A new constitution for Kenya was enacted on 2010-08-27. It provides for devolved county government. There are 47 counties, as shown in the table below. The counties became active on 2013-03-27. They coincide almost exactly with the districts of Kenya as they were configured in ~1989. President Kibaki has stated that the number of counties will be increased in the future if this division proves unsatisfactory.
Update 11 to Geopolitical Entities and Codes (GEC, formerly FIPS 10-4) is dated 2013-04-30. It assigns codes to the new counties. "Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes, Edition 2" (GENC), a U.S. standard that's supposed to correspond to ISO 3166-2, was issued on 2014-03-31. It gives codes for the new counties, different from the GEC codes. On 2014-10-30, ISO revoked the codes for the provinces and added codes for the new counties, which exactly match the GENC codes.
When ISO 3166-2 came out in a second edition, dated 2007-12-15, it unexpectedly changed the code for Western province from
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At the start of the 20th century, British East Africa included the territory of Kenya and Uganda, plus some parts of Congo, Ethiopia, and Somalia. Kenya was split off as a British colony on 1905-04-01, under the same administration as the Kenya Protectorate, a coastal strip about ten miles wide owned by the Sultan of Zanzibar and leased to the British. The tiny Witu Protectorate was also included. The name British East Africa continued in use as a geographical term. Kenya became independent on 1963-12-12.
after Mount Kenya, from Kikuyu kere-nyaga: Mountain of Whiteness
Kenya is divided into 47 counties.
Kenya uses five-digit postal codes. Generally a space is inserted after the first digit. The first digit indicates the province, with some exceptions.
See the Districts of Kenya page.
When there were seven provinces, they were subdivided into 40 districts.
Coast includes all the islands along Kenya's coast, such as Funzi, Wasini (Shimoni), and the Lamu Archipelago (Lamu, Pate, Manda, and others).
There are three sizable islands in Lake Turkana. North Island is entirely within Rift Valley, South Island is entirely within Eastern, and Central Island is split between the two.
The UN LOCODE page for Kenya lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Notes: 1962 total includes 2,600 persons in transit at the time of the enumeration. 1962 figures proleptic to post-1963 boundaries.
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