I have added data from the 2011 census, and replaced the 1970 figures under Population history, which were rounded, with exact numbers from source .
New proposed NUTS codes for Slovakia were issued on 2004-09-15. I have updated the table to show them.
During the Iron Curtain period, Czechoslovakia comprised two Socialist Republics, the Czech S. R. and the Slovak S. R. Each republic was divided into several kraje (regions) and one independent city. The communist government of Czechoslovakia resigned on November 24, 1989. On January 1, 1993, the Czech and Slovak Republics separated amicably. The old administrative divisions apparently persisted for a while, but by 1996, Slovakia adopted a new set of regions.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Slovakia, the draft standard showed three regions, the ones which had prevailed under communism. It failed to list the one independent city, Bratislava. The final standard showed the eight regions adopted in ~1996. The new regions and their codes are shown in this table.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Slovakia was a region in the north of Hungary, which was one of two kingdoms linked together as the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the end of World War I, shortly before the Armistice, the Slovaks organized a new government in northern Hungary. They merged with the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia on 1918-11-14. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919-09-10) confirmed the new country. During World War II, Slovakia was invaded and became a German protectorate. At the end of the war, Czechoslovakia was restored almost to its pre-war borders. The Soviet Union annexed Transcarpathian Ukraine, also known as Ruthenia, at the eastern end. By its constitution of 1948-06-09, Czechoslovakia became a "people's democratic republic." Its primary divisions were the Czech and the Slovak Socialist Republic. On 1993-01-01, the two republics became separate countries. What had been the second-level subdivisions of Czechoslovakia were now first-level subdivisions of the Czech Republic and of Slovakia.
from ethnic name Slovak, a variant of Slav
Slovakia is divided into eight kraje (regions).
|Banska Bystrica||660,563||662,121||9,455||3,651||Banskobystrický||Neusohl||Central, East|
Slovakia uses five-digit postal codes with a space between the third and fourth digits. Slovak addresses can be identified by prefixing the postal codes with "SK-".
See the Districts of Slovakia page.
Bratislava was subdivided into obvody until 1996. The regions are subdivided into 79 okresy.
The NUTS level-2 nomenclature, derived by taking the first four characters of the NUTS codes in the table above, defines an unofficial set of districts (called "oblasti" in Slovak). These are their names: Bratislavský kraj (SK01), Západné Slovensko (SK02), Stredné Slovensko (SK03), and Východné Slovensko (SK04). These names are essentially the same as those used for the four divisions of the Slovak Socialist Republic in the 1970s and 1980s, but the areas they cover are different.
The UN LOCODE page for Slovakia lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Bratislava: Slovak Brecislava, name of an old Slav colony
|Central Slovakia||1,622,380||17,982||6,943||Banská Bystrica|
(Populations for 1900-1950 correspond to regional boundaries as of 1961.)
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