Neno district has been split from Mwanza. Source  says that the split happened in 2007-07. However, Wikipedia (source ) dates it to 2003. Source  states, "The Mwanza District has recently been split into two districts, namely the Mwanza and Neno districts. The Neno District does not yet have administrative structures in place, but there is a District Commissioner in place." The report doesn't seem to be dated, but it cites many dates, and none of them is later than 2003. The explanation may be that the split officially took place in 2003, but the governmental implementation wasn't complete until 2007. Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard (2010-06-30), assigns an ISO code to the new district. Update 2 to "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" was published on 2010-11-30. It assigns the FIPS code.
Balaka, Likoma, and Phalombe districts were created in 1998. They were added to ISO 3166-2 by Newsletter Number I-2 (2002-05-21). FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 9, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4 (2004-10-01), assigned FIPS codes to the new districts. It also changed the FIPS codes of the old districts from which they were formed, except for Nkhata Bay.
In 1900, modern Malawi was the protectorate of British Central Africa. In 1907, the name was changed to Nyasaland Protectorate. On 1953-07-14, Nyasaland joined with Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) and Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) to form the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The federation was dissolved when Nyasaland withdrew in 1963. When it became independent on 1964-07-06, it changed its name to Malawi.
after the Chewa name for the lake
Malawi is divided into 28 districts.
There are also three regions, each containing several districts: Central (C), Northern (N), and Southern (S). In census reports, a few districts are shown divided into urban and rural parts: Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzimba (whose urban part is Mzuzu City), and Zomba.
At a lower level, Malawi is divided into traditional authorities, sub-traditional authorities (or sub-chiefs), towns, national parks, game reserves, etc. The urban areas are divided into wards. Some traditional authorities straddle district borders, so these subsidiary divisions don't fit precisely into a hierarchical scheme.
Northern region contains the islands of Likoma and Chisamula in Lake Malawi. These islands are surrounded by Mozambican waters, making them exclaves.
The UN LOCODE page for Malawi lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Blantyre: named by Livingstone for his birthplace, Blantyre, Scotland
The Institute for Security Studies says (source ), "The number of districts can be increased or decreased at any time as determined by the Office of the President and Cabinet. As such, the number of districts has been varying since independence.... (Muula & Chanika, 2005)"
MI10); Phalombe district split from Mulanje (formerly
MI14); Likoma district split from Nkhata Bay (FIPS code unchanged). Likoma probably consists of Likoma and Chisamula Islands in Lake Malawi.
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