Regions of Ukraine

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Updates: 

A referendum was held in Crimea on 2014-03-16. The announced result was overwhelming approval for the proposal to split from Ukraine and join Russia. The vote presumably applied equally to Sevastopol' City. At present, Crimea and Sevastopol' are under Russian control, but are considered still part of Ukraine by the international community. They switched to Moscow time when the rest of Ukraine went on daylight saving, by setting their clocks ahead two hours instead of one.

FIPS PUB 10-4 is the U.S. Federal standard for administrative divisions of countries. Change 1 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated December 1, 1998. One of the changes is to the status of one of the divisions of Ukraine. Crimea has been changed from a respublika (republic) to an avtonomna respublika (autonomous republic). ISO still lists Crimea as a republic.

Country overview: 

Short nameUKRAINE
ISO codeUA
FIPS codeUP
LanguageUkrainian (uk)
Time zone+2~
CapitalKiev

 

At the beginning of the 20th century, the bulk of modern Ukraine was in the Russian Empire; the rest was in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the chaos of World War I and the Russian Revolution, the Russian part of Ukraine declared itself an independent republic. In 1922, it joined the U.S.S.R. as one of its constituent republics. In World War II, the Soviet Union made significant territorial gains, some of which were annexed to the Ukrainian S.S.R. Ukraine became independent once again in 1991 when the Soviet Union dissolved.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Ukraine
  2. Dutch: Oekraine, Oekraïne
  3. Finnish: Ukraina
  4. French: Ukraine f
  5. German: Ukraine f
  6. Icelandic: Úkraína
  7. Italian: Ucraina f
  8. Norwegian: Ukraina
  9. Portuguese: Ucránia f, Ucrânia (Brazil)
  10. Russian: Украина
  11. Spanish: Ucrania f
  12. Swedish: Ukraina
  13. Turkish: Ukrayna
  14. Ukrainian: Ukrayina (formal)

Origin of name: 

Russian u: near, krai: border, named when the Mongol invasion had reached that area

Primary subdivisions: 

Ukraine is divided into 24 oblastey (sing. oblast': region), two mista (sing. misto: independent city), and one avtonomna respublika (autonomous republic).

RegionTypHASCISOFIPSPostPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Alternate nameCapital
CherkasyoUA.CK71UP0118-201,402,96920,0347,735Cherkas'ka Oblast'Cherkasy
ChernihivoUA.CH74UP0214-171,245,26031,86512,303Chernihivs'ka Oblast'Chernihiv
ChernivtsioUA.CV77UP0358-60922,8177,3592,841Chernivets'ka Oblast'Chernivtsi
CrimeaaUA.KR43UP1195-982,033,73626,08110,070Autonomous Republic of KrymSimferopol'
Dnipropetrovs'koUA.DP12UP0449-533,567,56731,97412,345Dnipropetrovs'ka Oblast'Dnipropetrovs'k
Donets'koUA.DT14UP0583-874,841,07426,51710,238Donets'ka Oblast'Donets'k
Ivano-Frankivs'koUA.IF26UP0676-781,409,76013,9285,378Ivano-Frankivs'ka Oblast'Ivano-Frankivs'k
KharkivoUA.KK63UP0761-642,914,21231,41512,129Kharkivs'ka Oblast'Kharkiv
KhersonoUA.KS65UP0873-751,175,12228,46110,989Khersons'ka Oblast'Kherson
Khmel'nyts'kyyoUA.KM68UP0929-321,430,77520,6457,971Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast'Khmel'nyts'kyy
KievoUA.KV32UP1307-091,827,89428,13110,861Kyïvs'ka Oblast'Kiev
Kiev CityiUA.KC30UP1201-062,611,327839324Kyïvs'ka mis'ka radaKiev
KirovohradoUA.KH35UP1026-281,133,05224,5889,493Kirovohrads'ka Oblast'Kirovohrad
Luhans'koUA.LH09UP1491-942,546,17826,68410,303Luhans'ka Oblast'Luhans'k
L'vivoUA.LV46UP1579-822,626,54321,8318,429L'vivs'ka Oblast'L'viv
MykolayivoUA.MY48UP1654-571,264,74324,5989,497Mykolaïvs'ka Oblast'Mykolayiv
OdessaoUA.OD51UP1765-682,469,05733,31012,861Odes'ka Oblast'Odessa
PoltavaoUA.PL53UP1836-391,630,09228,74811,100Poltavs'ka Oblast'Poltava
RivneoUA.RV56UP1933-351,173,30420,0477,740Rivnens'ka Oblast'Rivne
Sevastopol' CityiUA.SC40UP2099379,492864334Sevastopol's'ka mis'ka radaSevastopol'
SumyoUA.SM59UP2140-421,299,74623,8349,202Sums'ka Oblast'Sumy
Ternopil'oUA.TP61UP2246-481,142,41613,8235,337Ternopil's'ka Oblast'Ternopil'
TranscarpathiaoUA.ZK21UP2588-901,258,26412,7774,933Zakarpats'ka Oblast'Uzhhorod
VinnytsyaoUA.VI05UP2321-241,772,37126,51310,237Vinnyts'ka Oblast'Vinnytsya
VolynoUA.VO07UP2444-451,060,69420,1447,778Volyns'ka Oblast'Luts'k
ZaporizhzhyaoUA.ZP23UP2669-721,929,17127,18010,494Zaporiz'ka Oblast'Zaporizhzhya
ZhytomyroUA.ZT18UP2710-131,389,46629,83211,518Zhytomyrs'ka Oblast'Zhytomyr
27 divisions48,457,102602,022232,442
  • Typ: o = oblast', i = independent city, a = autonomous republic.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Post: Range of postal codes in this division.
  • Population: 2001-12-05 census
  • Alternate name: based on Ukrainian name

Postal codes: 

Ukraine used to use six-digit postal codes under the Soviet system, all of which fell in the range 24xxxx-34xxxx. Since then it has adopted a set of five-digit postal codes, in which the first two digits determine the region, and the first three digits determine the district.

Further subdivisions:

See the Raions of Ukraine page.

The regions are divided into rayony (districts).

Territorial extent: 

Crimea includes Kosa Tuzla, an island in the Strait of Kerch.

Kherson includes the barrier islands of Tendrivs'ka Kosa and Dzharylhach; the northern end of the long promontory Kosa Arabats'ka Strilka; and some islands in "Lake" Syvash, the bay enclosed by that promontory, such as Chut'uk Island.

Origins of names: 

  1. Crimea: Greek kremnoi: escarpments
  2. Dnepropetrovs'k: Dniepr (River) + (Grigoriy Ivanovich) Petrovskiy, Soviet politician
  3. Kharkiv: possibly from Tatar karak: bandit, the city of bandits
  4. Khmel'nyts'kyy: probably after Bogdan Khmel'nyts'kyy (1593-1657), Ukrainian warlord
  5. Kirovohrad: after Sergei Mironovich Kirov (1886-1934), Russian politician
  6. Transcarpathia: Latin trans: beyond + Carpathian (Mountains), as seen from Kiev

Change history: 

At the turn of the century, nine guberniy (governments) of Russia approximately matched the eastern and central parts of present-day Ukraine: Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Kiev, Podolia, Poltava, Taurida, Volhynia, and Yekaterinoslav (see Russia for more details). The governments were divided into uyezdi (counties), which were subdivided into volosti (districts). The western parts of Ukraine were in the Austrian provinces of Galicia and Bukovina, and the Hungarian counties of Bereg, Máramaros, Ugocsa, and Ung (see Hungary for more details).

