The NUTS code scheme was revised again in 2010. All codes for Greece now begin with
Update 6 to "Geopolitical Entities and Codes" is dated 2011-11-30. For Greece, it assigns FIPS codes to the
As of 2011-01-01, the departments were abolished as governmental units. The 13 regions, or peripheries,
remain. There are also seven "decentralized administrations", or dioikeseis (dioceses), each containing one
or more peripheries. The number of municipalities was reduced from 1,033 to 325. Mount Athos is not part of any
periphery or diocese. This reorganization is called the Kallikratis plan, in honor of an ancient Greek
ISO 3166-2 Newsletter number II-1, dated 2010-02-03, changes the ISO codes for the regions
from Roman numerals to letters. It changes the name of one region from Ionioi Nisoi to Ionia Nisia. It also
changes the Greek names of some of the departments.
The NUTS code scheme was revised in 2003. The code for Attica region changed from
GR30, and for Attica department, from
International standard ISO 3166-2 was published on December 15, 1998. It superseded ISO/DIS 3166-2 (draft
international standard). The draft standard included listings of the following two departments:
GR-02 Attiki (ypoloipo - rest of)(ELOT)
ELOT is the Greek national standards organization, and was the source for some of the information
incorporated into the draft standard. The second listing,
GR-02, was omitted from the final
standard. My interpretation is that
GR-A1 originally referred to Greater Athens, and
GR-02 meant the rest of Attica, excluding Greater Athens. The board of experts apparently
decided that Attica was really only one department, so they combined the two listings into one, using the
GR-A1 for it.
|Time zone||+2 ~|
Greece in 1900 occupied only a fraction of its present extent. Crete was independent until 1913, when
it was annexed to Greece. The Dodecanese Islands, after a number of changes, became part of Greece in
1947. The Northern Aegean Islands and most of Epirus and Macedonia were transferred from the waning
Ottoman Empire to Greece in 1913 at the conclusion of the Balkan Wars. At the same time, most of Thrace
was annexed by Bulgaria. The parts of Thrace which now belong to Greece were acquired from Bulgaria in
the Treaties of Sèvres and Lausanne. Greece was occupied by the Axis during World War II.
Other names of country:
- Danish: Grækenland
- Dutch: Griekenland, Griekse Republiek (formal)
- English: Hellenic Republic (formal)
- Finnish: Kreikka
- French: Grèce f
- German: Griechenland n
- Greek: Elliniki Dimokratia (formal)
- Icelandic: Grikkland
- Italian: Grecia f
- Norwegian: Hellas, Republikken Hellas (formal)
- Portuguese: Grécia f, República f Grega (formal), República f Helénica (formal)
- Russian: Греция, Греческая Республика (formal)
- Spanish: Grecia f, República f Helénica (formal)
- Swedish: Grekland
- Turkish: Yunanistan Cumhuriyeti (formal)
Origin of name:
through Latin, originally from Greek Graikos: inhabitant in a section of Epirus
Greece is divided into 7 apokentromenes dioikiseis (sing. apokentromeni dioikisi: decentralized
administrations) and one autodioikito (self-governed part, an autonomous monastic community).
|Epirus and Western Macedonia|
|Macedonia and Thrace|
|Peloponnese, Western Greece and the Ionian Islands|
|Thessaly and Central Greece|
- Administration: Except for Mount Athos, which is an autodioikito.
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- Code: Codes used by Hellenic Statistical Authority (source ). First digit
to the NUTS region containing the administration (see NUTS table below).
- Population: 2001-03-18 census (usual residents).
