Update 12 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-06-30. It changes all of the county names to informal ones. For example, it changes Hallands Län to plain Halland. The new names are the same as in the table below.
The NUTS code scheme for Sweden has been revised several times. In ~2001, the level-2 codes for two regions were changed for no apparent reason. In 2003, the level-3 code for Stockholms län was changed. There was another revision in ~2008, affecting all counties. The latest version is shown in the tables below.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. For Sweden, the sort order of county names is corrected, and the status of the divisions is changed from provinces to counties (or départements in French).
I've updated the population figures because they were very old. Usually I wait for a new census, but it appears that Sweden doesn't take censuses anymore, relying instead on continuous population registers. Source: Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB). Since I was updating Sweden anyway, I also updated the county areas using a table downloaded from SCB . I used the column headed "Land area and inland water excluding the four large lakes".
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Sweden, the draft standard showed 24 counties. The final standard shows 21 counties. The difference is due to actual changes in Sweden's administrative geography.
Sweden has two sets of county codes. Länskoder are two-digit codes; länsbokstäver are one- or two-letter codes. The alphabetic codes are more familiar to the typical Swede. The numeric codes are used in governmental work. In government reports, for example, the counties may be sorted by numeric code. Both versions of ISO 3166-2 show both sets of codes, but the draft standard represents the numeric codes as official. The alphabetic codes are given as background information. The final standard reverses the positions of the two sets of codes. It states, however, that the numeric codes may eventually supplant the alphabetic ones.
Sweden was sovereign over Norway during most of the 19th century. The united kingdom was called Sweden and Norway. Norway became separate on 1905-06-07.
from ethnic name variously transcribed Suethi, Svear, etc.
Sweden is divided into 21 län (counties).
|Västra Götaland||1,538,284||25,389||9,803||Göteborg||Västra Götalands län|
The NUTS code system also defines groupings of counties. All the counties whose NUTS codes begin with the same four characters (for
SE31-) can be designated as a group using those four characters. These areas have no administrative significance,
but are used for statistical summaries. Here are the descriptions of the eight level-two NUTS regions of Sweden.
|Stockholm city and county||Stockholm|
|East Central Sweden||Östra Mellansverige|
|Småland with Islands||Småland med Öarna|
|North Central Sweden||Norra Mellansverige|
|Central Norrland||Mellersta Norrland|
|Upper Norrland||Övre Norrland|
Remove the last digit of these codes to get a NUTS-1 region code, where
SE1 represents Eastern Sweden,
Southern Sweden, and
SE3 is Northern Sweden.
Sweden uses five-digit postal codes, sometimes written with a space between the third and fourth digits. Swedish addresses can be identified by prefixing the postal codes with "SE-".
See the Municipalities of Sweden page.
The counties are divided into kommuner (municipalities; 288 in 1998), which are further subdivided into församlingar (parishes). Sweden has a hierarchical system of numerical codes for these entities. The first two digits are a länskod, the first four are a kommunkod, and all six digits are a församlingskod.
There are also 25 traditional divisions called landskap (provinces). The counties and the provinces overlap, but rarely coincide. There are also three traditional regions: Götaland, Norrland, and Svealand, each consisting of several provinces.
All of the counties except Gotland are predominantly on the Scandinavian mainland.
In the early years of the 20th century, it was common to see e instead of ä, f instead of medial v, and w instead of initial v (Elfsborg, Gefleborg, Wermland, etc.).
|Göteborg and Bohus||313,340||381,270||510,896||579,551||666,000||714,374||735,672|
Data for 1895, 1955, and 1976 are estimates.
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