I added a population history.
The area now known as Niger was part of French Sudan at the beginning of the 20th century. As the French administration got
better organized, the area became a military territory, separate from the colony of Upper Senegal and Niger to its west. Niger
became a territory within French West Africa on 1922-10-13. It obtained full independence on 1960-08-03.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Niger
- Dutch: Niger, Republiek Niger (formal)
- English: Republic of Niger (formal)
- Finnish: Niger
- French: Niger, République f du Niger m (formal)
- German: Niger m
- Icelandic: Níger
- Italian: Niger m
- Norwegian: Niger, Republikken Niger (formal)
- Portuguese: Níger, República f do Níger m (formal)
- Russian: Голландия (variant), Республика Нигер (formal)
- Spanish: Níger, República f de Níger (formal)
- Swedish: Niger
- Turkish: Nijer Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
Named for the Niger River, from Tamashek gher n-gheren: river among rivers
Niger is divided into seven régions (regions) and one communauté urbaine (urban commune).
See the Departments of Niger page.
The regions are subdivided into departments, which are further subdivided into entities of three types: rural communes, urban
communes, and administrative stations (postes administratifs).
Niamey is enclaved within Kollo department of Tillabéri region.
- 1932-09-06: Part of Upper Volta transferred to Niger
- 1947-09-04: Districts of Dori and Fada N'Gourma restored to Upper Volta
- As part of French West Africa, Niger was divided into sixteen cercles (districts): Agadez, Birni N'Konni, Dogondoutchi,
Dosso, Filingué, Gouré, Madaoua, Magaria, Maradi, N'Guigmi, Niamey, Tahoua, Téra, Tessaoua, Tillabéry, and Zinder. Their
capitals had the same names as the districts.
- 1961-12-31: Law of territorial organization created 31 circumscriptions. De facto, the 16 colonial cercles continued to
exist, and served as a level of division above the circumscriptions. Four cercles (Dogondoutchi, Filingué, N'Guigmi, and Téra)
had only one circumscription.
- 1964-07-17: Niger reorganized into seven departments, subdivided into 32 arrondissements which corresponded to the former
- 1988-04: Capital of Niamey department moved from Niamey to Tillabéri.
- 1992: Tillabéri department split from Niamey (whose FIPS code was NG05 before the change). Status of Niamey changed from
department to urban commune.
- 2001-08-10: Law No. 2001-023 changed the status of departments to regions.
Other names of subdivisions:
- Agadez: Agadès (obsolete)
- Tillabéri: Tillabéry (variant)
All data are from source . Other sources sometimes disagree.
-  2001 census data are from the Institut National de Statistique -
Niger website (retrieved 2009-06-05).
-  Annuaire
statistique des cinquante ans d'indépendance du Niger . Institut National de la Statistique,
2010-08 (retrieved 2012-08-21).
-  L'Évaluation des effectifs de la population des pays Africains, Tome I. Groupe de Démographie Africaine, Paris, 1982.