  1. 1918-01: Russian part of Ukraine declared independence. Later that year, Ukrainians in East Galicia formed their own republic in federation with Ukraine.
  2. 1918-03-03: By the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Russia acknowledged the independence of Ukraine. The region of Chelm was transferred from Poland to Ukraine.
  3. 1919: Paris Peace Conference made East Galicia a protectorate of Poland. Russia and Germany had both renounced the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
  4. 1919-12: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic established.
  5. 1921-03-18: Poland and Russia signed the Riga Treaty, ending the Russo-Polish War. Poland gained the western part of Volhynia from Ukraine.
  6. 1921: Crimea became an A.S.S.R. within the Russian S.F.S.R. The rest of Taurida guberniya was split between Odessa and Yekaterinoslav guberniy.
  7. 1922-12-30: By the Treaty of Union, Ukrainian S.S.R. became a constituent republic of the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, with its capital at Kharkov. It contained the nine guberniy, excluding the Crimea, four counties in northern Chernigov, and territory lost to Poland, but including one county from the guberniya of Kursk.
  8. ~1923: Donets guberniya split from Yekaterinoslav. Its capital was Bakhmut (later Artemovsk).
  9. 1924: Moldavian A.S.S.R. split from Ukraine, consisting of Bessarabian territory on the left bank of the Dniestr River.
  10. 1925: Ukraine reorganized into 53 okruhas (provinces), subdivided into raiony (districts).
  11. ~1927: Taganrog and Shakhty provinces transferred from Ukraine to Russia.
  12. 1932: Ukraine reorganized again, this time into seven oblastey (regions), subdivided into raiony.
  13. 1934: Capital of Ukrainian S.S.R. moved from Kharkov to Kiev.
  14. 1935: Name of Lugansk region and its capital changed to Voroshilovgrad, in honor of Marshal Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (1881-1969).
  15. 1939: Splits had increased the number of regions to sixteen.
  16. 1939-09: Soviet conquests in Galicia annexed to Ukrainian S.S.R.
  17. 1940-06: Northern Bukovina transferred from Romania to Ukrainian S.S.R. by treaty. It became Chernovtsy region.
  18. 1940-08-02: Soviet Union assimilated Bessarabia, a former guberniya of Russia, which it had retaken from Romania. From parts of Bessarabia and the Moldavian A.S.S.R., the Moldavian S.S.R. was created. The remaining parts merged with the Ukraine (the Moldavian part joined with Odessa, and the Bessarabian part becoming the new region of Izmail). The annexation was formalized on 1947-02-10.
  19. 1945-06-29: Soviet Union acquired Subcarpathian Ruthenia, also called Carpatho-Ukraine, from Czechoslovakia. It became Transcarpathia region within the Ukrainian S.S.R.
  20. 1945-07-16: Potsdam Conference began. As one outcome, the Soviet Union recovered territory lost in the Russo-Polish War up to approximately the Curzon Line, annexing it to the republics of Byelorussia, Lithuania, and Ukraine. This territory became the regions of Drogobych, L'vov, Rovno, Stanislav, Ternopol', Transcarpathia, and Volyn.
  21. 1954-02-19: Crimea (now an oblast) transferred from Russian S.F.S.R. to Ukrainian S.S.R.
  22. ~1955: Cherkassy region formed from parts of Kiev and Poltava. Izmail merged with Odessa. Names of Kamenets-Podol'skiy region and its capital Proskurov both changed to Khmelnitsky.
  23. 1958: Name of Voroshilovgrad region and its capital changed back to Lugansk.
  24. 1961: Name of Stalino region and its capital changed to Donetsk.
  25. 1962: Name of Stanislav region and its capital changed to Ivano-Frankovsk.
  26. ~1963: Drogobych region merged with L'vov.
  27. 1991-12-25: Soviet Union officially dissolved. Its 15 constituent republics became independent countries. Many of them had already unilaterally declared independence in the preceding few months. Ukrainian names of regions and cities became official.
  28. 1992: Status of Crimea oblast changed to autonomous republic.

