Regions of Trinidad and Tobago

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Updates: 

Update 13 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-09-30. For Trinidad and Tobago, all it does is correct one misspelling.

Update 7 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS standard 10-4, was issued with the date 2012-02-01. It reflects the changes that have occurred in the country's subdivisions since 1980. It shows Tobago as a single division, though. It also changes the spelling of Port-of-Spain to Port of Spain.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Trinidad and Tobago, the draft standard showed eight counties, three municipalities, and one ward. The final standard shows eleven regions and five municipalities. Most of the codes are different, but the code "SGE" was Saint George in the old scheme and Sangre Grande in the new one. The change in the standard corresponds to an actual change in the administrative division of Trinidad and Tobago.

Country overview: 

Short nameTRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
ISO codeTT
FIPS codeTD
LanguageEnglish (en)
Time zone-4
CapitalPort of Spain

 

Trinidad and Tobago was a British colony for the first part of the 20th century. On 1962-08-31 it became an independent member of the British Commonwealth.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Trinidad og Tobago, Republikken Trinidad og Tobago (formal)
  2. Dutch: Trinidad en Tobago, Republiek Trinidad en Tobago (formal)
  3. English: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (formal)
  4. Finnish: Trinidad ja Tobago
  5. French: Trinité-et-Tobago f
  6. German: Trinidad und Tobago n
  7. Icelandic: Trínidad og Tóbagó
  8. Italian: Trinidad e Tobago
  9. Norwegian: Trinidad og Tobago, Republikken Trinidad og Tobago (formal)
  10. Portuguese: Trindade e Tobago, Trinidad f e Tobago m (Brazil), Trinidade e Tobago (Brazil), República f de Trindade e Tobago (formal)
  11. Russian: Республика Тринидад и Тобаго (formal)
  12. Spanish: Trinidad y Tobago, Trinidad y Tabago, República f de Trinidad y Tobago (formal)
  13. Swedish: Trinidad och Tobago
  14. Turkish: Trinidad ve Tobago Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

Spanish Trinidad: Trinity, named by Columbus on sighting three peaks; Carib tavaco: tobacco pipe

Primary subdivisions: 

Trinidad and Tobago is divided into eleven regions, three boroughs, and two cities.

NameTypeHASCISOFIPSPop-2011Pop-2000Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)CapitalFormer
ArimaborTT.ARARITD0133,60628,310114ArimaArima
ChaguanasborTT.CHCHATD1383,51661,8976023ChaguanasCaroni
Couva/Tabaquite/TalparoregTT.CTCTTTD14178,410152,483720278CouvaCaroni, Saint George, Victoria
Diego MartinregTT.DMDMNTD15102,95786,80512849Petit ValleySaint George
Eastern TobagoregTT.ETETOTD1119,04514,88721583RoxboroughTobago
Mayaro/Rio ClaroregTT.MRRCMTD1635,65030,298853329Rio ClaroMayaro, Nariva
Penal/DeberegTT.PDPEDTD1789,39277,75624795PenalSaint Patrick, Victoria
Point FortinborTT.PFPTFTD1820,23517,755249Point FortinPoint Fortin
Port of SpaincitTT.PSPOSTD0537,07437,965135Port of SpainPort of Spain
Princes TownregTT.PTPRTTD19102,37585,682621240Princes TownVictoria
San FernandocitTT.SFSFOTD1048,83848,784197San FernandoSan Fernando
Sangre GranderegTT.SNSGETD2175,76658,311899347Sangre GrandeSaint Andrew, Saint David
San Juan/LaventilleregTT.SLSJLTD20157,258136,75922085LaventilleSaint George
SipariaregTT.SISIPTD2286,94977,010510197SipariaSaint Patrick
Tunapuna/PiarcoregTT.TPTUPTD23215,119170,767527204TunapunaSaint George
Western TobagoregTT.WTWTOTD1141,82929,3038834ScarboroughTobago
16 divisions1,328,0191,114,7725,1551,989  
  • Type: regions (reg), boroughs (bor), and cities (cit).
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: District codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "TT-" to the code (ex: TT-SIP
    represents Siparia).
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Pop-2011: 2011-01-09 census (source [5]).
  • Pop-2000: 2000-05-15 census (source [2]).
  • Area: 2000-05-15 census.
  • Former: Pre-1990 divisions corresponding roughly to the territory of the modern division.

