Provinces of Armenia

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Updates: 

Armenia has abolished its daylight saving time, starting in 2012.

The results of the 2001 census  have been published on the website of the National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on 1998-12-15. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). The draft standard showed a division of Armenia into eleven provinces. Each one had a two-digit ISO code. The final standard shows the same eleven provinces, but their ISO codes have been changed to two-letter codes, and the status of Erevan has been changed from province to city. The new set of codes is listed below.

Country overview: 

Short nameARMENIA
ISO codeAM
FIPS codeAM
LanguageArmenian (hy)
Time zone+4
CapitalYerevan

 

Armenia was under Russian domination for most of the 20th century. As part of Czarist Russia, it was the district of Erivan. At that time it included some territory south of the Aras (Araks) River, which it lost to Turkey in World War I. Armenia was independent from 1917 to 1920. For part of that period, it belonged to the Transcaucasian Federation, along with Azerbaijan and Georgia. Armenia became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic on 1922-03-12. This became one of the constituent republics of the U.S.S.R. later that year. In 1936 the Transcaucasian S.S.R. was split into the three republics again. The Commonwealth of Independent States supplanted the U.S.S.R. on 1991-12-08. Armenia became a member of the C.I.S. that same month.

Other names of country: 

  1. Armenian: Hayastan, Haikakan Hanrapetoutioun (formal), Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun (formal)
  2. Danish: Armenien
  3. Dutch: Armenië, Republiek Armenië (formal)
  4. English: Republic of Armenia (formal), Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (obsolete)
  5. Finnish: Armenia
  6. French: Arménie, République f d'Arménie f (formal)
  7. Georgian: Somkheti
  8. German: Armenien n
  9. Icelandic: Armenía
  10. Italian: Armenia
  11. Norwegian: Armenia, Republikken Armenia (formal)
  12. Portuguese: Arménia (Portugal), Armênia (Brazil), República f da Arménia f (formal)
  13. Russian: Armeniya, Armyanskaya Sovyetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika (obsolete)
  14. Russian: Армянская Советская Социалистичэская Республика (obsolete), Республика Армения (formal)
  15. Spanish: Armenia f
  16. Swedish: Armenien
  17. Turkish: Ermenistan Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

from the legendary patriarch Armenak. The name Hayastan comes from Haik, an ancient king, who according to Armenian tradition was the son of the Biblical Togarmah, son of Gomer, son of Japheth, son of Noah, whose ark landed on Mount Ararat.

Primary subdivisions: 

Armenia is divided into ten gavaṙ (provinces) and one kaghak (city).

ProvinceHASCFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Aragacot'nAM.AGAM01126,2782,7551,064Ashtarak
AraratAM.ARAM02252,6652,003773Artashat
ArmavirAM.AVAM03255,8611,241479Armavir
ErevanAM.ERAM111,091,23521081Erevan
Gelark'unik'AM.GRAM04215,3713,6551,411Gavar (Kamo)
Kotayk'AM.KTAM05241,3372,100810Razdan
LoṙiAM.LOAM06253,3513,7911,464Vanadzor (Kirovakan)
ŠirakAM.SHAM07257,2422,6791,034Gyumri (Leninakan)
Syunik'AM.SUAM08134,0614,5051,739Kafan
TavušAM.TVAM09121,9633,1201,205Idjevan
Vayoc'JorAM.VDAM1053,2302,406929Yegheknadzor
11 divisions3,002,59429,74311,484
  • Province: Each division is a province, except Erevan, which is a city. There are
    numerous ways to transliterate these names from Armenian. Here they are
    shown as in the book "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries".
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes. If periods are replaced by
    hyphens, these are the same as the province codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Population: 2001-10-10 census.
  • Areas: Total includes Lake Sevan, which is not counted in any of the provinces.
  • Capital: Names in parentheses are from the period of Soviet domination.

Postal codes: 

Armenia appears still to be using Soviet-era postal codes, six-digit numbers always beginning with '37'.

Territorial extent: 

Armenia includes the small Artsvashen exclave, containing the town of Bashkend, enclosed within Azerbaijan.

Armenia also claims the Nagorno-Karabakh area, which is part of Azerbaijan. Armenia's version of the divisions of Nagorno-Karabakh is as follows:

ProvinceAzerbaijan
AskeranXankandi, Xocali
Hadrutpart of Xocavand
Martakertparts of Kalbacar, Tartar
Martuniremainder of Xocavand
Shahumianpart of Naftalan
ShushiSusa
  • Province: According to Armenia.
  • Azerbaijan: Azerbaijani districts
    approximately corresponding to this area.