Greece uses five-digit postal codes, with a space after the third digit. The first three digits
indicate the department or city. Postal codes for Greek addresses can be identified by prefixing them
The decentralized administrations are divided into 13 periphereies (sing. periphereia, peripheries), which
existed before the Kallikratis plan but with lesser authority. These are further divided into 74
periphereiakes enotites (sing. periphereiaki enotita: peripheral units), most of which match the former
departments, and which have no administrative function under the new plan. They are in turn subdivided into
325 demoi (sing. demos: municipalities). Mount Athos is autonomous, and not included in any of these sets of
divisions. Here is the current set of peripheries, with Mount Athos shown for completeness:
|Aegean North||Voreio Aigaio|
|Aegean South||Notio Aigaio|
|Greece Central||Sterea Ellada|
|Greece West||Dytiki Ellada|
|Ionian Islands||Ionia Nisia|
|Macedonia Central||Kentriki Makedonia|
|Macedonia East and Thrace||Anatoliki Makedonia kai Thraki|
|Macedonia West||Dytiki Makedonia|
|Mount Athos||Agio Oros|
- Abv: Codes designed to be used in place of HASC codes by those who prefer to
consider the peripheries
rather than the decentralized administrations as primary subdivisions.
- ISO: Periphery codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context,
GR-" to the code
GR-E represents Thessaly).
- ex-ISO: Former ISO codes, replaced 2010-02-03. They don't have the prefix "
- FIPS: Geopolitical Entities and Codes (U.S. standard).
- NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. This is a European standard
maintained by Eurostat. Truncating these
codes to the first three characters produces a still
higher-level subdivision of Greece, as shown in the table below.
- DA: HASC code of decentralized administration containing this periphery.
- Population: 2001-03-18 census (usual residents).
Greece has also defined larger units called diamerismata (regions). The regions have few or no
administrative functions. Their purposes include education, tourism, and historic pride.
The draft standard ISO/DIS 3166-2 had two lists of regions: geographical regions and administrative regions.
Each administrative region had an ISO code which was a Roman numeral. The final standard showed the same 13
administrative regions, but their ISO codes had been switched around. The codes are shown here as in the
final standard (column ex-ISO). In 2010, the Roman numeral codes were replaced by letter codes.
NUTS level-1 divisions of Greece
|North Greece||Voreia Ellada|
|Central Greece||Kentriki Ellada|
|Aegean Islands and Crete||Nisia Aigaiou, Kriti|
The departments all include tiny islets adjacent to their shores, too numerous to mention.
- Attica includes a string of islands down the Peloponnese coast, as well as a fragment of the coast
itself around the Methana Peninsula, along the coast of Argolis. The islands are Salamis, Aegina, Idra
(Hydra), Spetses, Kythera (Cythera, Cerigo), Antikythera, Dokos, Poros, and Angistri.
- Corfu consists of the islands of Corfu (Kerkyra), Paxi, Othoni, Erikoussa, Antipaxi, and Mathraki.
- Cyclades consists of the islands of Naxos, Andros, Amorgos, Tinos, Paros, Mykonos, Siros, Kea, Thira
(Santorini), Kithnos, Ios, Serifos, Sifnos, Folegandros, Anafi, Makronissi, Reneia, Kimolos, Polyaigos,
Antiparos, Donousa, Herakleia, Thirasia, and Skhinousa.
- Dodecanese consists of the islands of Rhodes, Karpathos, Kos, Kalymnos, Leros, Patmos, Nisyros,
Telos, Symi, Kassos, Khalke, and Saria (the "twelve islands"), as well as small islands as far west as
Kinaros and Ofidoussa, as far east as Megiste, and as far north as Agathonesi and Farmakonesi.
- Euboea consists of the islands of Euboea, Skyros, Megalonisos Petalion, and Stira.
- Evros includes the island of Samothraki (Samothrace)
- Heraklion occupies an east-of-center part of the island of Crete, and includes the island of Dia.
- Imathia includes an exclave surrounded by Pieria, containing the village of Elafos.
- Kavala includes the island of Thasos.
- Kefallinia consists of the islands of Kefallinia, Ithaki (Ithaca), Kalamos, Kastos, Atokos, Petalas,
- Khalkidiki includes the island of Amoliani.
