Administrations of Greece

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Updates: 

The NUTS code scheme was revised again in 2010. All codes for Greece now begin with EL instead of GR.

Update 6 to "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" is dated 2011-11-30. For Greece, it assigns FIPS codes to the regions (peripheries).

As of 2011-01-01, the departments were abolished as governmental units. The 13 regions, or peripheries, remain. There are also seven "decentralized administrations", or dioikeseis (dioceses), each containing one or more peripheries. The number of municipalities was reduced from 1,033 to 325. Mount Athos is not part of any periphery or diocese. This reorganization is called the Kallikratis plan, in honor of an ancient Greek architect.

ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, changes the ISO codes for the regions from Roman numerals to letters. It changes the name of one region from Ionioi Nisoi to Ionia Nisia. It also changes the Greek names of some of the departments.

The NUTS code scheme was revised in 2003. The code for Attica region changed from GR3 to GR30, and for Attica department, from GR3 to GR300.

International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft international standard). The draft standard included listings of the following two departments:

GR-A1 Attiki
GR-02 Attiki (ypoloipo - rest of)(ELOT)

ELOT is the Greek national standards organization, and was the source for some of the information incorporated into the draft standard. The second listing, GR-02, was omitted from the final standard. My interpretation is that GR-A1 originally referred to Greater Athens, and GR-02 meant the rest of Attica, excluding Greater Athens. The board of experts apparently decided that Attica was really only one department, so they combined the two listings into one, using the code GR-A1 for it.

Country overview: 

Short nameGREECE
ISO codeGR
FIPS codeGR
LanguageGreek (el)
Time zone+2 ~
CapitalAthens

 

Greece in 1900 occupied only a fraction of its present extent. Crete was independent until 1913, when it was annexed to Greece. The Dodecanese Islands, after a number of changes, became part of Greece in 1947. The Northern Aegean Islands and most of Epirus and Macedonia were transferred from the waning Ottoman Empire to Greece in 1913 at the conclusion of the Balkan Wars. At the same time, most of Thrace was annexed by Bulgaria. The parts of Thrace which now belong to Greece were acquired from Bulgaria in the Treaties of Sèvres and Lausanne. Greece was occupied by the Axis during World War II.

Other names of country: 

  1. Danish: Grækenland
  2. Dutch: Griekenland, Griekse Republiek (formal)
  3. English: Hellenic Republic (formal)
  4. Finnish: Kreikka
  5. French: Grèce f
  6. German: Griechenland n
  7. Greek: Elliniki Dimokratia (formal)
  8. Icelandic: Grikkland
  9. Italian: Grecia f
  10. Norwegian: Hellas, Republikken Hellas (formal)
  11. Portuguese: Grécia f, República f Grega (formal), República f Helénica (formal)
  12. Russian: Греция, Греческая Республика (formal)
  13. Spanish: Grecia f, República f Helénica (formal)
  14. Swedish: Grekland
  15. Turkish: Yunanistan Cumhuriyeti (formal)

Origin of name: 

through Latin, originally from Greek Graikos: inhabitant in a section of Epirus

Primary subdivisions: 

Greece is divided into 7 apokentromenes dioikiseis (sing. apokentromeni dioikisi: decentralized administrations) and one autodioikito (self-governed part, an autonomous monastic community).

AdministrationHASCCodePopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
AegeanGR.AI46503,6979,1223,522Piraeus
AtticaGR.AT353,894,5733,8081,470Athens
CreteGR.CR47594,3688,3363,219Heraklion
Epirus and Western MacedoniaGR.EM12630,70918,6547,202Ioannina
Macedonia and ThraceGR.MH112,481,75932,96912,729Thessaloniki
Mount AthosGR.MA991,961336130Karyai (Karyes)
Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian IslandsGR.PW241,528,77129,14711,254Patras
Thessaly and Central GreeceGR.TC231,298,25929,58611,424Larissa
8 divisions10,934,097131,95850,950
  • Administration: Except for Mount Athos, which is an autodioikito.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • Code: Codes used by Hellenic Statistical Authority (source [3]). First digit corresponds
    to the NUTS region containing the administration (see NUTS table below).
  • Population: 2001-03-18 census (usual residents).

Postal codes: 

Greece uses five-digit postal codes, with a space after the third digit. The first three digits indicate the department or city. Postal codes for Greek addresses can be identified by prefixing them with "GR-".

