On 2014-11-03, ISO issued an update to ISO 3166-2, changing the name of "Guelmim-Es Smara" to "Guelmim-Es Semara."
In 2010, a commision (Commission consultative de la régionalisation) prepared a report proposing to reorganize Morocco into 12 regions. These regions constituted a regrouping of the existing provinces and prefectures. In an internet search, I haven't found anything new written about these regions since 2011, so the proposal may have been dropped.
Update 7 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes, the successor to FIPS standard 10-4, was issued with the date 2012-02-01. It changes the spelling of Guelmim-Es Smara to Guelmim-Es Semara.
Morocco will be going on daylight saving time starting in 2008. The duration of DST this year will be 2008-06-01 00:00 to 2008-09-28 00:00 local time.
FIPS 10-4 Change Notice 11, dated 2006-07-11, has assigned a FIPS code to Laâyoune - Boujdour - Sakia El Hamra region, as shown below.
FIPS Publication Change Notice No. 10, affecting FIPS PUB 10-4, was issued on 2006-03-23. It assigns new FIPS codes to the current Moroccan regions, superseding the province codes formerly in effect. Among the new codes, there are none that apply to the southernmost regions. Perhaps FIPS now considers them part of Western Sahara, but I don't have any FIPS codes for them under that heading, either.
Several people (Karem Abdalla, Jose Gavinha, and Mario Pezza) have sent me spreadsheets containing the results of the 2004 census. I've combined their data to update the main table below. There are many disagreements about regional areas. I have left the area columns unchanged. According to Jose Gavinha, those areas are the same as those published by the Moroccan Direction de la Statistique at http://www.statistic.gov.ma/codegeo.xls . (As of this writing, the entire Direction de la Statistique website is not responding. Recent statistical data are available at the Haut Commisariat au Plan site.)
While compiling the data, I also made slight changes to the spelling of a couple of regions. The transliterations from the Arabic are somewhat fluid.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-6 was published on 2004-03-08. The only change to the Morocco listing is to correct the spelling of Laayoune to Laâyoune in two places. This page has always included the accent.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2 was published on 2002-05-21. It replaces the former seven economic regions with a completely new set of sixteen economic regions, shown in the following table (which I had posted about a year earlier). The ISO standard retains the same list of second-level administrative divisions (wilayas and provinces) as before, although a few spellings and one code are corrected. I have inserted the ISO codes for the economic regions in the table below. The changes are also reflected on the Prefectures page.
The CIA World Factbook says that a decentralization/regionalization law was passed by the legislature in March 1997. The Moroccan statistics agency, Direction de la Statistique, has posted population figures reflecting a new administrative division on its Web site. Probably this new administrative division is the result of the law of March 1997.
On this page, I reported that the province of Aousserd was split from Oued Ed-Dahab - Lagouira, which was
correct. However, I misinterpreted it as meaning that Aousserd should be added to the table. In fact, it
is a second-level subdivision and as such it should only be listed as a secondary division (see the
Prefectures page). In correcting this error, I've also restored the HASC code for
Oued Ed-Dahab - Lagouira from
In 1900, Morocco was an independent sultanate, although several European countries had sought varying degrees of influence. Spain, in particular, had possessed exclaves on the Mediterranean coast for many years. Spain also claimed, and later occupied, the coastal exclave of Ifni in the south. The French and Germans agreed on 1911-11-04 to respect French pretensions to Morocco in exchange for a French cession in the Cameroons. In the Treaty of Fez (1912-03-30), the sultan agreed to a Spanish protectorate over two strips of territory at the north and south ends, and a French protectorate over the rest of the country. From 1925 to 1956, Tangier, with its environs, was administered jointly by the European powers. In 1956, the sultanate once again became independent, first in the French protectorate, then the Spanish, and finally Tangier. In 1976, Spain relinquished Spanish Sahara. Mauritania and Morocco promptly divided it between them. However, Mauritania ceded its portion to Morocco three years later. Morocco has administered the region since then. The United Nations intends to hold a referendum to determine the future of this territory, now known as Western Sahara. Pending the decision, other governments have withheld recognition of Morocco's sovereignty over Western Sahara.
from Medieval Latin Morroch, which came in turn from the city name Marrakech. Arabic name was al-Maghreb: the west, al-aksa: farthest
Morocco is divided into sixteen regions.
|Chaouia - Ouardigha||1,655,660||1,509,077||7,010||2,707||Settat|
|Doukkala - Abda||1,984,039||1,793,458||13,285||5,129||Safi|
|Fès - Boulemane||1,573,055||1,322,473||19,795||7,643||Fès|
|Gharb - Chrarda - Béni Hssen||1,859,540||1,625,082||8,805||3,400||Kenitra|
|Guelmim - Es-Semara||462,410||386,075||122,825||47,423||Guelmim|
|Laâyoune - Boujdour - Sakia El Hamra||256,152||175,669||139,480||53,854||Laâyoune|
|Marrakech - Tensift - Al Haouz||3,102,652||2,724,204||31,160||12,031||Marrakesh|
|Meknès - Tafilalet||2,141,527||1,903,790||79,210||30,583||Meknès|
|Oued Ed-Dahab - Lagouira||99,367||36,751||50,880||19,645||Dakhla|
|Rabat - Salé - Zemmour - Zaer||2,366,494||1,985,602||9,580||3,699||Rabat|
|Souss - Massa - Draâ||3,113,653||2,635,522||70,880||27,367||Agadir|
|Tadla - Azilal||1,450,519||1,324,662||17,125||6,612||Béni Mellal|
|Tanger - Tétouan||2,470,372||2,036,032||11,570||4,467||Tanger|
|Taza - Al Hoceima - Taounate||1,807,113||1,719,844||24,155||9,326||Al Hoceima|
Note: Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara. Other governments have withheld recognition of this claim, pending a referendum in the territory. The regions of Laâyoune - Boujdour - Sakia El Hamra and Oued Ed-Dahab - Lagouira correspond roughly to Western Sahara.
Morocco uses five-digit postal codes. The first two digits indicate the prefecture or province.
See the Prefectures of Morocco page.
The regions are subdivided into provinces and prefectures. Those, in turn, are subdivided into cercles, municipalities or communes urbaines (urban communes), and (in some metropolitan areas) arrondissements. The cercles are subdivided into communes rurales. The municipalities and arrondissements should probably be thought of as fourth-level subdivisions, on the same level as communes rurales. Karem Abdalla reports that Morocco is introducing a new level of administration between the regions and the provinces/prefectures, called wilaya't (lands).
Morocco does not include the Spanish places of sovereignty in Africa, namely, the coastal cities of Ceuta and Melilla with small surrounding enclaves, and the islands of Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, Peñón de Alhucemas, its nearby neighbors Isla de Mar and Isla de Tierra, and the Islas Chafarinas (Isabel II, Congreso, and del Rey).
The UN LOCODE page for Morocco lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
|Central||6,931,418||41,500||El Jadida, Beni-Mellal, Casablanca*, Khourigba, Settat|
|North-Central||3,042,310||43,950||Al Hoceïma, Fès, Taza|
|Northwestern||5,646,716||29,955||Kenitra, Rabat-Salé*, Tangier, Tétouan|
|South-Central||1,903,790||79,210||Ksar es Souk, Meknès|
|Southern||3,234,024||394,970||Agadir, Ouarzazate, Tarfaya|
See Prefectures of Morocco page under this heading. Some region names include province or prefecture names. Here are other names of the 1971 regions:
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