Provinces of Cambodia

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Updates: 

GEC Update 17, dated 2014-09-30, shows a code for the new province Tbong Khmum.

Update 2 to "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" was published on 2010-11-30. In Cambodia, it introduces modified transliterations of three province names.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number I-4, dated 2002-12-10, and Change Notice 6 to FIPS PUB 10-4, published on 2001-01-28, both show the separation of Krong Pailin from Bătdmbng.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on 1998-12-15. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard), which came out in fall 1996. Change Notice 1 for FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated 1998-12-01. The final ISO standard and the changed FIPS standard both show Cambodia divided into twenty provinces and three municipalities. They reflect changes which took place in about 1995. Between the draft and the final version of ISO 3166-2, all of the province codes were changed from two-letter codes to numbers. The following table shows the current divisions of Cambodia.

Country overview: 

Short nameCAMBODIA
ISO codeKH
FIPS codeCB
LanguageKhmer (km)
Time zone+7
CapitalPhnom Penh

 

At the beginning of the 20th century, most of Cambodia was part of French Indo-China, a French protectorate; the rest of it was in Siam. In 1907, the British and French delimited their respective "spheres of influence" in Siam. The French part, consisting of most of what are now the provinces of Bntay Manchey, Bătdmbng, Ŏtdr Manchey, and Siĕmrab, was quickly annexed to French Indo-China. French Indo-China at that time comprised the territories of Annam, Cambodge (Cambodia), Cochinchine (Cochin-China), Kouang-Tchou-Wan (Kwangchowan), Laos, and Tongking. Kwangchowan was leased from China. In 1946, France surrendered its lease. On 1949-07-19, French Indo-China was granted independence as three Associate States of the French Union: Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. On 1970-10-09, Cambodia changed its name to the Khmer Republic. On 1979-01-08, it changed once again, to Kampuchea. In the 1980s, each political faction wanted to impose its preferred name, and the rest of the world has quietly gone back to using Cambodia.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Cambodja, Cambodia
  2. Dutch: Cambodja, Koninkrijk Cambodja (formal)
  3. English: State of Cambodia (formal), Kampuchea (obsolete), Khmer Republic (obsolete)
  4. Finnish: Kambodža
  5. French: Cambodge m
  6. German: Kambodscha n
  7. Icelandic: Kambda, Kamptsea (obsolete)
  8. Italian: Cambogia f
  9. Khmer: Roat Kampuchea (formal)
  10. Norwegian: Kambodsja, Kongeriket Kambodsja (formal)
  11. Portuguese: Camboja, Cambodia, Cambodja, Reino m do Camboja m (formal)
  12. Russian: Кампучия (obsolete), Королевство Камбоджа (formal)
  13. Spanish: Camboya, Estado m de Cambodia (formal), Kampuchea f (obsolete)
  14. Swedish: Kambodja
  15. Turkish: Kamboya Krallığı (formal)

Origin of name: 

Named for Kambu, legendary patriarch

Primary subdivisions: 

Cambodia is divided into twenty-four kht (provinces) and one krong (autonomous municipalities).

