Provinces of Turkey

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Updates: 

Update 13 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-09-30. For Turkey, the only change is to undot the lowercase "i" in Iğdır. (I had been showing the same misspelling.)

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. For Turkey, the names of two provinces are changed: Afyon becomes Afyonkarahisar, and İçel becomes Mersin.

Mario Pezza sent a spreadsheet which he derived from source [3]. It has population data from the 1997, 2000, and 2007 censuses. The 1997 census was a housing census, not population. The 2007 census was derived from Turkey's Address-Based Birth Recording System (ADNKS). It is considered more accurate than the 2000 census, which may have been inflated by some localities wanting to get a larger share of the national budget. (Sources: [4], [5].) The 2000 populations in the spreadsheet agree with the ones I had listed before, except for Adana, which is 4,792 greater than the former figure (with a corresponding rise in the total population of Turkey). The province areas given in the spreadsheet are at variance with the areas shown on this page, sometimes less and sometimes more, usually only by a few percent.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It changes the name of Afyon province to Afyonkarahisar.

An informant writes that there are proposals to create new provinces of Alanya, Elbistan, Fethiye, Siverek, and others.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It added Düzce and its code to the list of provinces.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It assigns a new FIPS code to the new province of Düzce, already acknowledged by ISO. It leaves the FIPS code for Bolu province unchanged, although Düzce was split from Bolu, and usually when a province loses territory its FIPS code will change.

Change Notice 8 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-06-28. I'm not sure what the point of it is. It says to add a province of Bartın İli, with the code TU87. What makes it odd is that Bartın already appears in the FIPS list, with that same code. (İli is apparently a form of the Turkish word for province.)

Change notice 5 to FIPS PUB 10-4 was issued on 2000-08-10. It showed seven new provinces in Turkey, plus two spelling changes. The code for Çankırı province was also changed from TU18 to TU82. As a rule, FIPS codes only change when there is a territorial change to the province. I'm unable to find any such change affecting Çankırı.

Update I-1 to ISO 3166-2 was published on 2000-06-21. It added Osmaniye to the list of provinces.

Country overview: 

Short nameTURKEY
ISO codeTR
FIPS codeTU
LanguageTurkish (tr)
Time zone+2~
CapitalAnkara

 

In 1900, the Ottoman Empire (often informally called Turkey) was in decline. It controlled extensive territory, but had been losing ground at an accelerating pace. It had control in some degree over Albania, northern Greece, parts of Bulgaria and what later became Yugoslavia, Crete, Cyprus, the Archipelago (the eastern Aegean islands), Tripoli (Libya), Egypt, most of modern Turkey, the Fertile Crescent, and the east and west coasts of the Arabian peninsula. (Egypt and Cyprus were under British hegemony in actuality.) It lost Libya in the Italo-Turkish War of 1911-1912, followed by most of its European lands in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. It was defeated in World War I, and the empire was broken up into pieces. Turkey became its successor state.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Tyrkiet
  2. Dutch: Turkije, Republiek Turkije (formal)
  3. English: Republic of Turkey (formal)
  4. Finnish: Turkki
  5. French: Turquie f
  6. German: Türkei f
  7. Icelandic: Tyrkland
  8. Italian: Turchia f
  9. Norwegian: Tyrkia, Republikken Tyrkia (formal)
  10. Portuguese: Turquia, República f da Turquia f (formal)
  11. Russian: Турецкая Республика (formal), Турция
  12. Spanish: Turquía, República f de Turquía f (formal)
  13. Swedish: Turkiet
  14. Turkish: Türkiye Çumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

land of the Turks

Primary subdivisions: 

Turkey is divided into 81 iller (sing. il: provinces).

ProvinceHASCISONUTSFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Old capitalReg
AdanaTR.AA01TR621*TU812,006,65012,7884,937SeyhanMD
AdıyamanTR.AD02TRC12TU02582,7627,6142,940SE
AfyonkarahisarTR.AF03TR332TU03701,57214,2305,494AfyonAG
AğriTR.AG04TRA21*TU04530,87911,3764,392KaraköseEA
AksarayTR.AK68TR712TU75366,1097,6262,944CA
AmasyaTR.AM05TR834TU05328,6745,5202,131BS
AnkaraTR.AN06TR51*TU684,466,75625,7069,925AngoraCA
AntalyaTR.AL07TR611*TU071,789,29520,5917,950AdaliaMD
ArdahanTR.AR75TRA24TU86112,7215,5762,153EA
ArtvinTR.AV08TR905TU08168,0927,4362,871BS
AydınTR.AY09TR321*TU09946,9718,0073,092AG
BalıkesirTR.BK10TR221*TU101,118,31314,2925,518MM
BartınTR.BR74TR813TU87182,1312,140826BS
BatmanTR.BM72TRC32TU76472,4874,6941,812SE
BayburtTR.BB69TRA13TU7776,6093,6521,410BS
BilecikTR.BC11TR413TU11203,7774,3071,663MM
BingölTR.BG12TRB13TU12251,5528,1253,137ÇapakçurEA
BitlisTR.BT13TRB23TU13327,8866,7072,590EA
BoluTR.BL14TR424TU14270,41710,0373,875BS
BurdurTR.BD15TR613TU15251,1816,8872,659MD
BursaTR.BU16TR411*TU162,439,87610,9634,233BrusaMM
ÇanakkaleTR.CK17TR222TU17476,1289,7373,759MM
ÇankırıTR.CI18TR822TU82174,0127,3882,853CA
ÇorumTR.CM19TR833TU19549,82812,8204,950BS
DenizliTR.DN20TR322TU20907,32511,8684,582AG
DiyarbakırTR.DY21TRC22TU211,460,71415,3555,929SE
DüzceTR.DU81TR423TU93323,3281,014392BS
EdirneTR.ED22TR212TU22396,4626,2762,423AdrianopleMM
ElazığTR.EG23TRB12TU23541,2589,1533,534EA
ErzincanTR.EN24TRA12TU24213,53811,9034,596EA
ErzurumTR.EM25TRA11*TU25784,94125,0669,678EA
EskişehirTR.ES26TR412TU26724,84913,6525,271CA
GaziantepTR.GA27TRC11*TU831,560,0236,2072,397SE
GiresunTR.GI28TR903TU28417,5056,9342,677BS
GümüşhaneTR.GU29TR906TU69130,8256,5752,539BS
HakkariTR.HK30TRB24TU70246,4697,1212,749ÇölemerikEA
HatayTR.HT31TR631*TU311,386,2245,4032,086Antioch (Antakya, Antioquia)MD
IğdırTR.IG76TRA23TU88181,8663,5391,366EA
IspartaTR.IP32TR612TU33419,8458,9333,449MD
İstanbulTR.IB34TR1*TU3412,573,8365,2202,015ConstantinopleMM
İzmirTR.IZ35TR31*TU353,739,35311,9734,623SmyrnaAG
KahramanmaraşTR.KM46TR632TU461,004,41414,3275,532MaraşMD
KarabükTR.KB78TR812TU89218,4634,0741,573BS
KaramanTR.KR70TR522TU78226,0499,1633,538CA
KarsTR.KA36TRA22TU84312,2059,4423,646EA
KastamonuTR.KS37TR821*TU37360,36613,1085,061KostambulBS
KayseriTR.KY38TR721*TU381,165,08816,9176,532CA
KilisTR.KI79TRC13TU90118,4571,338517SE
KırıkkaleTR.KK71TR711*TU79280,2344,3651,685CA
KırklareliTR.KL39TR213TU39333,2566,5502,529MM
KırşehirTR.KH40TR715TU40223,1706,5702,537CA
KocaeliTR.KC41TR421*TU411,437,9263,6261,400İzmit, IsmidMM
KonyaTR.KO42TR521*TU711,959,08238,15714,733CA
KütahyaTR.KU43TR333TU43583,91011,8754,585AG
MalatyaTR.ML44TRB11*TU44722,06512,3134,754EA
ManisaTR.MN45TR331*TU451,319,92013,8105,332AG
MardinTR.MR47TRC31*TU72745,7788,8913,433SE
MersinTR.IC33TR622TU321,595,93815,8536,121İçelMD
MuğlaTR.MG48TR323TU48766,15613,3385,150AG
MuşTR.MS49TRB22TU49405,5098,1963,164EA
NevşehirTR.NV50TR714TU50280,0585,4672,111CA
NiğdeTR.NG51TR713TU73331,6777,3122,823CA
OrduTR.OR52TR902TU52715,4096,0012,317BS
OsmaniyeTR.OS80TR633TU91452,8803,3201,282MD
RizeTR.RI53TR904TU53316,2523,9201,514ÇoruhBS
SakaryaTR.SK54TR422TU54835,2224,8171,860AdapazarıMM
SamsunTR.SS55TR831*TU551,228,9599,5793,698BS
ŞanlıurfaTR.SU63TRC21*TU631,523,09918,5847,175UrfaSE
SiirtTR.SI56TRC34TU74291,5285,4062,087SE
SinopTR.SP57TR823TU57198,4125,8622,263BS
ŞırnakTR.SR73TRC33TU80416,0017,1722,769SE
SivasTR.SV58TR722TU58638,46428,48810,999CA
TekirdağTR.TG59TR211*TU59728,3966,2182,401MM
TokatTR.TT60TR832TU60620,7229,9583,845BS
TrabzonTR.TB61TR901*TU61740,5694,6851,809BS
TunceliTR.TC62TRB14TU6284,0227,7743,002KalanEA
UşakTR.US64TR334TU64334,1155,3412,062AG
VanTR.VA65TRB21*TU65979,67119,0697,363EA
YalovaTR.YL77TR425TU92181,758674260MM
YozgatTR.YZ66TR723TU66492,12714,1235,453CA
ZonguldakTR.ZO67TR811*TU85615,8903,4811,344BS
81 provinces70,586,256773,575298,679
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2. These codes are the first two digits on license plates issued in the
    province, except for a few provinces created after this system was instituted (numbers greater than 74).
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Population: 2007-12-31 census.
  • Capital: Currently, the standard name of each provincial capital is the same as its province's name.
  • Old capital: Some capitals have other historical names, which in many cases are still in common use.
  • Reg: Arbitrary code for census-defined regions. For key, see table below.

