Districts of Azerbaijan

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Updates: 

Update 10 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2012-12-31. It corrects the spelling of Mingəçevir.

Update 9 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes is dated 2012-09-01. It includes changes to the codes for Azerbaijan.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. It makes a couple of adjustments to the list of rayons and to rayon names, and to the codes where appropriate. For specifics, see Change history.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It changes the ISO code for Naxçıvan from MM to NX. It also corrects the diacritical marks on four district names. Finally, it identifies the six rayons that are part of Naxçıvan.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard), which came out in fall 1996. Change Notice 1 for FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated December 1, 1998. All three of these documents show Azerbaijan divided into units of three kinds: one autonomous republic, ten or eleven cities, and sixty-some rayons, or districts. They differ on the exact numbers.

Country overview: 

Short nameAZERBAIJAN
ISO codeAZ
FIPS codeAJ
LanguageAzeri (az)
Time zone+4 ~
CapitalBaku

 

Modern Azerbaijan corresponds quite closely to the Russian districts of Baku, Elizabethpol, and Zakataly at the beginning of the 20th century. The Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence on 1918-05-28. It was reconquered and incorporated into the Soviet Union on 1922-12-30, becoming part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic. Under the Soviets, the territory of Zangezur (27,400 km.²) was transferred from Azerbaijan to Armenia, separating Nakhichevan from the rest of Azerbaijan. In 1936, Azerbaijan became a separate republic within the U.S.S.R. Azerbaijan declared its independence from the U.S.S.R. on 1991-08-30. Later that year, it abolished the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region as a separate entity.

Other names of country: 

  1. Azeri: Azərbaycan Respublikası (formal)
  2. Danish: Aserbajdsjan
  3. Dutch: Azerbaidzjan, Azerbeidzjan, Republiek Azerbeidzjan (formal)
  4. English: Azerbaijani Republic (formal)
  5. Finnish: Azerbaidžan
  6. French: Azerbaïdjan m
  7. German: Aserbaidschan n
  8. Icelandic: Aserbaídsjan
  9. Italian: Azerbaigian
  10. Norwegian: Aserbajdsjan, Republikken Aserbajdsjan (formal)
  11. Portuguese: Azerbaidjão (Brazil), Azerbaijão (Portugal), República f do Azerbaijão m (formal)
  12. Russian: Азербайджан, Азербайджанская Республика (formal)
  13. Spanish: Azerbaiyán, República f Azerbaiyana (formal)
  14. Swedish: Azerbajdzjan
  15. Turkish: Azerbaycan, Azerbaycan Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

Named for Atropates, one of Alexander the Great's generals

Primary subdivisions: 

Azerbaijan is divided into 66 rayons (districts) and 12 cities.

RayonTypHASCISOFIPSPostPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)CapitalISO Name
AbsheronrAZ.ARABSAJ010181,7981,360525XirdalanAbşeron
AghdamrAZ.AMAGMAJ0302153,2921,150444AghdamAǧdam
AghdashrAZ.ASAGSAJ040389,2141,050405AghdashAǧdaş
AghjabedirAZ.ACAGCAJ0204107,8331,760680AghjabediAǧcabədi
AghstafarAZ.AFAGAAJ050573,9441,500579AghstafaAǧstafa
AghsurAZ.AUAGUAJ060662,2811,020394AghsuAǧsu
AstararAZ.AAASTAJ080784,319620239AstaraAstara
BabekrAZ.BKBABAJ726771,3961,170452BabekBabək
BakucAZ.BABAAJ0910-111,788,8542,130822BakuBakı
BalakenrAZ.BLBALAJ100883,732920355BalakenBalakən
BardarAZ.BRBARAJ1109129,600960371BardaBərdə
BeilaganrAZ.BQBEYAJ121278,4581,130436BeilaganBeyləqan
BilasuvarrAZ.BSBILAJ131374,9061,400541BilasuvarBiləsuvar
DashkesanrAZ.DSDASAJ161630,4181,050405DashkesanDaşkəsən
FizulirAZ.FUFUZAJ1819136,4811,390537FizuliFüzuli
GabalarAZ.QAQABAJ383682,8031,550598GabalaQəbələ
GadabeyrAZ.GDGADAJ192186,1931,290498GadabeyGədəbəy
GakhrAZ.QXQAXAJ393451,1611,490575GakhQax
GanjacAZ.GAGAAJ2020299,34211042GanjaGəncə
GazakhrAZ.QZQAZAJ403581,015700270GazakhQazax
GeranboyrAZ.GRGORAJ212286,6451,790691GeranboyGoranboy
GobustanrAZ.QOQOBAJ413734,1841,370529MarazaQobustan
GoychayrAZ.GYGOYAJ2223100,511740286GoychayGöyçay
GoygolrAZ.XRGYGAJ622553,2661,030398GoygolGöygöl
GubarAZ.QBQBAAJ4240136,8452,580996GubaQuba
GubadlyrAZ.QDQBIAJ433932,949800309GubadlyQubadlı
GusarrAZ.QRQUSAJ443880,8161,540595GusarQusar
HacuqabulrAZ.HAHACAJ232457,9441,640633HacuqabulHacıqabul
ImishlirAZ.IMIMIAJ2430104,0261,820703Imishliİmişli
IsmaillyrAZ.ISISMAJ253172,1442,060795Ismaillyİsmayıllı
JalilabadrAZ.CLCALAJ1515169,9601,440556JalilabadCəlilabad
JebrailrAZ.CBCABAJ141459,3181,050405JebrailCəbrayıl
JulfarAZ.CFCULAJ737235,8961,000386JulfaCulfa
KangarlirAZ.KGKANAJ74   GivrakhKəngərli
KelbajarrAZ.KAKALAJ263266,2113,0501,178KelbajarKəlbəcər
KhachmazrAZ.XZXACAJ6027144,3321,050405KhachmazXaçmaz
KhankendycAZ.XAXAAJ612654,51583KhankendyXankəndi
KhojalyrAZ.XCXCIAJ642923,757940363KhojalyXocalı
KhojavendrAZ.XDXVDAJ652839,6201,460564KhojavendXocavənd
KhyzyrAZ.XIXIZAJ63 13,0801,850714KhyzyXızı
KyurdamirrAZ.KUKURAJ273392,2301,630629KyurdamirKürdəmir
LachinrAZ.LCLACAJ284163,1621,840710LachinLaçın
LenkaranrAZ.LNLANAJ2942189,9291,540595LenkaranLənkəran
LenkarancAZ.LALAAJ3042   LenkaranLənkəran
LerikrAZ.LELERAJ314363,3141,080417LerikLerik
MasallyrAZ.MAMASAJ3244173,937720278MasallyMasallı
MingechevircAZ.MIMIAJ334594,03913050MingechevirMingəçevir
NaftalancAZ.NANAAJ34467,55121NaftalanNaftalan
NakhchivancAZ.NXNVAJ757063,19613050NakhchivanNaxçıvan
NeftchalarAZ.NENEFAJ364771,4801,450560NeftchalaNeftçala
OghuzrAZ.OGOGUAJ374836,4881,220471OghuzOǧuz
OrdubadrAZ.ORORDAJ766940,596970375OrdubadOrdubad
SaatlyrAZ.STSATAJ454982,7021,180456SaatlySaatlı
SabirabadrAZ.SBSABAJ4654136,9331,470568SabirabadSabirabad
SalyanrAZ.SLSALAJ4952111,9731,790691SalyanSalyan
SamuhrAZ.SXSMXAJ525149,6971,450560NabiagaliSamux
SedarakrAZ.SDSADAJ777311,99615058SedarakSədərək
ShabranrAZ.DVSBNAJ171745,9991,090421ShabranŞabran
ShahbuzrAZ.SHSAHAJ787120,296920355ShahbuzŞahbuz
ShamakhyrAZ.SISMIAJ505680,6251,610622ShamakhyŞamaxı
ShamkirrAZ.SMSKRAJ5157173,4011,660641ShamkirŞəmkir
ShekirAZ.SKSAKAJ4755157,3532,430938ShekiŞəki
ShekicAZ.SASAAJ4855   ShekiŞəki
SherurrAZ.SESARAJ7968110,6961,160448SherurŞərur
ShirvancAZ.ABSRAJ071869,5243012ShirvanŞirvan
ShusharAZ.SUSUSAJ555824,340290112ShushaŞuşa
ShushacAZ.SS58   ShushaŞuşa
SiazanrAZ.SYSIYAJ535333,462700270SiazanSiyəzən
SumgayitcAZ.SQSMAJ5450283,1848031SumgayitSumqayıt
TerterrAZ.TATARAJ575992,201960371TerterTərtər
TovuzrAZ.TOTOVAJ5860142,8541,900734TovuzTovuz
UjarrAZ.UCUCAAJ596171,327850328UjarUcar
YardymlyrAZ.YRYARAJ666549,039670259YardymlyYardımlı
YevlakhrAZ.YVYEVAJ6766108,1881,540595YevlakhYevlax
YevlakhcAZ.YEYEAJ6866   YevlakhYevlax
ZagatalarAZ.ZQZAQAJ7062107,2401,350521ZagatalaZaqatala
ZangilanrAZ.ZGZANAJ696435,336710274ZangilanZəngilan
ZerdabrAZ.ZRZARAJ716346,091860332ZerdabZərdab
78 divisions7,953,43886,53033,410
  • Type: r = rayon; c = city. Sumqayıt is a rayon according to FIPS.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Province codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "AZ-" to
    the code (ex: AZ-SAL represents Salyan).
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard. Where this column is blank,
    FIPS has no listing.
  • Post: Azerbaijan has adopted a new system of postal codes. They have the format AZ nnnn,
    where the n's represent digits, and the first two digits correspond to the rayon.
  • Population: 1999-01-27 census (source [1]).
  • Area: Provided by Mario Pezza.
  • ISO Name: Name according to the ISO standard.

