Regions of Senegal

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Updates: 

Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, is dated 2010-06-30. It assigns ISO codes to the three new regions created in 2008. "Geopolitical Entities and Codes", the successor to FIPS standard 10-4, was first published in 2010-04. It also gives codes for these regions.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns a new FIPS code to the new Matam region, and changes the codes for two old regions. This suggests that the FIPS people think that Matam region also incorporated part of Louga. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-5, dated 2003-09-05, shows the creation of Matam.

Country overview: 

Short nameSENEGAL
ISO codeSN
FIPS codeSG
LanguageFrench (fr)
Time zone+0
CapitalDakar

 

In 1900, present-day Senegal was part of French Sudan. In 1904, it became part of the gouvernement général of French West Africa (Afrique Occidentale Française, or A.O.F.). A.O.F. initially comprised the French colonies of Ivory Coast, Dahomey, French Guinea, Senegal, and Upper Senegal and Niger. The name of Upper Senegal and Niger was changed to French Sudan on 1920-12-04. French Sudan and Senegal formed the Federation of Mali on 1959-04-04. On 1960-06-20, the Federation of Mali became independent. It split up into its two original components, Sudan and Senegal, on 1960-08-22. Senegal and The Gambia formed a federation called Senegambia from 1982-02-01 to 1989-09-21.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Senegal
  2. Dutch: Senegal, Republiek Senegal (formal)
  3. English: Republic of Senegal (formal)
  4. Finnish: Senegal
  5. French: Sénégal, République f du Sénégal m (formal)
  6. German: Senegal n
  7. Italian: Senegal m
  8. Norwegian: Senegal, Republikken Senegal (formal)
  9. Portuguese: Senegal, República f do Senegal m (formal)
  10. Russian: Республика Сенегал (formal)
  11. Spanish: Senegal, República f de Senegal m (formal)
  12. Swedish: Senegal
  13. Turkish: Senegal Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

from ethnic name

Primary subdivisions: 

Senegal is divided into fourteen régions (regions).

RegionHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
DakarSN.DKDKSG012,459,292550212
DiourbelSN.DBDBSG031,183,0954,3591,683
FatickSN.FKFKSG09652,3617,9353,064
KaffrineSN.KFKASG16467,74811,8534,576
KaolackSN.KCKLSG10664,9594,1571,605
KédougouSN.KGKESG17111,20716,8966,524
KoldaSN.KOKDSG11513,13813,7185,297
LougaSN.LGLGSG13729,60629,18811,270
MatamSN.MTMTSG15478,57325,0839,685
Saint-LouisSN.STSLSG14764,34719,0447,353
SédhiouSN.SDSESG18399,3657,2932,816
TambacoundaSN.TBTCSG05557,88442,70616,489
ThièsSN.THTHSG071,385,0586,6012,549
ZiguinchorSN.ZGZGSG12453,4487,3392,834
14 regions10,820,081196,72275,955

Further subdivisions:

See the Departments of Senegal page.

The regions are divided into 34 départements, which are further subdivided into arrondissements.

Origins of names: 

Dakar: Wolof n'dakar: tamarind tree (answer to a misunderstood inquiry)

Change history: 

  1. 1960-08-22: Senegal became a separate and independent country. It had formerly been divided into cercles, and the cercles into cantons. Upon independence, it created a new administrative structure, consisting of 7 regions, which were subdivided into 27 departments, which in turn were divided into 85 arrondissements, with villages at the lowest level. The arrondissements each consisted of one or more of the old cantons. In a parallel structure, there were also 34 municipalities or urban communes. Of these, only the regions and communes were self-governing. Cap Vert region had a special structure. From 1961-01 it was divided into 6 arrondissements.
  2. 1976-06-26: Louga region split from Diourbel.
RegionFIPSPop-1976Pop-1970Pop-1960Area(mi.²)Capital
Cap VertSG01954,642649,000444,000212Dakar
CasamanceSG02712,248601,000530,00010,943Ziguinchor
DiourbelSG03411,837607,000503,0001,681Diourbel
FleuveSG04493,462372,000345,00017,033Saint-Louis
LougaSG08394,97211,268Louga
Sénégal OrientalSG05280,379227,000151,00023,006Tambacounda
Sine-SaloumSG06973,226772,000727,0009,243Kaolack
ThièsSG07686,291527,000410,0002,548Thiès
Total4,907,0573,754,0003,110,00075,934
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Pop-1976: 1976-04-16 population (source [4]).
  • Pop-1970: 1970-07 population.
  • Pop-1960: 1960-07 population, rounded to nearest 1,000 (source [3]).
  1. 1984-03-24: Casamance region split into Kolda and Ziguinchor; Sine-Saloum region split into Fatick and Kaolack; name of Cap Vert region changed to Dakar; name of Fleuve changed to Saint-Louis; name of Sénégal Oriental changed to Tambacounda. One effect of these changes was that every region was divided into three departments.
  2. 2002-02-21: Matam region split from Saint-Louis (former HASC code SN.SL). This left Senegal with the following eleven regions:
RegionHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
DakarSN.DKDKSG012,411,528550212
DiourbelSN.DBDBSG03930,0084,3591,683
FatickSN.FKFKSG09639,0757,9353,064
KaolackSN.KLKLSG101,128,12816,0106,181
KoldaSN.KDKDSG11834,75321,0118,112
LougaSN.LGLGSG13559,26829,18811,270
MatamSN.MTMTSG15291,55525,0839,685
Saint-LouisSN.STSLSG14571,88519,0447,353
TambacoundaSN.TCTCSG05530,33259,60223,012
ThièsSN.THTHSG071,348,6376,6012,549
ZiguinchorSN.ZGZGSG12557,6067,3392,834
11 regions9,802,775196,72275,955
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Population: 2001-01-01 estimate, provided by Karem Abdalla.
  • Capital: Capitals have the same names as their regions.
  1. 2008-09-10: Kaffrine region split from Kaolack (former HASC code SN.KL). Kédougou region split from Tambacounda (SN.TC). Sédhiou region split from Kolda (SN.KD). They had previously been departments with the same names. Eleven new departments were created at that time. The law approving this change was passed on 2008-02-01; the decree took effect on 2008-09-10 (source [1]). The governors of the new regions were installed on 2008-09-01 through 2008-09-03.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Dakar: Cap Vert (obsolete); Dacar (Portuguese)
  2. Saint-Louis: Fleuve, Vallée du Fleuve (obsolete)
  3. Tambacounda: Sénégal Oriental (obsolete)

Sources: 

  1. [1] Decree 2002-172, Gouvernement du Sénégal website at http://www.gouv.sn/collect/2002_172.html (dead link, retrieved 2003-07-14).
  2. [2] Economic, Social, Demographic analysis of Tambacounda, website of Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie, http://www.ansd.sn/publications/analyse_economique_demographique_sociale/SES_Tamba_2005.pdf (dead link, retrieved 2008-12-06).
  3. [3] Nelson, Harold D., et al. Area Handbook for Senegal, Washington, 1974. Cites Enquête Démographique Nationale, 1970-71: Résultats Provisoires du 1er Passage, Ministère des Finances et d'Affaires Économiques, Dakar 1971 for population and area data.

  4. [4] 1979 Demographic Yearbook , 31st Ed. Statistical Office, United Nations, New York, 1980 (retrieved 2011-12-28).
  5. [5] Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names. Vol. II. New York: United Nations, 1991.
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