Origins of names: 

Erevan: possibly from Armenian erevan: to appear or show, implying that it was the first place to appear after the Biblical flood.

Change history: 

Under the Soviet Union, Armenia was the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armyanskaya Sovyetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika). According to the Atlas of Armenia, as of 1991-01-01, Armenia was divided into 37 raions, as shown in the table below. The atlas notes that Aragadz and Nairi were formed in 1972, and Baghramyan in 1983; the others are presumably older.

DistrictPopulationYearArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Later
Aghin17,7731959429166Širak
Akhuryan32,2521959576223Širak
Alaverdi52,10719591,121433Loṙi
Amasia12,7941959594229Širak
Aparan22,8871959816315Aragacot'n
Aragadz14,1001986382148Loṙi
Artashat61,7211959562217Ararat
Art'ik37,4261959634245Širak
Ashtarak44,7911959932360Aragacot'n
Azizbekov13,41119591,174453Vayoc'Jor
Baghramyan14,8511985453175Armavir
Basargech'ar35,64119591,134438Gelark'unik'
Echmiadzin63,1561959425164Armavir
Eghegnadzor26,24819591,134438Vayoc'Jor
Erevan1,184,500198723089Erevan
Ghap'an47,40619591,371529Syunik'
Ghukasyan10,0451959561216Širak
Goris29,4211959752290Syunik'
Hoktemberyan61,6141959701271Armavir
Hrazdan35,2051959946365Kotayk'
Ichevan32,60119591,299502Tavuš
Kalinino25,2651959690266Loṙi
Kamo35,5661959634245Gelark'unik'
Kirovakan25,5081959781302Loṙi
Kotayk'32,2731959850328Kotayk'
Krasnoselsk23,9631959697269Gelark'unik'
Martuni45,67019591,168451Gelark'unik'
Meghri11,7501959664256Syunik'
Nairi42,0001982344133Kotayk'
Noyemberyan23,2971959538208Tavuš
Sevan21,0321959385149Gelark'unik'
Shamshadin31,8141959824318Tavuš
Sisian28,80819591,719664Syunik'
Spitak35,2741959596230Loṙi
Step'anavan29,9291959637246Loṙi
T'alin28,84919591,288497Aragacot'n
Vedi38,53219591,999772Ararat
37 districts30,04011,598
  • Population: 1959-01-15 census, except as shown.
  • Year: Date of population estimates for some districts.
  • Later: Post-1995 province containing approximate
    area of district.

 

According to the 1995 CIA World Factbook, Armenia consisted of 37 shrjanner (regions): Akhuryan, Amasiya, Ani, Aparan, Aragats, Ararat, Armavir, Artashat, Art'ik, Ashots'k', Ashtarak, Baghramyan, Ejmiatsin, Goris, Gugark', Hrazdan, Ijevan, Kamo, Kapan, Kotayk', Krasnoselsk, Martuni, Masis, Meghri, Nairi, Noyemberyai, Sevan, Sisian, Spitak, Step'anavan, T'alin, Tashir, Taush, T'umanyan, Vardenik, Vayk', Yeghegnadzor; and 23 kaghakner (cities): Abovyan, Alaverdi, Ararat, Artashat, Art'ik, Ashtarak, Ch'arents'avan, Dilijan, Ejmiatsin, Goris, Gyumri, Hoktemberyan, Hrazdan, Ijevan, Jermuk, Kamo, Kapan, Metsamor, Sevan, Spitak, Step'anavan, Vanadzor, and Yerevan. These regions don't seem to correspond exactly with those listed in the table, but a partial key to the correspondence is probably: Ani = Aghin, Ararat = Vedi, Armavir = Hoktemberyan, Kapan = Ghap'an, T'umanyan = Alaverdi, Tashir = Kalinino, Taush = Shamshadin, Vardenik = Basargech'ar, and Vayk' = Azizbekov.

1995-07-05: Armenia re-organized into the current ten provinces and one city.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Aragacot'n: Aragatsotn (variant)
  2. Ararat: Ararate (Portuguese)
  3. Erevan: Ereván (Spanish); Erevão (Portuguese-variant); Erivan, Ierevan, Jerevan, Yerevan (variant); Eriwan (German)
  4. Gelark'unik': Gegharcunik, Gegharkunick, Gegharkunik (variant); Guegharkounik (French)
  5. Kotayk': Kotaik (variant)
  6. Širak: Chirak (French); Shirak (variant)
  7. Syunik': Siounik (French); Sunik, Syunk (variant)
  8. Tavuš: Tavouch (French); Tavoush, Tavush (variant)
  9. Vayoc'Jor: Vaïots Dzor (French); Vayots Dzor (variant)
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