Communes of Liechtenstein

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Updates: 

I have added population data from the 2010 census.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter I-8, published on 2007-04-17, has new ISO commune codes for Liechtenstein. They are shown in the table below. They replace codes from a draft version, ISO/DIS 2166-2, which had not been supported.

Country overview: 

Short nameLIECHTENSTEIN
ISO codeLI
FIPS codeLS
LanguageGerman (de)
Time zone+1 ~
CapitalVaduz

 

Liechtenstein is a principality, a feudal remnant that has remained independent to the present. It was a kind of client state of Austria until 1919; in 1924, it joined the Swiss customs union, and has been under the Swiss aegis ever since.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Liechtenstein
  2. Dutch: Liechtenstein, Vorstendom Liechtenstein (formal)
  3. English: Principality of Liechtenstein (formal)
  4. Finnish: Liechtenstein
  5. French: Liechtenstein m
  6. German: Liechtenstein, Fürstentum n Liechtenstein n (formal)
  7. Italian: Liechtenstein m
  8. Norwegian: Liechtenstein, Fyrstedømmet Liechtenstein (formal)
  9. Portuguese: Liechtenstein, Principado m do Liechtenstein m (formal)
  10. Icelandic: Lichtenstein
  11. Russian: Княжество Лихтенштейн (formal)
  12. Spanish: Liechtenstein, Principado m de Liechtenstein (formal)
  13. Swedish: Liechtenstein
  14. Turkish: Lihtenştayn Prensliği (formal)

Origin of name: 

after the ruling family, which was named for its castle near Vienna, from German lichten: light-colored, Stein: stone

Primary subdivisions: 

Liechtenstein is divided into eleven Gemeinden (sing. Gemeinde: communes).

CommuneHASCISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)County
BalzersLI.BA01LS014,528208V
EschenLI.ES02LS024,215104S
GamprinLI.GA03LS031,60662S
MaurenLI.MA04LS043,99973S
PlankenLI.PL05LS0542552V
RuggellLI.RU06LS062,00173S
SchaanLI.SN07LS075,7672710V
SchellenbergLI.SB08LS081,01341S
TriesenLI.TN09LS094,8262610V
TriesenbergLI.TB10LS102,5623011V
VaduzLI.VA11LS115,207177V
11 communes36,14915961
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Population: 2010-12-31 census.
  • County: Old county to which the commune belongs
    (S=Schellenberg, V=Vaduz).
  • Capital: Capital always has the same name as its commune.

Postal codes: 

Liechtenstein is part of the Swiss system of four-digit postal codes. Postal codes for Liechtensteiner addresses are sometimes identified by prefixing them with "FL-" (for Fürstentum Liechtenstein). I have posted a complete list.

Territorial extent: 

Eschen, Gamprin, Planken, and Schaan meet at a single point.

There are numerous enclaves of communes within other communes.

Origins of names: 

Vaduz: Latin vallis: valley, dulcis: sweet

Change history: 

Historically, Liechtenstein consists of the Reichsherrschaften (roughly, counties) of Schellenberg and Vaduz, also called the Unterland and Oberland (Lower and Upper Land), respectively. (Vaduz is upstream from Schellenberg along the Rhine.) In the 1930s, their status was Verwaltungsbezirke (administrative districts). As they no longer have any administrative function, the significant division now is the commune.

Population history:

Commune18121852190119111921193019411950196019701979199020002010
Balzers6981,1281,0121,1551,1931,3471,4111,7462,1152,7043,2343,2824,2474,528
Eschen6559097497257889271,0141,2881,5712,1142,7002,6653,7724,215
Gamprin3033693022853083333643904346607648251,2101,606
Mauren5509598438448741,0551,1091,4011,5362,0552,5842,5753,3353,999
Planken13515756697081101110122177272285352425
Ruggell4315414494855235645997077838661,1021,2001,7212,001
Schaan7151,0059171,0849961,4641,8312,3093,0223,8904,6364,5345,5745,767
Schellenberg2763163233143413994024104445135905779911,013
Triesen6128749951,0079991,1471,1851,4051,7892,6372,9353,0214,4244,826
Triesenberg7059498909419379991,0711,2561,4141,8132,0992,1862,6362,562
Vaduz7179559951,1111,0051,6322,0072,7353,3983,9214,8924,9805,0455,207
Total5,7978,1627,5318,0208,0349,94811,09413,75716,62821,35025,80826,13033,30736,149

 

Population locally present until 1921; resident population since 1930. 1979 figures are estimates as of 1979-12-01, taken from source [2].

Sources: 

  1. [1] Volkszählung 2010: Bevölkerungsstruktur, Band 1 . Amt für Statistik, Vaduz, 2013 (retrieved 2013-08-23).
  2. [2] Statistisches Jahrbuch 1980, Fürstentum Liechtenstein.
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