- Khania is at the west end of Crete.
- Khios consists of the islands of Khios, Psara, Oinousses, and Antipsara.
- Laconia includes the island of Elafonesi.
- Lasithi is at the east end of Crete, and includes the islands of Koufonesi, Elasa, and Dragonada.
- Lesvos consists of the islands of Lesvos (Lesbos), Limnos, and Agios Eustratios.
- Levkas consists of the islands of Levkas, Meganissi, and Arkoudi.
- Magnesia includes most of the islands of the Northern Sporades: Skopelos, Alonnisos, Skiathos,
Pelagos, Gioura, Skantzoura, and Piperi.
- Messinia includes the islands of Sapientza, Shiza, Prote, and Venetiko.
- Mount Athos occupies the easternmost of three rocky peninsulas off Khalkidiki.
- Rethymnon occupies a west-of-center part of the island of Crete, and includes the island of Gaudos.
- Samos consists of the islands of Samos, Ikaria, Fourni, and Thimena.
- Zakynthos consists of the island of Zakynthos and the Strofades islands.
Origins of names:
- Achaea: new application of the name of Agamemnon's kingdom in Homeric epics
- Agion Oros (Mount Athos): Greek: Holy Mountain
- Aitolia and Akarnania: from legendary patriarch Aitolos; pre-Indo-European akarna: rocky,
- Arcadia: from Arkas, legendary king, changed into a bear (arktos)
- Argolis: probably from Ancient Greek argos: white, brilliant, or Pelagic for high fortress
- Attica: ancient Greek Attike: Athenian (region)
- Boeotia: from ethnic name Boiwtoi: battler
- Corfu: Greek stous Koruphous: with peaks, for two peaks on the island. Kerkyra: European
root kerk: bend
- Corinth: Greek Korinthos, from Pelagic kar: peak, or Ancient Greek koruthos: of the
- Cyclades: Ancient Greek kyklos: circle (islands supposedly arranged in a circle around Delos)
- Dodecanese: Greek dodeka: twelve, nesos: island (twelve main islands in nomos)
- Euboea: Greek eu: good, bous: bull (i.e. rich in cattle)
- Heraklion: Modern Greek for sanctuary of Hercules
- Ilia: possibly from Greek elos: swamp
- Kefallinia: Ancient Greek kefale: head (i.e. mountain)
- Khalkidike: Colonized from Khalkis, in Euboea. Ancient Greek khalkos: bronze, for local
- Khania: Arabic khniyah: wine-seller's cabaret
- Laconia: from ethnic name Lakones, from a word for lowlands or basin
- Levkas: Ancient Greek leukos: white, for a white cliff near the city
- Messinia: related to Greek mesos: middle (between Pylos and Sparta)
- Mount Athos: the Greek name, Hagion Oros (one of several possible transliterations), means "holy
- Samos: pre-Hellenic for upland
- Thessalonika: after Thessalonike, wife of Kassandros, a general under Alexander the Great. The name
means victorious over Thessaly, and commemorates a conquest by her father, Philip II
- Aegean: after Aegeus, legendary king of Athens, father of Theseus. In the legend, Aegeus drowned
himself in this sea.
- Epirus: new application of Ancient Doric Apeiros: shore, originally meaning all of
- Macedonia: probably from ethnic name
- Peloponnese: Greek nesos: island: island of Pelops, a mythical king, son of Tantalus
- Thessaly: from ethnic name Thessalos
- Thrace: from ethnic name Thrax
At the turn of the century, there were several departments with compound names: Achaea and Ilia,
Aitolia and Acarnania, Argolis and Corinth, Attica and Boeotia, Fthiotis and Fokis. They appear to have
been composed of two divisions each, on a lower level than the department. When they were split into
two departments, in effect the lower-level divisions were simply promoted to department status. In the
same way, Messinia seems to have been composed of two lower-level divisions named Messinia and
Triphylia, and Laconia composed of Laconia and Lacedæmonia, but these lower-level divisions never became
- 1913: Crete, the Northern Aegean Islands, and most of Epirus and Macedonia annexed to Greece. This
added the departments of Heraklion, Rethymnon, Khania, Lasithi, Lesbos, Khios, Samos, Yannina, Florina,
Kozani, Salonica, Serres, and Drama, and the autonomous community of Mount Athos. Under the Ottoman
Empire, Epirus had been the vilayet of Yannina (Ioannina); Macedonia, the vilayet of Salonica and part
of Monastir; and the Northern Aegean Islands, part of the vilayet of Archipelago.