Further subdivisions:

The decentralized administrations are divided into 13 periphereies (sing. periphereia, peripheries), which existed before the Kallikratis plan but with lesser authority. These are further divided into 74 periphereiakes enotites (sing. periphereiaki enotita: peripheral units), most of which match the former departments, and which have no administrative function under the new plan. They are in turn subdivided into 325 demoi (sing. demos: municipalities). Mount Athos is autonomous, and not included in any of these sets of divisions. Here is the current set of peripheries, with Mount Athos shown for completeness:

PeripheryGreek nameAbvISOex-ISOFIPSNUTSDAPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)Capital
Aegean NorthVoreio AigaioANKXIGR65EL41GR.AI205,2353,8361,481Mytilene
Aegean SouthNotio AigaioASLXIIGR61EL42GR.AI298,4625,2862,041Hermoupolis
AtticaAttikiATIIXGR54EL30GR.AT3,894,5733,8081,470Athens
CreteKritiCRMXIIIGR60EL43GR.CR594,3688,3363,219Heraklion
EpirusIpeirosEPDIVGR58EL21GR.EM336,3929,2033,553Ioannina
Greece CentralSterea ElladaGCHVIIIGR63EL24GR.TC558,14415,5496,004Lamia
Greece WestDytiki ElladaGWGVIIGR55EL23GR.PW721,54111,3504,382Patras
Ionian IslandsIonia NisiaIIFVIGR57EL22GR.PW209,6082,307891Corfu
Macedonia CentralKentriki MakedoniaMCBIIGR59EL12GR.MH1,874,59718,8117,263Thessaloniki
Macedonia East and ThraceAnatoliki Makedonia kai ThrakiMTAIGR53EL11GR.MH607,16214,1585,466Komotini
Macedonia WestDytiki MakedoniaMWCIIIGR56EL13GR.EM294,3179,4513,649Kozani
Mount AthosAgio OrosMAGR52GR.MA1,961336130Karyai
PeloponnesePeloponnisosPPJXGR62EL25GR.PW597,62215,4905,981Tripolis
ThessalyThessaliaTSEVGR64EL14GR.TC740,11514,0375,420Larissa
14 divisions10,934,097131,95850,949
  • Abv: Codes designed to be used in place of HASC codes by those who prefer to consider the peripheries
    rather than the decentralized administrations as primary subdivisions.
  • ISO: Region codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "GR-" to the code
    (ex: GR-E represents Thessaly).
  • ex-ISO: Former ISO codes, replaced 2010-02-03. They don't have the prefix "GR-".
  • FIPS: Geopolitical Entities and Codes (U.S. standard).
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. This is a European standard maintained by Eurostat. Truncating these
    codes to the first three characters produces a still higher-level subdivision of Greece, as shown in the table below.
  • DA: HASC code of decentralized administration containing this periphery.
  • Population: 2001-03-18 census (usual residents).

 

Greece has also defined larger units called diamerismata (regions). The regions have few or no administrative functions. Their purposes include education, tourism, and historic pride.

The draft standard ISO/DIS 3166-2 had two lists of regions: geographical regions and administrative regions. Each administrative region had an ISO code which was a Roman numeral. The final standard showed the same 13 administrative regions, but their ISO codes had been switched around. The codes are shown here as in the final standard (column ex-ISO). In 2010, the Roman numeral codes were replaced by letter codes.

NUTS level-1 divisions of Greece

NUTSDivisionGreek name
EL1North GreeceVoreia Ellada
EL2Central GreeceKentriki Ellada
EL3AtticaAttiki
EL4Aegean Islands and CreteNisia Aigaiou, Kriti

Territorial extent: 

The departments all include tiny islets adjacent to their shores, too numerous to mention.

