Territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen

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Updates: 

The GENC standard treats Svalbard and Jan Mayen as two countries.

New information indicates that Jan Mayen and Svalbard both keep the same time as Norway, +1d (one hour later than Greenwich, with daylight saving time observed). "Administrative Subdivisions of Countries" said that Jan Mayen kept -1d, which would be more in keeping with its geographical location.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard), which came out in fall 1996. Both versions show no administrative subdivisions of Svalbard and Jan Mayen as a country; but both versions assign codes to the two territories as parts of Norway. The codes are shown in the Primary subdivisions table below.

Country overview: 

Short nameSVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN
ISO codeSJ
GEC codeSV
LanguageRussian (ru), Norwegian (no)
Time zone+1 ~
CapitalLongyearbyen

 

The question of sovereignty over Svalbard wasn't settled until 1920-02-09, when the Svalbard treaty assigned it to Norway. Svalbard became a territory of Norway on 1925-08-14. Jan Mayen Island, already a possession, was made a Norwegian territory on 1929-05-08. Although ISO lists them as a single entity, they are separate jurisdictions.

Other names of country: 

  1. English: Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (variant)
  2. French: Svalbard et ţle f Jan Mayen
  3. German: Svalbard und Jan Mayen
  4. Portuguese: Ilhas fp Svalbard e Jan Mayen
  5. Spanish: Islas fp Svalbard y Jan Mayen, Svalbard e Isla f de Jan Mayen
  6. Turkish: Svalbard ve Jan Mayen Adaları

Origin of name: 

Svalbard is Norse sval: cold, bard: coast. Captain Jan Mayen was based in Jan Mayen Island from 1611 to 1635.

Primary subdivisions: 

Svalbard and Jan Mayen consists of two territories of Norway.

TerritoryHASCGENCISOPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Jan MayenSJ.JNXJ,XJM220373144
SvalbardSJ.SVXR,XSV212,48162,04923,957Longyearbyen
2 territories2,48162,42224,101
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • GEC: GEC treats each of these territories as a separate country. Their
    GEC country codes are the last two letters of their HASC codes.
  • GENC: Two-letter and three-letter country codes from GENC.
  • Population: 2010-01-01, from population register.
  • ISO: Territory codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global
    context, prefix "NO-" to the code (ex: NO-21 represents Svalbard).

Postal codes: 

These territories have postal codes that are part of the Norwegian system. Jan Mayen is NO-8099; Svalbard has codes in the range NO-917x.

Further subdivisions:

See the Authorities of Svalbard and Jan Mayen page.

Territorial extent: 

Jan Mayen is a single isolated island in the Arctic.

Svalbard includes all the islands between 74░ and 81░ N. latitude and between 10░ and 35░ E. longitude. The largest of the islands are Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet, Edge°ya, Barents°ya, Prins Karls Forland, Kvit°ya, and Bj°rn°ya (Bear Islands), which is isolated and south of the main group.

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