Auckland has become a unitary authority.
Update 4 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2011-04-30. It has a new FIPS code for Tasman unitary authority.
Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, is dated 2010-06-30. It assigns an ISO code to Chatham Islands. It also gives the status of each subdivision (regional council, etc.), as listed below under Primary subdivisions.
The regions are mainly for purposes of environmental management, and their capitals (the location of the main regional council offices) are not hugely significant. The regional council for Manawatu-Wanganui region is called the Horizons Regional Council, and that for Canterbury is called Environment Canterbury, or ECan for short.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns new FIPS codes to the current divisions of New Zealand, superseding the county codes formerly in effect.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For New Zealand, the draft standard showed 14 regions. The final standard shows 16. This corresponds to an administrative change that took place in 1992. Nelson-Marlborough region was divided into several pieces, which were absorbed into neighboring regions or became new regions. The new regions were Nelson, Marlborough, and Tasman; Tasman also annexed part of West Coast region.
|Short name||NEW ZEALAND|
|Time zone||+12~ (see note)|
Note: Chatham Islands are +12:45~ (source )
New Zealand was a British colony at the beginning of the century. On 1907-09-26 it became a dominion of the British Empire. Since then it has gained or lost some small island dependencies, but the territory of New Zealand itself has remained unchanged. The Ross Dependency in Antarctica has been administered by New Zealand since 1923-07-30.
after the province of Zeeland (Sea-land) in the Netherlands. The native name, Aotearoa, is said to mean "land of the long white cloud".
New Zealand is divided into eleven regional councils, five "unitary authorities" (combining the functions of a regional council and a territorial authority), and one special territorial authority.
|Bay of Plenty||r||267,741||12,447||4,806||N||Whakatane|
New Zealand uses four-digit postal codes.
See the Districts of New Zealand page.
On the secondary level, New Zealand is divided into fifteen cities, 58 districts, and the Chatham Islands, collectively referred to as territorial authorities. There are some territorial authorities that overlap two regions.
A complete explanation of New Zealand's territorial structures would fill a book. North Island and South Island have always been recognized as a partition, although they don't correspond to any of the usual administrative structures. The divisions shown above represent the present state of an evolutionary process. They began as provinces (prior to 1876), became provincial districts, lost their administrative functions, became statistical areas in 1961, local government regions in ~1982, and regions in 1989. The regions are responsible for certain environmental issues, transportation, and civil defense. The New Zealand Department of Statistics also tracks population in statistical divisions and main urban areas, but some parts of New Zealand are not in any statistical division or main urban area; some main urban areas are within a statistical division, and some are not. Since 1876, the secondary administrative divisions have had various statuses: initially counties and cities, currently districts and cities. On the average, the counties/districts have been much smaller than the provinces/regions. However, especially in the North Island, there are overlaps: not every district is entirely contained in one region. There are other local governments, called special purpose authorities. On the level below the counties, there are 159 community boards (only serving some areas of the country), whose function is simply to advise the district councils. There are also wards, some of which coincide with community boards.
The bulk of each region lies on either the North or South Island, as shown in the table above.
New Zealand includes some remote island groups which are not part of any region. The Kermadec Islands are grouped with North Island for statistical purposes. The Antipodes Islands, Campbell Island, the Auckland Islands, Three Kings, Snares, and Bounty Islands are grouped with South Island. For additional information, see source .
New Zealand administers Tokelau as a territory overseas. It maintains a claim to Ross Dependency in Antarctica. It also has relationships of free association with its former territories of Cook Islands and Niue. On this website, following the ISO standard, these all have separate listings (see Antarctica, Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau). Samoa is a former trust territory.
|Bay of Plenty||172,480||9,126||N||Tauranga|
|Hawke's Bay||137,840||12,396||N||Napier, Hastings|
NSB) was abolished; its orphaned areas in Hurunui and Kaikoura districts were transferred to Canterbury region; and West Coast region lost its part of Tasman district.
|Bay of Plenty||203,982||224,364||239,415||257,379||267,741|
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