  1. Attica includes a string of islands down the Peloponnese coast, as well as a fragment of the coast itself around the Methana Peninsula, along the coast of Argolis. The islands are Salamis, Aegina, Idra (Hydra), Spetses, Kythera (Cythera, Cerigo), Antikythera, Dokos, Poros, and Angistri.
  2. Corfu consists of the islands of Corfu (Kerkyra), Paxi, Othoni, Erikoussa, Antipaxi, and Mathraki.
  3. Cyclades consists of the islands of Naxos, Andros, Amorgos, Tinos, Paros, Mykonos, Siros, Kea, Thira (Santorini), Kithnos, Ios, Serifos, Sifnos, Folegandros, Anafi, Makronissi, Reneia, Kimolos, Polyaigos, Antiparos, Donousa, Herakleia, Thirasia, and Skhinousa.
  4. Dodecanese consists of the islands of Rhodes, Karpathos, Kos, Kalymnos, Leros, Patmos, Nisyros, Telos, Symi, Kassos, Khalke, and Saria (the "twelve islands"), as well as small islands as far west as Kinaros and Ofidoussa, as far east as Megiste, and as far north as Agathonesi and Farmakonesi.
  5. Euboea consists of the islands of Euboea, Skyros, Megalonisos Petalion, and Stira.
  6. Evros includes the island of Samothraki (Samothrace)
  7. Heraklion occupies an east-of-center part of the island of Crete, and includes the island of Dia.
  8. Imathia includes an exclave surrounded by Pieria, containing the village of Elafos.
  9. Kavala includes the island of Thasos.
  10. Kefallinia consists of the islands of Kefallinia, Ithaki (Ithaca), Kalamos, Kastos, Atokos, Petalas, and Oxia.
  11. Khalkidiki includes the island of Amoliani.
  12. Khania is at the west end of Crete.
  13. Khios consists of the islands of Khios, Psara, Oinousses, and Antipsara.
  14. Laconia includes the island of Elafonesi.
  15. Lasithi is at the east end of Crete, and includes the islands of Koufonesi, Elasa, and Dragonada.
  16. Lesvos consists of the islands of Lesvos (Lesbos), Limnos, and Agios Eustratios.
  17. Levkas consists of the islands of Levkas, Meganissi, and Arkoudi.
  18. Magnesia includes most of the islands of the Northern Sporades: Skopelos, Alonnisos, Skiathos, Pelagos, Gioura, Skantzoura, and Piperi.
  19. Messinia includes the islands of Sapientza, Shiza, Prote, and Venetiko.
  20. Mount Athos occupies the easternmost of three rocky peninsulas off Khalkidiki.
  21. Rethymnon occupies a west-of-center part of the island of Crete, and includes the island of Gaudos.
  22. Samos consists of the islands of Samos, Ikaria, Fourni, and Thimena.
  23. Zakynthos consists of the island of Zakynthos and the Strofades islands.

Origins of names: 

  1. Achaea: new application of the name of Agamemnon's kingdom in Homeric epics
  2. Agion Oros (Mount Athos): Greek: Holy Mountain
  3. Aitolia and Akarnania: from legendary patriarch Aitolos; pre-Indo-European akarna: rocky, -anes: dwellers
  4. Arcadia: from Arkas, legendary king, changed into a bear (arktos)
  5. Argolis: probably from Ancient Greek argos: white, brilliant, or Pelagic for high fortress
  6. Attica: ancient Greek Attike: Athenian (region)
  7. Boeotia: from ethnic name Boiwtoi: battler
  8. Corfu: Greek stous Koruphous: with peaks, for two peaks on the island. Kerkyra: European root kerk: bend
  9. Corinth: Greek Korinthos, from Pelagic kar: peak, or Ancient Greek koruthos: of the helmet
  10. Cyclades: Ancient Greek kyklos: circle (islands supposedly arranged in a circle around Delos)
  11. Dodecanese: Greek dodeka: twelve, nesos: island (twelve main islands in nomos)
  12. Euboea: Greek eu: good, bous: bull (i.e. rich in cattle)
  13. Heraklion: Modern Greek for sanctuary of Hercules
  14. Ilia: possibly from Greek elos: swamp
  15. Kefallinia: Ancient Greek kefale: head (i.e. mountain)
  16. Khalkidike: Colonized from Khalkis, in Euboea. Ancient Greek khalkos: bronze, for local industry
  17. Khania: Arabic khniyah: wine-seller's cabaret
  18. Laconia: from ethnic name Lakones, from a word for lowlands or basin
  19. Levkas: Ancient Greek leukos: white, for a white cliff near the city
  20. Messinia: related to Greek mesos: middle (between Pylos and Sparta)
  21. Mount Athos: the Greek name, Hagion Oros (one of several possible transliterations), means "holy mountain"
  22. Samos: pre-Hellenic for upland
  23. Thessalonika: after Thessalonike, wife of Kassandros, a general under Alexander the Great. The name means victorious over Thessaly, and commemorates a conquest by her father, Philip II

Peripheries:

  1. Aegean: after Aegeus, legendary king of Athens, father of Theseus. In the legend, Aegeus drowned himself in this sea.
  2. Epirus: new application of Ancient Doric Apeiros: shore, originally meaning all of continental Greece
  3. Macedonia: probably from ethnic name
  4. Peloponnese: Greek nesos: island: island of Pelops, a mythical king, son of Tantalus
  5. Thessaly: from ethnic name Thessalos
  6. Thrace: from ethnic name Thrax

Change history: 

At the turn of the century, there were several departments with compound names: Achaea and Ilia, Aitolia and Acarnania, Argolis and Corinth, Attica and Boeotia, Fthiotis and Fokis. They appear to have been composed of two divisions each, on a lower level than the department. When they were split into two departments, in effect the lower-level divisions were simply promoted to department status. In the same way, Messinia seems to have been composed of two lower-level divisions named Messinia and Triphylia, and Laconia composed of Laconia and Lacedæmonia, but these lower-level divisions never became departments.