Further subdivisions:

Nakhchivan autonomous republic is a unit that incorporates the rayons of Babek, Julfa, Kangarli, Ordubad, Sedarak, Shahbuz, and Sherur, and Nakhchivan city. It has an ISO 3166-2 code, AZ-NX.

Territorial extent: 

Nakhchivan autonomous republic is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by a strip of Armenian territory. It includes a tiny exclave inside Armenia, near Ararat. The chief village in this exclave is Kiarki (Tigranashen). Azerbaijan also has two small exclaves inside Armenia, north of Idzhevan. They contain the Azerbaijani villages of Yukhari Askipara and Barkhudali (Sofulu), respectively. There are also two even tinier exclaves in Armenia belonging to Tatly, Azerbaijan.

Under the Soviet Union, Nagorno-Karabakh was an autonomous region (avtonomnaya oblast') within Azerbaijan, formed on 1923-07-07. It is now treated as an integral part of Azerbaijan. It has a substantial Armenian population which would like to unite with Armenia. Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh have no common border, but are only a few kilometers apart.

Origins of names: 

Nakhchivan: = City of Nakhich (man's name)

Change history: 

Under the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan was the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика). Nakhichevan was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Нахичеванская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика). Nagorno-Karabakh was an autonomous oblast (Нагорно-Карабахская Автономная Область) with Stepanakert as its capital.

  1. 1991-11-26: Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous region abolished. Its territory was redistributed to rayons.
  2. 2004-03-14: Kangarli rayon formed from parts of Babek (former HASC code AZ.BB) and Sherur (AZ.SR).
  3. 2008: Name of Ali-Bairamly (Əli Bayramlı) city (former ISO code AZ-AB) changed to Shirvan (Şirvan).
  4. 2008-04-25: Name of Khanlar (Xanlar) rayon (former ISO code AZ-XAN) and its capital changed to Goygol (Göygöl).
  5. 2010: Name of Devechi (Dəvəçi) rayon (former ISO code AZ-DAV) and its capital changed to Shabran (Şabran).
  6. 2011-12-15: ISO 3166-2 standard updated. Compared to the previous version, it implements the changes of 2004-2010. It also adds Naxçıvan city and drops Şuşa city (former ISO code AZ-SS, FIPS AJ56). (Naxçıvan city and Naxçıvan autonomous republic both existed then, and still exist. The first was a subdivision of the second. Only the second was listed in the standard. I used its code for the first, faute de mieux.)
  7. 2012-09-01: FIPS standard updated. It implements the three name changes of 2008-2010. It also deletes the code AJ35, which represented Naxçıvan autonomous republic, adds AJ75 for Naxçıvan city, and adds new codes for the rayons that didn't yet have them.

Other names of subdivisions: 

The Azeri alphabet includes some characters from the Turkish alphabet, as well as the schwa (Ə, ə). The Azerbaijan post office website listed names using the order ... D, Ə, F, ....

The FIPS standard spells one name slightly differently from ISO: Mingəcevir instead of Mingəçevir. The Azerbaijani postal site spells several names differently from ISO. It shows Göranboy instead of Goranboy, Səlyan instead of Salyan, and Tər-Tər instead of Tərtər. The postal site identifies Cəbrayıl, Füzuli, Kəlbəcər, Laçın, Qubadlı, Şuşa, Xankəndi, Xocalı, Xocavənd, and Zəngilan as RRQ. Dominic Heaney, of Europa Publications (now owned by Routledge), suggests that RRQ may designate areas not under the control of the central government.