ProvinceHASCISOFIPSPop-2008Pop-1998Area(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Bntay MancheyKH.OM1CB25677,872577,7726,6792,579Sisophon
BătdmbngKH.BA2CB291,025,174793,12911,7024,518Batdmbng
Kmpng ChamKH.KC3CB021,679,9921,608,9149,7993,783Kmpng Cham
Kmpng ChhnăngKH.KG4CB03472,341417,6935,5212,132Kmpng Chhnang
Kmpng SpœKH.KS5CB04716,944598,8827,0172,709Kmpng Spoe
Kmpng ThumKH.KT6CB05631,409569,06013,8145,334Kmpng Thum
KmptKH.KP7CB21585,850528,4054,8731,881Kmpt
KndalKH.KN8CB071,265,2801,075,1253,5681,378Ta Khmau
Kah KŏngKH.KK9CB08117,481132,10611,1604,309Krong Kah Kong
KrchhKH.KH10CB09319,217263,17510,0943,897Krchh
Krong KebKH.KB23CB2635,75328,660336130Krong Keb
Krong PailinKH.PL24CB3070,48622,906803310Krong Pailin
Krŏng Preăh SihanoukKH.KA18CB28221,396155,690868335Kmpng Sam
Mndl KiriKH.MK11CB1061,10732,40714,2885,517Senmonorom
Ŏtdr MancheyKH.OC22CB27185,81968,2796,1582,378Samraong
Phnom PenhKH.PP12CB221,327,615999,804290112Phnom Penh
PoŭthĭsătKH.PO15CB12397,161360,44512,6924,900Pouthisat
Preăh ViharKH.PH13CB13171,139119,26113,7885,324Phnum Tbng Manchey
Prey VngKH.PY14CB14947,372946,0424,8831,885Prey Vng
RtnkiriKH.RO16CB23150,46694,24310,7824,163Lumphat
SiĕmrabKH.SI17CB24896,443696,16410,2993,976Siemrab
Stœ̆ng TrngKH.ST19CB17111,67181,07411,0924,283Stoeng Trng
Svay RiĕngKH.SR20CB18482,788478,2522,9661,145Svay Rieng
TakvKH.TA21CB19844,906790,1683,5631,376Takv
Tbong KhmumKH.TB3CB31    Tbong Khmum
25 divisions13,395,68211,437,656177,03568,354
  • Province: Except for Phnom Penh, which is a municipality.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes. Originally based on
    the province codes in draft standard ISO/DIS 3166-2.
  • ISO: Province codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global
    context, prefix "KH-" to the code (ex: KH-7 represents Kampot).
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Pop-2008: 2008-03-03 census (source [3]).
  • Pop-1998: 1998-03-03 census (source [3]).
  • Area: Source [1].

Further subdivisions:

See the Districts of Cambodia page.

The secondary subdivisions of Cambodia are 185 districts, which are further subdivided into communes.

Territorial extent: 

Thmei Island, Tnsay Island, and Set Island (Ss) are in Kmpt province, Cambodia. Facing them across the border from the Vietnamese side are Phu Quoc Island and the Hai Tac Islands. Farther out in the Gulf of Thailand, the islands of Poulo Wai (Ko Way), Kaoh Prins (Prins Island), and Kaoh Tang (Tang Island) belong to Cambodia.

Origins of names: 

  1. Bătdmbng: Khmer bat: lost, dambang: staff or scepter, place where a staff was lost
  2. Kmpng Chhnăng: Malay kamban: port, Khmer chhnang: pots
  3. Kmpng Sam: Malay kamban: port, Sanskrit saumya: pleasant
  4. Phnom Penh: Khmer phnom: mountain, penh: full (i.e. mountain of abundance)

Change history: 

