Jean-François Blanc forwarded me a message from IMSEE with a link to source . The message, translated, says, "Under Sovereign Ordinance No. 4,481 of 2013-09-13, the territory of the Principality is divided into seven ordinanced quarters." As I explain below, this statement seems to be an oversimplification.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. It assigns codes to seventeen quarters of Monaco.
A new area called Le Portier is under development. It will become the eleventh secteur, if completed.
FIPS PUB 10-4 is the U.S. Federal standard for administrative divisions of countries. Change 3 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated May 17, 1999. One of the changes was to drop the list of divisions for Monaco. FIPS has concluded, as I did, that the quartiers don't count as primary administrative divisions. I am disinclined to report subdivisions for a country whose total area is 2.02 km.².
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Monaco has been independent for the entire 20th century.
Italian monaco: monk; or from Greek monoikos: one house
Monaco has one commune, which is coextensive with the country.
Monaco uses five-digit postal codes from the French system. They always begin with "980". Monégasque addresses can be identified by prefixing the postal codes with "MC-".
The term "quartier" has long been used to describe various subdivisions of Monaco. Note that the French word quartier doesn't mean "one-fourth"; there is no implication of four parts. The term can be translated district, quarter, or neighborhood. Often, a quartier is an informal term with no precise boundary, but at various times, there have been well-defined quarters that have some administrative significance.
The quarters of Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, and Monte-Carlo are shown in many older sources. Until 1999,
the FIPS standard included codes for three quarters: La Condamine (
MN01), Monaco-Ville (
and Monte-Carlo (
MN03). Fontvieille is probably missing from the FIPS list because it is more recent,
occupying land reclaimed from the sea between 1964 and 1973.
According to the 2008 census (source ), the commune of Monaco was subdivided into four quartiers which were further subdivided into ten secteurs (sectors or wards). The first four columns of this table summarize the data in the census report. Note that the areas are given in square meters. It takes a million square meters to make one km.².
|Sector||No.||2008 quartier||Area(m.²)||2013 quartiers|
|Monte-Carlo Spélugues||1||Monte-Carlo||295,392||Monte-Carlo, La Condamine, Sainte-Dévote|
|La Rousse St-Roman||2||Monte-Carlo||105,189||La Rousse|
|Larvotto - Bas Moulins||3||Monte-Carlo||336,796||Larvotto, La Rousse, Monte-Carlo|
|Condamine||4||La Condamine||267,324||La Condamine|
|Fontvieille||6||Fontvieille||334,970||Fontvieille, Jardin Exotique|
|La Colle||7||La Condamine||175,811||Jardin Exotique, Les Moneghetti|
|Les Révoires||8||La Condamine||75,699||Jardin Exotique, Les Moneghetti|
|Moneghetti - Bd de Belgique||9||La Condamine||104,249||Les Moneghetti, Jardin Exotique|
The new ISO standard (2011-12) lists the following quarters. It attributes the list to the Direction des Communications Électroniques, Principauté de Monaco. No map has been provided, so the extent of this set of quarters can't be determined.
|Vallon de la Rousse|
In 2013, a new ordinance (source ) provides for eight quarters and one more division. They are matched up with the 2008 census sectors in the table above.
Monaco borders only one other country: France. It escapes being an enclave only because of its seacoast.
Here is my translation of the relevant parts of source . "The territory of the Principality is divided into three sectors: (A) the reserved sector, which must be preserved in its current character ...; (B) the sector of ordinanced quarters, ... with an urban character; (C) the sector of urbanized operations, which consists of a medium-model zone, a high-model zone, and a border zone." The contents of sectors (A) and (B) are itemized. (A) contains "Monaco-Ville quarter and the ravine of Sainte-Dévote." The prince's palace is in Monaco-Ville, so that quarter is probably treated as a historic preservation area. (B) contains the quarters of la Condamine, Fontvieille, Jardin Exotique, Larvotto, Moneghetti, Monte-Carlo, and La Rousse. The map at source  shows Monaco completely partitioned into those eight quarters and the ravine. The ravine may not have any buildings in it; on the satellite view, it looks like park land. In sector (C), the word I translated as "model" is "gabarit," which is a rather vague term. It can mean a mold, a model, a template, a pattern, a jig, or a dimension. From another source, I find that the percentage of green space required in new construction is different for each of the three zones mentioned in (C).
It looks to me as if the sectors represent different forms of administration and not a partition of the territory. The partition would be the eight quarters and the ravine.
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