 

RegTurkish nameEnglish name
AGEge BölgesiAegean Region
BSKaradeniz BölgesiBlack Sea Region
CAIç Anadolu BölgesiCentral Anatolian Region
EADoğu Anadolu BölgesiEastern Anatolian Region
MDAkdeniz BölgesiMediterranean Region
MMMarmara BölgesiMarmara Region
SEGüneydoğu Anadolu BölgesiSoutheastern Anatolian Region

Postal codes: 

Turkey uses five-digit postal codes.

Further subdivisions:

See the Districts of Turkey page.

The provinces are divided into ilçe (districts) with limited function. The districts are subdivided into communes, or municipalities, and villages. There are widely recognized regions in Turkey (Thrace, or Turkey in Europe; Black Sea Coast; Central Anatolia, etc.), but their standing is unofficial.

As in all countries with NUTS codes, higher-level region codes can be obtained by truncating a subdivision's NUTS code. Turkey's provinces have NUTS-3 codes, consisting of "TR" followed by three characters (with a few exceptions where a NUTS-3 region is coextensive with a NUTS-2 or NUTS-1 region). If they are truncated to the first four characters, the result is the NUTS code for the NUTS-2 region containing the same province. All NUTS-2 regions have the same name as one of the provinces in the region, marked above with an asterisk (*). The NUTS-1 regions of Turkey are: TR1 = İstanbul; TR2 = Batı Marmara; TR3 = Ege; TR4 = Doğu Marmara; TR5 = Batı Anadolu; TR6 = Akdeniz; TR7 = Orta Anadolu; TR8 = Batı Karadeniz; TR9 = Doğu Karadeniz; TRA = Kuzeydoğu Anadolu; TRB = Ortadoğu Anadolu; TRC = Güneydoğu Anadolu. English equivalents include Anatolia for Anadolu, Central for Orta, East for Doğu, North for Kuzey, South for Güney, and West for Batı.

Territorial extent: 

  1. Antalya includes some tiny Mediterranean islands such as Kekova.
  2. Balıkesir includes the islands of Marmara, Paşalimanı, Türkeli, and smaller islands in the Sea of Marmara; and Alibey and other small islands in the Aegean Sea.
  3. Bursa includes İmrali island in the Sea of Marmara.
  4. Çanakkale is partly in Asia and partly in Europe, straddling the Dardanelles. It includes the Aegean islands of Gökçeada (İmroz) and Bozcaada.
  5. Erzincan and Elazığ are adjacent, but their boundary is entirely in water (Keban reservoir).
  6. İstanbul is partly in Asia and partly in Europe, lying across the Bosporus.
  7. İzmir includes Uzun and Kara islands in the Aegean Sea.
  8. Muğla includes some tiny islands such as Salih, Kara, and Tersane.
  9. Van includes the small islands of Adır and Carbanab in Lake Van.

