Sorin Cosoveanu alerted me to the issuance of final figures from the 2011 census.
Grad Zagreb, a city with special administrative status similar to a county's, was merged with Zagreb county
from 1995 to 1997. The ISO 3166-2 standard has been consistently behind the times. When the first version,
ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard), appeared in fall 1996, it showed 21 counties in Croatia, and
Grad Zagreb was one of them. In the approved standard, dated 1998-12-15, only 20 counties were listed; Grad
Zagreb had been dropped. The latest update appeared in ISO 3166-2 Newsletter Number I-2, published on
2002-05-21. Grad Zagreb has reappeared on the list, now with the status of city rather than county. It has
been assigned the same ISO code that it had in the draft standard,
21. This puts ISO back in
touch with reality.
Newsletter I-2 also corrects the spelling of three counties. I had already corrected one of them on this page; now I've changed the other two.
Change Notice 4 to FIPS PUB 10-4 is dated February 25, 2000. It shows Croatia divided into twenty županije (counties) and one grad (city).
The table below combines data from both the FIPS and ISO standards.
|Time zone||+1 ~|
The area constituting modern Croatia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1900. It was distributed among the Austrian provinces of Coastland and Dalmatia, and the Hungarian province of Croatia and Slavonia. In the aftermath of World War I, it was allocated to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which soon became Yugoslavia. The peace treaties didn't settle the border between Italy and Yugoslavia, which was eventually negotiated in 1924. Italy received all of the Istrian peninsula (including Rijeka, which had been an independent city from 1918 to 1924), an enclave around Zadar (Zara), and two groups of Adriatic islands: in the north, Cres (Cherso), Lošinj (Lussin), and some smaller islands; in the south, Lastovo (Lagosta), Palagruža (Pelagosa), and others. Yugoslavia was occupied by the axis powers in World War II. When the war ended, Istria, Zadar, and Lastovo were restored to Yugoslavia. Trieste became an independent city in 1947. Its territory was divided into a northern A Zone, under British-American military administration, and a B Zone run by Yugoslavia. In 1954, the A Zone was annexed to Italy, and the B Zone to Yugoslavia; most of it went to Croatia. Croatia was one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia from 1946 until the federation broke up. Its claim to independence was recognized by the European Union on 1992-01-15.
perhaps from Slavonic khrebet: mountain range
Croatia is divided into twenty županije (sing. županija: counties) and one grad (city).
|Brodsko-Posavska||Slavonski Brod-Posavina||158,575||176,765||2,030||784||Slavonski Brod|
|Grad Zagreb||Grad Zagreb||790,017||779,145||641||247||Zagreb|
Source  describes the "Administrative and Territorial Constitution" of Croatia. According to its definitions of Županija (county), Opčina (municipality), Grad (town), and Naselje (settlement), if I understand them correctly, the secondary administrative subdivisions of Croatia are towns and municipalities. When a municipality becomes sufficiently populous or important, it becomes a town. There were 429 municipalities and 127 towns as of 2006-07-28. The tertiary subdivisions of Croatia are settlements. There were 6,749 settlements as of 2006-07-28.
The first four characters of a county's NUTS code determines the NUTS-2 region it belongs to, as follows:
HR01 - Sjeverozapadna Hrvatska (Northwest Croatia);
HR02 - Sredisnja i Istocna
HR03 - Jadranska Hrvatska.
Croatia owns almost all of the islands along the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula. Near the center of the gulf, the Palagruža group belongs to Croatia, while Pianosa belongs to Italy. Bosnia has one outlet to the sea, along a 10-km. stretch of coast near Neum, between Dubrovnik and Split. This divides the Croatian coastline into two separate sections, but when Croatian islands and territorial waters are taken into account, the two sections are connected.
A more complete history can be found in source .
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