  1. 1904: Stœ̆ng Trng province transferred from Laos to Cambodge.
  2. 1949: At independence, Cambodia had fourteen provinces: Battambang, Kompong Cham, Kompong Chhnang, Kompong Speu, Kompong Thom, Kampot, Kandal, Kratie, Pursat, Prey Veng, Siem Reap, Stung Treng, Svay Rieng, and Takeo.
  3. 1960: Mondol Kiri province split from Kratie.
  4. ~1962: Ratanak Kiri and Koh Kong provinces and Phnom Penh autonomous municipality split from neighboring provinces.
DivisionTypPopulationArea(km.)Capital
Battambangp552,58818,550Battambang
Bokorm4231
Kampotp339,9175,779Kampot
Kandalp709,3123,700Phnom Penh
Kepm7,54545
Koh Kongp38,68810,818Khemarakphouminville
Kompong Champ819,7649,491Kompong Cham
Kompong Chhnangp272,7965,350Kompong Chhnang
Kompong Speup307,9986,800Kompong Speu
Kompong Thomp320,84926,750Kompong Thom
Kratiep126,17910,752Kratie
Mondol Kirip14,32513,848Mondol Kiri
Phnom Penhm403,50046
Prey Vengp486,6084,732Prey Veng
Pursatp182,18112,300Pursat
Ratanak Kirip48,35910,450Lomphal
Siem Reapp310,30515,950Siem Reap
Sihanoukvillem6,57868
Soai Riengp287,8312,874Soai Rieng
Stung Trengp34,47110,750Stung Treng
Takeop467,6353,450Takeo
Total5,737,853172,344
  • Typ: m = independent municipality, p = province.
  • Population: 1962-04-17 census (source [4]).
  • Area: Source [4].
  1. ~1964: Capital of Kndal moved from Phnom Penh to Ta Khmau.
  2. 1976: Khmer Rouge abolished provinces and created seven zones (Northern, Northeastern, Northwestern, Central, Eastern, Western, and Southwestern) and two special regions (Kracheh Special Region Number 505 and Siemreab Special Region Number 106). The zones were divided into numbered damban (regions).
  3. 1977: Siemreab Special Region Number 106 abolished.
  4. 1979: Zones abolished and provinces reinstated when the Khmer Rouge fell to the Kampuchean National United Front.
  5. ~1980: Preăh Vihar province split from Stœ̆ng Trng.
  6. ~1983: Kmpng Sam autonomous municipality (formerly Sihanoukville) split from Kmpt province.
  7. 1988: Bntay Manchey formed from part of Bătdmbng and small parts of Poŭthĭsăt and Siĕmrab-Ŏtdr Manchey provinces. At that point, the divisions of Cambodia were as shown in this table.
ProvinceISOFIPSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Bntay MancheyOM    Sisŏphŏn
BătdmbngBACB01671,00019,1847,407Bătdmbng
Kmpng ChamKMCB02999,0009,7993,783Kmpng Cham
Kmpng ChhnăngKGCB03333,0005,5212,132Kmpng Chhnăng
Kmpng SamKS 8,0006826Kmpng Sam
Kmpng SpœKSCB04374,0007,0172,709Kmpng Spœ
Kmpng ThumKTCB05390,00027,60210,657Kmpng Thum
KmptKPCB06414,0005,9622,302Kmpt
KndalKNCB07859,0003,8121,472Ta Khmau
Kah KŏngKKCB0848,00011,1614,309Krŏng Kah Kŏng
KrchhKKCB09154,00011,0944,283Krchh
Mndl KiriMKCB1018,00014,2885,516Senmonorom
Phnom PenhPPCB11479,0004618Phnom Penh
PoŭthĭsătPOCB12219,00012,6924,900Poŭthĭsăt
Preăh ViharPHCB13   Phnum Tbng Manchey
Prey VngPYCB14592,0004,8831,885Prey Vng
RtnkiriROCB1560,00010,7824,163Lumphăt
Siĕmrab-Ŏtdr MancheySICB16380,00016,4576,354Siĕmrab
Stœ̆ng TrngSTCB1742,00011,0924,283Stœ̆ng Trng
Svay RiĕngSRCB18352,0002,9661,145Svay Riĕng
TakvTACB19566,0003,5631,376Takv
21 divisions6,968,000181,03569,898
  • Province: except for Kmpng Sam and Phnom Penh, which are autonomous
    municipalities.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO/DIS 3166-2. (Note: some codes were inadvertently used twice.)
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4.
  • Population: 1971 estimate
  1. ~1995: If recent changes to the FIPS PUB 10-4 list are accurate, the following changes can be inferred. Status of autonomous municipalities changed to krong (municipalities). Siĕmrab-Ŏtdr Manchey split into Siĕmrab and Ŏtdr Manchey (capital Samraong); Krŏng Kb (Kmpt province) became a municipality. Name of Kmpng Sam changed to Krŏng Preăh Sihanouk.
  2. Some sources from the early 1980s showed Bokor (Bok Koŭ) and Krŏng Kb as autonomous municipalities. If they were not separate, they would have been in Kmpt province.
  3. ~1997: Krong Pailin municipality split from Bătdmbng province (former FIPS code CB20).
  4. 2008-12-22: By decree of King Norodom Sihamoni, status of Krong Keb, Krong Pailin, and Krŏng Preăh Sihanouk changed from municipalities to provinces (source [6]). There were also boundary adjustments between Bătdmbng and Poŭthĭsăt, and between Krŏng Preăh Sihanouk and Kah Kŏng, for which details are not available.
  5. 2013-12-31: Tbong Kkmum province formed by taking Dambae, Krouch Chhmar, Memot, Ou Reang Ov, Ponhea Kraek, and Tbong Khmum districts and Suong city from Kmpng Cham province (former HASC code KH.KM). These are the districts to the east of the Mekong River.