  1. 1913: Crete, the Northern Aegean Islands, and most of Epirus and Macedonia annexed to Greece. This added the departments of Heraklion, Rethymnon, Khania, Lasithi, Lesbos, Khios, Samos, Yannina, Florina, Kozani, Salonica, Serres, and Drama, and the autonomous community of Mount Athos. Under the Ottoman Empire, Epirus had been the vilayet of Yannina (Ioannina); Macedonia, the vilayet of Salonica and part of Monastir; and the Northern Aegean Islands, part of the vilayet of Archipelago.
  2. 1920: Bulgarian territory annexed to Greece, becoming the department of Thrace (about equivalent to the modern departments of Xanthi and Rodopi).
  3. 1923: More Bulgarian territory annexed to Thrace department (modern Evros). Greece lost a section of Epirus to Albania.
  4. 1926-09-10: Greece officially recognized the status of Mount Athos as an autonomous community.
  5. ~1930: Pella department split from Thessaloniki. Thrace department divided into Evros and Rodopi.
  6. ~1937: Thesprotia department formed from parts of Ioannina and Preveza (?).
  7. ~1939: Kilkis department split from Thessaloniki. Achaea and Ilia department split into Achaea department and Ilia department.
  8. ~1947: Attica and Boeotia department split into Attica department and Boeotia department. Fthiotis and Fokis department split into Fthiotis department and Fokis department. Imathia and Pieria departments split from Thessaloniki. Kastoria department split from Florina (?). Argolis and Corinth department split into Argolis department and Corinth department. Xanthi department split from Rodopi. Magnesia department split from Larissa. Karditsa department split from Trikala. Evritania department split from Aitolia and Acarnania.
  9. 1947: Dodecanese department annexed to Greece. This area was the southern part of Archipelago vilayet under the Ottoman Empire. It was occupied by Italy in 1912, and granted to Italy by the Treaty of Sèvres in 1922. It became the colony of Isole Italiane dell'Egeo in 1930.
  10. ~1955: Levkas department split from Preveza, and transferred from Epirus region to Ionian Islands.
  11. ~1968: Attica department divided into Attica and Piraeus. At the same time, Greater Athens region split from Central Greece and Euboea. Greater Athens consisted of the urban parts of Attica and Piraeus departments. The regions at that time were as shown below.
RegionISOCorresponds to modern peripheries
Aegean Islands80Aegean North, Aegean South
Crete90Crete
Epirus30Epirus
Greater AthensAAttica (Athens and Piraeus only)
Central Greece and Euboea0Attica (remainder), Greece Central, Greece West (Aitolia and Akarnania)
Ionian Islands20Ionian Islands
Macedonia50,60Macedonia Central, Mac. East and Thrace (Drama, Kavala), Mac. West
Peloponnese10Greece West (Achaea, Ilia), Peloponnese
Thrace70Macedonia East and Thrace (remainder)
Thessaly40Thessaly
  • ISO: Codes from ISO/DIS 3166-2:1996 (draft standard), attributed to a source in the Hellenic
    Organization for Standardization (ELOT). Many other sources give the same list of regions, except
    that ISO/DIS 3166-2 divides Macedonia into two regions: Macedonia I (50) and Macedonia II (60).
    It gives no indication of which departments belong to each of the Macedonian regions. The final
    standard (1998) lists the 13 regions shown under Other subdivisions.
  1. ~1969: Grevena department split from Kozani.
  2. ~1987: Ten regions reorganized to make 13 regions. At the same time, Attica and Piraeus departments merged once again to form Attica. The resulting list of departments was as follows.
DepartmentHASCISOFIPSNUTSPopulationArea(km.²)Area(mi.²)RegCapital
AchaeaGR.AK13GR38EL232318,9283,2711,263GWPatras (Patrai)
Aitolia and AkarnaniaGR.AA01GR31EL231219,0925,4612,109GWMissolongi (Mesolongion)
ArcadiaGR.AD12GR41EL25291,3264,4191,706PPTripolis (Tripolitza)
