I moved information about the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic to the Azerbaijan page, since it now seems unlikely that it will unite with Armenia.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on 1998-12-15. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). The draft standard showed a division of Armenia into eleven provinces. Each one had a two-digit ISO code. The final standard shows the same eleven provinces, but their ISO codes have been changed to two-letter codes, and the status of Erevan has been changed from province to city. The new set of codes is listed below.
Armenia was under Russian domination for most of the 20th century. As part of Czarist Russia, it was the district of Erivan. At that time it included some territory south of the Aras (Araks) River, which it lost to Turkey in World War I. Armenia was independent from 1917 to 1920. For part of that period, it belonged to the Transcaucasian Federation, along with Azerbaijan and Georgia. Armenia became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic on 1922-03-12. This became one of the constituent republics of the U.S.S.R. later that year. In 1936 the Transcaucasian S.S.R. was split into the three republics again. The Commonwealth of Independent States supplanted the U.S.S.R. on 1991-12-08. Armenia became a member of the C.I.S. that same month.
from the legendary patriarch Armenak. The name Hayastan comes from Haik, an ancient king, who according to Armenian tradition was the son of the Biblical Togarmah, son of Gomer, son of Japheth, son of Noah, whose ark landed on Mount Ararat.
Armenia is divided into ten gavaṙ (provinces) and one kaghak (city).
Armenia appears still to be using Soviet-era postal codes, six-digit numbers always beginning with '37'.
Gelark'unik' includes the small Artsvashen exclave, containing the town of Bashkend, surrounded by Azerbaijan.
The UN LOCODE page for Armenia lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Erevan: possibly from Armenian erevan: to appear or show, implying that it was the first place to appear after the Biblical flood.
Under the Soviet Union, Armenia was the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armyanskaya Sovyetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika). According to the Atlas of Armenia, as of 1991-01-01, Armenia was divided into 37 raions, as shown in the table below. The atlas notes that Aragadz and Nairi were formed in 1972, and Baghramyan in 1983; the others are presumably older.
According to the 1995 CIA World Factbook, Armenia consisted of 37 shrjanner (regions): Akhuryan, Amasiya, Ani, Aparan, Aragats, Ararat, Armavir, Artashat, Art'ik, Ashots'k', Ashtarak, Baghramyan, Ejmiatsin, Goris, Gugark', Hrazdan, Ijevan, Kamo, Kapan, Kotayk', Krasnoselsk, Martuni, Masis, Meghri, Nairi, Noyemberyai, Sevan, Sisian, Spitak, Step'anavan, T'alin, Tashir, Taush, T'umanyan, Vardenik, Vayk', Yeghegnadzor; and 23 kaghakner (cities): Abovyan, Alaverdi, Ararat, Artashat, Art'ik, Ashtarak, Ch'arents'avan, Dilijan, Ejmiatsin, Goris, Gyumri, Hoktemberyan, Hrazdan, Ijevan, Jermuk, Kamo, Kapan, Metsamor, Sevan, Spitak, Step'anavan, Vanadzor, and Yerevan. These regions don't seem to correspond exactly with those listed in the table, but a partial key to the correspondence is probably: Ani = Aghin, Ararat = Vedi, Armavir = Hoktemberyan, Kapan = Ghap'an, T'umanyan = Alaverdi, Tashir = Kalinino, Taush = Shamshadin, Vardenik = Basargech'ar, and Vayk' = Azizbekov.
1995-07-05: Armenia re-organized into the current ten provinces and one city.
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