"Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on
2014-03-31. It gave Nay Pyi Taw the code
MM-18. Subsequently, on 2014-11-03, ISO officially issued a code for Naypyidaw. At
the same time, it changed the spellings of Ayeyarwady and Tanintharyi to Ayeyawadi and Taninthayi. Now there is a perfect match between
the two standards.
Update 10 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2012-12-31. It changes the status of divisions to regions, and adds Nay Pyi Daw as a union territory. It also changes the spelling of two regions, dropping the letter "r".
The 2008 constitution changes the status of divisions to regions. It also establishes "union territories," but only one such territory is specifically identified: Naypyidaw.
Newsletter VI-9, revising ISO 3166-1, was published on 2011-06-20. It adds "Republic of" to the formal country name.
On 2005-11-06, the government suddenly began a relocation from Yangon to Pyinmana, in Mandalay division. The name of the new capital, as of 2005-11-12, was Nay Pyi Daw or Naypyidaw, Burmese for "successful capital city" or "royal city". The move was said to be complete on 2006-02-17. Some reports say that the residents of the site of the new capital persist in calling it by its previous name, Kyetpyay, which means "fleeing chicken".
The name of the country's official language is being changed from Burmese to Myanmar.
In 1900, Burma was one of the provinces of India. It was detached from India as a separate crown colony on 1937-04-01. It was occupied by Japan during World War II. It became independent on 1948-01-04. The government requested the use of the name Union of Myanmar in English as of 1989-06-19. Most western organizations have complied, with the exception, so far, of the U.S. Government.
Burmese myamma naygan: strong
Myanmar is divided into seven yin (regions), seven pyine (states), and one union territory. Generally speaking, states are semi-autonomous areas allocated to particular ethnic groups.
Note: The capital of Rakhine has been known as Akyab or Sittwe interchangeably for many years. During the 1960s, the capital of Magway temporarily moved from Magwe to Yenangyaung.
Myanmar uses five-digit postal codes. The first two digits represent the region or state.
See the Districts of Myanmar page.
The regions and states are subdivided into kayaing (districts) and substates. These are further subdivided into about 314 townships.
Some recent sources say that Myanmar has 17 primary subdivisions. Those sources consider Bago region to be divided into Bago (east) and Bago (west), and Shan State into Shan (east), Shan (north), and Shan (south). The others are unchanged.
According to the constitution, there are also six self-administered zones or districts, which are subsets of Shan state and Sagaing region.
The UN LOCODE page for Myanmar lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
In 1900, Burma was a province of India, and was divided into Lower Burma (capital Rangoon) and Upper Burma (Mandalay). Upper Burma contained the divisions of Mandalay, Meiktila, Minbu, Sagaing, and the Federated Shan States (North and South). Lower Burma consisted of Arakan, Irrawaddy, Pegu, and Tenasserim. These divisions were further subdivided into districts.
|Northern Shan States||636,107||55,426||21,400||Taunggyi||E|
|Southern Shan States||870,230||94,317||36,416||Taunggyi||E|
Names of the states often include the generic (e.g., Chin State; État Mon).
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