Origins of names: 

  1. Antalya: from Attalus II, king of Pergamon, founder of city
  2. Bursa: from founder Prusias I, king of Bithynia
  3. Çanakkale: Turkish çanak: pottery, kale: fort
  4. Edirne: Ancient Greek Hadrianopolis, after Roman emperor Hadrian.
  5. Erzurum: Arabic ard ar-rum: the land of Rome (referring to Christian population)
  6. Eskişehir: Turkish eski: ancient, sehir: city
  7. İzmir: Turkish corruption of eis Smyrne: to Smyrna
  8. İstanbul: Turkish corruption of Byzantine Greek eis ten polin: to the city; or, more likely, of Constantinople

Change history: 

In 1900, the Ottoman Empire was divided into vilayets (governorates), which were subdivided into sanjaks (provinces). The sanjaks were similar in size to the modern provinces, though different in detail. The vilayets which fell mainly within the area of modern Turkey were:

VilayetPopulationArea(km.²)
Adana422,40039,886
Adrianople1,028,20038,389
Angora932,80070,888
Bigha129,5006,604
Bitlis398,70027,091
Brusa1,626,80065,786
Chatalja60,0001,898
Constantinople1,203,0003,898
Diarbekir471,50037,503
Erzerum645,70049,676
Ismid222,7008,107
Kastamuni961,20050,686
Konieh1,069,000102,071
Mamuret-ul-Aziz575,20032,893
Sivas1,057,50062,082
Smyrna2,500,0006,682
Trebizond1,265,00043,178
Van379,80039,290
18 vilayets14,949,000686,608
  • Vilayet: except for Bigha, Chatalja, and Ismid, which are mutessarifats.
  • Population: 1912 estimate (apparently based on much earlier figures).
  1. 1918-03: By the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Russia ceded the Armenian districts of Ardahan, Batum, and Kars to Turkey.
  2. 1920-08-10: Treaty of Sèvres created an independent Armenia, boundaries not fixed. The proposed territory would have included most of Bitlis, Erzerum, Trebizond, and Van vilayets.
  3. 1920-12-02: Treaty of Alexandropol restored Turkish Armenia, including Ardahan and Kars, to Turkey.
  4. 1923: Northern strip of Syria restored to Turkey by the Treaty of Lausanne.
  5. 1923-10-13: Capital of Turkey moved from Constantinople to Ankara.
  6. 1923-10-29: Ottoman Empire became the Republic of Turkey.
  7. ~1926: Turkey reorganized from 20 vilayets into 63 iller (also called vilayets at first).
  8. 1926: Name of capital of country officially changed from Constantinople to İstanbul (which had already been in widespread use for many years).
  9. 1939-06-23: The Republic of Hatay, previously part of Syria as the Sanjuk of Alexandretta, merged with Turkey as Hatay province.
  10. ~1946: Çoruh province split into Artvin and Rize; Bitlis province formed from parts of Muş and Siirt; Çapakçur and Tunceli provinces formed from parts of Elazığ and Erzincan; Hakkâri province split from Van; capital of Ağri province moved from Bayazit to Karaköse.
  11. ~1950: Capital of Tunceli moved from Hozat to Kalan; name of Çapakçur province and its capital changed to Bingöl.
  12. 1953-07-11: Uşak province split from Kütahya.
  13. 1954: Adıyaman province split from Malatya; Sakarya province split from Kocaeli.
  14. 1957: Nevşehir province formed from parts of Kirşehir and Niğde. At this time, Turkey consisted of these 67 provinces (FIPS codes were assigned in 1970):
ProvinceFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)
Adıyaman TU02208,7557,564
Afyonkarahisar TU03404,49714,161
Ağri TU04185,92811,376
Amasya TU05227,0445,520
Ankara TU061,059,48630,691
Antalya TU07357,57220,591
Artvin TU08176,8457,436
Aydın TU09427,8328,033
Balıkesir TU10610,72014,306
Bilecik TU11138,8134,666
Bingöl TU12113,3418,393
Bitlis TU13106,4496,706
Bolu TU14317,94611,051
Burdur TU15157,6586,883
Bursa TU16598,60210,609
Çanakkale TU17311,4569,737
ÇankırıTU18227,3578,455
Çorum TU19401,00412,820
Denizli TU20367,30411,853
Diyarbakır TU21343,99915,354
Edirne TU22251,7956,276
Elâziğ TU23242,9149,064
Erzincan TU24215,50411,933
Erzurum TU25517,73924,768
Eskişehir TU26323,93113,295
Gaziantep TU27376,7937,512
Giresun TU28334,4576,934
Gümüşane TU29213,55310,227
Hakkâri TU3054,8249,532
Hatay TU31363,6115,311
İçel TU32367,85615,853
Isparta TU33212,0808,270
İstanbul TU341,536,6305,712
İzmir TU35899,07011,973
Kars TU36487,84418,557
Kastamonu TU37402,55713,110
Kayseri TU38420,95316,921
Kırklareli TU39224,7356,550
Kirşehir TU40158,2806,410
Kocaeli TU41251,2353,972
Konya TU42856,13746,082
Kütahya TU43331,87911,888
Malatya TU44342,83512,219
Manisa TU45563,21113,767
Maraş TU46336,38914,592
Mardin TU47304,79112,760
Muğla TU48265,73713,318
Muş TU49136,4018,195
Nevşehir TU50167,9135,626
Niğde TU51284,56314,294
Ordu TU52407,6876,000
Rize TU53211,9673,920
Sakarya TU54298,4144,431
Samsun TU55555,0889,579
Seyhan TU01626,26217,249
Siirt TU56198,43411,519
Sinop TU57226,2615,862
Sivas TU58595,42028,488
Tekirdağ TU59246,7766,218
Tokat TU60388,3039,955
Trabzon TU61462,2494,685
Tunceli TU62121,7437,776
Urfa TU63348,19918,584
Uşak TU64165,6145,341
Van TU65175,25018,619
Yozgat TU66359,61214,112
Zonguldak TU67488,6598,627
Total24,064,763780,576
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-3.
  • Population: 1955-10-23 census.
  • Capitals: Capital of Hatay was Antakya;
    capital of Tunceli was Kalan.
  1. ~1963: Name of Seyhan province changed to Adana.
  2. 1989: Aksaray province split from Niğde; Bayburt split from Gümüşhane; Karaman split from Konya; Kırıkkale split from Ankara.
  3. 1990: Batman and Şırnak provinces formed from parts of Hakkari, Mardin, and Siirt.
  4. 1991: Bartın split from Zonguldak.
  5. 1994: Ardahan and Iğdır provinces split from Kars.
  6. 1995-06-06: Karabük province formed by taking Eskipazar and Ovacık districts from Çankırı province and Eflani, Karabuk, Safranbolu, and Yenice districts from Zonguldak province; Kilis province split from Gaziantep; Yalova province formed by taking Armutlu district from Bursa province, Çiftlikköy, Çınarcık, Termal, and Yalova districts from İstanbul province, and Altınova district from Kocaeli province.
  7. 1997: Osmaniye province split from Adana, with the addition of a small part of Gaziantep.
  8. 1999-12-09: Düzce province split from Bolu (former HASC code TU.BO).
  9. 2002-06-20: Name of İçel province changed to Mersin.
  10. 2004: Name of Afyon province changed to Afyonkarahisar.

