Newsletter II-2, an update to the ISO 3166-2 standard, is dated 2010-06-30. It changes the names of the autonomous islands in languages other than English and French.
ISO 3166-1 Newsletter Number V-7, dated 2003-01-14, shows the change of the official name of the Comoros from Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros to Union of the Comoros. The change was reported on this page on 2002-05-22.
On 2001-12-23, a referendum was held on a new constitution, which passed by a majority of almost 77%. The constitution provides that the country's name will be Union des Comores, and it comprises the autonomous islands of Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mayotte, and Mohéli. Mayotte is in fact a territorial collectivity of France, and has been since 1976. Before that it had been part of the Comoro Islands protectorate. The new Comoros constitution would allow Mayotte to rejoin the country on an equal basis with the other three islands. Paraskevas Renesis reports that Anjouan and Mohéli adopted their fundamental laws (constitutions) on 2002-03-10, and Grande Comore followed suit on 2002-04-07. Their status has therefore changed from governorates to autonomous islands.
I have recently acquired newer population figures for the divisions of the Comoros.
These islands, along with Mayotte, were a French protectorate at the start of the 20th century. On 1912-07-25, they became French colonies. They gained full independence on 1975-07-06, leaving Mayotte behind as a French possession (by a local vote).
Arabic qamar: moon
Comoros is divided into three autonomous islands.
The territory of each autonomous island includes one major island of the Comoro Archipelago and the islets in its immediate vicinity.
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