ArgolisGR.AG11GR36EL251102,3922,154832PPNauplion
ArtaGR.AR31GR20EL21173,6201,662642EPArta
AtticaGR.ATA1GR35EL3003,894,5733,8081,470ATAthens (Athenai)
BoeotiaGR.BT03GR33EL241123,9132,9521,140GCLevadeia
CorfuGR.CF22GR25EL222111,081641247IICorfu (Kerkyra)
CorinthGR.CN15GR37EL253144,5272,290884PPCorinth (Korinthos)
CycladesGR.CY82GR49EL422109,9562,572993ASHermoupolis (Ermoupole)
DodecaneseGR.DO81GR47EL421188,5062,7141,048ASRhodes (Rodos)
DramaGR.DR52GR04EL114102,1843,4681,339MTDrama
EuboeaGR.EU04GR34EL242207,3054,1671,609GCKhalkis (Chalkida)
EvritaniaGR.ET05GR30EL24319,5181,869722GCKarpenissi (Karpenesion)
EvrosGR.ES71GR01EL111149,2834,2421,638MTAlexandroupolis
FlorinaGR.FL63GR08EL13454,1091,924743MWFlorina
FokisGR.FK07GR32EL24537,8662,120819GCAmfissa
FthiotisGR.FT06GR29EL244169,5424,4411,715GCLamia
GrevenaGR.GR51GR10EL13132,5672,291885MWGrevena
HeraklionGR.IR91GR45EL431291,2252,6411,020CRHeraklion (Candia, Megalokastron)
IliaGR.IL14GR39EL233183,5212,6181,011GWPyrgos
ImathiaGR.IM53GR12EL121142,4711,701657MCVeroia
IoanninaGR.IO33GR17EL213161,0274,9901,927EPIoannina (Yannina)
KarditsaGR.KT41GR23EL141120,2652,6361,018TSKarditsa
KastoriaGR.KS56GR09EL13253,7021,720664MWKastoria
KavalaGR.KV55GR14EL115141,4992,111815MTKavala (Cavalla)
KefalliniaGR.KF23GR27EL22337,756904349IIArgostoli (Argostolion)
KhalkidikiGR.KD64GR15EL12796,8492,9181,127MCPolygyros
KhaniaGR.KN94GR43EL434148,4502,376917CRKhania (Canea)
KhiosGR.KH85GR50EL41353,106904349ANKhios
KilkisGR.KK57GR06EL12386,4242,519973MCKilkis
KozaniGR.KZ58GR11EL133153,9393,5161,358MWKozani
LaconiaGR.LC16GR42EL25492,8113,6361,404PPSparta (Sparte)
LarisaGR.LR42GR21EL142282,1565,3812,078TSLarisa (Larissa)
LasithiGR.LT92GR46EL43275,7361,823704CRAgios Nikolaos
LesvosGR.LS83GR51EL411108,2882,154832ANMytilene
LevkasGR.LV24GR26EL22421,888356137IILevkas (Leucadia)
MagnesiaGR.MG43GR24EL143205,0052,6361,018TSVolos (Nea Ionia)
MessiniaGR.MS17GR40EL255166,5662,9911,155PPKalamata (Kalamai)
Mount AthosGR.MA69GR15EL1271,961336130MCKaryai (Karyes)
PellaGR.PL59GR07EL124143,9572,506968MCEdessa
PieriaGR.PI61GR16EL125126,4121,516585MCKaterini
PrevezaGR.PV34GR19EL21458,1441,036400EPPreveza
RethymnonGR.RT93GR44EL43378,9571,496578CRRethymnon (Rethymni)
RodopiGR.RD73GR02EL113111,2372,543982MTKomotini
SamosGR.SM84GR48EL41243,841778300ANSamos (Limin Vatheos, Vathy)
SerraiGR.SR62GR05EL126194,4833,9681,532MCSerrai (Serres)
ThesprotiaGR.TP32GR18EL21243,6011,515585EPHegoumenitsa
ThessalonikiGR.TN54GR13EL1221,084,0013,6831,422MCThessaloniki (Salonica)
TrikalaGR.TR44GR22EL144132,6893,3841,307TSTrikala (Trikkala)
XanthiGR.XN72GR03EL112102,9591,793692MTXanthi
ZakynthosGR.ZK21GR28EL22138,883406157IIZakynthos (Zante)
52 divisions10,934,097131,95750,949
  • Department: except for Mount Athos, which is an autonomous monastic community.
  • HASC: Former HASC codes before reorganization.
  • ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4. Note: Mount Athos is not specifically mentioned in the standard,
    so I assume it's included in GR15 Khalkidiki.
  • NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. Same note applies for Mount Athos.
  • Population: 2001-03-18 census.
  • Reg: Periphery, keyed to the Abv column in the table of peripheries below.
  • Capital: Where two names are given, the first is the name most commonly found in English text.
    The second is a variant transliteration, a more Greek-like version, or an older name for the same city.
  1. 1993-11-01: Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union replaced the European Communities, of which Greece was a member.
  2. 2011-01-01: Greece reorganized under the Kallikratis plan. The regions, or peripheries, became the primary administrative divisions. The departments lost their administrative function, and were designated as "peripheral units", with some minor changes.

