As of 2013-12-20, Jordan has changed its standard time from UTC+3 to UTC+2. This follows an earlier change in the same year, when it
changed its standard time from UTC+2 to UTC+3, and stopped observing DST. It plans to remain on standard time for the near future.
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-3 is dated 2011-12-15. Most of the changes are merely to the sort order of the list of provinces. There are some
minor spelling changes as well.
The area now in Jordan was once part of the vilayet of Syria, in the Ottoman Empire. Some eastern desert parts of Jordan were in Nejd
(Arabia), but the border between Syria and Nejd was indeterminate. During World War I, the British and French defeated the Turks and
divided up the southern part of their empire. Britain created several colonies, including Transjordania, which was established on
1922-09-01. The name was changed to Transjordan ~1935. Transjordan became independent on 1946-06-17, changing its name to the Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan. The West Bank was annexed by Jordan on 1950-04-24. Iraq and Jordan joined together to form the Arab Federation for a
few months in 1958. The West Bank was occupied by Israel during the Six-Day War (1967-06-05 to 1967-06-10). Since then, it has been
mainly under Israeli administration. It is currently included in "Palestinian Territory, Occupied".
Other names of country:
- Arabic: al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah (formal)
- Danish: Jordan
- Dutch: Jordanië, Hasjemistisch Koninkrijk Jordanië (formal)
- English: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (formal)
- Finnish: Jordania
- French: Jordanie f
- German: Jordanien n
- Icelandic: Jórdanía
- Italian: Giordania f
- Norwegian: Det hasjimittiske kongerike Jordan (formal) (Bokmål), Det hasjimittiske kongeriket Jordan (formal) (Nynorsk), Jordan
- Portuguese: Jordánia, Jordânia (Brazil), Reino m Hashemita da Jordánia f (formal)
- Russian: Иордан (variant), Иордания, Иорданское Хашимитское Королевство (formal)
- Spanish: Jordania, Reino m Hachemita de Jordania (formal)
- Swedish: Jordanien
- Turkish: Ürdün Haşimi Krallığı (formal)
Origin of name:
Land of the Jordan River
Jordan is divided into twelve muhafazat (sing. muhafazah: provinces).
| 118,725||94,548 ||412 ||159 |
|1,942,066||1,576,238||8,231 ||3,178 |
| 102,097||79,839 ||6,583 ||2,542 |
| 346,354||276,082 ||1,076 ||415 |
| 928,292||751,634 ||1,621 ||626 |
| 153,602||123,190 ||402 ||155 |
| 204,185||169,770 ||3,217 ||1,242 |
| 94,253||79,670 ||33,163||12,804|
| 129,960||107,321 ||2,008 ||775 |
| 244,188||178,914 ||26,435||10,207|
| 75,267||62,783 ||2,114 ||816 |
| 764,650||639,469 ||4,080 ||1,575 |
|12 provinces ||5,103,639||4,139,458||89,342||34,494|
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes. If periods
are replaced by hyphens, these
are the same as the province
codes from ISO standard 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
- Pop-2004: 2004-10-01 census (source ).
- Pop-1994: 1994-12-10 census.
- Capitals have the same name as their province, except
for As Salt, the capital of Balqa.
Jordan uses five-digit postal codes.
See the Sub-districts of Jordan page.
Origins of names:
- Amman: from Ammon, patriarch of the Ammonites
- Aqaba: Arabic for obstacle
- 1946-06-17: Jordan was composed of the provinces of Al Balqa', Al Karak, `Ajlun, and Ma`an, plus unorganized land in the east known as Desert.
- 1950-04-24: Jordan annexed the area of former Palestine between Israeli-held territory and the Jordan River, dividing it into the provinces of
Hebron (Al-Khalil), Jerusalem (Al-Quds), and Nablus (Nabulus). Here are the divisions of Jordan in the 1952 census (source ).
|Balqa || 92,892|
|Karak || 60,556|
|Ma`an || 29,061|
- Population: 1952-09-08 census.
- ~1955: Al `Asimah province split from Al Balqa'.
- ~1964: Name of `Ajlun province changed to Irbid.
- 1964: Jenin and Zarqa districts created.
- 1965-12-16: Jordan reorganized. It had previously been divided into two governorates (Amman and Al Quds), eight liwas (districts),
and the Desert Administration (legally part of Amman). The status of six districts (Al Balqa, Al Karak, Al Khalil, Irbid, Ma'an, and
Nabulus) was changed to governorate. Jenin district merged with Nabulus; Zarqa district merged with Amman.
- 1972: When the first FIPS standard appeared, it showed the following divisions of Jordan. (Names are as given on the CIA map dated
1967-11. Districts in the West Bank are named after the Arabic fashion, but their capitals are shown with the corresponding English
|Al Balqā |
|Al Karak |
|Al Karak |
|Al Khalīl |
|Al Quds |
- 1967-06-10: West Bank (Al-Khalil, Al-Quds, and Nabulus governorates) came under control of Israel.
- ~1988: Al Karak split into three parts, which became Al Karak, At Tafilah, and part of Ma`an provinces; Irbid split into
Irbid and part of Al Mafraq province; Al `Asimah split into `Amman, Az Zarqa', and the other part of Al Mafraq.
- 1996-01-01: Ajlun and Jarash provinces split from Irbid, Aqaba split from Ma`an, Madaba split from Amman. A strip of land in the northeastern
part of Amman was transferred to Zarqa.
Other names of subdivisions:
These names are written originally in the Arabic alphabet. There are many ways to transliterate from Arabic to Roman letters. The
article may be omitted.
- Ajlun: Ajloan, Ajloun, `Ajlun (variant)
- Amman: Al `Āşimah, `Ammān (variant); Amã (Portuguese); Ammán (Spanish)
- Aqaba: Al `Aqabah (variant)
- Balqa: Al Balqā', Balka, Belqa (variant)
- Karak: Al Karak, Kerak (variant)
- Ma`an: Ma`ān (variant)
- Madaba: Mādabā (variant)
- Tafilah: Aţ Ţafīlah, Tafiela, Tafileh (variant)
- Zarqa: Az Zarqā' (variant)
-  Jordan Department of Statistics: Population and Housing
Census 2004 . Table 3.1, Distribution of Population by Category, Sex, Nationality, Administrative
Statistical Divisions and Urban - Rural (retrieved 2007-10-20). Census 1994 figures come from the same site (retrieved 2004-12-01).
-  Encyclopædia Britannica World Atlas, 1957 edition.
-  Jordan in Figures 2001.