I added the legal populations for 2010.
Martinique was a French colony until 1946, when it became an overseas department, and thus in theory a peer of any of the European departments of France. In 1974, when French regions were established, it became a one-department region as well. Martinique has a NUTS code of FR92 (as a region, or FR920 as a department), a department code of 972, and postal codes of the form 972xx, all of which are extensions of the French system.
named by Columbus, probably from native name Madinina: island of lush vegetation
Martinique is divided into four arrondissements.
See the Communes of Martinique page.
The arrondissements are subdivided into communes.
Martinique includes the island of Martinique and a few adjacent islets, such as Îlet Ramville, Îlet Long, and Îlet Cabri.
The UN LOCODE page for Martinique lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Fort-de-France: originally Fort Royal, name changed for patriotic reasons after the French Revolution
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