Other names of subdivisions: 

Note: the Turkish alphabet includes two forms of the letter I: İ (lower-case is i) and I (lower-case is ı). Some sources may transcribe Turkish letters phonetically, using ch for ç, j for ğ, or sh for ş.

  1. Adana: Seyhan (obsolete)
  2. Afyonkarahisar: Afyon (obsolete)
  3. Ağri: Karaköse (obsolete)
  4. Ankara: Ancara (Portuguese); Angora (obsolete); Анкара (Russian)
  5. Antalya: Adalia (obsolete); Anatolia (variant)
  6. Artvin: Çoruh (obsolete)
  7. Balıkesir: Balikisri (obsolete)
  8. Bingöl: Çapakçur (obsolete)
  9. Bursa: Burssa, Brusa, Brussa (obsolete); Brousse (French)
  10. Çankırı: Changra (obsolete)
  11. Edirne: Adrianople (obsolete); Adrianopel (German-obsolete)
  12. Giresun: Kerasund (obsolete)
  13. İstanbul: Constantinople (obsolete); Estambul (Spanish); Istambul (Portuguese); Istanboel (Dutch); Konstantinopel (German-obsolete); Stamboul (French-obsolete)
  14. İzmir: Esmirna (Portuguese, Spanish); Smirne (Italian); Smyrna (obsolete)
  15. Kocaeli: İzmit (obsolete)
  16. Konya: Konieh (obsolete); Kunja (German-obsolete)
  17. Kütahya: Kütanya (variant)
  18. Mersin: İçel (obsolete)
  19. Şanlıurfa: Urfa (obsolete)
  20. Trabzon: Trapezunt (German-obsolete); Trebizond (obsolete); Trebizonda (Portuguese); Trébizonde (French)