Other names of subdivisions: 

  1. Bntay Manchey: Banteay Mean Cheay, Banteay Mean Choay (variant)
  2. Bătdmbng: Baat Dambang, Băt Dm Bng, Battambang (variant)
  3. Kmpng Cham: Kampong Chaam, Kompong Cham (variant)
  4. Kmpng Chhnăng: Kompong Chnang (variant)
  5. Kmpng Sam: Kompong Som (variant)
  6. Kmpng Spœ: Kampong Speu, Kompong Speu, Kompong Spueu (variant)
  7. Kmpng Thum: Kompong Thom (variant)
  8. Kndal: Kandaal (variant)
  9. Kah Kŏng: Koh Kong (variant)
  10. Krchh: Krati (French); Krati, Kr Chh, Krachen (variant)
  11. Krong Keb: Keb, Kep, Krong Kaeb (variant)
  12. Krong Pailin: Pailin (variant)
  13. Krŏng Preăh Sihanouk: Kmpng Sam, Kompong Som (obsolete); Krŏng Preăh Seihnŭ, Preah Seihanu, Sihanoukville (variant)
  14. Mndl Kiri: Mondolkiri, Mndŭl Kiri (variant)
  15. Ŏtdr Manchey: Oddr Manchey, Otdar Mean Chey, Otdar Mean Choay (variant)
  16. Phnom Penh: Phnum Pnh (variant)
  17. Poŭthĭsăt: Pousaat, Pousat, Pursat (variant)
  18. Prey Vng: Prey Veaeng (variant)
  19. Rtnkiri: Rtanăkiri, Ratanak Kiri, Rotanah Kiri, Rotanak Kiri (variant)
  20. Siĕmrab: Siem Reab, Siem Reap, Siĕm Rab, Siemreap (variant)
  21. Stœ̆ng Trng: Stueng Traeng, Stung Treng (variant)
  22. Svay Rieng: Soairieng (obsolete-variant); Svaay Rieng (variant)
  23. Takv: Taakaev, Takaev, Takeo (variant)
  24. Tbong Khmum: Tboung Khmom (variant)
  25. Some sources show the name of the capital of Kah Kŏng as Krong Khemarak Phoumin, or Khemarak Phouminville.
  26. Andaung Pich, also known as ndong Pch or Ba Kev, may have been the capital of Rtnkiri at some time.

Sources: 

  1. [1] Cambodia e-Gov  website (retrieved 2008-12-31).
  2. [2] Library of Congress country study  (retrieved 1999).
  3. [3] "Annex 1" to a 2008 Cambodian census report, comparing 1998 populations to 2008. Provenance unknown (retrieved by Jose Gavinha 2012-09-08).
  4. [4] The Encyclopdia Britannica World Atlas, 1964 edition.
  5. [5] "Government Creates New CPP-Majority Province ," by Phorn Bopha and Alex Willemyns. Cambodia Daily (dated 2014-01-10, retrieved 2014-01-14).
  6. [6] "Decree creates three new provinces ," by Vong Sokheng. The Phnom Penh Post (dated 2008-12-31, retrieved 2014-01-31). Quoted on a blog called Khmerization  (dated 2009-01-01, retrieved 2014-01-31).
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