- 1920: Bulgarian territory annexed to Greece, becoming the department of Thrace (about equivalent to
the modern departments of Xanthi and Rodopi).
- 1923: More Bulgarian territory annexed to Thrace department (modern Evros). Greece lost a section
of Epirus to Albania.
- 1926-09-10: Greece officially recognized the status of Mount Athos as an autonomous community.
- ~1930: Pella department split from Thessaloniki. Thrace department divided into Evros and Rodopi.
- ~1937: Thesprotia department formed from parts of Ioannina and Preveza (?).
- ~1939: Kilkis department split from Thessaloniki. Achaea and Ilia department split into Achaea
department and Ilia department.
- ~1947: Attica and Boeotia department split into Attica department and Boeotia department. Fthiotis
and Fokis department split into Fthiotis department and Fokis department. Imathia and Pieria
departments split from Thessaloniki. Kastoria department split from Florina (?). Argolis and Corinth
department split into Argolis department and Corinth department. Xanthi department split from Rodopi.
Magnesia department split from Larissa. Karditsa department split from Trikala. Evritania department
split from Aitolia and Acarnania.
- 1947: Dodecanese department annexed to Greece. This area was the southern part of Archipelago
vilayet under the Ottoman Empire. It was occupied by Italy in 1912, and granted to Italy by the Treaty
of Sèvres in 1922. It became the colony of Isole Italiane dell'Egeo in 1930.
- ~1955: Levkas department split from Preveza, and transferred from Epirus region to Ionian Islands.
- ~1968: Attica department divided into Attica and Piraeus. At the same time, Greater Athens region
split from Central Greece and Euboea. Greater Athens consisted of the urban parts of Attica and Piraeus
departments. The regions at that time were as shown below.
|Region||ISO||Corresponds to modern peripheries|
|Aegean North, Aegean South|
|Attica (Athens and Piraeus only)|
|Central Greece and Euboea|
|Attica (remainder), Greece Central, Greece West (Aitolia and Akarnania)|
|Macedonia Central, Mac. East and Thrace (Drama, Kavala), Mac. West|
|Greece West (Achaea, Ilia), Peloponnese|
|Macedonia East and Thrace (remainder)|
- ISO: Codes from ISO/DIS 3166-2:1996 (draft standard), attributed to a source in the
Organization for Standardization (ELOT). Many other sources give the same list of regions,
that ISO/DIS 3166-2 divides Macedonia into two regions: Macedonia I (
Macedonia II (
It gives no indication of which departments belong to each of the
Macedonian regions. The final
standard (1998) lists the 13 regions shown under Other subdivisions.
- ~1969: Grevena department split from Kozani.
- ~1987: Ten regions reorganized to make 13 regions. At the same time, Attica and Piraeus departments
merged once again to form Attica. The resulting list of departments was as follows.
|Aitolia and Akarnania|
|Heraklion (Candia, Megalokastron)|
|Volos (Nea Ionia)|
|Samos (Limin Vatheos, Vathy)|
- Department: except for Mount Athos, which is an autonomous monastic community.
- HASC: Former HASC codes before reorganization.
