Under the Change history at ~1968, I had been showing populations for six of the eight provinces that came from a softbound Hammond Citation Atlas dated 1979. The same figures appear in the hardbound Hammond Citation World Atlas, dated 1966. I've replaced the entire column with data from source , which in most cases agrees with the Hammond figures within a few hundred, and fills in the missing provinces' populations. I've also found source , which has population estimates for 1995-2015. I quote the 1997 estimates, since anything later than that combines the uncertainty of the estimates with the uncertainty of extrapolation.
The formal name of the country has changed from Somali Democratic Republic to Federal Republic of Somalia.
FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 11, dated 2006-07-11, has assigned new FIPS codes corresponding to the creation of two new regions in 1984, as shown below.
Italian Somaliland was chartered to a company until 1905, when it became a simple Italian colony. It acquired a strip of land beyond the Juba River (Italian Jubaland; Oltre Giuba [Italian]) from Kenya in 1925. In 1936-06, it merged with Eritrea and Ethiopia to form Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana), in which it was a state. After the British took it in World War II, it remained under British military government until 1950-04-01, when it was restored to Italy as a U.N. trust territory. Meanwhile, British Somaliland was a British protectorate (except for a brief Italian occupation) until it became independent on 1960-06-26. Less than a week later, on 1960-07-01, Italian Somaliland also became independent, and the two states merged to form the Somali Republic. The border with Ethiopia has never been finally established.
Currently Somalia is ill-governed, and local government, if any, is unofficial. There is a de facto government which controls roughly Bari, Mudug, Nugaal, Sool, and part of Sanaag regions. It is called Puntland.
from local word somal: black, used to describe the natives
Somalia is divided into eighteen gobolka (regions).
|Jubbada Dhexe||201,500||147,800||23,000||9,000||Bu'aale||Basso Giuba, Alto Giuba|
|Jubbada Hoose||294,200||272,400||61,000||24,000||Kismaayo||Basso Giuba|
|Woqooyi Galbeed||329,100||655,000||45,000||17,000||Hargeysa||Hargeisa, Burao|
See the Districts of Somalia page.
The regions are subdivided into 84 districts.
|Alto Giuba||362,234||131,492||Baidoa; Baydhabo (variant); Iscia Baidoa, Isha Baidoa (obsolete)|
|Basso Giuba||113,449||49,917||Jamame; Margherita (Italian)|
|Banaadir||387,600||45,004||Mogadishu; Mogadiscio (Italian); Muqdisho (Somali)|
|Burao||330,000||128,000||Burao; Burco (variant)|
|Hargeisa||270,000||48,000||Hargeisa; Hargeysa, Harghessa (variant)|
|Hiiraan||176,528||25,647||Beled Weyne; Belet Uen, Belet Wein (variant)|
|Migiurtinia||82,653||90,744||Boosaaso; Bender Cassim, Bender Kassim (obsolete); Bosaso (variant)|
|Mudug||141,120||118,737||Galka'yo; Gaalkacyo (variant); Gallacaio, Rocca Littorio (Italian)|
SO16); Sool region split from Nugaal (
SO11). FIPS has also changed the code for Togdheer from
SO15, suggesting that FIPS believes that Togdheer was also affected by this change. Geographically, it's possible that part of Togdheer was attached to Sool.
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