I added the 2011 census results (from source ), and a population history. I extended the change history back to 1700 by combining narratives from various online sources, some of which disagreed with each other.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Jamaica was a British colony. Administratively subordinate to it were several dependencies: Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Morant Cays, and Pedro Cays. The Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica on 1959-07-04. Jamaica became an independent country, and Turks and Caicos Islands separated from it, on 1962-08-06. The tiny and uninhabited Morant and Pedro Cays are still part of Jamaica.
(Speculative) From Arawak xamac: hammock, or xaymaca: rich in springs, or land of springs
Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes.
|Saint Andrew||573,369||431||166||S||Half Way Tree|
|Saint Ann||172,362||1,213||468||M||Saint Anns Bay|
|Saint Catherine||516,218||1,192||460||M||Spanish Town|
|Saint Elizabeth||150,205||1,212||468||C||Black River|
|Saint James||183,811||595||230||C||Montego Bay|
|Saint Mary||113,615||611||236||M||Port Maria|
|Saint Thomas||93,902||743||287||S||Morant Bay|
According to source , the structure of Jamaica's postal codes is five letters followed by two digits. The first two letters are always "JM"; the third is a letter from A to D, representing a zone of the country; the fourth and fifth letters are a mnemonic for the parish name, using its first and last letters, excluding the word "Saint"; and the final two digits represent a delivery area. For example, JMAAW03 is a postal code for Constant Spring in Saint Andrew parish. The table above shows the third through fifth characters for each parish.
Jamaica is also divided into three traditional counties, which have no administrative function.
The UN LOCODE page for Jamaica lists locations in the country, some of them with their latitudes and longitudes, some with their ISO 3166-2 codes for their subdivisions. This information can be put together to approximate the territorial extent of subdivisions.
Kingston: Kingston and Port Royal (obsolete)
Sources: 1943 - ; 1960, 1970 - ; 1982 - ; 2001 - ; 2011 - . Source  gives figures rounded to the nearest thousand. Source  lists only a combined population for Kingston and Saint Andrew.
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