Spanish: Austria, República f de Austria f (formal)
- Swedish: Österrike
- Turkish: Avusturya, Avusturya Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
German Österreich: Eastern empire. Created by Charlemagne as a buffer state.
Austria is divided into nine Bundesländer, or simply Länder (states; sing. Land).
|NÖ||1,617,444||19,172||7,402||Sankt Pölten||2xxx, 3xxx|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
- NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. Note: by taking the first
three characters of the NUTS codes,
the states can be grouped into three regions:
AT2 Südösterreich, and
- UPU: Province codes from "Postal Addressing Systems".
- Conv: Conventional abbreviations used in Austria.
- Population: 2011-10-31 census from population registers (source ).
- Postal Codes: Austrian Postleitzahlen (postal codes, abbreviated PLZ) are four
digits. With a few exceptions, the
state can be deduced from the first one or two digits. The
exceptions are cases where a city is served from a
distribution center in a neighboring state.
(a) Also 99xx for East Tyrol. Note: postal codes for Austrian addresses
can be identified by
prefixing them with "A-".
See the Districts of Austria page.
Each state is further subdivided into entities of two types: Politischer Bezirk (district) and
Statutarstadt (statutory city, or urban district). (Vienna has only one such subdivision.) There
are currently 99 districts. They are further subdivided into Gemeinden (communes).
Vienna is completely surrounded by Lower Austria.
Tyrol consists of two sections, separated by a strip of land belonging to Salzburg. The smaller
part, commonly called Osttirol (East Tyrol), is equivalent to the Politischer Bezirk of Lienz.
There is also a small area of Tyrol, containing the town of Jungholz, which is connected to the
rest of Tyrol at only a single point. The Austrian-German border forms an X there.
The UN LOCODE page for Austria lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Origins of names:
- Burgenland: Named for the three Hungarian counties, known in German as Eisenburg, Ödenburg,
and Wieselburg, which were cut up to make this state: the Land of the "-burgs."
- Carinthia: The inhabitants of this region were known as Carantani to the ancient Romans.
- Lower Austria: Area of Austria which lies downstream along the Danube.
- Salzburg: German Salz: salt, Burg: castle. Salt was mined and stored here.
- Styria: German Steiermark from Steyr, a city name, and Old High German marcha: boundary
- Tyrol: Named for Tyrol Castle near Merano.
- Upper Austria: Area of Austria which lies upstream along the Danube.
- Vienna: Latin Vindobona from Indo-European vindo: whiteness and Celtic bona:
- Vorarlberg: = Before the Arlberg, a mountain (pass) which divides this state from the rest of
- 1918: The official names of the provinces of Österreich ober der Enns and Österreich unter der
Enns were changed to Oberösterreich and Unterösterreich, respectively, to conform to popular usage.
- 1920-07-16: By the Treaty of Saint-Germain, Austria was created as a fragment of
Austria-Hungary. In principle, Austria was to include the ethnic German areas of Austria-Hungary,
but some of these areas were given to other countries for political reasons. The southern part of
Tyrol was given to Italy, and is now the region of Trentino-Alto Adige. (The loss of this area left
Tyrol in two fragments.) The provinces of Coastland, Carniola, Dalmatia, and the southern part of
Styria (6,032 sq. km.) were incorporated in the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which
later became Yugoslavia. Carinthia lost 777 sq. km., part to Italy and part to Yugoslavia. The
provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, and most of Silesia became part of Czechoslovakia. Galicia and the
rest of Silesia were given to Poland. Bukowina was given to Romania. By the Treaty of Trianon, the
western parts of three Hungarian counties were transferred from Hungary to Austria, forming the
state of Burgenland. For other transfers of territory, see Hungary. The capitals of the forfeited
provinces, when they were part of Austria-Hungary, were Trieste (Coastland), Laibach (Carniola),
Zadar (Dalmatia), Prague (Bohemia), Brunn (Moravia), Troppau (Silesia), Lemberg (Galicia), and
- 1921-12-14: Part of Burgenland restored to Hungary, including the city of Ödenburg, now known
- 1922-01-01: Vienna split from Unterösterreich, leaving the latter without a capital.
- 1938-03-13: Austria was annexed by Germany in the Anschluss. The Allies never recognized the
legality of this act. The German government called the Austrian territory Ostmark. Tirol and
Vorarlberg were unified into a single entity called Tirol-Vorarlberg. Burgenland was entirely
divided between Lower Austria and Styria. The names of Lower and Upper Austria were changed to
Niederdonau and Oberdonau (Lower and Upper Danube), respectively. The divisions of Ostmark were
classified as Reichsgaue (provinces or districts of the empire). An area of 800 sq. km. around
Vienna was transferred from Niederdonau to Vienna. Krems was named capital of Niederdonau.
- 1945-04-29: A provisional government was set up for a liberated Austria, restored to its
pre-war borders (both external and internal, except for Vienna). The Allied Council recognized this
government on 1945-10-20.
- 1954: Vienna was restored to its pre-war borders.
- 1986-07-10: Capital of Lower Austria moved from Vienna to Sankt Pölten.
- 1995-01-01: Austria joined the European Union.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Burgenland: Burgenlândia (Portuguese-variant)
- Carinthia: Carinthie (French, Norwegian); Caríntia (Portuguese); Carintia (Spanish); Carinzia
(Italian); Karintia (Turkish); Karintië (Dutch); Kärnten (Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish);
- Lower Austria: ala-Itävalta (Finnish); Austria Inferiore (Italian); Baixa-Áustria (Portuguese);
Baja Austria (Spanish); Basse-Autriche (French); Nedre Østrig (Danish); Niederdonau, Österreich
unter der Enns (obsolete-German); Niederösterreich (Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish)
- Salzburg: Salisburgo (Italian); Salzbourg (French); Salzburgo (Portuguese, Spanish)
- Styria: Estíria (Portuguese); Estiria (Spanish); Steiermark (Danish, Finnish, German,
Norwegian, Swedish); Stiermarken (Dutch); Stiria (Italian); Styrie (French)
- Tyrol: Tirol (Dutch, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish); Tiroli (Finnish); Tirolo (Italian);
- Upper Austria: Alta-Áustria (Portuguese); Alta Austria (Spanish); Austria Superiore (Italian);
Haute-Autriche (French); Oberdonau, Österreich ober der Enns (obsolete-German); Oberösterreich
(Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish); Øvre Østrig (Danish); ylä-Itävalta (Finnish)
- Vienna: Viena (Portuguese, Spanish); Vienne (French); Vín (Icelandic); Viyana (Turkish); Wenen
(Dutch); Wien (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish); Вена (Russian)
Most data in the tables above come from source , and are proleptic. Data for 1939 could not be
retrieved from that site. In 1939, Burgenland was included in Lower Austria and Styria; Vorarlberg was
included in Tyrol.
-  Library of Congress country
study (retrieved 1999).
-  Fourth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, Vol. II, United
Nations, New York, 1987.
-  Österreiches Jahrbuch 1973. Drück und Verlag der Österr. Staatsdrückerei, Wien, 1974.
-  STATcube
- Statistical Database of Statistics Austria (retrieved 2013-03-05).
-  Statistik
Austria Table of NUTS-3 areas with communes, areas, and populations
- Valentin Arzoumanian
Sent a spreadsheet containing the 2011 census data, from source .
- Horst Borger
2017-09-30 - Suggested correction to the conventional abbreviations of states.