Blogger Wilder Wilson (source ) posted this information (my translation from his Spanish): " Without a doubt, the territory of the Caribbean Coast of Nicaraga is the area that has used the most names in the course of its history: Veragua or Cariari, Tagusgalpa, Costa de los Misquitos (Mosquito Coast), Department of Zelaya, Special zones I and II, to wind up in 1987 with the Autonomous Regions. We have always had a coast, whether it be Atlantico or Caribbean, a theme that brings us to the present day with the recent constitutional reform of 2014, in which the legislators incorporate the decision of the International Court of Justice which as it pertains to us the Caribbean Sea is restored to Nicaragua by the aforesaid decision, and in the political constitution of Nicaragua. Law No. 854, amendment to the political constitution of the Republic of Nicaragua. published in the official daily gazette, number 26, 2014-02-12: Every reference to "Costa Atlántica" in the onstitution or in legislation, should read "Costa Caribe."
Nicaragua abandoned DST after a two-year trial in 2005-06.
Sorin Cosoveanu pointed out to me the results of the 2005 census.
"Administrative Subdivisions of Countries" shows Nicaragua divided into sixteen departments. As a sidelight, it mentions that there is an alternative division into six regions and three special zones. Each of the regions and special zones consists of one or more departments, except that Zelaya department is split into two special zones: Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, and Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur. The FIPS and ISO standards have now begun to treat these special zones as department-level divisions.
Erratum: Population data in the book are 1990 estimates, not a 1991 census.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. For Nicaragua, it replaces Zelaya department with two autonomous regions named Atlántico Norte and Atlántico Sur.
Nicaragua has been independent for the whole 20th century.
Named for Nicarao, chief of the tribe of Nicaraos
Nicaragua is divided into fifteen departamentos (departments) and two regiones autónomas (sing. región autónoma: autonomous regions).
|Región Autónoma del Caribe Norte||314,130||32,820||12,672||A||Bilwi|
|Región Autónoma del Caribe Sur||306,510||27,546||10,636||A||Bluefields|
|Río San Juan||95,596||7,540||2,911||A||San Carlos|
Correos de Nicaragua , Nicaragua's postal service, says that the country has a set of five-digit postal codes, in which the first digit represents the department, the next two digits represent the municipality, and the last two represent the district. I'm not sure how that works out when there are seventeen departments. The postal service site doesn't have any facility for looking up specific postal codes yet.
See the Municipalities of Nicaragua page.
The departments are subdivided into municipios (municipalities). Since 1982-07-26, there has also been a subdivision into six regions and three special zones. However, the departments are still the divisions most often referenced. The regions are:
|Región I||Estelí||Estelí, Madriz, Nueva Segovia|
|Región II||León||Chinandega, León|
|Región IV||Jinotepe||Carazo, Granada, Masaya, Rivas|
|Región V||Juigalpa||Boaco, Chontales|
|Región VI||Matagalpa||Jinotega, Matagalpa|
|Región Autónoma del Caribe Norte||Rosita||Zelaya (part)|
|Región Autónoma del Caribe Sur||Bluefields||Zelaya (part)|
|Zona Especial III||San Carlos||Río San Juan|
The parts of Zelaya are also known by their acronyms, RAAN and RAAS; or as Zelaya Norte and Zelaya Sul. In the latest FIPS list, they have separate codes of NU17 and NU18, respectively, superseding Zelaya.
The UN LOCODE page for Nicaragua lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
NU16, capital Bluefields).
|Cabo Gracias a Dios||17,323|
|Río San Juan||9,089||16,000||21,159||70,143||95,596|
Notes: In 1940, population of Zelaya includes Cabo Gracias a Dios and San Juan del Norte. 1963 data rounded to nearest 1,000.
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