Other names of subdivisions: 

These names are officially spelled with the Greek alphabet. There are many transliteration schemes, giving rise to many variant names. For English names, I chose the spellings that are most often met in literature or news reports. A knowledge of the variations in transliteration schemes makes it easier to recognize variant names. The pronunciation of the letter Beta in Ancient Greek was like our B, but in Modern Greek more like V, so it may be transliterated either way. Likewise, Eta is usually E for Ancient Greek words, I for Modern. Gamma-Gamma is a diphthong, pronounced (and usually transliterated) "NG". Delta may be represented as D or DH; Gamma as G or Y; Phi as F or PH; Rho as R or RH; Kappa as K or C; Chi as KH or CH; and Upsilon as Y, U, or I, or, after a vowel, V or F. There is a diacritical mark similar to a reversed apostrophe called "rough breathing". In transliteration, it may be ignored, or may be shown as H. For example, it comes at the start of Ellas/Hellas, meaning Greece.

Departments:

  1. Achaea: Acaia (Portuguese); Achaïa, Ahaïa, Akhaïa (variants); Achaïe (French)
  2. Aitolia and Akarnania: Acarnania and Ætolia, Aetolia and Acarnania, Aitolia kai Akarnania, Aitolia-Akarnania, Etolía Akarnanía (variants); Atolien und Akarnien (German); Etólia e Acarnania (Portuguese); Étolie-Acarnanie (French)
  3. Arcadia: Arcadie (French); Arkadhía, Arkadía (variants); Arkadien (German)
  4. Argolis: Argolída (variant); Argolide (French); Argolide (Portuguese)
  5. Attica: Atica (Portuguese); Atikí, Attikí (variants); Attika (German); Attique (French)
  6. Boeotia: Beócia (Portuguese); Béotie (French); Böotien (German); Viotía, Voiotía (variants)
  7. Corfu: Corcyra (obsolete); Corcyre (French-obsolete); Corfou (French); Kérkira, Kérkira, Kérkyra (variants); Korfu (German)
  8. Corinth: Corinthia, Korinthía (variants); Corinthie (French); Corínzia (Portuguese); Korinth (German)
  9. Cyclades: Cicladas (Portuguese); Cicladi (Italian); Cyclades (French); Kikládes, Kikladhes, Kykládes (variants); Kykladen (German)
  10. Dodecanese: Dhodhekanisos, Dodekánis, Dodekánisos, Dodekánissa, Dodekánissos, Dodekánnisos (variants); Dodécanèse (French); Dodecanésia (Portuguese); Dodecaneso (Italian); Dodekanes (German); Sporades du Sud (French-variant)
  11. Drama: Dhráma (German)
  12. Euboea: Eubea (Italian); Eubée (French); Eubéia (Portuguese); Euböa, Ewwia (German); Euripos, Negropont (obsolete); Évia, Évvoia (variants); Nègrepont (French-obsolete)
  13. Evritania: Euritanía (Portuguese); Eurytanie (French); Evrytanía (variant)
  14. Evros: Euros (Portuguese); Hevros (variant); Héwros (German)
  15. Fokis: Fócida (Portuguese); Fokída, Phocis, Phokis (variants); Phocide (French)
  16. Fthiotis: Fthiótida, Phthiotis (variants); Ftiótida (Portuguese); Phthiotide, Phtiotide (French)
  17. Grevena: Grewena (German)
  18. Heraklion: Candia (obsolete); Candie (French-obsolete); Héracleion, Héraclion (French); Herákleion, Irákleio, Irákleion, Iráklio, Iráklion (variants)
  19. Ilia: Elia, Elis, Ileía, Ilís (variants); Élida (Portuguese); Élide (French)
  20. Imathia: Eimathía (variant); Emathia (Portuguese); Émathie (French)
  21. Ioannina: Ianina (French-variant); Janina (Serbian); Jannina, Yanina, Yannina (variants)
  22. Karditsa: Carditsa (French-variant); Kardhítsa (variant)
  23. Kavala: Cavalla (French); Cavalla, Kavalla (variants); Kawála (German)
  24. Kefallinia: Cefalonia (Italian); Cefalônia (Portuguese); Cephalonia, Kefallenia, Kefalloniá, Kefaloniá, Kephalonia (variants); Céphalonie (French)
  25. Khalkidiki: Chalcidice, Chalcidice, Chalkidikí, Halkidikí, Khalkidhikí (variants); Chalcidique (French); Chalkidhikí (German); Kalkídica (Portuguese)
  26. Khania: Canea, Chaniá, Haniá (variants); Canée (French); Canéia (Portuguese)
  27. Khios: Chio (French-variant); Chios, Híos (variants); Sakis Adası (Turkish); Scio (Italian)
  28. Kozani: Kosáni (German); Kozáne (variant)
  29. Laconia: Lacônia (Portuguese); Laconie (French); Lakonía (variant); Lakonien (German)
  30. Larisa: Lárissa (variant)
  31. Lasithi: Lasithion, Lassíthi, Lassithion (variants)
  32. Lesvos: Lesbos, Mytilène (variants)
  33. Levkas: Lefkáda, Lefkás, Leucas (variants); Leucade (French, Italian); Leucádia (Portuguese); Sainte-Maure (French-obsolete); Santa Maura (obsolete)
  34. Magnesia: Magnésia (Portuguese); Magnésie (French); Magnessia, Magnisía, Magnissía (variants)
  35. Messinia: Messênia (Portuguese); Messenia (variant); Messénie (French); Messenien (German)
  36. Mount Athos: Ághion Óros, Ágio Óros, Ágion Óros, Ágios Óros, Áyion Óros, Hágion Óros, Hágion Óros (variants); Mont Athos (French)
  37. Pella: Péla, Pelli (variants)
  38. Pieria: Piérie (French)
  39. Preveza: Prévesa (Portuguese); Préwesa (German)
  40. Rethymnon: Rethímni, Réthimno, Réthymno, Rethýmne (variants); Rethýmni (German)
  41. Rodopi: Rhodope, Rodhópi (variants); Rhodopen (German); Rodope (French)
  42. Samos: Susam Adası (Turkish)
  43. Serrai: Séres, Sérres (variants)
  44. Thessaloniki: Salônica (Portuguese); Salonica, Salonika, Thessalonike (variants); Salonicco, Tessalonica (Italian); Saloniki (German); Salonique, Thessalonique (French)
  45. Trikala: Tríkkala (variant)
  46. Xanthi: Xante (French-variant)
  47. Zakynthos: Jacinto (Portuguese); Sákynthos (German); Zacinthe (French-obsolete); Zákinthos, Zákintos, Zante (variants)

