Municipalities of Qatar

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Updates: 

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. Update 3 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2011-02-28. Both of these updates provide codes for the new municipalities.

The Real Academia Espaņola, which is the arbiter of the Spanish language, has promulgated new spelling rules as of November 2010. In domesticated words, the letter Q is no longer to be used except before U. One consequence is that the correct spelling of this country in Spanish will be Catar, replacing Qatar. It's possible that many writers of Spanish will refuse to comply, or will only gradually catch on to the new style.

FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It showed Umm Sa'id municipality, formed from parts of Al Wakrah and Jariyan al Batnah.

Country overview: 

Short nameQATAR
ISO codeQA
FIPS codeQA
LanguageArabic (ar)
Time zone+3
CapitalDoha

 

The emirate of Qatar became a British protectorate on 1916-11-03. It became fully independent on 1971-09-03.

Other names of country: 

  1. Arabic: Dawlat Qatar (formal)
  2. Danish: Qatar
  3. Dutch: Qatar, Staat Qatar (formal)
  4. English: State of Qatar (formal), Katar (obsolete)
  5. Finnish: Qatar
  6. French: Qatar m
  7. German: Katar n
  8. Icelandic: Katar
  9. Italian: Qatar m
  10. Norwegian: Qatar, Staten Qatar (formal)
  11. Portuguese: Qatar, Catar (Brazil), Estado m do Qatar m (formal)
  12. Russian: Государство Катар (formal)
  13. Spanish: Catar, Qatar (variant), Estado m de Catar (formal)
  14. Swedish: Qatar
  15. Turkish: Katar, Katar Devleti (formal)

Primary subdivisions: 

Qatar is divided into seven baladiyat (sing: baladiyah; municipalities).

MunicipalityHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
Ad DawhahQA.DADAQA01796,94723490
Al DaayenQA.DYZAQA1343,17623691
Al KhawrQA.KRKHQA04193,9831,551599
Al WakrahQA.WAWAQA10141,2222,520973
Ar RayyanQA.RYRAQA06455,6235,8182,246
Madinat ach ShamalQA.MSMSQA087,975902348
Umm SalalQA.SLUSQA0960,509310120
7 municipalities1,699,43511,5714,467

Territorial extent: 

Qatar occupies a peninsula in the Persian Gulf, and neighboring reefs and islets. It disputes the Hawar Islands with Bahrain. If Qatar's claim is valid, the Hawar Islands are in Al Jumaliyah municipality.

Origins of names: 

Ad-Dawhah: Arabic ad-dawha: the big tree

Change history: 

  1. 1963: According to source [1], the first municipality was the Municipality of Qatar, created under Law No. 11. Later in the same year, its name was changed to Municipality of Doha by Law No. 15.
  2. 1972-07-17: Ar Rayyan, Al Wakrah, Al Khawr and Dhekra, Ash Shamal, and Umm Salal municipalities created under Resolution No.11.
  3. 1997: Umm Sa'id municipality formed from parts of Al Wakrah (former HASC code QA.WA, FIPS code QA05) and Jariyan al Batnah (QA.JB, QA07). At that time, the municipalities were as shown in this table:
MunicipalityHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Ad DawhahQA.DADAQA01339,84713251Doha
Al GhuwariyahQA.GHGHQA022,159622240Al Ghuwayriyah
Al JumaliyahQA.JUJUQA0310,3032,565990Al Jumayliyah
Al KhawrQA.KHKHQA0431,547996385Al Khawr
Al WakrahQA.AWWAQA1031,4411,114430Al Wakrah
Ar RayyanQA.RARAQA06272,860889343Ar Rayyan
Jariyan al BatnahQA.JRJBQA116,6783,7151,434Umm Bab
Madinat ach ShamalQA.MSMSQA084,915901348Dukhan
Umm Sa'idQA.UDQA1212,674Umm Sa'id
Umm SalalQA.USUSQA0931,605493190Umm Silal'ait
10 municipalities744,02911,4274,412
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Population: 2004-03-16 census (source [2]).
  • Area: Provided by Karem Abdalla (before Umm Sa'id split).
  1. 2004: Al Daayen municipality created under Resolution No. 13. Judging from maps of the municipalities before and after this change, Al Daayen was formed from parts of Umm Salal and Al Khawr; at the same time, Al Ghuwariyah merged with Al Khawr; Al Jumaliyah merged with Ar Rayyan; and Jarayan al Batnah was split between Ar Rayyan and Al Wakrah.

Other names of subdivisions: 

There are various systems in use for transliterating from the Arabic to the Latin alphabet. The variant names listed here are just a sampling.

  1. Ad Dawhah: Doha (variant)
  2. Al Ghuwariyah: Al Ghuwayriyah
  3. Al Jumaliyah: Al Gummayalah, Al Gummaylah, Al Jumaylīyah (variant)
  4. Al Khawr: Al Khor, Al Khor and Al Thakhira, Al Khor and Dhekra (variant)
  5. Ar Rayyan: Al Rayyan
  6. Jariyan al Batnah: Jarayan al Batinah, Jarayān al Baţnah, Jarayan al Batnah, Jerian al Betna, Jeryan al Batn (variant)
  7. Madinat ach Shamal: Al Shamal, Ash Shamāl (variant)
  8. Umm Sa'id: Mesaieed (variant)
  9. Umm Salal: Um Salal, Umm Ṣalāl, Umm Slal (variant)

Sources: 

  1. [1] Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning  (retrieved 2008-11-28).
  2. [2] 2004 census results from http://www.planning.gov.qa/Qatar-Census-2004/Flash/introduction.html (dead link, retrieved 2007-11-11).
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