Update 10 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2012-12-31. It assigns codes to the four new regions. It also provides region names in Swahili in addition to English.
Government Notices Nos. 72 and 73 announce the formation of nineteen new districts and four new regions. I have added them to the table and to the change history.
One new region was going to be called Njoluma, from the first syllables of its constituent districts, Njombe, Ludewa, and Makete. Sorin Cosoveanu writes that the name was already being used for a farmers' co-operative, so the authorities went back to the simple name Njombe.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns a new FIPS code to the new Manyara region, and changes the code for the old region from which it was formed.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-5, dated 2003-09-05, explains that the Swahili word for regions is mkoa. It removes the hyphens from Dar-es-Salaam, and adds the new Manyara region. I have added an ISO code column to the table below, showing the new code for Manyara.
"Tanzania Mainland kissed goodbye to the 20th century and its 20 regions to enter the 21st century with 21 regions. This follows President Mkapa's decision to divide Arusha region into two administrative regions early this year. The demarcation was announced last week" (Source , dated 2002-05-16 to 22). According to source , the capital of the new Manyara region is Babati, and its districts are Babati, Hanang, Kiteto, Manyara, Mbulu, and Simanjiro. If I follow the German text correctly, the southern part of Monduli district has been annexed to Babati district. Source , however, seems to say that Manyara was formed by taking Babati, Hanang, Kiteto, and Mbulu districts from Arusha region.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. The only change affecting Tanzania is to the official
name of one region. Ziwa Magharibi (Swahili for West Lake) has changed its name to Kagera. According to
"Administrative Subdivisions of Countries", which lists the region as Kagera, this change occurred around 1984.
ISO/DIS 3166-2, the first draft of the standard, listed both Kagera (
05) and Ziwa Magharibi
26) as separate regions. Actually, Ziwa Magharibi is an old name for Kagera. The error was
corrected in the final draft of the standard (1998).
|Language||Swahili (sw), English (en)|
|Capital||Dar es Salaam,Dodoma|
In 1900, Zanzibar (including Pemba) was a British protectorate, and Tanganyika was part of German East Africa. After Germany's defeat in World War I, Tanganyika was mandated to Great Britain by the League of Nations. Following World War II, the mandate became a United Nations trusteeship. Tanganyika became independent on 1961-12-09; Zanzibar did likewise on 1963-12-19. The two countries joined on 1964-04-26 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The name was shortened to United Republic of Tanzania on 1964-10-29. Governmental functions are gradually being transferred from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma.
Coined from Tan(ganyika) + Zan(zibar) + -ia (suffix for country)
Tanzania is divided into 30 regions (mkoa in Swahili).
|Dar es Salaam||2,497,940||1,393||538||Dar es Salaam|
|Pemba South||176,153||332||128||Chake Chake|
|Pwani||889,154||32,407||12,512||Dar es Salaam|
|Zanzibar South and Central||94,504||854||330||Koani|
See the Districts of Tanzania page.
The regions are subdivided into districts (wilaya in Swahili). There were 129 districts in 2003. Subordinate to the districts are divisions, under the divisions are wards, and under the wards (except in urban districts) are villages.
Divisions of Tanganyika in 1922 were: Arusha, Bagamoyo, Bukoba, Daressalam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kilwa, Kondoa-Irangi, Lindi, Mahenge, Morogoro, Moshi, Mwanza, Pangani, Rufiji, Rungwe, Songea, Tabora, Tanga, Ufipa, Ujiji, and Usambara. Numerous changes occurred between then and independence. The situation as of 1948, according to source , was:
|Dar es Salaam||128,742||1,393||Dar es Salaam||Coast (part)|
|Eastern||955,828||107,630||Dar es Salaam||Coast (part), Morogoro|
|Lake||1,731,794||107,711||Mwanza||Mara, Mwanza, Shinyanga (part)|
|Northern||772,434||85,374||Arusha||Arusha, Kilimanjaro (part)|
|Southern Highlands||1,030,269||119,253||Mbeya||Iringa, Mbeya (part)|
|Tanga||688,290||35,750||Tanga||Kilimanjaro (part), Tanga|
|West Lake||514,431||28,388||Bukoba||West Lake|
|Western||1,062,598||203,068||Tabora||Kigoma, Mbeya (part), Shinyanga (part), Tabora|
|Zanzibar||165,253||1,658||Zanzibar||Zanzibar Rural, Zanzibar West|
TZ.AR, FIPS code
|Dar es Salaam||356,286||843,090||1,360,850||2,497,940|
|Zanzibar South and Central||39,087||51,749||70,313||94,504|
All data from source  from a Tanzanian government website. Manyara was included in Arusha in 1967 and 1978 figures. Apparently, in all other cases, data are proleptic to present-day boundaries.
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