Regions:

  1. Aegean Islands: Ägäische Inseln (German); Îles de la Mer Égée (French); Nísoi Aigaíou, Nísoi Aiyaíou, Nissiá Egeou, Níssoi Aigaíou (variants)
  2. Aegean North: Nordägäis (German)
  3. Aegean South: Südägäis (German)
  4. Central Greece and Euboea: Attica and the Islands, Central Greece and Évvoia, Kentrikí Ellás kaí Évvoia, Kentrikí Hellás kaí Évia, Loipi Sterea Ellas kai Evvoia, Stereá Eláda (variants); Grèce centrale et Eubée (French); Grecia Central y Eubea (Spanish); Mittelgriechenland, Zentralgriechenland (German)
  5. Crete: Candia (obsolete); Candie (French-obsolete); Creta (Italian, Spanish); Crète (French); Kreta (German); Kríti (variant); Крит (Russian)
  6. Epirus: Épire (French); Epiro (Spanish); Ípeiros, Ípiros (variants)
  7. Greater Athens: Ateena (Finnish); Gran Atenas (Spanish); Perifereia Proteuosis (variant); Афины (Russian)
  8. Greece Central: Mittel-Hellas (German)
  9. Greece West: West-Hellas (German)
  10. Ionian Islands: Îles Ioniennes (French); Iónia Nissiá, Iónioi Nísoi, Iónioi Níssoi (variants); Ionische Inseln (German); Islas Jónicas (Spanish); Isole Ionie (Italian)
  11. Macedonia: Macédoine (French); Makedhonía, Makedonía (variant); Makedonien, Mazedonien (German)
  12. Macedonia Central: Zentralmakedonien (German)
  13. Macedonia East and Thrace: Ostmakedonien und Thrakien (German)
  14. Macedonia West: Westmakedonien (German)
  15. Peloponnese: Morea (obsolete); Morée (French-obsolete); Peloponeso (Spanish); Pelopónissos, Peloponnesus, Pelopónnisos, Pelopónnissos (variants); Peloponnes (German); Péloponnèse (French); Peloponneso (Italian)
  16. Thessaly: Tesalia (Spanish); Tessaglia (Italian); Thessalía (variant); Thessalie (French); Thessalien (German)
  17. Thrace: Thráki (variant); Thrakien, Thrazien (German); Tracia (Italian, Spanish)

Population history:

