Sorin Cosoveanu sent me detailed information about the subdivisions of Moldavia/Moldova from 1940 on, acquired from source  and other sources.
Transnistria is de facto independent, but is included in Moldova by ISO standard 3166. It uses Russian as the main language on its official websites, and the Cyrillic alphabet for its version of the Moldovan language. Internally, its name is Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika (Pridnestrovie). The name has political implications: Transnistria means "land across the Dniester", viz. from Moldova; Pridnestrovie simply means "land by the Dniester". Its capital is Tiraspol, and it is divided into seven administrative-territorial units, as listed here. Bender and Dubossary correspond to divisions of Moldova, and may be partitioned between the two territories.
The result of the reorganization of Moldovan territory in 2003 is reflected in Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, dated 2010-06-30, and in FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, dated 2006-03-23.
Change Notice 8 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2002-06-28. It changes the name of Dubăsari to Stīngă Nistrului, which is also the name used for it in the ISO update. I've concluded that the name Dubăsari is obsolete.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It completely revises the list of subdivisions of Moldova. It shows Moldova divided into one unitate teritorială autonoma (autonomous territory), one municipiu (city), one unitatea teritorială (territorial unit), and nine judeţul (counties). The header for the Moldova entry incorrectly states that there are ten counties; the 10 is corrected to 9 in ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-3, published on 2002-08-20. Taraclia county is not shown in Newsletter Number I-2, but is added in Newsletter Number I-4, published on 2002-12-10.
Change Notice 4 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 2000-02-25. It shows Moldova divided into ten judeţul (counties) and one unitate teritorială autonoma (autonomous territorial unit). If they are the same divisions as those predicted by Tass in source , the Dniester region would have to be the same as Dubăsari county.
I have seen a series of Moldovan statistical yearbooks. Source  clearly shows that the divisions of
Moldova on the primary level were ten counties, one city, one autonomous territorial unit, and one other unit
which is verbosely described as Unităţile administrativ-teritoriale din partea stīngă a
Nistrului, cărora li se pot atribui forme şi condiţii speciale de autonomie
(Administrative-territorial units from the left side of the Nistru (Dniester) River, which could be entitled
to special formations and conditions of autonomy). I accordingly decided to split Chisinau city from
Chisinau county (former HASC code
MD.CE) in the table for 1999 under Change history.
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Russia acquired the eastern part of the principality of Moldavia from the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century. It became the guberniya of Bessarabia, consisting of all the territory between the Prum and Dniestr Rivers east of about 26°45' East. Bessarabia proclaimed its independence on 1918-01-24, in the chaos of World War I. It united with Romania two months later. The merger was ratified by the Paris Peace Conference in 1920. The Soviet Union asserted a claim to the territory. Unable to prevail, it established a Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (capital Balta from 1924 to 1929, then Tiraspol) on the eastern side of the Dniestr. After the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union and Germany carved up the intervening territory. In 1940, the Soviet Union moved in and annexed Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina from Romania. On 1940-08-02, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic was created. It contained about 28,000 sq. km. of Bessarabian territory and 3,400 sq. km. of the Moldavian A.S.S.R. The remaining pieces - Northern Bukovina, 4,900 sq. km. of the Moldavian A.S.S.R., and 17,600 sq. km. of Bessarabia, including the districts of Belgorod Dniestrovskiy, Hertza, Hotin, and Izmail - became part of the Ukraine. Although Romania re-occupied this area during the war, the Soviet Union took it back in 1944. Moldavia once again declared independence on 1991-08-27, taking the name Moldova. More recently, the part of Moldova east of the Dniestr has formed a breakaway government, Transnistria, which has not been recognized by any other country.
from Molda River (not to be confused with the Moldau)
Moldova is divided into 32 raioane (sing. raion: districts), three municipiu (city), one unitate teritorială autonomă (autonomous territory), and one unitatea teritorială (territorial unit).
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Note: I reused HASC codes from earlier divisions of the same name and type. I can't guarantee that the area covered is exactly the same in all cases.
Moldova uses four-digit postal codes. Moldovan addresses can be identified by prefixing the postal codes with "MD-".
According to source , the secondary subdivisions of Moldova were 15 municipalities, 50 cities, 66 localities in the frame of cities, 663 villages (communes), and 886 localities in the frame of villages (communes), for a total of 1,680 secondary subdivisions.
Chişinău: Hungarian Kis-Jenö: Little Eugene, name of a fortress
Orhei: Hungarian varhely: citadel
Soroca: Theory 1: Romanian sarac: poor. Theory 2: From sroc: a feudal obligation.
MD23) became an autonomous territory. Previously it had been a minority area consisting approximately of the districts of Ciadīr-Lunga, Comrat, and part of Vulcaneşti, forming two disconnected areas along the southern border of Moldova with Ukraine. Its capital is Comrat (or Komrat).
During the existence of the Moldavian S.S.R., the Soviet Union imposed the use of the Cyrillic alphabet for the Romanian language spoken in Moldavia. Names transliterated from Cyrillic are different from the native forms now used by Moldova, as shown in the tables above.
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