I added the legal populations for 2010.
Martinique was a French colony until 1946, when it became an overseas department, and thus in theory a peer of any of the European departments of France. In 1974, when French regions were established, it became a one-department region as well. Martinique has a NUTS code of FR92 (as a region, or FR920 as a department), a department code of 972, and postal codes of the form 972xx, all of which are extensions of the French system.
named by Columbus, probably from native name Madinina: island of lush vegetation
Martinique is divided into four arrondissements.
See the Communes of Martinique page.
The arrondissements are subdivided into communes.
Martinique includes the island of Martinique and a few adjacent islets, such as Îlet Ramville, Îlet Long, and Îlet Cabri.
Fort-de-France: originally Fort Royal, name changed for patriotic reasons after the French Revolution
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