Population history:

Province1945-10-211955-10-231965-10-241975-10-261985-10-201990-10-212000-10-222007-12-31
Adana418,740626,262903,0001,234,7351,725,9401,549,2331,854,2702,006,650
Adıyaman 208,755267,000345,764430,728510,827623,811582,762
Afyonkarahisar335,609404,497502,000576,860666,978738,979812,416701,572
Ağri133,504185,928247,000337,606421,131437,093528,744530,879
Aksaray     330,569396,084366,109
Amasya147,870227,044286,000318,082358,289359,265365,231328,674
Ankara695,5261,059,4861,644,0002,572,5623,306,3273,236,3784,007,8604,466,756
Antalya278,178357,572487,000669,913891,1491,132,2111,719,7511,789,295
Ardahan     163,731133,756112,721
Artvin159,328176,845210,000227,107226,338212,833191,934168,092
Aydın294,407427,832525,000607,126743,419824,816950,757946,971
Balıkesir524,748610,720708,000788,576910,282974,2741,076,3471,118,313
Bartın     205,834184,178182,131
Batman     344,121456,734472,487
Bayburt     107,33097,35876,609
Bilecik136,053138,813139,000136,011160,909175,797194,326203,777
Bingöl75,510113,341151,000209,107241,548249,074253,739251,552
Bitlis71,950106,449154,000218,997300,843330,115388,678327,886
Bolu276,367317,946384,000427,273504,778262,919270,654270,417
Burdur125,792157,658195,000222,375248,002254,899256,803251,181
Bursa491,899598,602756,000960,0341,324,0151,596,1612,125,1402,439,876
Çanakkale317,254311,456350,000367,121417,121432,263464,975476,128
Çankırı197,356227,357251,000266,450263,964249,344270,355174,012
Çorum312,723401,004486,000550,426599,204608,660597,065549,828
Denizli315,934367,304463,000556,173667,478750,882850,029907,325
Diyarbakır249,949343,999476,000649,796934,5051,096,4471,362,7081,460,714
Düzce     273,679314,266323,328
Edirne198,271251,795303,000337,898389,638404,599402,606396,462
Elazığ198,081242,914323,000417,751483,715498,225569,616541,258
Erzincan171,868215,504259,000284,660299,985299,251316,841213,538
Erzurum395,876517,739628,000749,157856,175848,201937,389784,941
Eskişehir244,251323,931415,000492,902597,397641,301706,009724,849
Gaziantep290,058376,793511,000715,474966,4901,010,3961,285,2491,560,023
Giresun283,626334,457428,000462,449502,151499,617523,819417,505
Gümüşhane190,130213,553263,000286,922283,753168,845186,953130,825
Hakkari35,12454,82484,000126,241182,645172,479236,581246,469
Hatay254,141363,611506,000744,3181,002,2521,109,7541,253,7261,386,224
Iğdır     142,601168,634181,866
Isparta172,543212,080266,000322,062382,844434,771513,681419,845
İstanbul1,078,3991,536,6302,293,0003,864,4935,842,9857,195,77310,018,73512,573,836
İzmir673,581899,0701,235,0001,660,5292,317,8292,694,7703,370,8663,739,353
Kahramanmaraş261,550336,389438,000620,246840,472894,2641,002,3841,004,414
Karabük     244,177225,102218,463
Karaman     215,181243,210226,049
Kars381,176487,844606,000701,772722,431355,823325,016312,205
Kastamonu385,410402,557442,000436,946450,353423,206375,476360,366
Kayseri370,089420,953536,000674,015864,060944,0911,060,4321,165,088
Kilis     130,198114,724118,457
Kırıkkale     350,360383,508280,234
Kırklareli178,203224,735258,000268,224297,098309,512328,461333,256
Kırşehir157,565158,280197,000231,973260,156256,684253,239223,170
Kocaeli416,058251,235336,000478,468742,245920,2551,206,0851,437,926
Konya661,877856,1371,123,0001,423,9101,769,0501,752,6582,192,1661,959,082
Kütahya384,625331,879398,000480,442543,384577,905656,903583,910
Malatya428,660342,835453,000577,309665,809704,359853,658722,065
Manisa472,789563,211749,000870,8411,050,1301,154,4181,260,1691,319,920
Mardin234,457304,791398,000529,260652,069558,275705,098745,778
Mersin279,484367,856511,000710,7281,034,0851,267,2531,651,4001,595,938
Muğla220,678265,737335,000401,413486,290562,809715,328766,156
Muş82,699136,401199,000252,135339,492376,543453,654405,509
Nevşehir 167,913203,000248,971278,129289,509309,914280,058
Niğde296,584284,563362,000460,928560,386301,691348,081331,677
Ordu333,008407,687544,000661,679763,857826,886887,765715,409
Osmaniye     384,104458,782452,880
Rize171,929211,967281,000334,952374,206348,776365,938316,252
Sakarya 298,414404,000495,771610,500683,281756,168835,222
Samsun407,541555,088756,000904,7741,108,7101,161,2071,209,1371,228,959
Şanlıurfa263,855348,199451,000598,238795,0341,001,4551,443,4221,523,099
Siirt133,627198,434265,000389,347524,741243,435263,676291,528
Sinop205,276226,261266,000266,609280,140265,153225,574198,412
Şırnak     262,006353,197416,001
Sivas490,493595,420705,000739,073772,209766,821755,091638,464
Tekirdağ202,606246,776287,000318,704402,721468,842623,591728,396
Tokat340,749388,303495,000592,612679,071718,738828,027620,722
Trabzon395,384462,249596,000716,168786,194795,849975,137740,569
Tunceli90,446121,743154,000163,273151,906133,58493,58484,022
Uşak 165,614191,000228,715271,261290,398322,313334,115
Van127,858175,250267,000386,059547,216637,433877,524979,671
Yalova     135,121168,593181,758
Yozgat287,371359,612438,000497,960545,301578,719682,919492,127
Zonguldak383,481488,659650,000829,2041,044,945653,739615,599615,890
Totals18,790,17424,064,76331,392,00040,197,66950,664,45856,473,03567,808,71970,586,256