 

Note: the census data subdivide Tobago, not into Eastern and Western regions, but into seven parishes. Eastern Tobago includes the parishes of Saint George (2011 population: 6,875), Saint John (2,825), Saint Mary (3,297), and Saint Paul (6,048). Western Tobago includes Saint Andrew (17,536), Saint David (8,733), and Saint Patrick (15,560).

Territorial extent: 

  1. Tobago consists of the islands of Tobago, Little Tobago, and Saint Giles' Islands.
  2. The other divisions lie mainly on the island of Trinidad. In addition, Saint George includes the islands of Monos, Chacachacare, Gaspar Grande, and Huevos.

Change history: 

  1. In 1900, Trinidad and Tobago was a British colony.
  2. 1945-06: County councils were established. Counties were Caroni, Mayaro, Nariva, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick, Tobago, and Victoria. In addition, the borough of Arima and the cities of Port of Spain and San Fernando were independent of any county.
  3. 1962-08-31: Trinidad and Tobago became an independent member of the British Commonwealth.
  4. 1980: Tobago House of Assembly was formed as the organ of local government for Tobago. Status of Tobago changed to ward.
  5. 1980-04-30: Point Fortin municipality split from Saint Patrick county. The resulting divisions were as shown in this table.
CountyHASCISOFIPSTypPop-46Pop-70Pop-87Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
ArimaTT.ARARITD01mu8,069 11,63628,500104Arima
CaroniTT.CACARTD02cn61,739115,254167,300554214Chaguanas
MayaroTT.MAMAYTD03cn4,196 7,44833,200378146Rio Claro, Nariva
NarivaTT.NANARTD04cn11,815 20,902534206Rio Claro
Point FortinTT.PFPTFmu17,300  Point Fortin
Port of SpainTT.PSPOSTD05mu92,793 62,68058,30063Port-of-Spain
Saint AndrewTT.SASANTD06cn23,285 39,07157,800733283Sangre Grande
Saint DavidTT.SDSDATD07cn5,037 6,00920579Sangre Grande, Saint Andrew
Saint GeorgeTT.SGSGETD08cn138,362312,085435,800917354Tunapuna
Saint PatrickTT.SPSPATD09cn69,183117,189122,800676261Siparia
San FernandoTT.SFSFOTD10mu28,842 36,87933,10021San Fernando
TobagoTT.TOTOBTD11wd27,208 38,75444,300300116Scarborough
VictoriaTT.VIVICTD12cn87,441163,164218,700813314Princes Town
13 divisions557,970931,0711,217,1005,1281,981
  • Typ: county (cn), municipality (mu), or ward (wd).
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Pop-46: 1946-04-09 census (source [1]).
  • Pop-70: 1970-04-07 census (source [6]).
  • Pop-87: 1987 estimate. The Central Statistics Office reports Mayaro and Nariva as a unit,
    and Saint Andrew and Saint David as another unit.
  1. 1990: According to the Ministry of Local Government (source [3]), seven new boroughs or counties were created. I haven't been able to find any documentation on the resulting divisions. Could these be the seven parishes of Tobago?
  2. 1991-10-01: Chaguanas municipality split from Caroni county.
  3. 1992: Local government reorganized into the divisions shown in the table above. Note that the four counties named for saints were all on the island of Trinidad, and have disappeared, but there are now seven parishes named for saints, all on the island of Tobago, and the same four saints are still on the map.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Port of Spain: Port-of-Spain (variant); Puerto España (Spanish)
  2. San Juan/Laventille: San Juan/Lavantille (variant)
  3. Tobago: Tabago (Spanish)

Sources: 

  1. [1] Demographic Yearbook , 7th Ed. Statistical Office of the United Nations, New York, 1955 (retrieved 2011-08-20).
  2. [2] Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office website, http://www.cso.gov.tt/census2000 (dead link, retrieved 2005-06-04).
  3. [3] Ministry of Local Government website, http://www.molg.gov.tt/contents.htm (dead link, retrieved 1999-09-23).
  4. [4] Profile of Local Government Corporations, http://www.nalis.gov.tt/agri/LupapCD/Table%20Profile%20Local%20Government.htm (dead link, retrieved 2003-02-18). Had area and population data "compiled by the Land Use Policy & Administration Project (LUPAP) from data supplied by CSO – Mapping Unit and Local Area Concept Plans (1999)".
  5. [5] Trinidad and Tobago 2011 Population and Housing Census : Demographic Report. The Central Statistical Office, Port of Spain, 2012 (retrieved 2013-07-29).
  6. [6] 1979 Demographic Yearbook , 31st Ed. Statistical Office, United Nations, New York, 1980 (retrieved 2011-12-28).
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