I added data from the final 2009 census report (source ).
Sorin Cosoveanu points out that Vanuatu has municipalities which are not properly part of any of the provinces. They are Port Vila (established 1980), Luganville (1982), and Lenakel (2008). The first two are indeed reported separately in the census. I, along with the standards, have lumped each of them in with the provinces of which they are capitals.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Vanuatu, the draft standard showed eleven provinces. However, in 1994 the country was reorganized. The final standard shows the six new provinces, with their new codes. Change 2 to FIPS PUB 10-4, dated March 1, 1999, also shows this reorganization.
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At the beginning of the 20th century, the New Hebrides were an Anglo-French protectorate. On 1906-02-27 an agreement was reached making them a condominium of Britain and France. Thus they remained, until they attained independence on 1980-07-30 and took the name of Vanuatu.
native phrase for "our land"
Vanuatu is divided into six provinces.
See the Councils of Vanuatu page.
Under each province, I list the pre-1994 councils that correspond to it, followed by the islands belonging to each council. Alternate names given in parentheses are usually older or rarer forms of the island name.
Source  (1964) says that there are four districts, without mentioning any names. Source  contains a map dated 1970-11, showing New Hebrides divided into four districts (List A). Accompanying text says that they were subdivided into 13 local councils as of 1966. Source  shows a set of four districts with different names (List B), but with the same territory, except for the placement of Épi Island. Épi is in Malékoula on List A but in Central No. 1 on List B. FIPS PUB 10, as early as 1973, lists four districts with the same names as List B. I hypothesize that the districts changed from List A to List B in ~1968, but that it took a few years before the Office of the Geographer changed the map.
|List A||List B||FIPS||Capital||Became|
|Efaté||Central No. 1||Port Vila (Vila)||Éfaté, Épi, Shepherd|
|Malékoula||Central No. 2||Lamap, Malakula I.||Ambrym, Malakula, Paama, Pentecôte|
|Santo||Northern||Luganville||Aoba/Maéwo, Banks/Torres, Santo/Malo|
|Ambrym||VU.AM||NH05||NH02||7,170||663||Eas, Ambrym I.|
|Aoba/Maéwo||VU.AO||NH06||NH03||10,902||653||Longana, Aoba I.|
|Banks/Torres||VU.BA||NH07||NH03||5,985||820||Sola, Vanua Lava I.|
|Éfaté||VU.EF||NH08||NH01||30,422||1,076||Port Vila, Éfaté I.|
|Épi||VU.EP||NH09||NH01||3,611||455||Ringdove, Épi I.|
|Malakula||VU.MA||NH10||NH02||19,298||2,060||Lakatoro, Malakula I.|
|Paama||VU.PA||NH11||NH02||1,695||33||Liro, Paama I.|
|Pentecôte||VU.PR||NH12||NH02||11,336||439||Loltong, Pentecôte I.|
|Santo/Malo||VU.SM||NH13||NH03||23,984||3,892||Luganville, Espíritu Santo I.|
|Shepherd||VU.SH||NH14||NH01||3,965||86||Morua, Tongoa I.|
|Taféa||VU.TA||NH15||NH04||22,376||1,701||Isangel, Tanna I.|
1994: Vanuatu reorganized from eleven island councils to six provinces. Each new province was formed by merging one or more island councils. The new province names are acronyms for the former councils that were merged to make them. For example, MALAMPA is the union of MALakula, AMbrym, and PAama.
Note: Data from before 1994 are proleptic. Census data for 1967 and 1979 come from source .
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