- ISO: Codes from ISO 3166-2.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4. Note: Mount Athos is not specifically mentioned in
so I assume it's included in
- NUTS: Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics. Same note applies for Mount
- Population: 2001-03-18 census.
- Reg: Periphery, keyed to the Abv column in the table of peripheries below.
- Capital: Where two names are given, the first is the name most commonly found in
The second is a variant transliteration, a more Greek-like version, or an older name for
the same city.
- 1993-11-01: Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Union replaced the European Communities, of which
Greece was a member.
- 2011-01-01: Greece reorganized under the Kallikratis plan. The regions, or peripheries, became the
primary administrative divisions. The departments lost their administrative function, and were designated as
with some minor changes.
Other names of subdivisions:
These names are officially spelled with the Greek alphabet. There are many transliteration schemes,
giving rise to many variant names. For English names, I chose the spellings that are most often met in
literature or news reports. A knowledge of the variations in transliteration schemes makes it easier to
recognize variant names. The pronunciation of the letter Beta in Ancient Greek was like our B, but in
Modern Greek more like V, so it may be transliterated either way. Likewise, Eta is usually E for
Ancient Greek words, I for Modern. Gamma-Gamma is a diphthong, pronounced (and usually transliterated)
"NG". Delta may be represented as D or DH; Gamma as G or Y; Phi as F or PH; Rho as R or RH; Kappa as K
or C; Chi as KH or CH; and Upsilon as Y, U, or I, or, after a vowel, V or F. There is a diacritical
mark similar to a reversed apostrophe called "rough breathing". In transliteration, it may be ignored,
or may be shown as H. For example, it comes at the start of Ellas/Hellas, meaning Greece.
- Achaea: Acaia (Portuguese); Achaïa, Ahaïa, Akhaïa (variants); Achaïe (French)
- Aitolia and Akarnania: Acarnania and Ætolia, Aetolia and Acarnania, Aitolia kai Akarnania,
Aitolia-Akarnania, Etolía Akarnanía (variants); Atolien und Akarnien (German); Etólia e Acarnania
(Portuguese); Étolie-Acarnanie (French)
- Arcadia: Arcadie (French); Arkadhía, Arkadía (variants); Arkadien (German)
- Argolis: Argolída (variant); Argolide (French); Argolide (Portuguese)
- Attica: Atica (Portuguese); Atikí, Attikí (variants); Attika (German); Attique (French)
- Boeotia: Beócia (Portuguese); Béotie (French); Böotien (German); Viotía, Voiotía (variants)
- Corfu: Corcyra (obsolete); Corcyre (French-obsolete); Corfou (French); Kérkira, Kérkira, Kérkyra
(variants); Korfu (German)
- Corinth: Corinthia, Korinthía (variants); Corinthie (French); Corínzia (Portuguese); Korinth (German)
- Cyclades: Cicladas (Portuguese); Cicladi (Italian); Cyclades (French); Kikládes, Kikladhes, Kykládes
(variants); Kykladen (German)
- Dodecanese: Dhodhekanisos, Dodekánis, Dodekánisos, Dodekánissa, Dodekánissos, Dodekánnisos (variants);
Dodécanèse (French); Dodecanésia (Portuguese); Dodecaneso (Italian); Dodekanes (German); Sporades du Sud
- Drama: Dhráma (German)
- Euboea: Eubea (Italian); Eubée (French); Eubéia (Portuguese); Euböa, Ewwia (German); Euripos, Negropont
(obsolete); Évia, Évvoia (variants); Nègrepont (French-obsolete)