  1. Aghdam: Agdam (variant)
  2. Aghdash: Agdas, Agdash (variant)
  3. Aghjabedi: Agcabadi, Agdjabadi (variant)
  4. Aghstafa: Agstafa (variant)
  5. Aghsu: Agsu (variant)
  6. Ali-Bairamly: Ali Bayramli (variant)
  7. Babek: Babak (variant)
  8. Baku: Bakı (Azeri); Bakú (Spanish); Bakü (Turkish)
  9. Balaken: Balakan (variant)
  10. Beilagan: Beylagan, Beylaqan (variant)
  11. Dashkesan: Dashkasan, Daskasan (variant)
  12. Devechi: Davachi (variant)
  13. Fizuli: Füzuli (variant)
  14. Gadabey: Gadabay (variant)
  15. Gakh: Qax (variant)
  16. Ganja: Ganca (variant)
  17. Gazakh: Qazax (variant)
  18. Geranboy: Goranboy (variant)
  19. Guba: Quba (variant)
  20. Gubadly: Gubadli, Qubadli (variant)
  21. Hacuqabul: Haciqabul, Hajigabul (variant)
  22. Imishli: Imisli (variant)
  23. Ismailly: Ismayilli (variant)
  24. Jalilabad: Calilabad (variant)
  25. Jebrail: Cabrayil, Jabrail (variant)
  26. Julfa: Culfa (variant)
  27. Kelbajar: Kalbacar, Kalbajar (variant)
  28. Khachmaz: Xaçmaz (variant)
  29. Khankendy: Khankendi, Xankandi (variant); Stepanakert (obsolete, Armenian); Xankəndi (Azeri)
  30. Khanlar: Xanlar (variant)
  31. Khojaly: Xocali (variant)
  32. Khojavend: Khojavand, Xocavand (variant)
  33. Khyzy: Khyzi, Xizi (variant)
  34. Kyurdamir: Kurdamir, Kürdamir (variant)
  35. Lachin: Laçin (variant)
  36. Lenkaran: Lankaran (variant)
  37. Masally: Masalli (variant)
  38. Mingechevir: Mingacevir (variant)
  39. Nagorno-Karabakh: Artsakh, Arzach (Armenian); Нагорно-Карабахская Республика (formal) (Russian)
  40. Nakhchivan: Nahcivan (Turkish); Nakhichevan (variant); Нахичевань (Russian)
  41. Neftchala: Neftçala (variant)
  42. Oghuz: Oguz (variant)
  43. Saatly: Saatli (variant)
  44. Samuh: Samukh (variant)
  45. Sedarak: Sadarak (variant)
  46. Shahbuz: Sahbuz (variant)
  47. Shamakhy: Samaxi (variant)
  48. Shamkir: Samkir (variant)
  49. Sheki: Shaki (variant)
  50. Sherur: Sarur, Sharur (variant)
  51. Shusha: Susa (variant)
  52. Siazan: Siyazan (variant)
  53. Sumgayit: Sumgait, Sumqayit (variant)
  54. Terter: Tartar (variant)
  55. Ujar: Ucar (variant)
  56. Yardymly: Yardimli, Yardimliy (variant)
  57. Yevlakh: Yevlax (variant)
  58. Zerdab: Zardab (variant)

Sources: 

  1. [1] "The Population Census of the Azerbaijan Republic 1999", State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic. Note: this source combined the populations of the six rayons and one city of Nakhchivan into a single figure for the whole region. Mario Pezza supplied a spreadsheet that shows the populations of the component divisions separately, but they are all rounded to the nearest 100. To make the populations add up to the correct total, I subtracted 4 from the population of each of the seven divisions in Nakhchivan.
  2. [2] Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic  (retrieved 2009-01-27) confirmed the existence of Kəngərli rayon.
  3. [3] Azerbaijan Post Office postal code list (http://www.azerpost.bakinter.net/htmlaz/indexler.html, obsolete, dead link, retrieved 2003-12-12). It had a slightly different list of rayons from any of the other sources. In those cases where a rayon and a city have the same name, it only listed the rayon. That may only mean that they were combined for postal purposes. The postal site also listed the autonomous republic (MR) of Naxçıvan as being divided up into seven rayons, one of which was also named Naxçıvan.
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