ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. Update 3 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS
PUB 10-4, was issued on 2011-02-28. Both of these updates provide codes for the new municipalities.
The Real Academia Espaņola, which is the arbiter of the Spanish language, has promulgated new spelling rules as of
November 2010. In domesticated words, the letter Q is no longer to be used except before U. One consequence is that
the correct spelling of this country in Spanish will be Catar, replacing Qatar. It's possible that many writers of
Spanish will refuse to comply, or will only gradually catch on to the new style.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2004-10-01. It showed Umm
Sa'id municipality, formed from parts of Al Wakrah and Jariyan al Batnah.
The emirate of Qatar became a British protectorate on 1916-11-03. It became fully independent on
Other names of country:
- Arabic: Dawlat Qatar (formal)
- Danish: Qatar
- Dutch: Qatar, Staat Qatar (formal)
- English: State of Qatar (formal), Katar (obsolete)
- Finnish: Qatar
- French: Qatar m
- German: Katar n
- Icelandic: Katar
- Italian: Qatar m
- Norwegian: Qatar, Staten Qatar (formal)
- Portuguese: Qatar, Catar (Brazil), Estado m do Qatar m (formal)
- Russian: Государство Катар (formal)
- Spanish: Catar, Qatar (variant), Estado m de Catar (formal)
- Swedish: Qatar
- Turkish: Katar, Katar Devleti (formal)
Qatar is divided into seven baladiyat (sing: baladiyah; municipalities).
|Madinat ach Shamal|
Qatar occupies a peninsula in the Persian Gulf, and neighboring reefs and islets.
Origins of names:
Ad-Dawhah: Arabic ad-dawha: the big tree
- 1963: According to source , the first municipality was the Municipality of Qatar, created under Law No. 11. Later in the same year,
its name was changed to Municipality of Doha by Law No. 15.
- 1972-07-17: Ar Rayyan, Al Wakrah, Al Khawr and Dhekra, Ash Shamal, and Umm Salal municipalities created under Resolution No.11.
- 1997: Umm Sa'id municipality formed from parts of Al Wakrah (former HASC code
QA.WA, FIPS code
Jariyan al Batnah (
QA07). At that time, the municipalities were as shown in this table:
|Jariyan al Batnah|
|Madinat ach Shamal|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
- Population: 2004-03-16 census (source ).
- Area: Provided by Karem Abdalla (before Umm Sa'id split).
- 2001-03-16: International Court of Justice ruled on territorial disputes between Bahrain and Qatar, awarding the Hawar Islands to
Bahrain and the city of Zubarah and its environs to Qatar. Zubarah is on the mainland in Madinat ach Shamal municipality.
- 2004: Al Daayen municipality created under Resolution No. 13. Judging from maps of the municipalities before and after this change,
Al Daayen was formed from parts of Umm Salal and Al Khawr; at the same time, Al Ghuwariyah merged with Al Khawr; Al Jumaliyah merged with
Ar Rayyan; and Jarayan al Batnah was split between Ar Rayyan and Al Wakrah.
Other names of subdivisions:
There are various systems in use for transliterating from the Arabic to the Latin alphabet. The variant
names listed here are just a sampling.
- Ad Dawhah: Doha (variant)
- Al Ghuwariyah: Al Ghuwayriyah
- Al Jumaliyah: Al Gummayalah, Al Gummaylah, Al Jumaylīyah (variant)
- Al Khawr: Al Khor, Al Khor and Al Thakhira, Al Khor and Dhekra (variant)
- Ar Rayyan: Al Rayyan
- Jariyan al Batnah: Jarayan al Batinah, Jarayān al Baţnah, Jarayan al Batnah, Jerian al Betna, Jeryan al Batn (variant)
- Madinat ach Shamal: Al Shamal, Ash Shamāl (variant)
- Umm Sa'id: Mesaieed (variant)
- Umm Salal: Um Salal, Umm Ṣalāl, Umm Slal (variant)
-  Ministry
of Municipality and Urban Planning (retrieved 2008-11-28).
-  2004 census results from http://www.planning.gov.qa/Qatar-Census-2004/Flash/introduction.html (dead link, retrieved 2007-11-11).