Sources: 

  1. [1] Chisholm, George G., ed., Longman's Gazetteer of the World. Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1920 (apparently not revised since the 1895 first edition).
  2. [2] 1997 General Population Register Results, http://www.die.gov.tr/ENGLISH/SONIST/NUFUS/nufus97.htm (dead link, retrieved 2003-11-21).
  3. [3] http://www.tuik.gov.tr/jsp/duyuru/upload/adnks_Harita_TR/HaritaTR.html Türkiye İstatistik population data from the 1997, 2000, and 2007 censuses. (dead link, retrieved 2008-02-23).
  4. [4] http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/detaylar.do?load=detay&link=132200 Today's Zaman (dead link, retrieved 2008-02-23).
  5. [5] "New registration system shows Turkey's population smaller than thought ." Turkey Financial News (retrieved 2008-02-23).
  6. [6] http://ec.europa.eu/comm/eurostat/ramon/nuts/codelist_en.cfm?list=cec Eurostat (dead link, retrieved 2007-10-14).
  7. [7] http://www.byegm.gov.tr/YAYINLARIMIZ/CHR/ING2002/06/02x06x21.HTM#%209 ICEL PROVINCE RE-NAMED MERSIN Turkish Press Review, (dead link, dated 21.06.2002, retrieved 2005-04-06).
  8. [8] http://www.die.gov.tr/ENGLISH/SONIST/GSYIH/160503t6.gif Gross Domestic Product by Provinces (dead link, retrieved 2003-11-21).
  9. [9] http://www.die.gov.tr/ENGLISH/SONIST/GSYIH/160503t8.gif Per Capita Gross Domestic Product by Provinces (dead link, retrieved 2003-11-21).
  10. [10] https://web.archive.org/web/20071224141234/http://ec.europa.eu/comm/eurostat/ramon/nuts/codelist_en.cfm?list=cec had new NUTS codes for Turkey (dead link, retrieved 2007-10-14).
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