Regions of Niger

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Updates: 

An update to ISO 3166-2, issued on 2014-11-03, changes the status of departments to regions.

Sorin Cosoveanu provided me with census data from 2012, in agreement with source [4], and with areas for the regions that I used to replace the former figures in the main table.

Country overview: 

Short nameNIGER
ISO codeNE
FIPS codeNG
LanguageFrench (fr)
Time zone+1
CapitalNiamey

 

The area now known as Niger was part of French Sudan at the beginning of the 20th century. As the French administration got better organized, the area became a military territory, separate from the colony of Upper Senegal and Niger to its west. Niger became a territory within French West Africa on 1922-10-13. It obtained full independence on 1960-08-03.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Niger
  2. Dutch: Niger, Republiek Niger (formal)
  3. English: Republic of Niger (formal)
  4. Finnish: Niger
  5. French: Niger, République f du Niger m (formal)
  6. German: Niger m
  7. Icelandic: Níger
  8. Italian: Niger m
  9. Norwegian: Niger, Republikken Niger (formal)
  10. Portuguese: Níger, República f do Níger m (formal)
  11. Russian: Голландия (variant), Республика Нигер (formal)
  12. Spanish: Níger, República f de Níger (formal)
  13. Swedish: Niger
  14. Turkish: Nijer Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

Named for the Niger River, from Tamashek gher n-gheren: river among rivers

Primary subdivisions: 

Niger is divided into seven régions (regions) and one communauté urbaine (urban commune).

RegionHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)
AgadezNE.AG1NG01487,620667,799257,839
DiffaNE.DF2NG02593,821156,90660,582
DossoNE.DS3NG032,037,71333,84413,067
MaradiNE.MA4NG043,402,09441,79616,138
NiameyNE.NI8NG081,026,848402155
TahouaNE.TH5NG063,328,365113,37143,773
TillabériNE.TL6NG092,722,48297,25137,549
ZinderNE.ZI7NG073,539,764155,77860,146
8 divisions17,138,7071,267,147489,248
  • Region: Niamey is a urban commune.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Population: 2012-12-10 census
  • Capitals have the same name as their regions.

Further subdivisions:

See the Departments of Niger page.

The regions are subdivided into departments, which are further subdivided into entities of three types: rural communes, urban communes, and administrative stations (postes administratifs).

Territorial extent: 

Niamey is enclaved within Kollo department of Tillabéri region.

Change history: 

  1. 1932-09-06: Part of Upper Volta transferred to Niger
  2. 1947-09-04: Districts of Dori and Fada N'Gourma restored to Upper Volta
  3. As part of French West Africa, Niger was divided into sixteen cercles (districts): Agadez, Birni N'Konni, Dogondoutchi, Dosso, Filingué, Gouré, Madaoua, Magaria, Maradi, N'Guigmi, Niamey, Tahoua, Téra, Tessaoua, Tillabéry, and Zinder. Their capitals had the same names as the districts.
  4. 1961-12-31: Law of territorial organization created 31 circumscriptions. De facto, the 16 colonial cercles continued to exist, and served as a level of division above the circumscriptions. Four cercles (Dogondoutchi, Filingué, N'Guigmi, and Téra) had only one circumscription.
  5. 1964-07-17: Niger reorganized into seven departments, subdivided into 32 arrondissements which corresponded to the former circumscriptions.
  6. 1988-04: Capital of Niamey department moved from Niamey to Tillabéri.
  7. 1992: Tillabéri department split from Niamey (whose FIPS code was NG05 before the change). Status of Niamey changed from department to urban commune.
  8. 2001-08-10: Law No. 2001-023 changed the status of departments to regions.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Agadez: Agadès (obsolete)
  2. Tillabéri: Tillabéry (variant)

Population history:

Region19601977-10-071988-05-102001-05-202012-12-10
Agadez62,000124,985205,108321,639487,620
Diffa123,000167,389186,792346,595593,821
Dosso450,000693,2071,016,4691,505,8642,037,713
Maradi561,000949,7471,385,1702,235,7483,402,094
Niamey242,973392,165707,9511,026,848
Tahoua687,000993,6151,305,4171,972,7293,328,365
Tillaberi748,000928,8491,322,0251,889,5152,722,482
Zinder609,0001,002,2251,406,9432,080,2503,539,764
Total3,240,0005,102,9907,220,08911,060,29117,138,707

 

Data for 1960-2001 are from source [2]. Other sources sometimes disagree. Census 2012: source [4].

Sources: 

  1. [1] 2001 census data are from the Institut National de Statistique - Niger  website (retrieved 2009-06-05).
  2. [2] Annuaire statistique des cinquante ans d'indépendance du Niger . Institut National de la Statistique, 2010-08 (retrieved 2012-08-21).
  3. [3] L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine, Paris, 1982.
  4. [4] Présentation des résultats globaux définitifs du Quatrième Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitat (RGP/H) de 2012 . Institut National de la Statistique (retrieved 2014-04-18).
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