Other names of subdivisions: 

During the Soviet era, the Russian names were considered standard. Now, the Ukrainian language is official. Both languages are written in the Cyrillic alphabet, but they use certain individual letters that are different. Their transliterations into the Roman alphabet are also different. To compound the confusion, in Ukrainian or Russian, the name is usually given in adjective form, followed by the generic (usually Oblast'). For example, Chernihiv would be Chernigovskaya Oblast' in Russian, Chernihivs'ka Oblast' in Ukrainian; its capital is Chernigov or Chernihiv, respectively. Kyyiv is now the preferred English name for the capital, but the Russian-based spelling, Kiev, is still well established.

  1. Cherkasy: Cherkas'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Черкасская область, Черкассы (Russian)
  2. Chernihiv: Tschernigow (German); Черниговская область (Russian)
  3. Chernivtsi: Chernivets'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Czernowitz, Tschernowzy (German); Tchernovtsy (French); Черновцы, Черновицкая область (Russian)
  4. Crimea: Crimée (French); Criméia (Portuguese); Krim (German); Respublika Krym (Ukrainian); Крымская Республика, Крым (Russian)
  5. Dnipropetrovs'k: Dniepropietrovsk (variant); Dnjepropetrowsk (German); Днепропетровская область (Russian)
  6. Donets'k: Donezk (German, Italian); Stalino (obsolete); Донецкая область (Russian)
  7. Ivano-Frankivs'k: Stanislav (obsolete); Ивано-Франковск, Ивано-Франковская область (Russian)
  8. Kharkiv: Charkow (German); Harkova (Finnish); Jarkov (Spanish); Karkov (Italian); Kharkov (variant); Харьковская область (Russian)
  9. Kherson: Cherson (German); Khersons'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Херсонская область (Russian)
  10. Khmel'nyts'kyy: Chmelnizkij (German); Hmelnicki (variant); Kamenets-Podol'skaya Oblast' (obsolete); Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast', Khmel'nyts'kyi (Ukrainian); Хмельницкая область (Russian)
  11. Kiev: Kiew, Kijew (German); Kiiv, Kijev, Kiyev, Kyiv, Kyjiv, Kyyiv (variant); Kiova (Finnish); Kyyivs'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Киевская область (Russian)
  12. Kiev City: Kyïvs'ka mis'ka rada, Misto Kyyiv (Ukrainian); Киев (Russian)
  13. Kirovohrad: ; Кировоградская область (Russian)
  14. L'viv: Lemberg (obsolete); Llvov (Spanish); Lwow (German); L'vivs'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Львовская область (Russian)
  15. Luhans'k: Luhans'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Voroshilovgrad (obsolete); Луганская область (Russian)
  16. Mykolayiv: Mykolaiv (variant); Nikolajew (German); Николаевская область (Russian)
  17. Odessa: Odesa, Odes'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Одесса, Одесская область (Russian)
  18. Poltava: Полтава, Полтавская область (Russian)
  19. Rivne: Rivnens'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Ровенская область, Ровно (Russian)
  20. Sevastopol' City: Misto Sevastopol', Sevastopol's'ka mis'ka rada (Ukrainian); Sebastopol (variant); Sebastopoli (Italian); Sewastopol (German); Севастополь (Russian)
  21. Sumy: Сумы, Сумская область (Russian)
  22. Ternopil': ; Тернопольская область (Russian)
  23. Transcarpathia: Ruthenia (obsolete); Zakarpats'ka Oblast', Zakarpattia (Ukrainian); Закарпатская область (Russian)
  24. Vinnytsya: Vinnytsia, Vinnyts'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Winniza (German); Винница, Винницкая область (Russian)
  25. Volyn: Volhynia (variant); Volyns'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Wolynien (German); Волынская область (Russian)
  26. Zaporizhzhya: Saporoshje (German); Zaporizhia, Zaporiz'ka Oblast' (Ukrainian); Zaporojie (French); Zaporožje (variant); Запорожская область, Запорожье (Russian)
  27. Zhytomyr: Jitomir (French); Shitomir (German); Житомирская область (Russian)

Sources: 

  1. [1] Kubijovyč, Volodomyr, ed., Ukraine: a Concise Encyclopedia. University of Toronto Press, 1963.
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