"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was
issued on 2014-03-31. It gives codes for the two subdivisions that don't have ISO codes:
TJ-DU for Dushanbe and
TJ-NO for Regions of Republican Subordination. On 2014-11-03, ISO issued an update that assigns the same code to
Dushanbe. R.R.S. still doesn't have an ISO code.
Tajikistan took a census in 2010, but I have not been able to find its results. Instead, I've provided population estimates from the 2012 Statistical Yearbook (source ).
Update 8 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS standard 10-4, is dated 2012-05-01. It assigns codes to the two subdivisions that were missing them.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It shows the change of the name of Leninobod oblast to Sogd.
Dushanbe is administratively separate from the Regions of Republican Subordination, but geographically surrounded by it. ISO
probably intends it to be treated as part of R.R.S. When R.R.S. included Dushanbe, its HASC code was
ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard) was published in late 1996, and didn't list any subdivisions of Tajikistan. After
comments, the actual standard ISO 3166-2 was published (1998-12-15). It now showed three regions (Karategin, Khatlon, and
Leninabad) and one autonomous region (Gorno-Badakhshan). Its fourth update, ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4 (2002-12-10),
changed the name of Leninabad region to Sughd. It also deleted Karategin region (
TJ-KR), without providing a
replacement. It confessed that the "Regions of Republican Subordination" and Dushanbe are now both bereft of a code. The Tajik
authorities have been contacted for better information.
In 1900, the territory that now constitutes Tajikistan was partly in the Khanate of Bukhara, and partly in the Ferghana, Pamir, and Zarafshan regions of the Turkestan general government of the Russian Empire. During the Russian Revolution, the status of the Central Asian lands was unresolved for a time. The Turkestan A.S.S.R. was formed in 1921. In 1924, the Central Asian part of the Soviet Union was reorganized to correspond to the distribution of nationalities. The Tadzhikskaya Associated Soviet Socialist Republic was created then. It became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in 1929. As the Soviet Union broke up, it became Tajikistan, an independent country, on 1991-09-09.
Land of the Tajiks
Tajikistan is divided into three viloyatho (sing. viloyat: regions), one viloiati mukhtori (or viloyati avtonomii: autonomous region), and one independent city.
|Badakhshoni Kuni||208,500||206,000||64,100||24,750||Horog (Khorog)|
|Regions of Republican Subordination||1,786,100||1,338,000||28,600||11,040|
Tajikistan uses six-digit postal codes. The first two digits indicate the region, and the middle two indicate the raion. These codes are left over from the Soviet regime, and all begin with '7'.
See the Raions of Tajikistan page.
Tajikistan is subdivided into 62 raions, 14 cities, and two hukumats (city councils).
Sogd includes an exclave around the town of Vorukh, surrounded by Kyrgyzstan; and another exclave northwest of Kokand, in Uzbekistan. There is also a very small portion of Tajikistan enclaved within Kyrgyzstan north of Isfana.
TJ-LN. The name Sogd evidently comes from that of an ancient region of central Asia, called Sogdiana by English-speaking scholars. Its capital in the Middle Ages was Samarkand, which is now in Uzbekistan.
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