The Department of Census and Statistics has released final figures for the 2012 census (source ). I have used them to replace the provisional figures previously displayed.
Update 1 to the U.S. standard "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" is dated 2010-08-20. It recognizes Eastern and Northern as separate provinces.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, has changes to the listing for Sri Lanka, but nothing that affects data reported on this site. The prefix LK- is explicitly added to each province code. Province and district names are given in a new romanization system.
Sri Lanka's standard time was UTC+5:30 from the adoption of standard time in 1906 until 1996. In 1996, it was moved ahead one hour, and then back a half hour. The LTTE ("Tamil Tigers") ignored the changes, and in areas under their control, UTC+5:30 continued to be observed. Finally, Sri Lanka set its clocks back half an hour at 0:30 on 2006-04-15, from UTC+6 to UTC+5:30. That change put the entire country back in synch.
The Department of Census and Statistics has assigned hierarchical subdivision codes . The first digit of the census code is the same as the ISO code for the province containing the district. These codes match the ISO code for the district, except for four districts in Northern province; even in those districts, the first digit of the ISO code matches the ISO code for the province. The census codes apply to the 2001 census only; different codes may be used in other years.
|Short name||SRI LANKA|
|Language||Sinhala (si), Tamil (ta), English (en)|
Ceylon was a British colony at the beginning of the 20th century. It became an independent member of the Commonwealth on 1948-02-04. On 1972-05-22, it became a republic and changed its English name to Sri Lanka.
Sri is an honorific title; Lanka is the name of a mythical island country mentioned in the Ramayana
Sri Lanka is divided into 25 distrikkaya (districts).
Note: Because of civil strife, the 2001 census enumeration was incomplete or absent in seven districts. The populations for those districts were left blank in this table.
See the Divisions of Sri Lanka page.
Subordinate to the districts, there are the pradeshiya mandalaya (divisional council) and gramodaya mandalaya (village council). Since the late 19th century, both palata (provinces) and districts have coexisted, with each province being a group of districts. The provinces had no administrative function until 1988. The Northern and Eastern provinces have been provisionally merged into a North Eastern province, intended to placate Tamil demands for greater self-rule. The merger will become permanent after a referendum which has been repeatedly postponed. Some lists now show eight provinces, and some nine.
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). For Sri Lanka, the draft standard showed both provinces and districts. Each province or district had a two-digit code. Three codes were duplicated: a province had the same code as a district. In the final standard, the two-digit province codes were replaced with one-digit codes. Obviously, this did away with any duplications. The draft standard showed North Eastern province. The final standard replaced it with separate Northern and Eastern provinces. The standard is now set up so that you can tell which province each district is in by their codes. The first digit of a district code is the same as the code for the province in which it belongs.
Update 1 to the U.S. standard "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" showed the splitting of North Eastern province (former FIPS code
CE31) into Eastern and Northern.
The provinces and their codes are shown in this table.
All districts are situated mostly on the island of Sri Lanka.
Colombo: possibly Sinhala kolamba: port, ferry; assimilated to Columbus's name by Portuguese colonists
All figures are from censuses except 1996. Totals for 1901, 1911, 1953, 1963, and 2012, and provincial populations for 2012 are from source . Provincial populations for 1901 and 1911 are from source ; 1963, from source . All 1931 data are from source ; 1953, source ; 1971, source ; 1983, source .
1971: source ; 2001: source ; 2012: source . Some districts were not enumerated in 2001 because of civil strife. The country total for that census is an estimate made by the Department of Census and Statistics.
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