"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond
to ISO 3166-2, was issued on 2014-03-31. It gives codes for the four regions created in 2012. Geita, Katavi,
Njombe, and Simiyu are coded
TZ-30, respectively. Subsequently, on 2014-11-03, ISO officially issued codes for these four
regions. Now there is a perfect match between the two standards.
I added 2012 population data from source . Also, I noticed that although Kagera region lost some of its territory in 2012, I had not changed its HASC code (unlike the other regions affected); I have now given it a new code.
Update 13 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-09-30. All it does in Tanzania is make the first letter of "es" lowercase in Dar es Salaam.
Update 10 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2012-12-31. It assigns codes to the four new regions. It also provides region names in Swahili in addition to English.
One of the new regions in 2012 was going to be called Njoluma, from the first syllables of its constituent districts, Njombe, Ludewa, and Makete. Sorin Cosoveanu writes that the name was already being used for a farmers' co-operative, so the authorities went back to the simple name Njombe.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns a new FIPS code to the new Manyara region, and changes the code for the old region from which it was formed.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-5, dated 2003-09-05, explains that the Swahili word for regions is mkoa. It removes the hyphens from Dar-es-Salaam, and adds the new Manyara region. I have added an ISO code column to the table below, showing the new code for Manyara.
Change Notice 7 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-01-10. The only change affecting Tanzania is to the official
name of one region. Ziwa Magharibi (Swahili for West Lake) has changed its name to Kagera. According to
"Administrative Subdivisions of Countries", which lists the region as Kagera, this change occurred around 1984.
ISO/DIS 3166-2, the first draft of the standard, listed both Kagera (
05) and Ziwa Magharibi
26) as separate regions. Actually, Ziwa Magharibi is an old name for Kagera. The error was
corrected in the final draft of the standard (1998).
|Language||Swahili (sw), English (en)|
|Capital||Dar es Salaam,Dodoma|
In 1900, Zanzibar (including Pemba) was a British protectorate, and Tanganyika was part of German East Africa. After Germany's defeat in World War I, Tanganyika was mandated to Great Britain by the League of Nations. Following World War II, the mandate became a United Nations trusteeship. Tanganyika became independent on 1961-12-09; Zanzibar did likewise on 1963-12-19. The two countries joined on 1964-04-26 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The name was shortened to United Republic of Tanzania on 1964-10-29. Governmental functions are gradually being transferred from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma.
Coined from Tan(ganyika) + Zan(zibar) + -ia (suffix for country)
Tanzania is divided into 30 regions (mkoa in Swahili).
|Dar es Salaam||4,364,541||1,393||538||Dar es Salaam|
|Pemba South||195,116||332||128||Chake Chake|
|Pwani||1,098,668||32,407||12,512||Dar es Salaam|
|Zanzibar South and Central||115,588||854||330||Koani|
See the Districts of Tanzania page.
The regions are subdivided into districts (wilaya in Swahili). There were 129 districts in 2003. Subordinate to the districts are divisions, under the divisions are wards, and under the wards (except in urban districts) are villages.
The distinction between Tanzania Mainland and Tanzania Zanzibar, corresponding to the two countries that merged in 1964, is still observed.
Divisions of Tanganyika in 1922 were: Arusha, Bagamoyo, Bukoba, Daressalam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kilwa, Kondoa-Irangi, Lindi, Mahenge, Morogoro, Moshi, Mwanza, Pangani, Rufiji, Rungwe, Songea, Tabora, Tanga, Ufipa, Ujiji, and Usambara. Numerous changes occurred between then and independence. The situation as of 1948, according to source , was:
|Dar es Salaam||128,742||1,393||Dar es Salaam||Coast (part)|
|Eastern||955,828||107,630||Dar es Salaam||Coast (part), Morogoro|
|Lake||1,731,794||107,711||Mwanza||Mara, Mwanza, Shinyanga (part)|
|Northern||772,434||85,374||Arusha||Arusha, Kilimanjaro (part)|
|Southern Highlands||1,030,269||119,253||Mbeya||Iringa, Mbeya (part)|
|Tanga||688,290||35,750||Tanga||Kilimanjaro (part), Tanga|
|West Lake||514,431||28,388||Bukoba||West Lake|
|Western||1,062,598||203,068||Tabora||Kigoma, Mbeya (part), Shinyanga (part), Tabora|
|Zanzibar||165,253||1,658||Zanzibar||Zanzibar Rural, Zanzibar West|
TZ.AR, FIPS code
TZ01) (Sources -). All sources agree that Manyara contains Babati, Hanang, Kiteto, and Mbulu districts. That's all that source  seems to list. Source  adds Manyara and Simanjiro districts. If I follow the German text correctly, source  also says that the southern part of Monduli district was annexed to Babati district. Source  lists adds Simanjiro district and Babati town to the four.
|Dar es Salaam||356,286||843,090||1,360,850||2,487,288||4,364,541|
|Zanzibar South and Central||39,087||51,749||70,313||94,244||115,588|
Data for 1967 to 1988 from source , a Tanzanian government website. Manyara was included in Arusha in 1967 and 1978 figures. Apparently, in all other cases, data are proleptic to the boundaries as of 2002. Data for 2002 and 2012 from source , proleptic to 2012 boundaries.
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