Department189619401951-04-071971-03-141981-04-051991-03-172001-03-18
Achaea210,713222,060228,871239,859275,193297,318318,928
Aitolia/Akarnania162,020251,442220,138228,989219,764230,688219,092
Arcadia148,285170,306154,361111,263107,932103,84091,326
Argolis144,836199,14885,38988,69893,02097,250102,392
Arta32,89065,17572,71778,37680,04478,88473,620
Attica257,7641,394,0211,556,0292,797,8493,369,4243,522,7693,894,573
Boeotia  106,838114,675117,175134,034123,913
Corfu114,535111,548105,41492,93399,477105,043111,081
Corinth  113,358113,115123,042142,365144,527
Cyclades131,508129,015125,95986,33788,45895,083109,956
Dodecanese  121,480121,017145,071162,439188,506
Drama 145,089120,49291,00994,77296,978102,184
Euboea103,442177,076164,542165,369188,410209,132207,305
Evritania  39,67829,53326,18223,53519,518
Evros 154,773141,340138,988148,486143,791149,283
Florina 156,16869,39152,26452,43052,85454,109
Fokis  51,47241,36144,22243,88937,866
Fthiotis136,470213,079148,322154,542161,995168,291169,542
Grevena   35,27536,42137,01732,567
Heraklion 167,918189,637209,670243,622263,868291,225
Ilia 186,945188,274165,056160,305174,021183,521
Imathia  96,439118,103133,750138,068142,471
Ioannina 162,150153,748134,688147,304157,214161,027
Karditsa  138,786133,776124,930126,498120,265
Kastoria  46,40745,71153,16952,72153,702
Kavala 138,133136,337121,593135,218135,747141,499
Kefallinia80,17866,84947,36936,74231,29732,31437,756
Khalkidiki 81,18075,73573,85079,03691,65496,849
Khania 126,093126,524119,797125,856133,060148,450
Khios 75,85366,82353,94849,86552,69153,106
Kilkis 99,38989,47584,37581,56281,84586,424
Kozani 197,476177,838135,709147,051150,159153,939
Laconia126,088144,156130,89895,84493,21894,91692,811
Larisa168,034322,273208,120232,226254,295269,300282,156
Lasithi 71,17273,78466,22670,05370,76275,736
Lesvos 159,031154,795114,802104,620103,700108,288
Levkas  37,75224,58121,86320,90021,888
Magnesia  153,808161,392182,222197,613205,005
Messinia183,232240,987227,871173,077159,818167,292166,566
Mount Athos 4,7463,0861,7321,4721,5521,961
Pella 127,597116,969126,085132,386138,261143,957
Pieria  86,16191,728106,859116,820126,412
Preveza 72,55056,77956,58655,91558,91058,144
Rethymnon 73,05672,17960,94962,63469,29078,957
Rodopi 205,150105,723107,677107,957103,295111,237
Samos 69,13859,70941,70940,51941,85043,841
Serrai 232,224222,549202,898196,247191,890194,483
Thesprotia 62,45747,29940,68441,27844,20243,601
Thessaloniki 577,128459,956710,352871,580977,5281,084,001
Trikala143,143251,144128,227132,519134,207137,819132,689
Xanthi  89,89182,91788,77790,450102,959
Zakynthos44,07041,16538,06230,18730,01432,74638,883
Totals2,187,2087,344,8607,632,8018,768,6419,740,41710,264,15610,934,097

Sources: 

  1. [1] "Statistical Summary", National Statistical Service of Greece (dead link, retrieved 2008-09-01 at http://www.statistics.gr/gr_tables/synoptikh.pdf). The same data can be found now (2010-02-12) at the NSS site . Click on Statistical Themes in the left-hand navigation bar, then on Population, and select a theme. This source contained population figures for the departments according to the 2001 census. Both the de facto population and the number of "usual residents" were given; I reported the latter figures. The report also contained areas of the departments which in some cases were at variance with the ones I had; I used those figures too in the tables above.
  2. The statistical summary uses geographic regions similar to the peripheries, but with some changes. Aegean Islands contains peripheries XI and XII; Thrace contains only the departments of Evros, Rodopi, and Xanthi; Macedonia contains II, III, and I except for Thrace; Peloponnese contains X and Achaea and Ilia from VII; and Central Greece and Euboea contains the rest of VII along with VIII and IX. The other peripheries are intact. The summary also says that Attica department (or the coextensive periphery) is divided into four nomarchia (prefectures): Athens, East Attica, Piraeus, and West Attica.
  3. [2] Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, Vol. II, United Nations, New York, 1991.
  4. [3] Spreadsheet describing the Kallikratis Program  on the website of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (retrieved 2011-01-15).
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