- Evritania: Euritanía (Portuguese); Eurytanie (French); Evrytanía (variant)
- Evros: Euros (Portuguese); Hevros (variant); Héwros (German)
- Fokis: Fócida (Portuguese); Fokída, Phocis, Phokis (variants); Phocide (French)
- Fthiotis: Fthiótida, Phthiotis (variants); Ftiótida (Portuguese); Phthiotide, Phtiotide (French)
- Grevena: Grewena (German)
- Heraklion: Candia (obsolete); Candie (French-obsolete); Héracleion, Héraclion (French); Herákleion,
Irákleio, Irákleion, Iráklio, Iráklion (variants)
- Ilia: Elia, Elis, Ileía, Ilís (variants); Élida (Portuguese); Élide (French)
- Imathia: Eimathía (variant); Emathia (Portuguese); Émathie (French)
- Ioannina: Ianina (French-variant); Janina (Serbian); Jannina, Yanina, Yannina (variants)
- Karditsa: Carditsa (French-variant); Kardhítsa (variant)
- Kavala: Cavalla (French); Cavalla, Kavalla (variants); Kawála (German)
- Kefallinia: Cefalonia (Italian); Cefalônia (Portuguese); Cephalonia, Kefallenia, Kefalloniá, Kefaloniá,
Kephalonia (variants); Céphalonie (French)
- Khalkidiki: Chalcidice, Chalcidice, Chalkidikí, Halkidikí, Khalkidhikí (variants); Chalcidique (French);
Chalkidhikí (German); Kalkídica (Portuguese)
- Khania: Canea, Chaniá, Haniá (variants); Canée (French); Canéia (Portuguese)
- Khios: Chio (French-variant); Chios, Híos (variants); Sakis Adası (Turkish); Scio (Italian)
- Kozani: Kosáni (German); Kozáne (variant)
- Laconia: Lacônia (Portuguese); Laconie (French); Lakonía (variant); Lakonien (German)
- Larisa: Lárissa (variant)
- Lasithi: Lasithion, Lassíthi, Lassithion (variants)
- Lesvos: Lesbos, Mytilène (variants)
- Levkas: Lefkáda, Lefkás, Leucas (variants); Leucade (French, Italian); Leucádia (Portuguese);
Sainte-Maure (French-obsolete); Santa Maura (obsolete)
- Magnesia: Magnésia (Portuguese); Magnésie (French); Magnessia, Magnisía, Magnissía (variants)
- Messinia: Messênia (Portuguese); Messenia (variant); Messénie (French); Messenien (German)
- Mount Athos: Ághion Óros, Ágio Óros, Ágion Óros, Ágios Óros, Áyion Óros, Hágion Óros, Hágion Óros
(variants); Mont Athos (French)
- Pella: Péla, Pelli (variants)
- Pieria: Piérie (French)
- Preveza: Prévesa (Portuguese); Préwesa (German)
- Rethymnon: Rethímni, Réthimno, Réthymno, Rethýmne (variants); Rethýmni (German)
- Rodopi: Rhodope, Rodhópi (variants); Rhodopen (German); Rodope (French)
- Samos: Susam Adası (Turkish)
- Serrai: Séres, Sérres (variants)
- Thessaloniki: Salônica (Portuguese); Salonica, Salonika, Thessalonike (variants); Salonicco, Tessalonica
(Italian); Saloniki (German); Salonique, Thessalonique (French)
- Trikala: Tríkkala (variant)
- Xanthi: Xante (French-variant)
- Zakynthos: Jacinto (Portuguese); Sákynthos (German); Zacinthe (French-obsolete); Zákinthos, Zákintos,
- Aegean Islands: Ägäische Inseln (German); Îles de la Mer Égée (French); Nísoi Aigaíou, Nísoi Aiyaíou,
Nissiá Egeou, Níssoi Aigaíou (variants)
- Aegean North: Nordägäis (German)
- Aegean South: Südägäis (German)
- Central Greece and Euboea: Attica and the Islands, Central Greece and Évvoia, Kentrikí Ellás kaí Évvoia,
Kentrikí Hellás kaí Évia, Loipi Sterea Ellas kai Evvoia, Stereá Eláda (variants); Grèce centrale et Eubée
(French); Grecia Central y Eubea (Spanish); Mittelgriechenland, Zentralgriechenland (German)
- Crete: Candia (obsolete); Candie (French-obsolete); Creta (Italian, Spanish); Crète (French); Kreta
(German); Kríti (variant); Крит (Russian)
