The latest version of the FIPS standard is called "Geopolitical Entities and Codes", published in 2010-04. It revokes the FIPS codes for the districts, replacing them with a set of region codes.
Several standards documents have listed the divisions of Georgia. ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard) came out in fall 1996. It was superseded by ISO 3166-2 (first edition), published on 1998-12-15. This, in turn, was updated by ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2, published on 2002-05-21. I will refer to the three versions as ISO-1996, ISO-1998, and ISO-2002. FIPS PUB 10-4 is the analogous federal (U.S.) standard. The first edition is dated 1995-04 (superseding an earlier standard). Change Notice 1 for FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 1998-12-01. I will call these two versions FIPS-1995 and FIPS-1998.
FIPS-1995 listed Georgia with no subdivisions. ISO-1996 listed two autonomous republics, and stated vaguely that there were also some prefectures, but it had not obtained their names or quantity. ISO-1998 and FIPS-1998 both show Georgia divided into autonomous republics, cities, and regions. FIPS-1998 shows two autonomous republics, nine cities, and 53 regions. To this set, ISO-1998 adds four more cities and ten more regions, which are all contained in the two autonomous republics. (Many sources call the regions "districts".) ISO-2002 drops the cities and regions and adds ten new regions of a different type.
As part of the Soviet Union, Georgia contained the Abkhazian Autonomous Republic (Abkhazia), the Ajarian Autonomous Republic (Ajaria), and the South Ossetian Autonomous Region. The large section of Georgia which was not in any of those areas had no specific name or status. Abkhazia and Ajaria have remained. In 1995, South Ossetia was renamed Tskhinvali and repartitioned with the districts. The cities and regions may have existed even during the Soviet period, but they first came to my knowledge in FIPS-1998.
Comparing the ISO-1998 and FIPS-1998 standards, they both evidently cover two levels of division. ISO-1998 lists both the autonomous republics and the regions and cities that are contained in those republics; therefore, this area is covered twice. The only problem with FIPS-1998 is that it treats republics and regions in the same way, whereas republics are really higher-level divisions.
I have data from several sources for the Georgian districts. The variations are minor. The explanation may be that the different sources are from different dates, and that the districts have changed in between. Unfortunately, I'm not able to deduce what changes have occurred. The best I can say about this table is that it probably contains all the districts of Georgia as of some recent date, and possibly a couple of extra districts as well.
Baghdat'is Raioni: Bagdadskiy Rayon (Russian)
Bolnisis Raioni: Bolnisskiy Rayon (Russian)
Dmanisis Raioni: Dmanisskiy Rayon (Russian)
Gardabanis Raioni: Gardabanskiy Rayon (Russian)
Kharagaulis Raioni: Kharagaul'skiy Rayon (Russian)
Khonis Raioni: Khonskiy Rayon (Russian)
Lentekhis Raioni: Lentekhskiy Rayon (Russian)
Marneulis Raioni: Marneul'skiy Rayon (Russian)
Martvilis Raioni: Martvil'skiy Rayon (Russian)
Mestiis Raioni: Mestiyskiy Rayon, Zemo-Svanetskii Raion (Russian)
Ozurget'is Raioni: Ozurgetskiy Rayon (Russian)
Qazbegis Raioni: Kazbegskii Raion (Russian)
Senakis Raioni: Senakskiy Rayon (Russian)
T'erjolis Raioni: Terzhol'skiy Rayon (Russian)
Tsalkis Raioni: Tsalkinskii Raion, Tsalkskiy Rayon (Russian)
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