Provinces of New Caledonia

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Updates: 

GEC Update 17, dated 2014-09-30, adds codes for the three provinces. One of the names it lists is "Province Îles," which may be a mistake for "Îles Loyauté."

The status of New Caledonia was changed from overseas territory to overseas country (pays d'outre-mer) by the Nouméa agreement, adopted by Parliament on 1999-02-19.

Karem Abdalla has provided me with a spreadsheet showing the areas and 1996 populations of the provinces of New Caledonia.

Country overview: 

Short nameNEW CALEDONIA
ISO codeNC
FIPS codeNC
LanguageFrench (fr)
Time zone+11
CapitalNouméa

 

New Caledonia has been a French possession for the whole 20th century. In 1958 its status changed to territoire d'outre-mer (overseas territory). On 1959-12-27, its dependencies, the Wallis and Futuna Islands, were split from New Caledonia to become a separate overseas territory.

Other names of country: 

  1. Dutch: Nieuw Caledonië
  2. English: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies (formal)
  3. French: Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouvelle-Calédonie f et Dépendances fp (formal)
  4. German: Neukaledonien n
  5. Icelandic: Nýja-Kaledónia
  6. Italian: Nuova Caledonia f
  7. Norwegian: Ny Caledonia
  8. Portuguese: Nova Caledónia f, Nova Caledônia (Brazil)
  9. Russian: Новая Каледония
  10. Spanish: Nueva Caledonia f
  11. Turkish: Yeni Kaledonya

Origin of name: 

Caledonia is a poetic name for Scotland

Primary subdivisions: 

New Caledonia is divided into three provinces.

ProvinceHASCGECPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Îles LoyautéNC.ILNC0117,4361,981765
NordNC.NONC0245,1377,3482,837Koné
SudNC.SUNC03183,0079,4073,632Nouméa
Totals245,58018,7367,234

Postal codes: 

New Caledonian postal codes are five-digit numbers beginning with 988, following the French system.

Further subdivisions:

See the Communes of New Caledonia page.

The provinces are subdivided into 33 communes.

Territorial extent: 

  1. New Caledonia consists of the large island of New Caledonia, some nearby smaller islands, and some remote tiny islands.
  2. Îles Loyauté includes Lifou, Maré, Ouvéa, Tiga, and some nearby islets.
  3. Nord includes the northern end of New Caledonia with the adjacent islands of Balabio, Baaba, Yandé, etc.; the Bélep Islands (Art, Pott, and some smaller ones); and probably the remote dependencies of Chesterfield Islands and Huon Islands.
  4. Sud includes the southern end of New Caledonia with the adjacent islands of Ouen, Hugon, Ducos, Toupéti, etc.; Île des Pins and neighboring islets; and probably the remote dependency of Walpole Island.

Change history: 

1946: New Caledonia census showed the colony divided into five arrondissements, plus seven dependencies, as shown. The dependencies of Futuna and Alofi and Wallis Archipelago split from New Caledonia in 1961 to form Wallis and Futuna. Isle of Pines corresponds to l'Île des Pins commune; Loyalty Islands corresponds to Îles Loyauté province; the other dependencies are still dependencies now.

NameTypPopulation
Canalaa1,950
Chesterfield Islandsd 
Futuna and Alofid 
Houaïloua2,241
Huon Islandsd 
Isle of Pinesd14
Loyalty Islandsd166
Nouméaa11,446
Ouégoaa1,191
Touhoa1,729
Wallis Archipelagod 
Walpoled 
Total 49,000
  • Typ: a = arrondissement, d =
    dependency.
  • Population: 1946 census, counting
    Europeans only, except in the Total.
  • Source: Encyclopædia Britannica
    World Atlas, 1957 edition.

 

1988-11-09: New Caledonia reorganized into three provinces following a referendum. Before this date it had been divided into four provinces, formerly circonscriptions: Centre-Sud-Est (capital La Foa), Îles Loyauté, Nord, and Nouméa.

Other names of subdivisions: 

Îles Loyauté: Loyalty Islands (variant); Islas de la Lealtad (Spanish)

Population history:

Province1956-12-061963-05-021969-03-111976-04-231983-04-151989-04-041996-04-162004-08-312009-07-27
Îes Loyauté10,87811,40912,24814,51815,51017,91220,87722,08017,436
Nord24,17625,78127,18132,02131,31034,52641,41344,47445,137
Sud33,42649,32961,15086,69498,548111,735134,546164,235183,007
Total68,48086,519100,579133,233145,368164,173196,836230,789245,580

Sources: 

  1. [1] Institut de la Statistique et des Études Économiques - Nouvelle-Calédonie  (retrieved 2005-10-18).
  2. [2] Population des communes de la Nouvelle-Calédonie de 1956 à 2009 , ISEE (retrieved 2013-12-10).
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