- Epirus: Épire (French); Epiro (Spanish); Ípeiros, Ípiros (variants)
- Greater Athens: Ateena (Finnish); Gran Atenas (Spanish); Perifereia Proteuosis (variant);
- Greece Central: Mittel-Hellas (German)
- Greece West: West-Hellas (German)
- Ionian Islands: Îles Ioniennes (French); Iónia Nissiá, Iónioi Nísoi, Iónioi Níssoi (variants); Ionische
Inseln (German); Islas Jónicas (Spanish); Isole Ionie (Italian)
- Macedonia: Macédoine (French); Makedhonía, Makedonía (variant); Makedonien, Mazedonien (German)
- Macedonia Central: Zentralmakedonien (German)
- Macedonia East and Thrace: Ostmakedonien und Thrakien (German)
- Macedonia West: Westmakedonien (German)
- Peloponnese: Morea (obsolete); Morée (French-obsolete); Peloponeso (Spanish); Pelopónissos,
Peloponnesus, Pelopónnisos, Pelopónnissos (variants); Peloponnes (German); Péloponnèse (French); Peloponneso
- Thessaly: Tesalia (Spanish); Tessaglia (Italian); Thessalía (variant); Thessalie (French); Thessalien
- Thrace: Thráki (variant); Thrakien, Thrazien (German); Tracia (Italian, Spanish)
|Boeotia|| || ||106,838||114,675||117,175||134,034||123,913|
|Corinth|| || ||113,358||113,115||123,042||142,365||144,527|
|Dodecanese|| || ||121,480||121,017||145,071||162,439||188,506|
|Evritania|| || ||39,678||29,533||26,182||23,535||19,518|
|Fokis|| || ||51,472||41,361||44,222||43,889||37,866|
|Grevena|| || || ||35,275||36,421||37,017||32,567|
|Imathia|| || ||96,439||118,103||133,750||138,068||142,471|
|Karditsa|| || ||138,786||133,776||124,930||126,498||120,265|
|Kastoria|| || ||46,407||45,711||53,169||52,721||53,702|
|Levkas|| || ||37,752||24,581||21,863||20,900||21,888|
|Magnesia|| || ||153,808||161,392||182,222||197,613||205,005|
|Mount Athos|| ||4,746||3,086||1,732||1,472||1,552||1,961|
|Pieria|| || ||86,161||91,728||106,859||116,820||126,412|
|Xanthi|| || ||89,891||82,917||88,777||90,450||102,959|
-  "Statistical Summary", National Statistical Service of Greece (dead link, retrieved 2008-09-01 at
http://www.statistics.gr/gr_tables/synoptikh.pdf). The same data can be found now (2010-02-12) at the
NSS site . Click
on Statistical Themes in the left-hand navigation bar, then on Population, and select a theme. This source
contained population figures for the departments according to the 2001 census. Both the de facto population
and the number of "usual residents" were given; I reported the latter figures. The report also contained
areas of the departments which in some cases were at variance with the ones I had; I used those figures too
in the tables above.
- The statistical summary uses geographic regions similar to the peripheries, but with some changes.
Aegean Islands contains peripheries XI and XII; Thrace contains only the departments of Evros, Rodopi, and
Xanthi; Macedonia contains II, III, and I except for Thrace; Peloponnese contains X and Achaea and Ilia from
VII; and Central Greece and Euboea contains the rest of VII along with VIII and IX. The other peripheries
are intact. The summary also says that Attica department (or the coextensive periphery) is divided into four
nomarchia (prefectures): Athens, East Attica, Piraeus, and West Attica.
-  Fifth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, Vol. II, United
Nations, New York, 1991.
-  Spreadsheet describing the
Program on the website of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (retrieved